Dengue fever is caused by a virus that is transmitted from a mosquito bite. The fever can be caused by any one of the five serotypes of the virus, so it is possible for a person to be affected with this disease multiple times. It can affect anybody but has a tendency to be severe in people with a weak immune system.
A person may contract dengue virus when he/she is bitten by a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito that has previously bitten an infected person. The virus is mosquito-borne, and not contagious, meaning that it does not spread from person to person. The symptoms of the disease can come into notice after a week after you have been bitten by the infected mosquito. Body rashes, high fever, intense headache, a feeling of nausea or vomiting are some of the indications that you may be suffering from dengue fever.
If a patient has severe symptoms, a doctor generally will order a complete blood test to confirm the disease before proceeding with the treatment.
In certain cases, a patient may be diagnosed with dengue hemorrhagic fever after the initial fever. This severe form of fever can bring in many complications like severe bleeding, dehydration, organ damage and at times be life threatening.
Dengue, being a virus, comes with no specific antibiotics or treatment. However, your doctor may advise you the following ways to take care of yourself if you are diagnosed with dengue fever:
A person may require undergoing a dengue test for confirmation and start treatment for dengue if he/she has the following symptoms:
There are no such conditions where a person should not be provided with dengue treatment if he/she is diagnosed with the virus. Dengue should be treated at once as it can lead to severe health complications if neglected.
There are no side effects of dengue treatment as such. The fever itself makes the person very weak. Joint and muscular pain are the common side effects of the fever. If the patient has to be admitted to the hospital due to the severity of his/her condition, the treatment can make the patient feel weak or nauseated. He/ She may require bed rest for a few days before resuming daily activities.
The post treatment guidelines after a dengue treatment include:
Most people suffering from dengue can recover within two weeks after being diagnosed and treated. In some cases, people may take a few more days to resume their normal activities. Some adults may continue feeling tired or depressed for several weeks after recovering from the illness.
The treatment of dengue fever would cost from Rs. 22,000 to Rs. 75,000, depending upon the severity of your condition.
Once the diagnosis is done and timely treatment provided, a person can be cured completely of the illness. This does not necessarily mean that the person cannot be diagnosed with dengue once again. There are five serotypes of the virus, so there is no guarantee that you cannot have dengue fever again if you were already diagnosed once.
At present, there is no specific alternative for treating dengue fever. You will be recommended painkillers for your pain and fever. You can drink lots of water to prevent dehydration or go for an intravenous therapy to keep the body hydrated.