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Measles - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Measles?

Measles also known as Rubeola is a type of viral infection which affects the respiratory system. An infectious condition, this disease spreads when a person comes in contact with any infected saliva or mucus. It is also airborne in the sense that an infected person can release the virus in the air when they sneeze or cough.

Causes and Risk factors

The measles virus is able to live on the surface for several hours, causing the infected particles to remain in the air and as such any person within its vicinity may get infected. Sharing utensils like spoons, towels, brush etc. with an infected person increases the risk of infection. Studies showed that measles was the primary cause for death among children worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that most of the victims in its reports were children under the age of 5. The disease is found to mostly occur in unvaccinated children.

Some parents have a wrong notion that vaccination can lead to certain side effects in their children. It is not entirely true. Only in the rarest of cases the vaccine has been found to cause deafness, brain damage, coma, deafness and autistic characteristics.

Children who lack Vitamin A in their diet are at an increased risk of measles.

Diagnosing and Treating Measles

An experienced doctor would be able to tell the case by examining rashes on your skin and checking for characteristic symptoms of the disease such as whitish spots in and around the mouth, cough and sore throat. A blood test may be conducted for further affirmation. As such, there is no prescription medication to treat measles. The symptoms of the virus appear within two or three weeks. The doctor may prescribe medications and supplements to ease the symptoms and help your immune system.

Complications surrounding Measles

It is important to be administered a measles vaccine as the condition may lead to fatal repercussions if left untreated. Associated complications include ear infections, bronchitis, miscarriage, blindness, diarrhea and decreased blood platelets.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Pain and inflammation in the ear Red rashes and red spots on the skin Coughing Puffy eyes Sneezing

Popular Health Tips

Measles - How They Affect You? + Treatment

Fellowship In PCCM, Fellow-Pediatric Flexible Bronchoscopy, Fellowship In Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care, D.C.H., M.B.B.S
Pediatrician, Ahmedabad
Measles - How They Affect You? + Treatment

Measles or rubeola as it is also known is one of the leading causes of children’s death around the world. This viral infection is communicable through the air and spreads through contact with infected saliva and mucus. Thus, sharing cutlery or glassware with an infected person can increase a person’s risk of suffering from this disease. Thankfully measles can be prevented through vaccination known as MMR. This vaccination is given to infants and also protects them against mumps, rubella and chickenpox. The first dose of MMR vaccination is given when the child is about 1 year old and a booster dose is repeated when the child is 4-6 years old.

One of the most characteristic symptoms of measles is a reddish rash that begins inside the mouth and later erupts all over the body. This is usually preceded by a high fever, cold, cough, sore throat and swelling of the lymph nodes. Fatigue, diarrhoea and redness of the eyes are other symptoms of this disease. Measles symptoms are not apparent the moment a person is exposed to the virus. It can take 7 to 18 days for symptoms to become visible after catching the infection, this is known as the incubation period. Measles affects adults is a more severe way than children.

Children and adults with a weak immune system are highly susceptible to complications associated with measles. In some cases, it can lead to life threatening conditions, such as pneumonia and encephalitis or inflammation of the brain. Other complications associated with measles include ear infections, bronchitis, blindness and a sharp fall in platelet count. A pregnant woman suffering from measles also has a high risk of miscarrying the baby or preterm labour.

There is no definitive form of treating measles and doctors typically address the symptoms while prescribing medication. In most cases, the symptoms and the virus should disappear in two to three weeks. Some of the common forms of medicine prescribed to deal with measles are:

  1. Medication to relieve fever
  2. Antibiotics to prevent or treat accompanying bacterial infections
  3. Vitamin A supplements to reduce the severity of measles symptoms
  4. Pain relievers to deal with muscle pains

In addition, the patient needs plenty of rest and fluids to strengthen the immune system. The use of a humidifier can also help treat a sore throat and cough. Bright lights can aggravate headaches and irritation and hence should be avoided. Hence, avoid watching television and activities like reading. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

1799 people found this helpful

What is Pharyngitis?

MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
What is Pharyngitis?

What is Pharyngitis?
Pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx, which is in the back of the throat. It’s most often referred to simply as “sore throat.” pharyngitis can also cause scratchiness in the throat and difficulty swallowing.

Causes of Pharyngitis:-

There are numerous viral and bacterial agents that can cause pharyngitis. They include:

- measles
- adenovirus, which is one of the causes of the common cold
- chickenpox
- croup, which is a childhood illness distinguished by a barking cough
- whooping cough
- group a streptococcus

Viruses are the most common cause of sore throats. Pharyngitis is most commonly caused by viral infections such as the common cold, influenza, or mononucleosis. Viral infections don’t respond to antibiotics, and treatment is only necessary to help relieve symptoms.

Less commonly, pharyngitis is caused by a bacterial infection. Bacterial infections require antibiotics. The most common bacterial infection of the throat is strep throat, which is caused by group a streptococcus. Rare causes of bacterial pharyngitis include gonorrhea, chlamydia, and corynebacterium.

Frequent exposure to colds and flus can increase your risk for pharyngitis. This is especially true for people with jobs in healthcare, allergies, and frequent sinus infections. Exposure to secondhand smoke may also raise your risk.

What are the symptoms of Pharyngitis?

The incubation period is typically two to five days. Symptoms that accompany pharyngitis vary depending on the underlying condition.

In addition to a sore, dry, or scratchy throat, a cold or flu may cause:

- sneezing
- runny nose
- headache
- cough
- fatigue
- body aches
- chills
- fever (a low-grade fever with a cold and higher-grade fever with the flu)

In addition to a sore throat, the symptoms of mononucleosis include:

- swollen lymph nodes
- severe fatigue
- fever
- muscle aches
- general malaise
- loss of appetite
- rash

Strep throat, another type of pharyngitis, can also cause:

- difficulty in swallowing
- red throat with white or gray patches
- swollen lymph nodes
- fever
- chills
- loss of appetite
- nausea
- unusual taste in the mouth
- general malaise

Homoeopathic treatment-
Conventional treatment only suppresses the symptoms; it also has side effects. Homeopathy focuses on rooting out the disease from within, instead of just concentrating on suppressing on the symptoms. All the homeopathic remedies gradually treat and cure your disease and have no side effects whatsoever.

1. Aconite:
Burning and a painful sore throat induced by common cold and sneezing.

2. Argentum metallicum:
If your throat is sore and feels raw and worse after straining your voice.

3. Arsenicum album:
If your common cold also gives you a sore throat, then you can opt for arsenicum album. This medicine is also useful if you have watery and thin nasal discharge.

4. Baryta carbonica:
Enlarged tonsils, painful and sore throats in children.

5. Belladonna: 
Belladonna is the best homeopathic remedy for throat infections. Belladonna is also good for tonsillitis (swollen and red tonsils with white patches inside your throat) and difficulties in swallowing.

6. Bryonia: 
Bryonia is used to treat dry cough along with a sore throat.

7. Chamomilla: 
Chamomilla is mostly prescribed to children with sore throats and mucus formations in their chests.

8. Causticum: 
Sometimes your throat can get sore from shouting or if you talk loudly at a stretch. In such a situation, causticum can prove to be beneficial.

9. Drosera: 
Spasmodic, dry coughs with a sore throat.

10. Hepar sulph: 
Splinter-like sensation in your throat along with soreness.

11. Ignatia: 
If you feel like you have a lump in your throat and you cannot gulp food easily, ignatia can work well.

12. Lachesis: 
Difficulty in swallowing fluids when you have a sore throat is best treated with lachesis. Chronic tonsillitis is also treated with lachesis.

13. Merc sol: 
Red, swollen and sore throats are treated with merc sol. Throat problems that worsen with weather changes.

14. Phosphorus
Phosphorus is the best medicine for" clergyman's throat" (agitated tickling in your larynx when you speak).

3 people found this helpful

Measles: Symptoms and Treatments!

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Chennai
Measles: Symptoms and Treatments!

Measles refer to an infection caused by a virus of the same. It mainly affects the respiratory system and its onset is accompanied by high fever, runny nose, frequent coughing and itchy rashes all over the face. It is extremely contagious and spreads through saliva or even mucus. This infection has several symptoms. Some of them are-

  1. Persistent coughing: Affecting the respiratory system, the onset of measles can be identified by persistent and a nagging cough, one that refuses to recuperate.
  2. Fever: As discussed above, if you are infected by the measles virus, chances are very high that you will suffer from extremely high fever. It is often accompanied by chills.
  3. Sore throat: The throat forms an important part of the respiratory system and if it is infected, its repercussions can be felt in the throat. You will have extreme difficulty in eating or swallowing food when suffering from measles.
  4. Small white spots develop inside the mouth: Sometimes you may notice outbreak of small white spots in the interior of your mouth. In case you do, do not take it lightly. This is an important symptom of measles and you must consult a doctor immediately. 

Notwithstanding the contagious nature of the infection, there are various treatments available in order to treat this infection. Some of them are-

  1. Acetaminophen: This is used to relieve one of fever as well as pain in the muscles.
  2. Take rest: Suffering from measles is an extremely uncomfortable situation and taking rest always helps. Your immune system, being infected by a virus is rattled and needs sufficient rest to recuperate. 
  3. Drink lots of water: Nothing can be an alternative to water. Therefore when suffering from measles, drink as much water as you can. Try to drink at least six to seven glasses of water, a day in order to purge your system.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4510 people found this helpful

Measles - Symptoms And Treatment

MBBS, MD - DVL
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Measles - Symptoms And Treatment

Measles refer to an infection caused by a virus. It mainly affects the respiratory system and its onset is accompanied by high fever, runny nose, frequent coughing and itchy rashes all over the face. It is extremely contagious and spreads through saliva or even mucus. This infection has several symptoms. Some of them are: 

  1. Persistent coughing: Affecting the respiratory system, the onset of measles can be identified by persistent and a nagging cough, one that refuses to recuperate.
  2. Fever: As discussed above, if you are infected by the measles virus, chances are very high that you will suffer from extremely high fever. It is often accompanied by chills.
  3. Sore throat: The throat forms an important part of the respiratory system and if it is infected, its repercussions can be felt in the throat. You will have extreme difficulty in eating or swallowing food when suffering from measles.
  4. Small white spots develop inside the mouth: Sometimes you may notice outbreak of small white spots in the interior of your mouth. In case you do, do not take it lightly. This is an important symptom of measles and you must consult a doctor immediately. 

Not withstanding the contagious nature of the infection, there are various treatments available in order to treat this infection. Some of them are: 

  1. Acetaminophen: This is used to relieve one of fever as well as pain in the muscles.
  2. Take rest: Suffering from measles is an extremely uncomfortable situation and taking rest always helps. Your immune system, being infected by a virus is rattled and needs sufficient rest to recuperate. 
  3. Drink lots of water: Nothing can be an alternative to water. Therefore when suffering from measles, drink as much water as you can. Try to drink at least six to seven glasses of water, a day in order to purge your system. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
2574 people found this helpful

Chicken Pox - Should You be Immunized Against it?

DDF, FCCP, MD , MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Chicken Pox - Should You be Immunized Against it?

Chickenpox or varicella is a type of viral infection that causes itchy rashes accompanied by tiny fluid-filled blisters. It is highly communicable to those who have not experienced this disease earlier or have not been immunized against it through vaccination

The vaccine against chickenpox is a shot protecting anyone, who has already contracted the disease. It is known as the varicella vaccine since chicken pox is triggered by the virus called varicella-zoster. The vaccine is prepared from a living but a weakened virus.

Why would you require a chicken pox virus?

  1. The risk behind the condition aggravating into something life threatening is high among adults, infants and people possessing a weak immunity system as they are prone to developing serious complications as well. There is no way you can predict who would be the next prey.
  2. The illness is extremely contagious and can get transmitted either through air while coughing or sneezing or by direct contact especially with the fluid present in the chicken pox blisters. For this reason, you need to stay segregated until and unless all your blisters have dried up or crusted over. The illness may induce itchy rashes all over your body along with fussiness, cough and headaches.
  3. The vaccine is recommended for all adults and adolescents who have not been infected by chicken pox ever earlier. A vaccine called MMRV offers a combined protection against varicella, rubella, mumps and measles.
  4. The vaccine has to be administered in two shots. However the medicines are not devoid of mild side effects,for instance, swelling in the region where you have been injected alongside mild rashes.

Who should not opt for the vaccine?

  1. Pregnant women since the effect of the vaccine on your fetus is yet to be unraveled
  2. People who are allergic to neomycin and gelatin ( a gelatin-free varicella vaccine is actually available)
  3. People suffering from diseases caused due to a weak immunity system or taking high dosage of steroids
  4. Cancer patients who have to be treated with chemotherapy, drugs and X-rays
  5. People who have had a blood transfusion in about five months before receiving the shot. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.
3243 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am a student, 19 years young and currently having measles. The past two days, I a suffered from extreme coldness then suddenly I had flu and then noticed red spots on y face and body. I was diagnosed with German measles when I was a kid. Can someone get measles after experiencing German measles?

MBBS
General Physician, Panchkula
Yes take only paracetamol 500 twice or thrice a day lot of liquid like soup juice no alcohol. Yes a person can get measles after German measles. Measles cures in 7 10 days unless some other complications.
1 person found this helpful

How long can I delay my daughter's vaccination for measles she is going to be 9 months on the 19th June? What should I be aware of, if I can and I do? And Most of all, Should I delay?

Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Better not to be delayed, mmr is to be given at this age. Because measles is common in this age so better to go timely.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Measles?

Causes and Risk factors

Diagnosing and Treating Measles

Complications surrounding Measles

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Childhood Diseases And Homeopathy
Hello friends!

I am Dr. Rajiv P. Bhanej. I have done my post graduation, that is MD in homeopathy from Mumbai. I am practicing homeopathy since past 20 years in the Western suburbs of Mumbai that is Malad and Borivali and Charni Road. I am being expertise in dealing with pediatric cases through homeopathy. Generally, homeopathy medicines work right from birth to the last decade of the patients' life. As all of you are aware that in newborn especially children are more susceptible in developing upper respiratory tract infection and lower respiratory tract infection and homeopathy medication play a very vital role in dealing with these types of infections. In allopathy, antibiotics are the only answer to these kinds of infection.

Antibiotics are purely chemical-based medicines which when given repeatedly may hamper the physical and the mental growth of the child and thereby suppressing the diseases. In homeopathy, we take the detailed case of the child. We take into account the physical condition, the mental condition and emotional condition of the patient into the account. We take a deeper case history to the extent of the condition of the mother during the pregnancy. Also the mental state of the mother during the pregnancy. Also, the physical state and the emotional state which is very important in homeopathy history. All the children are reviewed to such a deeper extent. Homeopathic medication as such is the purest form of medication where only medicinal energy is been derived from a medicinal substance that is the plant, animal and minerals. Thereby the cure opted by homeopathic medication is gentle, rapid and long-lasting and without any chemical reaction.

Overall we see pregnant females who regularly take homeopathic medication are bound to deliver a healthy baby which helps in good mental and physical development of the child. Friends homeopathic medication are found to be successful in treating others childhood conditions such as growth disorders, nutritive disorders, and other mental disorders in children such as Dyslexia, ADHD and low self-esteem. Over the past few years of experience, we have seen a tremendous rise in autoimmune disorders due to change in lifestyle. Autoimmune disorders such as cancer. thyroid, infertility and sexual disorders are also being managed with homeopathy successfully. For more information, you can connect us through Lybrate.com

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