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Overview

Skin Treatment: Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Skin treatments are designed to get rid of any of the common skin problems that you may be facing. As there are many different types of skin problems that people normally suffer from, there are a variety of treatment types and products that you can choose from. Depending on the type of product, the brand, and the way you use them, these treatments can be fairly effective and can help get rid of your skin problems as quickly as possible.

One of the most common treatment types includes lotions, creams, and moisturizers. These can either be purely cosmetic or have some medicinal components to them to help you deal with issues like dry skin, flaky skin, fungal infections, acne, and blisters. They can either be applied topically or all over the body. Many of these products are available over the counter however some of the stronger ones do require a prescription from a doctor or a dermatologist.

Another common treatment type includes face washes, scubs, masks, and peels. There are meant to be used only on the facial area, as the name suggests, and can help combat a series of skin problems such as dryness, acne, blackheads, clogged pores, dead skin, and even help with the overall pallor of the skin. These are mostly found in drug stores or cosmetic stores and do not require a prescription.

Finally, there are oral medications that can be used in order to combat skin problems. They can come in a liquid form or can be taken as pills and the latter require a prescription more often than not.

How is the treatment done?

Depending on your skin type, the treatment can be carried out in many different ways. If you are suffering from dry skin, hydrating your skin in the best way to treat it. This can be done through a combination of lotions, face products, and serums. Most moisturizers containing vitamin E or aloe vera help provide moisture to your skin. Face washes with mild ingredients do not strip the natural oils away from your skin. Hydrating face masks and face oils or serums, which are all the rage these days, can also be used to combat dryness.

Similarly, the treatment is carried out differently for oily or acne prone skin. If you have chronic acne, you may be advised to use medicated products to help control it. For regular acne, products that contain ingredients known for their antibacterial and antiseptic properties, such as neem, tea tree oil, and turmeric can help you get rid of the acne and also control the oil on your skin. A face pack with fullers earth can be used to strip away the oils on your skin.

Facial scrubs and exfoliates are ideal for people with clogged pores or blackheads. They help clear out the skin and can be used up to three times a week. A face peel can also help remove impurities from the skin. Certain ingredients like charcoal and carbon are also known to help pull out dirt from the skin effectively can be used to treat these problems.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

No matter what your skin type is, you are eligible to seek treatment to make it better. Most products that are designed to improve your skin do not require a prescription and are available in cosmetic stores. If you are uncertain about your skin type and the products that will suit it, you can always consult with a dermatologist to understand the most effective way to go about treating your skin.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If your skin problems are being caused by a disease or condition like eczema or allergies, then you are not eligible to seek treatment through the measures mentioned above. The solution for you is to treat the disease that is causing your skin to break out rather than just slathering on products to beautify your skin. In the case of allergies, staying away from the allergen is the main solution while people with eczema usually have to use medicated products and treatments.

Are there any side effects?

As is the case with most products, there are certain side effects that you should be vary of. It is important to note that many cosmetic products are laced with chemicals that may lead to harsh side effects such as a rash, breakout, or pigmentation on the skin. It is always better to choose organic products for your skin as they can treat your problems without intensifying them and have ingredients that are good for you. Furthermore, if you use products that are not intended for your skin type, the main side effect is that your problem might become more pronounced. For instance, if you already have acne prone oily skin, then using facial oils that are designed to add more moisture and natural oils to your skin will not benefit you. Rather, it will make your skin oilier and even more prone to acne. If you are unsure of your skin type or have combination skin, consult with a dermatologist.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

With skin care, even after you have successfully treated your skin and gotten rid of the problems, the main trick it to continue to treat it and take care of it. This is because your natural skin type does not change after treatments and you may still be prone to the same problems you had before. Another important post treatment guideline is to watch your diet. What you eat tends to show up on your skin and you should therefore eat healthy, organic foods. Drinking alcohol too often can dry your skin and lead to large pores while smoking can age your skin significantly and even make it look ashy. Furthermore, choose your makeup wisely and stick to herbal or organic products.

How long does it take to recover?

Most skin treatments begin taking effect the minute you use them however, you can only discern their full effect once you have completed a month of using them. This is because they take a while to take effect. If you choose organic and herbal treatments, they usually take a while, while products with strong chemicals tend to act quicker but are ultimately more harmful.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Most products for skin care range from Rs. 150 – Rs 300. However, there are also high end brands and products available that can cost over Rs 1000 and beyond. Many brands that boast of ayurvedic ingredients can be frightfully expensive.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

As long as you follow your skin treatment to the letter and ensure that you are taking care of your diet, the results of the treatment can be permanent. However, since your natural skin type cannot magically change, once you stop using the products or go back to eating unhealthily, it can begin to reflect on your skin and your problems may occur again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are many home remedies available to treat skin. For instance, if you have acne prone skin, you can use a face mask made of turmeric and honey. Turmeric has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help get rid of pimples while the honey lightens the scars they leave behind. Similarly, a scub with oats, yoghurt, and honey also helps for the same problem. Using a cold compress to temporarily relieve yourself of any inflammation caused by irritation on your skin or extreme itching can also help. Certain types of essential oils that have anti-inflammatory properties can also be used to massage onto your skin to relieve yourself of the symptoms. Lavender oil, lemon oil, and clove oil are good options to consider.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range: Rs. 150 - Rs. 300

Popular Health Tips

Hyperpigmentation And Hypopigmentation - How Best It Can Be Managed?

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology & Venerology & Leprosy (DDVL), DNB Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Hyperpigmentation And Hypopigmentation - How Best It Can Be Managed?

Hyperpigmentation can be defined as the condition in which excess production of melanin causes the appearance of blemishes and dark spots on skin. Hormonal changes, too much of sun exposure, acne and faulty skin treatment are some of the factors which trigger hyperpigmentation of skin.

Treating hyperpigmentation:
Many dermatologists recommend IPL or Intense Pulse Light Treatment as one of the most effective remedies for hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels like phenol peel or TCA peel and laser peel are also very effective against skin pigmentation. However, there are also some simple and easy home-remedies which can help you get rid of the skin blemishes.

  1. Application of raw lemon juice on the skin surface helps to bleach the skin and minimize the dark spots. Raw potato also works well against blemishes and dark spots.
  2. The enzyme called ‘catecholase’ present in potato helps in lightening the skin tone by removal of spots.
  3. You can prepare a mask out of a few Vitamin E capsules and apply it on skin.
  4. Just mix the contents of 2-3 capsules with a spoonful of castor oil and apply it on your face before going to bed.
  5. Apple cider vinegar, aloe vera and turmeric are also some very popular home remedies which can minimize the effects of hyperpigmentation.
  6. Apart from these, you can also make use of topical skin lightening creams which contain retinoid, Vitamin C, kojic acid and hydroquinone.

Hypopigmentation
Hypopigmentation is a condition where there is a reduction in the normal amount of melanin in skin. Some of the most common causes of hypopigmentation are burns, illness and injury. This condition which is marked by a loss of skin coloring is more common in people with darker skin tone.

  1. Topical ointments like TriLuma and Hydroquinone are very effective against hypopigmentation. They help to even out the skin tone by bleaching the entire skin surface.
  2. Ginger is known to have excellent effects against hypopigmentation. Recent research has established that the application of ginger root can help you get rid of all the hypo-pigmented scars. Take some grated ginger root and dab it on the affected area. Repeat this twice a day for the quickest results.
  3. IPL or Intense Pulse Light Treatment is often prescribed by dermatologists as a remedy for hypopigmentation.
  4. Chemical peels and microdermabrasion are also known to have some beneficial effects.

However, some cases of hypopigmentation are totally unresponsive to medications. In such cases, the best option is to hide the de-pigmented area with some sort of makeup. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3703 people found this helpful

Uneven Skin Tone - 6 Home Remedies For It!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Ghaziabad
Uneven Skin Tone - 6 Home Remedies For It!

If you are observing an uneven skin tone in some specific areas, you are bound to get concerned. Uneven skin tone or hyperpigmentation usually occurs due to an excessive production of melanin. Excess melanin is produced by the body because of sun exposure, hormonal changes and due to scarring. Your appearance gets affected, if you develop uneven skin tone. There are several ways to correct uneven skin tone. They are as follows:

  1. Drink plenty of water: Drinking lots of water leads to a beautiful and healthy skin. The skin is made of 75% water and thus, drinking adequate amount of water leads to enhanced skin health and appearance. Water helps in cleaning the skin inside out and improves your skin tone drastically.
  2. Apply sunscreen daily: The damage from sun exposure and the harmful rays of the sun leads to uneven skin tone. Wear sunscreen before going out in the sun for preventing further damage due to sun exposure. After using it for some time, your uneven skin tone improves.
  3. Keep your skin hydrated: Uneven skin tone may result from oily skin and acne, and you should use a moisturizer regularly for its elimination. Keeping the skin well-moisturized and clean helps in the management of uneven skin tone. There are different types of moisturizers available, and you must choose one, which suits your skin the best. Certain moisturizers help in balancing your skin tone.
  4. Baking soda paste: Baking soda is effective in the treatment of several skin issues. It exfoliates the skin and does not affect it in any way. You can prepare a paste of baking soda by mixing it with water and applying it on your skin. This helps in fixing uneven skin tone, which has been caused due to scarring and sun damage.
  5. Yoghurt mask: Yoghurt contains natural bleaching agents, which improve the skin tone and exfoliate the skin effectively. It helps in lightening the effects of scars, suntan and uneven pigmentation. A yoghurt mask must be applied on your face several times a week for improved skin tone. You can prepare the paste by adding a small amount of water to fresh yoghurt.
  6. Milk powder paste: Milk, similar to yoghurt, is used for improving your skin’s health. The bleaching agents in milk help in making your skin tone even. You need to take some milk powder and add milk to prepare a thick paste. Apply this paste on your face for getting the much improved skin tone.

Other natural remedies which are used in the correction of uneven skin tone include sugar scrub, sandalwood masks, tomato pulps, papayas and several others, which work efficiently without any side effects. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2865 people found this helpful

Chemical Peels And Microdermabrasion!

MBBS, DHMS-Harvard, Masters in Clinical Dermatology
Dermatologist, Chandigarh
Chemical Peels And Microdermabrasion!

With the growing importance on how a person looks, everybody is obsessed with trying to look younger and prettier. Skin that is flawless, glowing, and clear is not just something celebrities want but is every person’s dream. It is no wonder that the cosmetic industry has grown by leaps and bounds in terms of technology and chemical based treatments.

Talking of cosmetic skin treatments, two of the most common methods are chemical peels and microdermabrasion. Read on to know about these skin exfoliation techniques.

Why exfoliate?

The skin has multiple layers, and with constant exposure to the environment, the top layers are constantly exposed to pollution and dust and sunlight. This makes the skin very dull and weary. There are also dead cells on the top, which need to be removed so that fresh cells from the underlying layers surface up to give the skin a fresh, glowing look. This is known as skin exfoliation.

Chemical peels
Due to various reasons, when skin does not repair naturally, the role of chemical peels comes in play. This helps in removing these top layers, thus, in turn, removing the rough, dry layers and giving the skin, a good texture.

What is done?

  1. Skin is cleansed and a chemical is applied which penetrates the skin. These are usually enzymes from the fruits or vegetables or alpha hydroxyl acid or phenols
  2. The process is repeated multiple times with gaps of few days to help in fresh skin generation, depending on expected results
  3. Topical moisturizer and sunscreen should be used post treatment.

Microdermabrasion
This is a physical exfoliation technique, in that the top layers are manually cleared of debris and dead cells. This produces instant results, but cannot be used in acute cases where the skin is inflamed or sensitive.

What is done?

  1. A crystal or diamond tip which has fine aluminum or diamond particles is used to abrade the skin
  2. This removes any dead cells and debris
  3. These are suctioned away
  4. The result is velvety, smooth skin which is soft, bright, and glowing
  5. Can also be combined with other rejuvenation procedures like laser
  6. Should be repeated on a monthly basis for optimal results
  7. It also helps penetration of topical creams and lotions, making them more effective.

While both are well-proven techniques for exfoliation, the treatment option is decided by the doctor by consulting the patient. Each person’s response to such treatments is different, so choose the treatment that will be most beneficial and effective for you.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2477 people found this helpful

Gycolic Peel - Can Everybody Go For It?

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Delhi
Gycolic Peel - Can Everybody Go For It?

Gycolic peels can significantly improve the appearance of the skin. This is a type of treatment that involves applying a chemical solution that makes the skin blister followed by peeling it off. The new skin that generates is less wrinkled and smoother. This treatment can successfully reduce lines under the mouth and the eyes, treat acne, improve scars, treat skin damaged by sun burn and wrinkles, improve the look and feel of the skin. It must be noted that the skin becomes very sensitive after a gycolic peel treatment. It, therefore, makes sense to wear sunscreen and refrain from direct exposure to UV rays.

Who is an ideal candidate for a gycolic peel?
Both fair-skin and dark-skinned people are suited for this treatment. The success rate and the effectiveness of this treatment depend on the condition for which a candidate being treated for. People with extremely dark complexion may not be well suited for this treatment.

How to get started?
Before going ahead with the treatment, it makes sense to discuss any underlying condition with the dermatologist. A history of cold sores and scarring should be discussed. If a person is undergoing any medication, it should be informed to the doctor prior to the treatment. A dermatologist often stops other medicine and prescribe skin meds such as Retin-A, Renova etc. to prepare the skin for the treatment. Furthermore, certain antiviral and antibiotic medicine can be prescribed to treat the certain underlying condition before resuming the treatment. An open discussion with the doctor about the depth of the peel is necessary to set the expectation straight.


How is the procedure performed?
Gycolic peel is an outpatient procedure. An overnight stay at the hospital is not necessary. The skin is thoroughly cleaned. The skin is then applied with a solution such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, carbolic acid etc to a very limited area of the skin. It results in a controlled wound and the new skin fill up the wound within hours. A burning sensation can be felt for a span of 10 minutes followed by a sensation of stinging. A doctor might prescribe pain medication and suggest cool compressor to reduce the uneasiness.

What to expect after the procedure?
A sunburn-like reaction is witnessed after the procedure. This is followed by scaling that lasts for about a week. Peels can be repeated within weeks to get the exact look a person seeks. The procedure might result in crust, blister, and patches. The area is bandaged after the procedure is performed. Sunlight needs to be strictly avoided since the new skin very fragile and sensitive to the powerful rays of the sun. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

4124 people found this helpful

Fractional Laser Treatment - Know About It!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Panchkula
Fractional Laser Treatment - Know About It!

Fractional laser or Fraxel as it is commonly known in cosmetic surgery terms, is a non-invasive technique to treat various skin problems. A beam of laser is divided into thousands of treatment zones, which are focused on a particular spot on the skin, giving it the name fractional laser.

Conventionally, ablative laser works on the epidermis while non-ablative laser works on the collagen or the dermis layer. Fractional laser is unique in that it works on both these layers. Therefore, in problems involving both these layers, Fraxel works extremely well.

  1. Sun damage
  2. Extensive skin pigmentation
  3. Wrinkles
  4. Stretch marks
  5. Melasma

How does it work?

The skin has two layers – epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is the protective layer and has the melanin-producing melanocytes, which gives the skin, its color. The dermis has collagen and elastic fibers, which gives it skin the elasticity. With age, the skin loses its elasticity and becomes pale, as the collagen degenerates. Less of new collagen is formed, and so aged appearance including sagging, fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots, etc. appear.

What Fraxel does is produce 1000s of columns of laser which act on both the dermis and the epidermis and improve collagen formation and removing old cells. The surrounding skin remains intact, and only the area of focus is treated.

What to expect?

  1. Before the procedure, the doctor will validate if you are a candidate for the procedure.
  2. Photos will be taken of the area and in people with darker complexion, bleaching or chemical peel may be used
  3. With face cleaned with soap and water, an anesthetic cream is applied to the skin.
  4. The laser beam is then applied, usually about 30 minutes.
  5. The procedure could be painful if the laser beam is strong which makes the use of anesthetic essential
  6. A cooling device is applied at the end of the procedure, and the area is then washed off
  7. One may experience redness, swelling, and tenderness for about a week
  8. New skin will develop in about a week’s time
  9. Skin peeling can happen in some people, which can be easily removed off without pain
  10. Adequate use of moisturizer and sunscreen is advised
  11. Clothing should be protective, include sunglasses, wide hat, and scarf
  12. Most people require a repeat of 3 to 4 sessions to complete the treatment, with a gap of a month usually.
  13. Unlike with other skin treatments, the effect from Fraxel takes time. It may take up to 3 to 4 months for the complete effect to show, as it involves complete collagen formation.

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

2626 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Please tell me chemical peel is effective for removing of black scar of pimple. Cost of chemistry peel and informed me a good skin treatment clinic in Kolkata.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Effective. Undergo PRP therapy. Few creams also available. Send photos of the affected area for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Hiii I am having too much hairs on my face in last six months and acne scars I want to know if laser hair removal treatment safe for skin and is really effective?

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Hello, yes certainly it’s very effective, you have to undergo around 5 sittings, please ensure that the machine is of good quality. Good luck.

I have acne problem from last 2 years. I am trying everything like medical treatment like dermatologist and skin specialist. I do not see any improvements. I am joining gym and try to avoid oily food, trying to be fit in life. But still there is no improvements. I dnt have pimples now but I have red type of marks on my skin. Sometime my skin is became good but suddenly after that is became worst again! please advise how to deal with this problem that I am facing! Thank you.

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. The scars and the pigmentation on the face are treatable. It's better to get it examined first so that we can identify the type of skin, scars and if they are hyper pigmented, atrophic or ice pick scars. The treatment are of various kind like ranging from simple scrubs and mild peels for the face to the major interventions such as laser therapy, dermaroller, subcision or peeling. These depend on the type of the scars and which kind you opt for. You can consult me online or text me with pictures for further details.

I am suffering from acne problem which damage mah skin very badly and I am so sad that destroy my looks and skins so can you please suggests me some treatment for this.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne. So, please send photos by direct online consultation as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
2 people found this helpful

Total fees sir for skin treatment like rough skin deep patche both cheek on whole like seeing bad and smell like fat can you tell me total fees of completely treatment sir I am Dileep kya my skin may be Normal sir.

MCh Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello, the pigmentation are of two types superficial and deep. The superficial pigmentation respond to creams. The deeper ones need chemical peels and lasers and additional depigmentation creams. You can start initially on milder depigmentation creams which contain kojic acid, arbutin, niacinamide like Melaglow at night and use sunscreen (SPF 35 and above) three times a day. There is options of glutathione injections to oral tablets with vitamin C, also laser toning also gives good results. Laser toning using Q switch Nd Yag laser is an option but results variable. You may need 6-8 sessions at 3 weeks gap. And depending on type of skin whether oily or dry you can choose a face wash. It need examination and personalised plan. You can consult in private with photographs.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Anti Ageing Treatment
How Anti ageing treatments help in Skin rejuvenation?
Play video
Types of Laser Treatment
Laser Skin Resurfacing Treatments

Hello, I m Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi, practicing dermatologist in Mumbai. Today I will be talking about the various indications of laser treatment in dermatology.

One of the most common indications of laser is for the treatment of acne scars. Acne is a very common problem faced by most teenagers, and even adults up till the age of 30. Acne can sometimes leave behind marks and scars which can have a detrimental effect on a person s confidence and self-esteem. There are many ways to treat acne scars, but the most effective way is fractional carbon dioxide laser resurfacing. Nothing comes close to this mode of treatment when we talk about acne scars. A few sittings of carbon dioxide laser resurfacing can give phenomenal results in the appearance of the acne scars. Carbon dioxide laser can also improve the pores and oiliness of the skin.

In addition, it can also be used for reversing the effects of age on the face, that is, as an anti-aging treatment. Other methods are also available to treat acne scars, such as chemical peels or micro needling with derma pen or derma roller. Chemical peel is a time-tested and well-established mode of treatment for active acne, pigmentation left behind by heled pimples and to some extent, acne scars. It can also improve your skin tone and effects of sun damage on the skin.

Excessive or unwanted hair is a very common problem faced by both men and women in today s time, and they don t want to waste time in shaving or waxing. This brings me to the second most common indication for laser, that is, hair reduction. We have a laser called diode laser, which is the most advanced technology for laser hair reduction. This laser can reduce excess or unwanted hair on any part of the body. This procedure requires no anesthetic, is absolutely painless, and has no downtime. Lasers can also be used for tattoo removal. A Yag laser is the latest technology by which we can remove tattoos of any size or color on any part of the body. This procedure requires no anesthesia, and has no risk of ugly scars following surgical tattoo removal.

For more information you can contact me through Lybrate.com.
Play video
Skin Lightening (Whitening) Treatment
Causes and treatment for Hyperpigmentation and Melasma
Play video
Skin Pigmentation Treatment
Hi, I am Dr Sangeeta Amladi and I am going to talk to you about Pigmentation.

What is pigmentation and how does it occur?

Pigmentation is a term we used to describe the dark spots or patches or even general darkening of the skin. In the upper layer of the skin, there are certain cells which are called pigment cells and these produce a certain pigment called melanin. This is evenly distributed in the skin and gives colour that we normally possess. We can get darkening of the skin due to many factors, both external and internal at any time of our lives. Most common cause of external pigmentation is ultraviolet radiations. And one of the commonest cause is a hormone, especially in women. Any of these factors can increase the pigment cells in the skin or actually activate the cell to produce more melanin.

What are the common types of Pigmentation?

There are many common types of pigmentation;

Freckles
Age spots
Melasma
Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation etc
These often cause cosmetic problems and hence require treatment.

Freckles are the common response to sunlight. And you can see them as light brown spots on the face and the exposed parts of the body. They are often seen on the fair skin individuals and from very young ages. They can be effectively prevented by good sun screening habits.

Age spots, also called Lentigines are darker spots. And these are often seen as we grow older, over the age of 40

Melasma is a kind of pigment which shows up most commonly on cheeks in the form of brownish or the greyish brown patches which are sharply defined. They can also come up on the forehead or the chin. Two main factors causing melasma are the sunlight and the hormones. And it is more common in women. Very often, melasma occurs either during or post pregnancy.

Often we find pigmentation being left behind after we develop boils, other infections, eczemas, other allergies, injuries etc on the skin and this is something we called as Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation. It is left behind due to the inflammation that is left behind in the skin. There are certain perfumes, cosmetics and other allergens which can on their own leave dark patches on the skin and we call this pigmented contact om titis.

Another common cause of patchy pigmentation is ageing itself and this is because of the effect of ultraviolet radiations and sunlight on the skin. We often see the unevenness tone or little patchy dark spots and an alteration in texture so the skin gets a bit rougher. This we can prevent to a large extent through good sun screening habits which we should adopt at a very young age in life.

Last but not the least, the dark circles. These are the dark patches which we see under our eyes. The problem of dark circles is that they make us look dull and tired.

What is the right approach to treat pigmentation?

If you suffer from pigmentation, then you should be looking for comprehensive and holistic solutions to this problem. There are many different kinds of products, tropically prescribed medication, and chemical peels which when combined together can help us get rid of the superficial pigmentation. Ideally, it should be customized for you by your dermatologist after the detailed evaluation of your specific skin concern and then decide the best possible way to address it. If we need something deeper then there is a specific laser which called the Q switched andiac laser which is very safe and effective and specifically targets the Melanin in the skin without affecting the neighbouring areas and leaves the skin clear and flawless.

What are the everyday essentials to take care of your skin?

The first mantra to really good skin care is to protect your skin using a sunscreen. You can use the sunscreen of SPF 15-30 or could be higher. However, the more important is how you apply it. A sunscreen must be applied to a thin film across the face and the exposed areas of the body and then left on for 15-20 minutes to settle it. If you tend to sweat a lot, you need to apply it after every 2-4 hours. And of course, you should apply a sunscreen when you are indoors because the ultraviolet radiations or even the visible light which is indoors can also affect your skin and cause pigmentation.
A good cleansing regime is very important to keep your skin clean. Choose a cleanser which is formulated for your skin type dry, oily or normal. You can use this twice or thrice daily. If your skin is oily, you can use a toner for deeper cleansing.
After cleansing your skin, you need to hydrate and this can be done using a moisturizer in the day time and sunscreen itself can be the moisturizer. At night, you can sue a night cream containing Vit- C and this will also help you to stay pigmentation free.
A balanced diet, good sleep and exercise is very important in keeping your skin healthy. Incorporate foods in a diet which are rich in Vit- C and sun protecting agents like Beta Keratins and anti oxidants. For example red and orange fruits like carrot, tomatoes and other vegetables such as cauliflower, broccoli, spinach etc and omega rich foods such as fish
Relax- Destress-Fill your life with positive energy.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice