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Dyslipidemia - How To Handle It?

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Prashant Vazirani 90% (225 ratings)
MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad  •  6 years experience
Dyslipidemia - How To Handle It?

Dyslipidemia is a condition in which the patient has high or low levels of lipid in the blood. Lipids are fatty substances in the blood like cholesterol and triglycerides. A balanced and healthy diet can help the patient regulate Dyslipidemia condition. However, medication is often recommended by doctors in most cases.

Dyslipidemia is caused due to various reasons. Some common reasons are the high level of bad cholesterol, low levels of good cholesterol, high levels of triglycerides in the blood, and high cholesterol overall. These substances give sustenance to the cells in the body and are also essential for impairment of cells. The high or low levels of fatty substances in the blood can cause a variety of problems.

Symptoms

In most of the cases, patient is unaware if he/she is suffering from Dyslipidemia. The levels of cholesterol in the routine blood report or checkup are diagnosed.

If the condition is not attended to, it may result in heart problems like coronary artery disease and Peripheral artery disease (PAD).

The most common symptoms of Dyslipidemia are:

● Pain in legs

Swelling

Shortness of breath

Dizziness
● Sleeping problems

Cold sweats

● Perspiration

Fatigue and exhaustion

● Fainting

Indigestion

Pain or tightness in jaw, thighs, and shoulders

Types of Dyslipidemia

Dyslipidemia can be categorized into two categories.

● Primary Dyslipidemia: This condition is inherited by the patients.

● Secondary Dyslipidemia: This type of Dyslipidemia is acquired by the patient. If this condition is developed due to other causes such as obesity or diabetes, it is Secondary Dyslipidemia.

Causes of Dyslipidemia

Genetic factors mostly cause primary Dyslipidemia. They are inherited by birth and develops in adulthood. The teenagers and adults having Dyslipidemia have high cholesterol. This condition also leads to a mutation in the LDL lipid proteins, which can improve the condition of familial hypobetalipoproteinemia. Secondary Dyslipidemia is commonly caused among people with a bad lifestyle. The leading causes for secondary Dyslipidemia are:

● Obesity

● Diabetes

● Heartburn

Alcoholism

● Inflammatory bowel problems

● Cushing’s syndrome

● Metabolism problems

HIV

● Infections in heart

● Indigestion

Treatment

The sedentary lifestyle and bad eating habits are a common cause for Dyslipidemia. The doctors generally suggest medication to patients having high cholesterol or triglycerides. The medication will regulate the blood lipid levels. Doctors also recommend a healthy lifestyle and regular exercise for better health. Conventional treatments recommended by the doctors for modifying LDL levels naturally are:

● Regular walks

● Exercise

● Eating a balanced diet

● Quitting drinking and smoking

● Include green leafy vegetables in the diet

● Regular check-ups and tests

● Avoid sitting at one place for a longer time

● Include more water in routine

● Lower the sugary food

● Sleep properly and adequately

● Avoid carbohydrates Patients with minor Dyslipidemia may face no problem.

However, it is essential that the condition is treated naturally by adopting a balanced lifestyle. With little changes and care, you can live a long healthy life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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