Excessive hormones produced by the thyroid gland results in a condition known as Hyperthyroidism. This condition causes increase in appetite, nervousness, restlessness, weakness, inability to concentrate, hair loss, nausea, itching and difficulty in sleeping. The symptoms include-weight loss, rapid pulse, elevated blood pressure, protruding eyes and an enlarged thyroid gland. If a person suffering from this condition does not receive proper medical attention, he/she may suffer from various problems like brittle bones, heart problems, red and swollen skin and vision impairment
HOW IS HYPERTHYROIDISM DIAGNOSED?
It is more common in individuals belonging to the age group of 60 years and above.
Your thyroid gland is far more important than you make it out to be. The hormones secreted by it are vital for the functioning of your cells. Being one of the largest endocrine glands in the body, the thyroid controls the rate of secretion of hormones, protein synthesis, etc. Hormones are responsible for the proper functioning of the various body organs from your brain, skin to your muscles. It also regulates integral functions like breathing, weight, body temperature, etc. These hormones are controlled by the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) produced by the pituitary gland.
Now, this thyroid gland may sometimes go on an overdrive. This leads to the secretion of an increased amount of thyroid hormone that is far more than what your body needs. In such a case, your thyroid gland is deemed to be overactive, or hyper, resulting in hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland plays an important role in how the energy in your body is expended during the metabolism process. In a hyper state, this entire process goes haywire. This hyperthyroidism action is usually an auto-immune reaction. Strangely though, it has been seen that women are more prone to this condition than men. The reason behind this is still not clear, but the difference may be due to the variation in the immune systems. Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:
• Loss of weight
• Irregular heartbeat
• Difficulty in sleeping
• Muscle weakness
• Low tolerance to heat
• Trembling hands
• Excessive sweating
Some of the causes of hyperthyroidism are:
• Graves’ disease
• Nodules or lumps in the thyroid gland
• Presence of excess iodine in the body
• Imbalance created by intake of thyroid medications
Hyperthyroidism is confirmed through blood tests done by your doctor. Such tests check for elevated thyroid hormone levels and the thyroid-stimulating antibodies that would be present in case of Graves’ disease. Scans and ultrasounds may also be carried out in case the blood tests prove inconclusive.
To prevent hyperthyroidism, eat a diet that is enriched with sodium and calcium. Visit and consult a doctor who is a nutritional expert to help create a meal plan suitable for you.
Lybrate is an ideal platform for you to find and connect with healthcare professionals that can help with your hyperthyroidism. If your condition is serious, you may need an endocrinologist. We at Lybrate can help you to connect with them in Surat, Thane, Thoothukudi, Vadodara, Visakhapatnam. Subscribe to us, be a vital part of our healthcare social networking network, and receive updates and information on hyperthyroidism.