Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Change Language

Pyelonephritis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection. It is mainly a type of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), which means that it begins in the urethra or the bladder. It can travel to both and to the kidneys, infecting it. The infection is usually accompanied by back pain, pain in the groin, fever, chills, frequent urination (and burning while urinating), along with other symptoms, and is considered dangerous. It requires immediate attention and you may even have to be hospitalized to prevent the condition from escalating. This condition is more common in women than in men as women have a shorter urethra. Women are also more susceptible to UTIs in general.

The main line of treatment when it comes to pyelonephritis is antibiotics. Since this is an infection that is caused by bacteria, antibiotics are the best option to eliminate the bacteria and the infection as well. However, in some cases where the condition is extremely severe and escalating fast, hospitalization is recommended to the patient on an immediate basis. This usually happens if the symptoms have been allowed to persist for too long and the infection has been ignored. Therefore, it is important to seek treatment the minute to think something is off. Once the kidney infection reaches your blood stream, it can be fatal as it can cause blood poisoning.

How is the treatment done?

In order to diagnose you successfully, your doctor will require a urine sample. The sample is then tested for the presence of bacteria and infections and once the same are confirmed, you will get your diagnosis and your course of treatment. As stated earlier, antibiotics are the main line of treatment. You will be prescribed a specific antibiotic by your doctor. The dosage will depend on your medical history and the severity of the infection you have. The same factors will determine how frequently you will need to take your medication.

In extreme cases, the patient is hospitalized. Once you have been admitted, you will be administered an IV drip. A needle will be stuck in your arm for the drip to be attached to. The drip will contain antibiotics and fluids that will help clear your infection. The time period that you will be asked to remain in the hospital depends largely on how severe the infection is.

If your kidney infection is being caused to do some underlying medical condition that you have, the course of treatment will focus more on clearing that condition, as opposed to just clearing the infection. This is because the ultimate goal is to prevent the infection from returning again and again.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have been diagnosed with a kidney infection, you are eligible to seek out medical treatment to make it go away. The minute you feel any of the signs and symptoms of this infection, especially the burning sensation that accompanies urination, you should go see your general doctor or a urologist immediately before the condition worsens.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you have a general Urinary Tract Infection that has not led to the kidneys, specific treatments that are meant for kidney infections may not be viable for you. You can then ask your doctor about the antibiotics that you should be using in order to combat your UTI effectively.

Are there any side effects?

With most antibiotics, the most common side effect is the development of a fever. This is, however, not a cause for alarm. Antibiotics tend to raise the body temperature when you consume them so this side effect is a completely natural one. If you have been hospitalized, you can expect a little bit of pain and bruising where the drip has been inserted into your arm. Due to anxiety, some patients also experience difficulty in sleeping, especially when they are in a hospital.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Kidney infections and urinary tract infections are caused due to a variety of reasons and you can use the following as post treatment guidelines to prevent the infection from ever coming back again. Avoid using female hygiene products such as cleansing soaps and scents in the genitals as they often cause UTIs in women. Urinate the minute you feel the urge to. Often, holding your pee in can lead to UTIs. Drink lots of water or other fluids to keep the excretion through your kidneys constant and regular. You should also go to the bathroom every time you have sex as it helps clear the bacteria present in the urethra and can prevent UTIs. Wiping carefully after a bowel movement can also prevent the spread of bacteria and UTIs. As a general rule, you should avoid sitting on public toilets.

How long does it take to recover?

Once the antibiotics are prescribed, it usually takes a few days for the infection to clear up. However, the course of the antibiotics may go up to a week or two and you should follow the course completely even if the infection clears up before the medication is over.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of antibiotics in India ranges from Rs. 50 to Rs 200, depending on the brand of the medicine that you are using as well as the dosage.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent. However, UTIs are such common infections and occur so frequently in women that each infection is considered a fresh one, as opposed to the reoccurrence or an extension of the older one.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are a few home remedies that can help you manage your kidney infection. It is important to note that these remedies do not clear your kidney infection – they only make the symptoms more bearable. You can use a heating pad or a hot water bottle on the abdomen as this can help you manage the pain you might be feeling. Using pain medicines can also help because usually the pain of a kidney infection is fairly severe. Moreover, you need to make an effort to stay hydrated as all times as it can help flush out some of the infection from the kidneys. It is important to note that you cannot solely rely on these home remedies and seeing a doctor is vital.

Popular Questions & Answers

please I want to know what is kidney chronic pyelonephritis. What are the causes for this. And symptoms.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Chronic pyelonephritis is characterized by renal inflammation and fibrosis induced by recurrent or persistent renal infection, vesicoureteral reflux, or other causes of urinary tract obstruction. .Chronic pyelonephritis is continuing pyogenic infe...
2 people found this helpful

I am 27 years of age, I have been having back ache, lower abdominal pains so much that I can not bend, I went for a test and the result show features of peptic ulcer with bilateral pyelonephritis.

Ayurveda, Noida
For back pain do hot fomentation, supine isometric exercise, and for peptic ulcer avoid chai, coffee,maslaedar foog item, smoke etc take yastimadhu powder 1tsp add this powder in 1glass of water and keep it aside for 20 min and take this water 3 t...
1 person found this helpful

I am having a 3 years old daughter, who was recently admitted to Hospital due to Nonobstructive refluxassociated chronic pyelonephritis. The doctors have given medicine and regular check up at intervals are being carried out also. But, even after so much of medication, we are unable to remove the constipation. Any suggestions on this issue as to how to resolve the problem.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Tumkur
I think it's vesico urteric reflux. As already pyelonephritis has developed, might need correction. Show to an urologist. Get dmsa scan to rule out scarring of kidney s. For constipation you must regularly use duphalac for many months.

Popular Health Tips

Acute Pyelonephritis - Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment!

DM - Nephrology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine
Nephrologist, Gurgaon
Acute Pyelonephritis - Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment!
The kidneys are the main part of the urinary system, which also includes the bladder, the ureter, and the urethra. Infections reach the urinary system either through the urethra or from the bloodstream when there is an infection elsewhere. Most in...
3085 people found this helpful

Acute & Chronic Pyelonephritis - How Can It Be Treated?

MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Jaipur
Acute & Chronic Pyelonephritis - How Can It Be Treated?
Acute pyelonephritis is a suppurative inflammation of the renal parenchyma and the renal pelvis. It is a potentially life threatening condition caused by bacterial infection. It can occur suddenly and causes the kidneys to swell, which may damage ...
3057 people found this helpful

Kidney Infection - How To Understand It?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Bangalore
Kidney Infection - How To Understand It?
In most cases, a urinary tract infection affects only the urethra and bladder(Lower UTI) but in some cases, it can affect the ureters and kidneys(Upper UTI) as well. This is known as Pyelonephritis or a kidney infection. If this infection spreads ...
3617 people found this helpful

Haematuria In Males And Females - Know How It Should be Diagnosed!

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Haematuria In Males And Females - Know How It Should be Diagnosed!
Haematuria is a condition wherein there is blood in the urine because of excessive red blood cells in it. Up to 12,500 red blood cells/mh can be occasioned in a healthy individual, but more than this may cause blood in the urine. Types of haematur...
2934 people found this helpful
Play video
How To Protect Your Kidneys And Keep Them Healthy?
Good Evening Folks! I am Dr. Sunil Prakash, nephrology. I want to talk to my friends about how to save our kidneys. Kidney diseases are becoming incrementally explosive in India. It is possible due to bad lifestyle and bad food habits and due to p...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice