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Overview

Hepatitis A: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). A person contracts this illness from contaminated food, water and sometimes from sexual activities. The common symptoms of Hepatitis A are appetite loss, jaundice, nausea, diarrhoea, fatigue and fever. Hepatitis A does not have a fixed treatment. It can be managed by only controlling the symptoms. A person suffering from this condition should take sufficient rest, have nutritious diet and avoid alcohol to reduce stress on the liver.

How is the treatment done?

The treatment of Hepatitis A is extremely generic. The different symptoms that are present require moderate attention. In extreme cases, a person may suffer acute liver damage and need a liver transplant. If a person is at a risk of contracting Hepatitis A he can be given a immune serum globulin treatment that shall prevent an onset of the disease. Prevention plays a big role in this illness and this can be done by taking the Hepatitis A vaccine. This vaccine is given at the age of 1 year to keep children safe. Also, people travelling to countries where this disease is predominant should take this vaccine. The only medicated procedure that is followed to give relief to the patients is monitoring ORS to patients who are suffering from dehydration or IV fluids in more severe cases. Medicines like Acetamynophen should be avoided in this condition as they tend to deteriorate the liver condition.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

NA

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

NA

Are there any side effects?

NA

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines encompass simple steps that should be followed on a daily basis. It is important to take a lot of rest to let your body recover. Do not forget to keep your body hydrated. Your liver might be at stake, so don’t put further pressure on it by indulging in alcoholic beverages. Physical exercise must not be done at a prolonged and vigorous rate. Do ensure to have a good personal hygiene so that you do not spread the HAV to the people around you.

How long does it take to recover?

Hepatitis A usually cures by itself in few months. It has been seen that the symptoms last for about two weeks to two months. In severe cases if liver damage occurs it can become life threatening and may or may not be curable.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

NA

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

NA

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

NA
Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range: NA

Popular Health Tips

What is Hereditary Hemochromatosis?

MD- Paediatrics & Neonatology, MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
What is Hereditary Hemochromatosis?

Anything in excess is bad for the body. The same goes with iron, which is believed to be essential for various functions.

Hereditary hemochromatosis (HHC) is a hereditary condition where the way the body absorbs and stores iron are affected, leading to excessive iron deposits in various internal organs and leading to multiple complications. Read on to know more about this condition.

Causes: HHC is caused by the mutation (alteration) of a gene that controls the amount of iron absorbed into the body. A hormone called hepcidin is secreted by the liver and controls iron absorption and storage. In HHC, the role of hepcidin is altered, leading to excess amounts of iron absorption and storage in various major organs, especially the liver. Over time, this excess iron can cause conditions like diabetes, cirrhosis, and heart failure.

Risk Factors: The condition runs in families, and if you have a family member with known HHC, the chances of having HHC are quite high. Though the disease develops right at birth, symptoms manifest only later in life, at about 50-plus years of age. Men who carry two copies of the mutated gene and hail from Northern Europeans are more prone to develop HHC.

Symptoms: There are no specific symptoms pointing to HHC in the early stages, and these include joint pains, abdominal pain, fatigue, and weakness. Over a period of time, these can lead to associated symptoms of conditions like cirrhosis, heart failure, impotence, diabetes, etc.

Diagnosis: Blood tests are done to diagnose the amount of iron in the system. Fasting transferrin saturation and serum ferritin are two important tests, and increased transferrin saturation is very indicative of HHC. In addition, liver function tests are done to check the extent of liver damage. MRI examination also will help identify the areas of iron overload and extent of liver damage (if any). Liver biopsy can help identify iron overload and liver damage. Gene mutation tests are also useful in confirming the condition.

Treatment-

  1. Depending on the excessive amount of iron deposited, phlebotomy which requires removal of iron is advised. About 400 to 500 mL of blood can be removed once a week or in two weeks.

  2. From a prevention point of view, hepatitis A and B vaccines should be given.

  3. In very severe cases, liver transplantation could be considered.

  4. Monitor for other symptoms like diabetes, cirrhosis and liver failure.

In addition, once the diagnosis is confirmed and phlebotomy initiated, iron levels should be monitored periodically to ensure it is not exceeding the desired levels. This can help in the prevention of complications, which are more causes for concern than the actual HHC condition per se. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

2570 people found this helpful

Cyclone Titli - Ways To Manage Diseases It Can Cause!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Cyclone Titli - Ways To Manage Diseases It Can Cause!

Cyclone 'Titli', which has has been categorised as a 'very severe cyclonic storm', hit the coastal Odisha region at a daunting speed of 140-150 kmph. The cyclone has already caused a lot of destruction in the region and the government has deployed NDRF teams to carry out rescue operations.

Titli, which means 'Butterfly' in English, has uprooted many trees and electricity poles but fortunately has yet not caused any casualties. India Meteorological Department has said that the cyclone will weaken gradually with the decreasing wind speed, but the aftermath of this cyclone can be very unpleasant for the people living near the coastal areas.

Where Titli has created a havoc in India, Hurricane Michael, a category 4 monster storm, has reached Florida. Over half-a-million have been either ordered or advised to evacuate as it inched closer to Panama City. It has already caused 14 deaths in Central America and is still going strong.

Such cyclonic storms and hurricanes not only disturb the normal life during their stay in the region but also lead to spread of various diseases.

Diseases which can spread:

Apart from the risk of serious mental trauma during the cyclonic period, the possibility of spread of water and vector-borne diseases also increase.

Following are the waterborne diseases it can cause:

  • Cholera
  • Hepatitis A
  • Amoebiasis
  • Typhoid fever
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cyclosporiasis
  • Giardiasis
  • Microsporidiosis
  • Naegleriasis
  • Botulism
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Dysentery
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Vector-borne diseases that can spread:

  • Chikungunya
  • Dengue fever
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Yellow fever
  • Zika
  • Malaria
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • West Nile fever

Ways to prevent Vector-borne diseases:

Once the tragedy ends, people should ignore being in vegetated areas to avoid encounter with insects, like mosquitoes. People should wear protective clothing and avoid using perfumes which may attract mosquitos.

Pregnant women should also try not to go outside their houses during peak times of mosquito activity.

Here are some more preventive measures for vector-borne diseases:

  • Apply insect repellents to exposed by body parts as well as clothing
  • Do not apply it to wounds or irritated skin
  • Take a bath or wash your body after returning home
  • Wash the clothes after every single time you go out
  • Sleep in netted or screened area

Measures to prevent waterborne diseases:

Waterborne diseases transmit when contaminated water is used for purposes including drinking, washing uncooked vegetables, brushing teeth and washing dentures or contact lenses. Here are the other ways to prevent waterborne diseases:

  • Drink purified water only
  • If your area has sanitation problems, avoid coming in contact with outside water.
  • Do not use untreated water from a spring, river, lake or pond
  • Do not always consider boiled water safe for consumption as it does not contain chlorine to avoid recontamination
  • Avoid using ice cubes
  • Avoid eating outside
  • Maintain good hygiene by using soaps and sanitisers

The cyclonic storm will pass off soon but will create several issues that would require proper attention to be prevented. So, after surviving it, you must follow the above-mentioned measures to stay safe and healthy.

1 person found this helpful

3 Reasons Behind Hepatitis!

MS - General Surgery, Membership of The Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), Diploma In Laparoscopy, FICS, FACRSI
Gastroenterologist, Salem
3 Reasons Behind Hepatitis!

Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver, which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of Hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures. Here are the main types of Hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause Hepatitis:

Types

  1. Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A virus infection causes this condition. The Hepatitis A virus comes from food or water contaminated with the feces of someone contaminated with Hepatitis A. This is not a chronic form of Hepatitis.
  2. Hepatitis B: This is a chronic form of Hepatitis. It is spread through body fluid, such as blood, saliva and semen. The possible causes of Hepatitis B include use of drugs through injections, having sex with an infected partner and sharing razors or other intimate articles with someone who is infected.
  3. Hepatitis C: This is also a chronic form of Hepatitis.The most common causes of Hepatitis C are injection drug use or having sex.
  4. Hepatitis D: This is a not a chronic form of Hepatitis and is also very uncommon. It is usually contracted along with Hepatitis B. It is usually caused due to puncture wounds or contact with infected blood.
  5. Hepatitis E: This is the most uncommon form of Hepatitis. It is due to poor sanitation and ingesting fecal matter. It is usually found in developing countries.

Causes

  1. Virus: This is the usual way of contracting Hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and causes inflammation leading to the breakdown of a number of body systems.
  2. Alcohol and other toxins: Alcohol and certain prescribed medications cause the liver to swell and that is why this form of Hepatitis is known as alcoholic Hepatitis.
  3. Autoimmune disease: This is the rarest cause of Hepatitis. The immune system malfunctions and begins destroying its own tissues. It attacks the liver because it perceives the liver to be a foreign object.
1763 people found this helpful

Different Types Of Hepatitis & Their Causes!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB (General Surgery)
Gastroenterologist, Nashik
Different Types Of Hepatitis & Their Causes!

Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures.

Here are the main types of hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause hepatitis:

Types

  • Hepatitis AHepatitis A virus infection causes this condition. The Hepatitis A virus comes from food or water contaminated with the feces of someone contaminated with hepatitis A. This is not a chronic form of hepatitis.
  • Hepatitis B:  This is a chronic form of hepatitis. It is spread through body fluid such as blood, saliva and semen. The possible causes of hepatitis B include injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner and sharing razors or other intimate articles with someone who is infected.
  • Hepatitis CThis is also a chronic form of hepatitis .The most common causes of hepatitis C are injection drug use or having sex.
  • Hepatitis DThis is a not a chronic form of hepatitis and is also very uncommon. It is usually contracted along with hepatitis B. It is usually caused due to puncture wounds or contact with infected blood.
  • Hepatitis EThis is the most uncommon form of hepatitis. It is due to poor sanitation and ingesting fecal matter. It is usually found in developing countries.

Causes

  • Virus: This is the usual way of contracting hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and causes inflammation leading to the breakdown of a number of body systems.
  • Alcohol and other toxins: Alcohol and certain prescribed medications cause the liver to swell and that is why this form of hepatitis is known as alcoholic hepatitis.
  • Autoimmune disease: This is the rarest cause of hepatitis.  The immune system malfunctions and begins destroying its own tissues. It attacks the liver because it perceives the liver to be a foreign object.
     

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3156 people found this helpful

Hepatitis A - Cases Where Vaccination Is Beneficial!

MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Jaipur
Hepatitis A - Cases Where Vaccination Is Beneficial!

Exposure of hepatitis A virus can cause severe liver infection, which is usually lighter and resolves by itself. There is a considerable difference in the symptoms and duration of the disease, in which many people do not see any signs. Two of the symptoms associated with hepatitis A infections are fever and joint. If you drink water or food which has become contaminated with the stools of someone with the virus, then you can catch the disease. You may also be infected, if you:

1. Eat fruits, vegetables, or other foods that were contaminated during handling
2. Eat chopped raw shellfish with water that has a virus
3. Swallow the contaminated snow

If you have this infection, your liver may be swollen due to your virus. You do not always get symptoms, but when you do, you may have:

  1. Jaundice
  2. Pain in your stomach
  3. loss of appetite
  4. Nausea
  5. Fever
  6. Diarrhoea
  7. Fatigue

Children generally have diseases with some symptoms. You can develop hepatitis A virus approximately 2 weeks before your symptoms appear and they appear during the first week, or even if you do not have any.

If you are prone to the disease:

  1. Stay with or have sex someone who is infected
  2. Visit the country where Hepatitis A is common

How is it detected?
Blood tests enable doctors to detect it.

Is there a prolong effect?
Usually, the virus does not cause any long term issues or complexities. But as per the CDC, 10% to 15% people with Hepatitis A will have symptoms that last for long periods or come back in the 6- to 9 month’s period. In rare cases, some people may suffer liver damage or require transplantation.

Is there a Hepatitis A Vaccine?
Yes, Vaccination is suggested:

  1. Visitors to places of the world with an increase infection in hepatitis A.
  2. Men who have sex with other men
  3. People with blood clotting problems
  4. People who infuse an addictive drug
  5. Any person with prolong liver disease

What is the treatment?
There is no treatment to cure this disease. Your doctor can take such tests to check your liver function to make sure that your body is recovering.

  1. Receiving vaccination is your best protection. If you come in exposure with someone with hepatitis A, you can get a particular drug called immune globulin within 2 weeks.
  2. Good hygiene is also necessary. After using the bathroom, always wash your hands with soap and water, after changing the diapers, before and after managing the food.
  3. If you have symptoms of Hepatitis A or infection then meet your doctor. Vaccination within two weeks of contact with Hepatitis A can help against the development of infection.

Patients with preexisting liver disease should be vaccinated as occurrence of hepatitis A can lead to risk to life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2765 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, As a teenager in 1976 I had hepatitis A. My 2 brothers were given shots so they would not get it. What shot could that have been since the hepatitis A shot didn't come out until the 90s.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
If you were recently exposed to hepatitis A virus and have not been vaccinated against hepatitis A, you might benefit from an injection of either immune globulin or hepatitis A vaccine. However, the vaccine or immune globulin are only effective if given within the first 2 weeks after exposure.

I am suffering from Hepatitis A. What to do get cure soon. How many days will it take to get completely cure. What to do during this?

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Kanpur
Soothshekhar ras125 mg twice a day Pittari avleh 10gm twice a day Contact with details like reports.

Sir/ma'am I was diagnosed with Hep A a year ago then my treatment continue for 6-7 months and then I fully recovered. Please tell me today I have crossed 1 year when my symptoms were diagnosed. So can I start to consume alcohol again?

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Aman, It is very nice of you that for 1 year you have managed without alcohol. Why do you want to start consuming alcohol? Occasionally taking 2-3 pegs, depends on the type of alcohol, the food with it, the duration of drinking, your own health status, how others are finding it unhealthy, whether you have escaped from your routine duties due to it, whether you drive after drinking. Alcohol interacts with many drugs. The interaction depends on the type of alcohol and the dose of the drug, the duration of action of the drug and many other factors. Remember: alcohol deaddiction can be done with anti-craving drugs and aversive drugs and other supportive treatments.

Hello, I have hepatitis b. Viral load quantities is 4500. Please suggest good diet plan.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Diet plan depends on sgpt sgot levels and whether cirrhosis of liver has occurred and tips- avoid any junk food items and eat freshly prepared homemade food items and to be eaten in limited quantities

What is the diet for Hepatitis A. And how many months the patient should be in diet.

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), M.sc in yoga and naturopathy, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Ayurveda, Delhi
For this one should take a diet rich in carbohydrates. Besides this giloy (Tinospora cordifolia, green leafy vegetables (Reddish leaves juice), turmeric, yellow colored fruits and vegetables, cow's urine are helpful. Spices, oily and fried food items (preserved stuffs too) should be avoided. It would take more than 3-4 months to recover with healthy diet and lifestyle.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Hepatitis
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. Excessive alcohol consumption can cause liver damage and inflammation. Other toxic causes of hepatitis include overuse or overdose of medications and exposure to poisons.
Play video
Hepatitis B & C
Diagnosis and Treatment for Hepatitis B & C


Hello. I am Dr. Somasekhar Rao, gastroenterologist, and hepatologist at Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad. I have been working as a a gastroenterologist for the last 8 years and the most common cause which I felt was that people are not aware was Hepatitis B and C. So, I thought I will talk to about these viruses in short. So, basically, there are two chronic Hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. We can talk about them together because they have similar symptoms most of the times and similar modes of transmission. So, these viruses when they infect a given body they don t harm any other organs of the body except the liver and these viruses are hepatotropic viruses and this damage the liver.

The damage caused by these viruses can be detrimental, can cause cirrhosis of the liver and cancer of the liver. So, all these things are avoidable when we can treat them adequately at the right time. Most of the time if you do a simple test called HBsAg, we will be able to detect the virus called Hepatitis B and if you do a test Anti-HCV, we will be able to detect a virus called Hepatitis C. So, when we detect these viruses based on the patients other parameters and the liver function test, we will decide if the patient needs treatment and If the patient needs treatment, then there are good drugs available for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, it can cure the disease. so, if we treat the virus then there is no chance of liver damage like Cirrhosis and cancer of the liver.

The mode of transmission of this virus is very important to know. Most of the times it is not only it is always intravenous. It can be transmitted by intravenous injections or needle sharing. It can be transmitted by blood products. It can be transmitted by sexual transmission. And, most of the time we see this IV drug abuser sharing needles. Therefore, these are the chances of transmission. The most important root of transmission is mother-child transmission which is another possibility of these viruses. So, we should be aware of these viruses and modes of transmission so that we can avoid the transmission of these viruses.

So, Hepatitis B is a treatable disease whenever there is a necessity. Whenever the liver function tests are high or the Hepatitis B viral load is high, we need to treat them. There are very good anti-viral tablets available for Hepatitis B and you are preventing the liver from going into Cirrhosis or cancer of the liver. Hepatitis C is a curable disease based on the Hepatitis C RNA count and Hepatitis C genotype. There are various drugs available in the markets which are newly available where the cure rates for Hepatitis C are more than 90%. So, I would suggest a simple blood test for Hepatitis B that is HBsAg and for Hepatitis C Anti-HCV can save your liver.

If you are positive, you need to consult your doctor and get treated. You can contact me through Lybrate or I am available at Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad.
Play video
Fatty Liver
Fatty liver, or hepatic steatosis, is a term that describes the buildup of fat in the liver. The most common cause of fatty liver is alcohol use disorder and heavy drinking. Higher body weight, a high processed sugar diet, high triglycerides, diabetes, low physical activity, and genetics all play a role.
Play video
Vaccinations for Infants and Children
I am Dr Abhishek Goyal, I am M.D. paediatrics, a child specialist. I am working with my own clinic and a nursing home with the name of Vaishnavi mother and child clinics.
Today I want to tell you regarding the vaccinations. Usually, parents ask me, sir, should we give all the vaccinations to the child, they are very costly. I suggest them this is a thing we should always vaccinate our child with all the vaccinations. As the thing is prevention is always better than cure. And for prevention, the various vaccinations are very important. There are very important vaccinations like in this scenario, we are getting so many patients of chicken pox. And for chicken pox, the vaccination we give to the child is very effective. If the baby is vaccinated, then the baby is at least 90-95% is cured or prevented from chicken pox.

Secondly, if they get also chicken pox, it will be very mild. So according to same, there are so many vaccinations today we should give our neonates to the childhood. Like from the starting we should start from the B.C.G., O.P.V and Hepatitis B, which is given at the birth.
Then after 1 month, 2 month and 3 months there are 7 diseases from which vaccination can be given that is D.P.T. (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus). Polio, injectable and oral according to the availability and H.I.P., Influenza-b and rota virus. With that hepatitis b is a very important vaccination also. One category is the meningococcal vaccine which is a very good vaccine for pneumonia.
At 9 months, the measles or M.M.R.
At 1 year, Hepatitis A for jaundice. For 15 months, we give M.M.R, chicken pox and at the age of 1 years, it is d.p.t. booster and 2 years it is typhoid.
These days, typhoid vaccine has arrived which can be given earlier around 1 year. Same after that we usually forgot, that 4 years is a very important milestone where the baby has to get the vaccinations which are M.M.R, 2, Chicken pox and D.P.T. And in ten years again the D.T. booster and in girls, it is the cervical cancer vaccine. So these all vaccines are there in all the vaccination charts and you should get your child vaccinated from all the deadly diseases.

For any further query, you can always contact me from the very good app called Lybrate app.

I am available on the Lybrate app.
Play video
Fatty Liver
My name is Dr. Sanjay Jain, I am a senior consultant in the department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Sarita Vihar in Delhi.

Today I like to talk about a very common condition called fatty liver I am sure most of you have heard about it and increasingly one an ultrasound is done the awareness about fatty liver is increasing. I want to tell you that most of the time people just tend to ignore when they are found to have fatty liver and that should not always be the case. Broadly speaking you can see there are two types of fatty liver one is a benign sort of fatty liver, where just ultrasound has picked up the extra fat in the liver. But all the blood test for the liver and another test to find out while more in the liver is normal. Most of these patients don't need to worry too much about it but of course, they need to take care of the extra fat in the liver. But the other group in which where the liver function test shows there is swelling in the liver which means a sort of Hepatitis and in this particular context it's called steatotic hepatitis that means fats induced hepatitis. These are the people whose lower functional test are not normal, they have got an ongoing swelling in the liver because of the extra fat deposited there and they are at the higher risk of liver-related complications. These people must get hold of the Gastroenterologist or their physician, they would need a detailed liver evaluation and most likely some treatment also. Regarding the causes of fatty liver, the two most common cause are alcohol and obesity, other common causes being diabetes, hypothyroidism etc. We have few drugs which are available now which can help in this condition rather than telling you the name of the drugs, I would like you, people, if you have found a fatty liver must see a doctor find out whether it is just benign incidental finding or it needs to be taken up further and act accordingly.

If you have any query about fatty liver or other gastroenterological problem you are most welcome to get in touch with me through lybrate.com.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice