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Diet Chart For Thyroid

Last Updated: Apr 20, 2024

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Your thyroid produces chemicals that help regulate your metabolism. There are four types of thyroid problems that can impact how well it works. Hypothyroidism means that your body isn't producing enough metabolism hormones, while hyperthyroidism means that you're producing too much. A benign thyroid tumor or thyroid cancer can also play a role in normal hormone secretion. While all of these conditions requires medical treatment, changing the way you eat can also have a positive impact on the health of your thyroid. Always talk to your doctor about your thyroid medications and potential interactions with foods and other medications before changing your diet. For example, thyroid medication might interact with beta-blockers, while high-iron foods might interact with the medicine you take to regulate thyroid function.

Limit your intake of saturated fat. According to MayoClinic.com, people with thyroid problems, particularly hypothyroidism, can be at an increased risk for high cholesterol, which can lead to heart disease. Limiting your intake of saturated fat can help reduce your risk and keep your cholesterol level within a healthy range. Include fruits and vegetables in your diet. They contain a wealth of vitamins and minerals, but they're also a good source of antioxidants. Antioxidants help protect your body from damage and they also promote the proper function of your entire body, including your thyroid. Eat iron-rich foods, such as lean meat, beans and enriched grains. Many people with hyperthyroid disorder become anemic, which means that your body doesn't have enough iron to make red blood cells. These are also good sources of selenium and zinc, which can encourage your thyroid to work properly.

Diet Chart

Sunday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 dosa+1/2 cup sambhar+1tsp methi chutney+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1 portion (150gm) chicken curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)3 Cracker biscuits+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 chapathi(multigrain-wheat;jowar;bajra)+lauki methi sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad
Monday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup roasted oats upma with vegetables+1 glass milk/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 banana
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 chapathi+1/2 cup french beans curry+1/2 cup colocasia(arbi) sabji+ 1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup boiled green gram sprouts with lemon+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 chapathi+1/2 cup bitter gourd sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad
Tuesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup broken wheat upma with vegetables+1 glass milk/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm musk melon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1 portion(100gm) grilled/stewed fish (tuna/salmon/sardine/black pomfret)+1/2 cup rajmah curry
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Bread omelette(eggs-2) (whole wheat bread-3 slices)+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 chapathi+ 1/2 cup ridge gourd(thori) sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad
Wednesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)2 paratha(aloo/gobhi/methi) with 2 tsp green chutney+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm pomegranate
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 chapathi+1/2 cup cluster beans curry+1/2 cup capsicum sabji+ 1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 3 wheat rusk+ 1 glass milk/1 cup tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 chapathi+1/2 cup raw banana sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad
Thursday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)4 Idly+ 1/2 cup sambhar+1 tsp coconut chutney+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size apple
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1 portion(100gm) fish(tuna/salmon/sardine/black pomfret) curry+green peas sabji
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 roasted blackgram laddu+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 chapathi+1/2 cup aloo baingan sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad
Friday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1/2 cup Oats in 1 glass milk
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size guava
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 chapathi+1/2 cup chana dal+1/2 cup methi sabji+1 glass butter milk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup boiled bengalgram with lemon+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 chapathi+ 1/2 cup bhindi sabji+ 1 cup vegetable salad
Saturday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Vegetable cheese sandwich with 3-4 whole wheat bread slices+cucumber,tomato, onion+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 wedge(100gm) watermelon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1/2 cup skin out chicken(150gm) curry+1/2 cup ivy gourd(parmal) sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup chiwda+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 chapathi(multigrain-wheat;jowar;bajra)+1/2 cup tinda sabji+ 1/2 cup vegetable salad

Do's And Dont's

Do's:

  1. Include whole grain cereals and legumes.
  2. Fruits and vegetables.
  3. Fish
  4. sea weeds.
  5. Selenium rich foods(brazil nuts, yellow fin tuna, grass fed beef, egg, sardines, halibut, turkey, chicken, beef liver,white button mushrooms, lima/pinto beans, sunflower/chia/flax seeds, brown rice).
  6. Tyrosine rich foods(cheese, fish, chicken and turkey, egg, lean beef and pork chops, nuts and seeds, wild rice)

Don'ts':

  1. Cruciferous vegetables
  2. Soy
  3. Gluten
  4. fatty foods
  5. Sugery foods
  6. Alcohol and caffiene

Food Items You Can Easily Consume

  1. Fish: Fish is a good source of the nutrient selenium, which is most concentrated in the thyroid. Selenium also helps decrease inflammation. 
  2. Nuts: Brazil nuts, macadamia nuts, and hazelnuts are all particularly high in selenium, which helps the thyroid function properly. You only need to eat one or two; with other nuts, a small handful is enough to get your daily nutrients
  3. Whole Grains: The recommendation is to take your thyroid medication several hours before or after eating foods rich in dietary fiber.
  4. Fresh Fruits and Vegetables: Specific foods such as blueberries, cherries, sweet potatoes, and green peppers are also rich in antioxidants, nutrients that are known to lower risk for heart disease.
  5. Dairy: Fortified milk not only has added vitamin D, but also significant amounts of calcium, protein, and iodine.
  6. Beans: beans are a great source for sustained energy, which can be helpful if hypothyroidism leaves you feeling drained. Beans contain protein, antioxidants, complex carbohydrates, and loads of vitamins and minerals.

References

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Written ByDrx Hina FirdousPhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child CarePharmacology
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Reviewed ByDt. Triveni KovvadaDiploma In Diet & NutritionDietitian/Nutritionist

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