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Last Updated: September 10, 2019
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Asthma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Asthma? What are the different types of asthma? What are the symptoms and signs of asthma? What triggers asthma? How is the asthma treatment done? What are the side effects of asthma treatment? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? How long do the effects of asthma treatment last? What are the home remedies for asthma? What is the best diet for asthma patients? What are the preventives measures for asthma? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a condition that causes irritation and inflammation of the airways in the lungs. A person suffering from this condition finds it difficult to breathe. The mast cells, eosinophils and T-lymphocytes together with other inflammatory cells cause inflammation of the airways. This causes a person to experience period attacks of wheezing, coughing and even shortness of breath.

A person suffering from asthma usually experiences during early morning or at night. During an asthma attack, the muscles around the airways tighten thereby reducing the diameter. As a result, the flow of air reduces and the inflammation of the airways increases. Mucus is produced in the airways and this further impedes the flow of air.

What are the different types of asthma?

In case you're battling with asthma indications – inconvenience breathing, a tireless hack or tightness in the chest – an allergist can enable you to take control by giving a diagnosis and distinguishing the basic causes. Study the most widely recognized sorts of asthma:

  • Exercise-Induced Asthma
  • Nocturnal Asthma
  • Occupational Asthma
  • Steroid-Resistant Asthma (Severe Asthma)
  • Allergic Asthma
  • Asthma-COPD Overlap

What are the symptoms and signs of asthma?

Signs and symptoms of asthma are as follows shortness of breath, hack (frequently more regrettable during the evening), and wheezing (piercing whistling sound delivered by tempestuous wind stream through restricted air passages, normally with exhalation), chest snugness, etc. Note that these side effects are wordy, and people with asthma can go extensive stretches of time with no manifestations.

Exposure to allergens is one of the regular triggers for asthmatic indications. Apart from this here are some more indications which include pets, dust vermin, cockroach, molds, and dust. Tobacco use or exposure to used smoke muddles asthma management.

Some of the signs and symptoms of asthma are not specific and can be seen in different conditions too. Symptoms that may recommend conditions other than asthma includes new infection beginning in older age, the presence of related side effects, (for example, chest discomfort, lightheadedness, palpitations, and fatigue), and absence of reaction to suitable prescriptions for asthma.

What triggers asthma?

A wide range of aspects of an individual's environment and hereditary makeup can add to the improvement of asthma. It is the most widely recognized constant infection among kids. The principal side effects become clear at around 5 years old through wheezing and standard diseases in the respiratory tracts. The following are the primary causes of asthma.

  • Allergies
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Environmental factors (pollution, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, ozone, cold temperatures, high humidity)
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Atopy
  • The menstrual cycle (sensitivity to aspirin)

How is the asthma treatment done?

Long-term medications like inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, combination inhalers, theophylline and long-acting beta-agonists form the cornerstone for the treatment of asthma. The inhaled corticosteroids help reduce swelling and also tones down the body’s reaction to external triggers. A doctor generally will advise a patient to take these medicines regularly as they require a lot of time to start working. Relievers are generally bronchodilators and they cause the airways to relax by reducing constriction.

Combination inhalers contain the properties of both preventer and symptom controller medications. Generally, symptom controllers are used in combination with preventers and they help to relax the muscles of the airways. These medicines are generally taken twice a day.

Quick-relief medications:

  • Ipratropium is mostly used to relax the airways and thus makes it easier for a person to breathe.
  • Short-acting beta agonists can be administered using a portable and hand-held inhaler or a nebulizer.
  • Oral and intravenous corticosteroids are used to provide immediate relief during an attack, to get relief from inflammation of the airways during severe asthma.

Allergy medications:

Medications like allergy shots and Omalizumab medication can be used if asthma is triggered by some allergy. When all other medications fail, bronchial themoplasty is used to treat severe asthma.

Who would opt for asthma treatment?

A person suffering from asthma will experience symptoms like excessive coughing, wheezing, and tightness of his /her chest and shortness of breath. However, a person becomes eligible for treatment only after a doctor has diagnosed him/her to be suffering from this condition. There are a number of tests that can help to detect whether a person is suffering from asthma or not. These tests include chest X-ray, peak expiratory flow, spirometry, methacholine challenge, nitric oxide test, imaging tests and allergy testing.

Who is not eligible for the asthma treatment?

A person is not eligible for treatment if he/she has not been diagnosed by a doctor after proper medical examination. A person is also not eligible for treatment if tests like chest X-ray, peak expiratory flow and spirometry have not diagnosed the person to be suffering from asthma. Some of the medications used to treat asthma have some serious side-effects. So people with some chronic conditions or some other ailments are not eligible to take those medicines.

What are the side effects of asthma treatment?

The side effects associated with a symptom controller like formoterol can cause chest pain, throat pain, nervousness, wheezing, choking and other breathing problems. It can also worsen the symptoms of asthma. The side-effects of a preventer, fluticasone, include sores and white patches in the mouth and throat, weakness, nausea, vomiting, symptoms of flu, running nose, fever, chills and noisy breathing.

Side-effects associated with a reliever medication like terbutaline are headache, dizziness, drowsiness, palpitations, nervousness, shortness of breath and rapid heartbeats. Combination inhalers can cause a person’s voice to change by causing infections to form in the mouth and may also cause cough, throat pain, headache and cavities. Bronchial thermoplasty is a surgical procedure that can cause headache, increase in the lactic acid content of the body, hyperglycemia, skeletal muscle tremor and potassium deficiency.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Asthma is an incurable disease. Thus, a person suffering from this condition needs to incorporate some changes into his/her lifestyle to avoid worsening the condition. He/she should stay away from environmental triggers and also devise a full-fledged plan to deal with the triggers. Seasonal influenza vaccination can go a long way to reduce the risk of influenza. Avoiding smoking and also avoiding coming in contact with smoke as it can trigger a violent episode of an asthma attack.

How long does it take to recover?

Since asthma cannot be permanently cured, a person may need to take medications to deal with the symptoms. He/she will also need to make a number of lifestyle changes to prevent further triggering of the condition. Long-term medications like corticosteroids and beta-agonists need to be consumed for a longer period as they need time to work. The time required is also dependant on the severity of the attack and also on the constituency of the individual. Surgical interventions like bronchial thermoplasty help to reduce the onset of asthmatic attacks but do not treat the condition permanently.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Fluticasone, an inhaled corticosteroid, can cost something around Rs 1100 for 16 grams. 12-15 capsules of symptom controllers like foradil cost around R 4500. You have to shell out anything between Rs 650 and Rs 4000 to purchase short-acting beta agonists. Bronchial thermplasty is an expensive procedure and costs about Rs 10 lakhs.

How long do the effects of asthma treatment last?

There is no permanent treatment for asthma as it is an incurable disease. The medicines that we take help to reduce the symptoms or lessen the severity of an asthma attack. Even surgical procedures like bronchial thermoplasty act on the smooth muscles and reduce the severity. But the results are not permanent as a person may suffer from another asthmatic attack when he/she comes with some environmental triggers like smoke.

What are the home remedies for asthma?

You can manage the symptoms of asthma by using certain home remedies.

  • Mixing ginger juice with honey and pomegranate detoxify the lungs
  • Boiling a handful of cloves in water and drinking it with honey
  • Managing stress in an effect can also reduce the severity of asthma attacks.
  • Opt for stress-busting activities like meditation and yoga. Including physical activity in the form of exercise can also help reduce stress.
  • Recognize natural triggers that cause asthma-like second-hand smoke, the fur of pets and dust in the air and avoid them.

What is the best diet for asthma patients?

Including certain foods in your diet can help you deal with the symptoms of asthma in a better manner. Brightly coloured fruits or vegetables contain Vitamin A which are essential for maintaining mucous membranes in the air passages. Citrus fruits contain Vitamin C which reduces inflammation, so adding lemons to your daily diet is a good idea.

Gluten, soy, nuts and eggs can cause food allergy which can act as a trigger for asthma attacks. So you should know which foods can cause allergy and avoid them.

What are the preventives measures for asthma?

Asthma is an unpredictable disease. Analysts trust it happens because of a mix of both hereditary and natural components. They've connected numerous qualities and ecological variables. Environmental elements are in a huge part in charge of intensifications. With such huge numbers of potential factors that can prompt an attack, preventing one can be testing. Here are a few hints on the most proficient method to maintain a strategic distance from asthma attacks

  • Recognize Asthma Triggers
  • Avoid Allergens
  • Keep away from Smoke of Any Type
  • Avoid Colds
  • Hypersensitivity Proof Your Home
  • Get Your Vaccinations
  • Consider Immunotherapy Allergy Shots
  • Accept Asthma Medications as Prescribed
  • Pursue Your Asthma Action Plan
  • Utilize a Home Peak Flow Meter

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Taking care of oneself can help to better deal with the symptoms of asthma. Exercising regularly helps to prevent asthma attacks and also controls the symptoms. It is of paramount importance to maintain a healthy weight as otherwise, the asthma symptoms can get worse.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, A patient is suffered from svc obstruction with ca. she is taking injection deriphyllin. When and how was deriphyllin should take. What is the timing of deriphyllin to use. Please sir.

Deriphyllin 100 mg tablet twice daily or every 8 hours or inj deriphyllin 200 mg thrice daily but only under a doctors physical review.
1 person found this helpful

Hi Sir, If formoflo 250 transcaps swallowed by an 66 years lady. When we saw in the description it has mentioned that not to be swallowed. Please reply fast.

It won't cause life threatening complications, however if symptomatic show it to nearby emergency department.

I have asthma or copd since from 5 years I used salbutamol inhaler and seroflo 250 and cetrizine for 2 months now I am suffering with phlegm in the respiratory tract and creating problem in breathing now I am married it is becoming worst please suggest me.

1) with age of 27 years. It most probably will be asthma, do pft and confirm. 2) check for inhaler techniques 3) check for co morbidities if any. 4) check for colour of phelgm to decide about antibiotics. 5) chest physiotherapy will help you in ex...

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Content Details
Written By
MD - Pulmonary,MD PULMONARY,DTCD
Pulmonology
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