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Last Updated: Jun 17, 2020
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Fungal Nail Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Medications and Home Remedies

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Any part of the body can be affected by fungal infection. Fungi are usually found in and also on the body alongside multiple bacteria. You get infection when the fungus begins to overgrow. Fungal infection that affects the toenails or fingernails is known as onychomycosis or tinea unguium. Nail infections usually develop over time so any immediate difference in your nails may feel fine to notice at first. The occurrence of nail infection is from the overgrowth of fungi either on the nail, in it or under it. People with diabetes, nail injury, skin injury, weak immune system, public pool swimmers, moist fingers or toes, and aged over 65 are more likely to develop nail infection.

The only way you can confirm a diagnosis is if you see a doctor. The diagnosis is done by taking a scrap of the nail and observing it under a microscope for indications of fungus. This sample may also have to be sent to a laboratory for identification and proper analysis. Over-the-counter medications do not tend to provide reliable results and hence are not recommended by doctors. What can be beneficial are oral antifungal medications such as fluconazole (Diflucan), terbinafine (Lamisil), itraconazole (Sporanox), and griseofulvin (Gris-Peg).

How is the treatment done?

Early diagnosis along with rapid appropriate treatment is considered the cornerstone of successfully managing the reduction of mortality rate in association with nail infection. Prophylaxis treatment includes oral fluconazole as superior or effective as compared to topical therapy for nail infection. Oral therapy is considered more tolerable and convenient than topical therapy. In addition, oral therapy is more efficacious than topical regimens in treating severe fungal infection on the toenail. Oral fluconazole (100 to 450 mg/week) is considered the best drug to treat nail infection.

The usage of topical agents for the treatment of nail infection diminishes systematic drug exposure, lowers the risk of drug-drug amalgamation, reduces the likelihood that antifungal resistance may develop, and systemizes adverse events. Multiple daily dosing and unfavourable taste in case of nystatin and clotrimazole leads to reduced endurance of topical therapy. An alternative to fluconazole is miconazole in mucoadhesive buccal tablets (100 mg/week) or clotrimazole troches 5 times daily may be used for the treatment of nail infection. According to a multicenter, randomized study, these regimens were equivalent to fluconazole. Pastilles (4 times daily) or nystatin suspension remains till date as an additional alternative. An effective treatment for fungal nail infection is systematic antifungals. A 14-21 day course of either oral intraconazole or intravenous or oral fluconazole solution is considered highly effective.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The eligibility criteria depends on the CD4 count. If the CD4 count is 200 cells or lower, the person is eligible for the treatment. The treatment is started as soon as the patient starts showing signs related to the disease.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

In case of co-existing conditions patients are excluded. Patients are excluded in case of chronic fungal infection. Severe or moderate liver disease is also a criteria of non-eligibility. History of intolerance or allergy to azoles or imidazoles excludes you from receiving the treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Side effects of the treatment include vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, transaminase elevations, diarrhea, and hypertensive reactions like pruritus and rash.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Soak the fingernails and toenails in lukewarm water. For best results, mix the water tub with a few tablespoons of Epsom salt and submerge your feet in the bathtub for 10-15 minutes for good results. This method can be repeated several times throughout the day to stimulate the healing process after the treatment. The doctors strictly advise you not to dig under the nail, cut it or drain the infection as it can make your condition worse. Your nails need proper nourishment to remain healthy. This is the reason why applying an ointment will provide relief to the infected area and also prevent the infection from spreading any further.

How long does it take to recover?

It usually takes maximum 21 days to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of treatment ranges between Rs.100 to Rs. 1,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment is not permanent, hence fluconazole is used as a suppressive therapy in such cases. Relapse rate is quite high even though there has been growth of a new nail, hence proper hygiene needs to be maintained. Make sure to have a proper bath and keep your finger and toenails clean.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative treatment methods for nail infection is the intake of garlic, food items made from coconut oil, food items made from oregano oil, yogurt, apple cider vinegar. These food items will prevent the recurrence of fungal infection.

Popular Questions & Answers

Toe nail fungus. Left leg 1st toe fat one. Lot of pain. Could go to a nearby medicine shop. They gave chymoral plus, ampilox -lb and omee. Please tell me whether above tablets are ok or not.

MD Dermatology
Dermatologist, Panchkula
It looks like you have ingrown toe nail. If it is infected and there is pain then above medicines might help. If you have any medicine allergies or other medical issues, these medicines can be a problem.

I have fungal infection on my thumb nail, suggest me some good ointments and I have already used clotrimazole but of no use.

MBBS, Residency in Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Only ointment will not work. First get it properly diagnosed if it is fungal only. If yes then you need to take full course of oral anti fungal tablets.

Hello, I see that there are some changes in my foot nails at the beginning I thought its normal but not I see my foot nail is getting bent and there is some brown line on it. What is happening can any one suggest and yeah now I notice on one hand finger also lightly a browline has started appearing lightly. please sugest me what is happening with me. I can consult a doctor if its an serious issue.@ I live in bangalore. Thank you.

Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), MBBS
Dermatologist, Ranchi
You are suffering from nail bed infection, it is very common these days, you have to take proper medication for removal of the infection. It will cure but take time to recover completely.
3 people found this helpful

I am 25 years old and I have itching in leg nail area since 1 week I avoided and thought because of climate changes and now every night it starts itching while I go to sleep and today I noticed rashes in legs and the nail pains a little when I touch it.

Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from nail fungus. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
3 people found this helpful

I've been suffering from infected toe (not severe as shown in google pics) on both foot since 2 weeks. I consulted my doctor but was not effective even though I took AUGMENTIN 625 mg and did massage with hot water on foot. Can any doctor help me because I have my tournament in 1 week.

MBBS, Fellowship in Diabetes, PGDM Reproductive and Child Health , CCMH, ACMDC (Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease )
Diabetologist, Thane
Healing generally takes 3 weeks. If there Iss swelling, then use Diclo and serratiopeptidase combination. Augmentin is good and proven product. You can use another antibiotics which are exclusively used in SSTI. Please do share pics of your injury...

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