Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). A person contracts this illness from contaminated food, water and sometimes from sexual activities. The common symptoms of Hepatitis A are appetite loss, jaundice, nausea, diarrhoea, fatigue and fever. Hepatitis A does not have a fixed treatment. It can be managed by only controlling the symptoms. A person suffering from this condition should take sufficient rest, have nutritious diet and avoid alcohol to reduce stress on the liver.
The treatment of Hepatitis A is extremely generic. The different symptoms that are present require moderate attention. In extreme cases, a person may suffer acute liver damage and need a liver transplant. If a person is at a risk of contracting Hepatitis A he can be given a immune serum globulin treatment that shall prevent an onset of the disease. Prevention plays a big role in this illness and this can be done by taking the Hepatitis A vaccine. This vaccine is given at the age of 1 year to keep children safe. Also, people travelling to countries where this disease is predominant should take this vaccine. The only medicated procedure that is followed to give relief to the patients is monitoring ORS to patients who are suffering from dehydration or IV fluids in more severe cases. Medicines like Acetamynophen should be avoided in this condition as they tend to deteriorate the liver condition.
The post treatment guidelines encompass simple steps that should be followed on a daily basis. It is important to take a lot of rest to let your body recover. Do not forget to keep your body hydrated. Your liver might be at stake, so don’t put further pressure on it by indulging in alcoholic beverages. Physical exercise must not be done at a prolonged and vigorous rate. Do ensure to have a good personal hygiene so that you do not spread the HAV to the people around you.
Hepatitis A usually cures by itself in few months. It has been seen that the symptoms last for about two weeks to two months. In severe cases if liver damage occurs it can become life threatening and may or may not be curable.
Anything in excess is bad for the body. The same goes with iron, which is believed to be essential for various functions.
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HHC) is a hereditary condition where the way the body absorbs and stores iron are affected, leading to excessive iron deposits in various internal organs and leading to multiple complications. Read on to know more about this condition.
Causes: HHC is caused by the mutation (alteration) of a gene that controls the amount of iron absorbed into the body. A hormone called hepcidin is secreted by the liver and controls iron absorption and storage. In HHC, the role of hepcidin is altered, leading to excess amounts of iron absorption and storage in various major organs, especially the liver. Over time, this excess iron can cause conditions like diabetes, cirrhosis, and heart failure.
Risk Factors: The condition runs in families, and if you have a family member with known HHC, the chances of having HHC are quite high. Though the disease develops right at birth, symptoms manifest only later in life, at about 50-plus years of age. Men who carry two copies of the mutated gene and hail from Northern Europeans are more prone to develop HHC.
Symptoms: There are no specific symptoms pointing to HHC in the early stages, and these include joint pains, abdominal pain, fatigue, and weakness. Over a period of time, these can lead to associated symptoms of conditions like cirrhosis, heart failure, impotence, diabetes, etc.
Diagnosis: Blood tests are done to diagnose the amount of iron in the system. Fasting transferrin saturation and serum ferritin are two important tests, and increased transferrin saturation is very indicative of HHC. In addition, liver function tests are done to check the extent of liver damage. MRI examination also will help identify the areas of iron overload and extent of liver damage (if any). Liver biopsy can help identify iron overload and liver damage. Gene mutation tests are also useful in confirming the condition.
Depending on the excessive amount of iron deposited, phlebotomy which requires removal of iron is advised. About 400 to 500 mL of blood can be removed once a week or in two weeks.
From a prevention point of view, hepatitis A and B vaccines should be given.
In very severe cases, liver transplantation could be considered.
Monitor for other symptoms like diabetes, cirrhosis and liver failure.
In addition, once the diagnosis is confirmed and phlebotomy initiated, iron levels should be monitored periodically to ensure it is not exceeding the desired levels. This can help in the prevention of complications, which are more causes for concern than the actual HHC condition per se. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.
What is Hepatitis A?
The hepatitis A virus is one of several types of hepatitis viruses that cause inflammation that affects your liver’s ability to function. The hepatitis A virus is found in the stool of an infected person. It is spread when a person eats food or drinks water that has come in contact with infected stool.
Symptoms of Hepatitis A-
Causes of Hepatitis A-
Risk factors of Hepatitis A-
Complications of Hepatitis A-
Acute liver failure
Diagnosis of Hepatitis A-
Hepatitis A can be diagnosed by a blood test called IgM anti-HAV. A sample of blood is taken, usually from a vein in your arm, and sent to a laboratory for testing.
Precautions & Prevention of Hepatitis A-
Treatment of Hepatitis A
Homeopathic Treatment of Hepatitis A-
Homeopathic medicines have proved their efficacy in treating a wide range of viral infections. Homeopathic medicines help relieving the symptoms as well as improving immunity to prevent further complications. Some of the homeopathic remedies for hepatitis A are:
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hepatitis A-
Acupuncture and herbs may be especially useful if Western drugs have not been able to reduce the viral load effectively. Acupuncturists usually diagnose hepatitis as Damp Heat in the Liver or Spleen.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hepatitis A-
Allopathic treatment consists of interferon alfa-2b, recombinant alone or in combination with Rebavirin.
Surgical Treatment of Hepatitis A-
Hepatitis A is a viral infection. There is no surgical treatment for hepatitis A.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hepatitis A-
Hepatitis A is a viral infection caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). It infects the liver causing it to become inflamed and dysfunctional that causes discomfort to the individual. It is necessary to treat the infection on time because if it is taken lightly, it can become chronic. So, the symptoms such as fever, jaundice, weight loss, and nausea should not be ignored. It should be treated on time and Ayurveda offers to be a complete and side-effect free treatment procedure that can give one permanent cure.
Pitta imbalance in Hepatitis A
According to Ayurveda, any liver infection or disease is caused by the aggravation of pitta in the liver. It is believed that when the pitta becomes vitiated, the body experiences problems. Since the liver is governed by pitta, any aggravation in this life energy instantly affects the liver and makes it prone to infections and diseases. In case of hepatitis A too, the pitta becomes aggravated because of the viral infection and thus, the Ayurvedic remedies and therapies seek to correct this imbalance.
Toxin elimination in Hepatitis A
When the liver is infected by the HAV virus, it is weakened and cannot function to its full potential. It is not able to flush out the toxins properly, which causes the toxins to build up in the liver, causing pitta imbalance. Therefore, the elimination of these toxins also becomes a part of the hepatitis A treatment. The Ayurvedic medicines such as katuki, triphala, and bhumi amla come armed with strong detoxification action and thus, remove the toxins from the system. Even external therapies such as virechana work to cleanse the system of the patient and purify the blood, which relaxes the entire body.
Strengthening digestive system
In hepatitis A, the liver is affected by the infection and since the liver is directly related to metabolism, the infection takes a toll on the digestion too. So, Ayurveda tries to boost the digestive system too and it does so with the help of medicines and regulated diet. The medicines restore the health of the liver and the regulated diet makes sure that no strain is passed on the liver. Also, abstinence from alcohol and smoking further boosts the immunity and expedites healing.
Ayurvedic treatment effects
The impact of Ayurvedic treatment is highly beneficial for the liver. They relax the inflamed liver walls and repair the liver cells helping it revert to its normal state so that it can function properly. They also cure the symptoms like fever, jaundice, weight loss, stomach pain by boosting immunity. The digestion is taken care of too in ayurvedic treatment and thus, the healing happens at a faster rate.
Ayurveda is highly recommended in cases of hepatitis A as the medicines and remedies are not harsh on the body and there is no fear of side-effects. The recovery is comfortable for the patient, irrespective of age, and they can be sure of lasting relief. So, as soon as the infection is diagnosed, the treatment should be started as early treatment helps in quick recovery.
In case you have a concern or query, you can always consult an ayurvedic doctor for proper line of treatment.
Cyclone 'Titli', which has has been categorised as a 'very severe cyclonic storm', hit the coastal Odisha region at a daunting speed of 140-150 kmph. The cyclone has already caused a lot of destruction in the region and the government has deployed NDRF teams to carry out rescue operations.
Titli, which means 'Butterfly' in English, has uprooted many trees and electricity poles but fortunately has yet not caused any casualties. India Meteorological Department has said that the cyclone will weaken gradually with the decreasing wind speed, but the aftermath of this cyclone can be very unpleasant for the people living near the coastal areas.
Where Titli has created a havoc in India, Hurricane Michael, a category 4 monster storm, has reached Florida. Over half-a-million have been either ordered or advised to evacuate as it inched closer to Panama City. It has already caused 14 deaths in Central America and is still going strong.
Such cyclonic storms and hurricanes not only disturb the normal life during their stay in the region but also lead to spread of various diseases.
Diseases which can spread:
Apart from the risk of serious mental trauma during the cyclonic period, the possibility of spread of water and vector-borne diseases also increase.
Following are the waterborne diseases it can cause:
Vector-borne diseases that can spread:
Ways to prevent Vector-borne diseases:
Once the tragedy ends, people should ignore being in vegetated areas to avoid encounter with insects, like mosquitoes. People should wear protective clothing and avoid using perfumes which may attract mosquitos.
Pregnant women should also try not to go outside their houses during peak times of mosquito activity.
Here are some more preventive measures for vector-borne diseases:
Measures to prevent waterborne diseases:
Waterborne diseases transmit when contaminated water is used for purposes including drinking, washing uncooked vegetables, brushing teeth and washing dentures or contact lenses. Here are the other ways to prevent waterborne diseases:
The cyclonic storm will pass off soon but will create several issues that would require proper attention to be prevented. So, after surviving it, you must follow the above-mentioned measures to stay safe and healthy.
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver, which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of Hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures. Here are the main types of Hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause Hepatitis: