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Hepatitis A: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). A person contracts this illness from contaminated food, water and sometimes from sexual activities. The common symptoms of Hepatitis A are appetite loss, jaundice, nausea, diarrhoea, fatigue and fever. Hepatitis A does not have a fixed treatment. It can be managed by only controlling the symptoms. A person suffering from this condition should take sufficient rest, have nutritious diet and avoid alcohol to reduce stress on the liver.

How is the treatment done?

The treatment of Hepatitis A is extremely generic. The different symptoms that are present require moderate attention. In extreme cases, a person may suffer acute liver damage and need a liver transplant. If a person is at a risk of contracting Hepatitis A he can be given a immune serum globulin treatment that shall prevent an onset of the disease. Prevention plays a big role in this illness and this can be done by taking the Hepatitis A vaccine. This vaccine is given at the age of 1 year to keep children safe. Also, people travelling to countries where this disease is predominant should take this vaccine. The only medicated procedure that is followed to give relief to the patients is monitoring ORS to patients who are suffering from dehydration or IV fluids in more severe cases. Medicines like Acetamynophen should be avoided in this condition as they tend to deteriorate the liver condition.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

NA

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

NA

Are there any side effects?

NA

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines encompass simple steps that should be followed on a daily basis. It is important to take a lot of rest to let your body recover. Do not forget to keep your body hydrated. Your liver might be at stake, so don’t put further pressure on it by indulging in alcoholic beverages. Physical exercise must not be done at a prolonged and vigorous rate. Do ensure to have a good personal hygiene so that you do not spread the HAV to the people around you.

How long does it take to recover?

Hepatitis A usually cures by itself in few months. It has been seen that the symptoms last for about two weeks to two months. In severe cases if liver damage occurs it can become life threatening and may or may not be curable.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

NA

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

NA

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

NA
Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range: NA

Popular Health Tips

What is Hereditary Hemochromatosis?

MD- Paediatrics & Neonatology, MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
What is Hereditary Hemochromatosis?

Anything in excess is bad for the body. The same goes with iron, which is believed to be essential for various functions.

Hereditary hemochromatosis (HHC) is a hereditary condition where the way the body absorbs and stores iron are affected, leading to excessive iron deposits in various internal organs and leading to multiple complications. Read on to know more about this condition.

Causes: HHC is caused by the mutation (alteration) of a gene that controls the amount of iron absorbed into the body. A hormone called hepcidin is secreted by the liver and controls iron absorption and storage. In HHC, the role of hepcidin is altered, leading to excess amounts of iron absorption and storage in various major organs, especially the liver. Over time, this excess iron can cause conditions like diabetes, cirrhosis, and heart failure.

Risk Factors: The condition runs in families, and if you have a family member with known HHC, the chances of having HHC are quite high. Though the disease develops right at birth, symptoms manifest only later in life, at about 50-plus years of age. Men who carry two copies of the mutated gene and hail from Northern Europeans are more prone to develop HHC.

Symptoms: There are no specific symptoms pointing to HHC in the early stages, and these include joint pains, abdominal pain, fatigue, and weakness. Over a period of time, these can lead to associated symptoms of conditions like cirrhosis, heart failure, impotence, diabetes, etc.

Diagnosis: Blood tests are done to diagnose the amount of iron in the system. Fasting transferrin saturation and serum ferritin are two important tests, and increased transferrin saturation is very indicative of HHC. In addition, liver function tests are done to check the extent of liver damage. MRI examination also will help identify the areas of iron overload and extent of liver damage (if any). Liver biopsy can help identify iron overload and liver damage. Gene mutation tests are also useful in confirming the condition.

Treatment-

  1. Depending on the excessive amount of iron deposited, phlebotomy which requires removal of iron is advised. About 400 to 500 mL of blood can be removed once a week or in two weeks.

  2. From a prevention point of view, hepatitis A and B vaccines should be given.

  3. In very severe cases, liver transplantation could be considered.

  4. Monitor for other symptoms like diabetes, cirrhosis and liver failure.

In addition, once the diagnosis is confirmed and phlebotomy initiated, iron levels should be monitored periodically to ensure it is not exceeding the desired levels. This can help in the prevention of complications, which are more causes for concern than the actual HHC condition per se. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

2570 people found this helpful

What Is Hepatitis A?

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Is Hepatitis A?

What is Hepatitis A?

The hepatitis A virus is one of several types of hepatitis viruses that cause inflammation that affects your liver’s ability to function. The hepatitis A virus is found in the stool of an infected person. It is spread when a person eats food or drinks water that has come in contact with infected stool.

Symptoms of Hepatitis A-

Causes of Hepatitis A-

  • Eating food without carefully washing his or her hands after using the toilet
  • Drinking contaminated water
  • Eating raw shellfish from water polluted with sewage
  • Being in close contact with a person who’s infected
  • Having sex with someone who has the virus

Risk factors of Hepatitis A-

  • Man who has sexual contact with other men
  • HIV positive
  • Use injected or non-injected illicit drugs
  • Living in a household with someone who has hepatitis A
  • Living in a community or travelling to countries where hepatitis A is common

Complications of Hepatitis A-

Acute liver failure


 Diagnosis of Hepatitis A-

Hepatitis A can be diagnosed by a blood test called IgM anti-HAV. A sample of blood is taken, usually from a vein in your arm, and sent to a laboratory for testing.

 Precautions & Prevention of Hepatitis A-

  •  Careful hand washing after using the bathroom
  • Wash your hands after changing a baby’s diaper
  • Wash your hands before preparing food or eating
  • Don’t share towels, eating utensils or toothbrushes

Treatment of Hepatitis A

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Hepatitis A
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hepatitis A
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Hepatitis A
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hepatitis A
  • Surgical Treatment of Hepatitis A
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hepatitis A
  • Other Treatment of Hepatitis A

Homeopathic Treatment of Hepatitis A-

Homeopathic medicines have proved their efficacy in treating a wide range of viral infections. Homeopathic medicines help relieving the symptoms as well as improving immunity to prevent further complications. Some of the homeopathic remedies for hepatitis A are:

  • Chelidonium
  • Brynoia
  • Lycopodium
  • Phosphorous
  • Nux Vom
  • Arsenic

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hepatitis A-

Acupuncture and herbs may be especially useful if Western drugs have not been able to reduce the viral load effectively. Acupuncturists usually diagnose hepatitis as Damp Heat in the Liver or Spleen.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hepatitis A-

Allopathic treatment consists of interferon alfa-2b, recombinant alone or in combination with Rebavirin.

Surgical Treatment of Hepatitis A-

Hepatitis A is a viral infection. There is no surgical treatment for hepatitis A.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hepatitis A-

  • Intake of diet that is low in protein
  • Avoid refined flours and sugars
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol

 

1 person found this helpful

Hepatitis A - Top Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

BAMS
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Hepatitis A - Top Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Hepatitis A is a viral infection caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). It infects the liver causing it to become inflamed and dysfunctional that causes discomfort to the individual. It is necessary to treat the infection on time because if it is taken lightly, it can become chronic. So, the symptoms such as fever, jaundice, weight loss, and nausea should not be ignored. It should be treated on time and Ayurveda offers to be a complete and side-effect free treatment procedure that can give one permanent cure.

Pitta imbalance in Hepatitis A
According to Ayurveda, any liver infection or disease is caused by the aggravation of pitta in the liver. It is believed that when the pitta becomes vitiated, the body experiences problems. Since the liver is governed by pitta, any aggravation in this life energy instantly affects the liver and makes it prone to infections and diseases. In case of hepatitis A too, the pitta becomes aggravated because of the viral infection and thus, the Ayurvedic remedies and therapies seek to correct this imbalance.

Toxin elimination in Hepatitis A
When the liver is infected by the HAV virus, it is weakened and cannot function to its full potential. It is not able to flush out the toxins properly, which causes the toxins to build up in the liver, causing pitta imbalance. Therefore, the elimination of these toxins also becomes a part of the hepatitis A treatment. The Ayurvedic medicines such as katuki, triphala, and bhumi amla come armed with strong detoxification action and thus, remove the toxins from the system. Even external therapies such as virechana work to cleanse the system of the patient and purify the blood, which relaxes the entire body.

Strengthening digestive system
In hepatitis A, the liver is affected by the infection and since the liver is directly related to metabolism, the infection takes a toll on the digestion too. So, Ayurveda tries to boost the digestive system too and it does so with the help of medicines and regulated diet. The medicines restore the health of the liver and the regulated diet makes sure that no strain is passed on the liver. Also, abstinence from alcohol and smoking further boosts the immunity and expedites healing.

Ayurvedic treatment effects
The impact of Ayurvedic treatment is highly beneficial for the liver. They relax the inflamed liver walls and repair the liver cells helping it revert to its normal state so that it can function properly. They also cure the symptoms like fever, jaundice, weight loss, stomach pain by boosting immunity. The digestion is taken care of too in ayurvedic treatment and thus, the healing happens at a faster rate.

Ayurveda is highly recommended in cases of hepatitis A as the medicines and remedies are not harsh on the body and there is no fear of side-effects. The recovery is comfortable for the patient, irrespective of age, and they can be sure of lasting relief. So, as soon as the infection is diagnosed, the treatment should be started as early treatment helps in quick recovery.

In case you have a concern or query, you can always consult an ayurvedic doctor for proper line of treatment.

6687 people found this helpful

Cyclone Titli - Ways To Manage Diseases It Can Cause!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Cyclone Titli - Ways To Manage Diseases It Can Cause!

Cyclone 'Titli', which has has been categorised as a 'very severe cyclonic storm', hit the coastal Odisha region at a daunting speed of 140-150 kmph. The cyclone has already caused a lot of destruction in the region and the government has deployed NDRF teams to carry out rescue operations.

Titli, which means 'Butterfly' in English, has uprooted many trees and electricity poles but fortunately has yet not caused any casualties. India Meteorological Department has said that the cyclone will weaken gradually with the decreasing wind speed, but the aftermath of this cyclone can be very unpleasant for the people living near the coastal areas.

Where Titli has created a havoc in India, Hurricane Michael, a category 4 monster storm, has reached Florida. Over half-a-million have been either ordered or advised to evacuate as it inched closer to Panama City. It has already caused 14 deaths in Central America and is still going strong.

Such cyclonic storms and hurricanes not only disturb the normal life during their stay in the region but also lead to spread of various diseases.

Diseases which can spread:

Apart from the risk of serious mental trauma during the cyclonic period, the possibility of spread of water and vector-borne diseases also increase.

Following are the waterborne diseases it can cause:

  • Cholera
  • Hepatitis A
  • Amoebiasis
  • Typhoid fever
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cyclosporiasis
  • Giardiasis
  • Microsporidiosis
  • Naegleriasis
  • Botulism
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Dysentery
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Vector-borne diseases that can spread:

  • Chikungunya
  • Dengue fever
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Yellow fever
  • Zika
  • Malaria
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • West Nile fever

Ways to prevent Vector-borne diseases:

Once the tragedy ends, people should ignore being in vegetated areas to avoid encounter with insects, like mosquitoes. People should wear protective clothing and avoid using perfumes which may attract mosquitos.

Pregnant women should also try not to go outside their houses during peak times of mosquito activity.

Here are some more preventive measures for vector-borne diseases:

  • Apply insect repellents to exposed by body parts as well as clothing
  • Do not apply it to wounds or irritated skin
  • Take a bath or wash your body after returning home
  • Wash the clothes after every single time you go out
  • Sleep in netted or screened area

Measures to prevent waterborne diseases:

Waterborne diseases transmit when contaminated water is used for purposes including drinking, washing uncooked vegetables, brushing teeth and washing dentures or contact lenses. Here are the other ways to prevent waterborne diseases:

  • Drink purified water only
  • If your area has sanitation problems, avoid coming in contact with outside water.
  • Do not use untreated water from a spring, river, lake or pond
  • Do not always consider boiled water safe for consumption as it does not contain chlorine to avoid recontamination
  • Avoid using ice cubes
  • Avoid eating outside
  • Maintain good hygiene by using soaps and sanitisers

The cyclonic storm will pass off soon but will create several issues that would require proper attention to be prevented. So, after surviving it, you must follow the above-mentioned measures to stay safe and healthy.

1 person found this helpful

3 Reasons Behind Hepatitis!

MS - General Surgery, Membership of The Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), Diploma In Laparoscopy, FICS, FACRSI
Gastroenterologist, Salem
3 Reasons Behind Hepatitis!

Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver, which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of Hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures. Here are the main types of Hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause Hepatitis:

Types

  1. Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A virus infection causes this condition. The Hepatitis A virus comes from food or water contaminated with the feces of someone contaminated with Hepatitis A. This is not a chronic form of Hepatitis.
  2. Hepatitis B: This is a chronic form of Hepatitis. It is spread through body fluid, such as blood, saliva and semen. The possible causes of Hepatitis B include use of drugs through injections, having sex with an infected partner and sharing razors or other intimate articles with someone who is infected.
  3. Hepatitis C: This is also a chronic form of Hepatitis.The most common causes of Hepatitis C are injection drug use or having sex.
  4. Hepatitis D: This is a not a chronic form of Hepatitis and is also very uncommon. It is usually contracted along with Hepatitis B. It is usually caused due to puncture wounds or contact with infected blood.
  5. Hepatitis E: This is the most uncommon form of Hepatitis. It is due to poor sanitation and ingesting fecal matter. It is usually found in developing countries.

Causes

  1. Virus: This is the usual way of contracting Hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and causes inflammation leading to the breakdown of a number of body systems.
  2. Alcohol and other toxins: Alcohol and certain prescribed medications cause the liver to swell and that is why this form of Hepatitis is known as alcoholic Hepatitis.
  3. Autoimmune disease: This is the rarest cause of Hepatitis. The immune system malfunctions and begins destroying its own tissues. It attacks the liver because it perceives the liver to be a foreign object.
1765 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm effected with hepatitis A taking treatment since 6 months but my bilirubin level is stuck at 2.5 (from 33. Why this was happening. How many days it takes to come normal.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
We need to have full details of the case then only we can give you proper advise. You can consult me at lybrate for homoeopathic treatment...

Hi, As a teenager in 1976 I had hepatitis A. My 2 brothers were given shots so they would not get it. What shot could that have been since the hepatitis A shot didn't come out until the 90s.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
If you were recently exposed to hepatitis A virus and have not been vaccinated against hepatitis A, you might benefit from an injection of either immune globulin or hepatitis A vaccine. However, the vaccine or immune globulin are only effective if given within the first 2 weeks after exposure.

I am suffering from Hepatitis A. What to do get cure soon. How many days will it take to get completely cure. What to do during this?

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Kanpur
Soothshekhar ras125 mg twice a day Pittari avleh 10gm twice a day Contact with details like reports.

Sir/ma'am I was diagnosed with Hep A a year ago then my treatment continue for 6-7 months and then I fully recovered. Please tell me today I have crossed 1 year when my symptoms were diagnosed. So can I start to consume alcohol again?

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Aman, It is very nice of you that for 1 year you have managed without alcohol. Why do you want to start consuming alcohol? Occasionally taking 2-3 pegs, depends on the type of alcohol, the food with it, the duration of drinking, your own health status, how others are finding it unhealthy, whether you have escaped from your routine duties due to it, whether you drive after drinking. Alcohol interacts with many drugs. The interaction depends on the type of alcohol and the dose of the drug, the duration of action of the drug and many other factors. Remember: alcohol deaddiction can be done with anti-craving drugs and aversive drugs and other supportive treatments.

Hello, I have hepatitis b. Viral load quantities is 4500. Please suggest good diet plan.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Diet plan depends on sgpt sgot levels and whether cirrhosis of liver has occurred and tips- avoid any junk food items and eat freshly prepared homemade food items and to be eaten in limited quantities

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Hepatitis
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. Excessive alcohol consumption can cause liver damage and inflammation. Other toxic causes of hepatitis include overuse or overdose of medications and exposure to poisons.
Play video
Viral Hepatitis
Viral Hepatitis actually refers to inflammation of lever due to a viral infection. The most common types of hepatitis can be prevented or treated.
Play video
Hepatitis B & C
Diagnosis and Treatment for Hepatitis B & C


Hello. I am Dr. Somasekhar Rao, gastroenterologist, and hepatologist at Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad. I have been working as a a gastroenterologist for the last 8 years and the most common cause which I felt was that people are not aware was Hepatitis B and C. So, I thought I will talk to about these viruses in short. So, basically, there are two chronic Hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. We can talk about them together because they have similar symptoms most of the times and similar modes of transmission. So, these viruses when they infect a given body they don t harm any other organs of the body except the liver and these viruses are hepatotropic viruses and this damage the liver.

The damage caused by these viruses can be detrimental, can cause cirrhosis of the liver and cancer of the liver. So, all these things are avoidable when we can treat them adequately at the right time. Most of the time if you do a simple test called HBsAg, we will be able to detect the virus called Hepatitis B and if you do a test Anti-HCV, we will be able to detect a virus called Hepatitis C. So, when we detect these viruses based on the patients other parameters and the liver function test, we will decide if the patient needs treatment and If the patient needs treatment, then there are good drugs available for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, it can cure the disease. so, if we treat the virus then there is no chance of liver damage like Cirrhosis and cancer of the liver.

The mode of transmission of this virus is very important to know. Most of the times it is not only it is always intravenous. It can be transmitted by intravenous injections or needle sharing. It can be transmitted by blood products. It can be transmitted by sexual transmission. And, most of the time we see this IV drug abuser sharing needles. Therefore, these are the chances of transmission. The most important root of transmission is mother-child transmission which is another possibility of these viruses. So, we should be aware of these viruses and modes of transmission so that we can avoid the transmission of these viruses.

So, Hepatitis B is a treatable disease whenever there is a necessity. Whenever the liver function tests are high or the Hepatitis B viral load is high, we need to treat them. There are very good anti-viral tablets available for Hepatitis B and you are preventing the liver from going into Cirrhosis or cancer of the liver. Hepatitis C is a curable disease based on the Hepatitis C RNA count and Hepatitis C genotype. There are various drugs available in the markets which are newly available where the cure rates for Hepatitis C are more than 90%. So, I would suggest a simple blood test for Hepatitis B that is HBsAg and for Hepatitis C Anti-HCV can save your liver.

If you are positive, you need to consult your doctor and get treated. You can contact me through Lybrate or I am available at Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad.
Play video
Vaccinations for Infants and Children
I am Dr Abhishek Goyal, I am M.D. paediatrics, a child specialist. I am working with my own clinic and a nursing home with the name of Vaishnavi mother and child clinics.
Today I want to tell you regarding the vaccinations. Usually, parents ask me, sir, should we give all the vaccinations to the child, they are very costly. I suggest them this is a thing we should always vaccinate our child with all the vaccinations. As the thing is prevention is always better than cure. And for prevention, the various vaccinations are very important. There are very important vaccinations like in this scenario, we are getting so many patients of chicken pox. And for chicken pox, the vaccination we give to the child is very effective. If the baby is vaccinated, then the baby is at least 90-95% is cured or prevented from chicken pox.

Secondly, if they get also chicken pox, it will be very mild. So according to same, there are so many vaccinations today we should give our neonates to the childhood. Like from the starting we should start from the B.C.G., O.P.V and Hepatitis B, which is given at the birth.
Then after 1 month, 2 month and 3 months there are 7 diseases from which vaccination can be given that is D.P.T. (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus). Polio, injectable and oral according to the availability and H.I.P., Influenza-b and rota virus. With that hepatitis b is a very important vaccination also. One category is the meningococcal vaccine which is a very good vaccine for pneumonia.
At 9 months, the measles or M.M.R.
At 1 year, Hepatitis A for jaundice. For 15 months, we give M.M.R, chicken pox and at the age of 1 years, it is d.p.t. booster and 2 years it is typhoid.
These days, typhoid vaccine has arrived which can be given earlier around 1 year. Same after that we usually forgot, that 4 years is a very important milestone where the baby has to get the vaccinations which are M.M.R, 2, Chicken pox and D.P.T. And in ten years again the D.T. booster and in girls, it is the cervical cancer vaccine. So these all vaccines are there in all the vaccination charts and you should get your child vaccinated from all the deadly diseases.

For any further query, you can always contact me from the very good app called Lybrate app.

I am available on the Lybrate app.
Play video
Fatty Liver
My name is Dr. Sanjay Jain, I am a senior consultant in the department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Sarita Vihar in Delhi.

Today I like to talk about a very common condition called fatty liver I am sure most of you have heard about it and increasingly one an ultrasound is done the awareness about fatty liver is increasing. I want to tell you that most of the time people just tend to ignore when they are found to have fatty liver and that should not always be the case. Broadly speaking you can see there are two types of fatty liver one is a benign sort of fatty liver, where just ultrasound has picked up the extra fat in the liver. But all the blood test for the liver and another test to find out while more in the liver is normal. Most of these patients don't need to worry too much about it but of course, they need to take care of the extra fat in the liver. But the other group in which where the liver function test shows there is swelling in the liver which means a sort of Hepatitis and in this particular context it's called steatotic hepatitis that means fats induced hepatitis. These are the people whose lower functional test are not normal, they have got an ongoing swelling in the liver because of the extra fat deposited there and they are at the higher risk of liver-related complications. These people must get hold of the Gastroenterologist or their physician, they would need a detailed liver evaluation and most likely some treatment also. Regarding the causes of fatty liver, the two most common cause are alcohol and obesity, other common causes being diabetes, hypothyroidism etc. We have few drugs which are available now which can help in this condition rather than telling you the name of the drugs, I would like you, people, if you have found a fatty liver must see a doctor find out whether it is just benign incidental finding or it needs to be taken up further and act accordingly.

If you have any query about fatty liver or other gastroenterological problem you are most welcome to get in touch with me through lybrate.com.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice