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Overview

Arthroscopy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

There are no synonyms for arthroscopy.

How is the treatment done?

Arthroscopy is a method to check an individual’s joint using a small camera, via the bloodstream.This insertion can be made through a minimal hole in the skin that allows the chip sized camera to show a detailed and clear view of the affected joint in the body.

The arthroscope is fitted to a miniature television camera, that emits a light throughout the bloodstream and enables the doctor to view every ligament and joint in the body. The doctor can further detect the adversity of the injury and can accurately diagnose the treatment. This method is considered to be very accurate and trusted for its minimal invasion and almost nil side effects.

This method is more effective than X-rays or open end surgeries. An arthroscopy helps to detect inflammations or damage caused by a long term disease or illness.

It can be performed using general, regional, spinal or local anaesthetic. There is not one, but several incisions made in the skin, approximately about 1/4th inch long on either side of the affected joint.

Local tissues as well as foreign objects like needles or thorns that are lodged inside any joint in the body can be examined and treated via arthroscopy.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Arthroscopy is basically an outpatient procedure. An intravenous line is formed that would establish the administration of fluids and other medications like anaesthesia.

An incision is then made into the joint and is followed by the insertion of the arthroscope to examine that joint. Other instruments can also be inserted through the incisions to maneuver the tissues and cut, repair or sew damaged ones if necessary.

The incisions are closed after the surgery and properly bandaged with a safe and easy dressing.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Any individual suffering from a pain or a possible damage or breakage to the wrist, ankle, hip, shoulders or knees can undergo an arthroscopy, irrespective of age, health condition or gender.

Are there any side effects?

There are no restrictions to undergo an arthroscopy since it is a simple method to view the damage done or the pain incurred by any joint in the body.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The risks or complications to arthroscopy are usually uncommon. However, they can occur during the procedure. Infection, blood clots, swelling, bleeding, damage to the blood vessels and other symptoms can occur during arthroscopy.

These risks or side effects generally happen to 1% of the population and hence should not be taken into wide consideration as they are a rare happening. Most arthroscopic procedures occur smoothly.

How long does it take to recover?

Arthroscopy is a procedure which should be taken care of afterwards. The punctured hole would take a few days to heal. The operative dressing can be replaced with adhesive strips and can be changed everyday.

Arthroscopy follows the making of very small puncture holes in the joint that needs to be checked for treatment. However the invasion is minimal, it takes weeks for the joint to fully recover.

The patient needs to undergo weeks of rest before resuming to daily activities, like school, college or work. Each person’s ability to recover would be different and hence the timespan for the same would differ.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Arthroscopy takes about 3 or 4 weeks to fully recover.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The price of arthroscopy in India ranges from Rs. 75, 000 to Rs. 2 lakhs.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Arthroscopy is a procedure to check the joint for pain or damage. It further leads to a diagnosis which would be ideal to treat the joint and is, in most cases, a permanent fix for the patient.

Safety: Treatment Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 75, 000 to Rs. 2 lakhs.

Popular Health Tips

Arthroscopic Surgeries - Why They Are Performed?

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Arthroscopic Surgeries - Why They Are Performed?

Life is beautiful and exciting, but any impaired movement can take our routine for a toss. Especially, with conditions such as arthritis, it gets tougher. But there are numerous modern-day procedures available to treat such issues, and one such method is the Arthroscopic surgery. It is performed on the joints to diagnose and treat the joint problems and abnormalities.

In this surgical procedure, small incisions of around ¼ inches are made to several parts of a joint area for inserting an Arthroscope which is attached to a small television camera, and it lets the surgeons have a closer look at the interiors of the joints. Whether it's finding out the cause of a joint abnormality or visualizing the issue for treating or repairing it, arthroscopic surgeries can take care of both. Let's take a closer look at some of the most common queries regarding arthroscopic surgeries.

Why are arthroscopy surgeries performed?

When it comes to diagnosing as well treating inflammatory, non-inflammatory and different types of infectious arthritis and injuries in the joints, orthopedics usually recommends arthroscopic surgeries. From treating tears or dislocations in the joints of the shoulder, knee, wrists to issues caused by arthritis, and treating cartilage damages such as in the ankles or elbow, arthroscopic surgeries are performed for a wide variety of reasons.

How long it takes to recover completely?

As the effect of the sedatives and anesthesia, patients tend to feel dizzy and sleepy right after the surgeries. Even, sometimes mild pain can be experienced too which usually goes away in a few days with the help of right medications. The surgical incisions, being tiny, also tend to heal within a few days after the surgeries with proper care. Usually, the patients are likely to resume their daily activity, except the stressful ones, within a few weeks. However, depending on the severity of the joint condition and the condition of the patient, the recovery time can vary.

Are there any risks involved in these surgeries?

Potential complications of any kind are not common in arthroscopic surgeries. However, sometimes, patients may feel pain slight pain in the joint or joint stiffness, severe swelling, and even redness or numbness. Joint infection and bleeding into the joint are two other complications that are also very rare.

Remember, though it is mostly an outpatient procedure, still, a spinal, regional, local, or general anesthesia is required depending on the condition of the patient. These surgeries tend to cause less tissue damage as well as less pain with smallest of cuts compared to other traditional surgical procedures. In case you are facing joint issues, consult with your orthopedic to know whether you are the right candidate for arthroscopic surgeries or not.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3520 people found this helpful

Cartilage Damage - How They Can Be Treated?

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB - Orthopedics, Mch
Orthopedist, Delhi
Cartilage Damage - How They Can Be Treated?

Along with bones, the human structure is also supported by cartilage. Cartilage is a tough, flexible tissue that acts as a cushion between bones at joints. Some parts of the body such as the outer structure of the ear is completely made up of cartilage. Damage to the cartilage can cause pain. inflammation and in some cases even a degree of disability. Since cartilage does not have a blood supply, cartilage damage takes longer to heal than other injuries.

There are three main causes of cartilage damage

  1. Direct impact: Cartilage can get damaged by heavy impact during a bad fall or an accident. For this reason, sportspersons have a high risk of suffering from cartilage damage.
  2. Wear and tear: Over time, joint experiences wear and tear that can damage cartilage. The knees are often most affected by this. Obese people are at a higher risk of knee cartilage injury than others because of the additional pressure being out on the knees.
  3. Lack of movement: Long periods of immobility or inactiveness can also cause damage to cartilage.

A physical examination may not be enough to diagnose cartilage damage as the symptoms of this condition are very similar to that of a sprain or ligament damage. In addition to a physical examination, a doctor may use Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or Arthroscopy. An MRI uses radio waves and a magnetic field to create a detailed image of the body. Arthroscopy involves the insertion of a tube-like instrument into the joint to determine the extent of cartilage injury.

Treatment for cartilage damage is both surgical and non-surgical.
Non-surgical treatment includes exercises, steroid injections and physical therapy.
If the patient does not respond well to this form of treatment, surgical options may be looked at. The type of surgery required depends on the age and activity level of the patient along with the extent of the injury.

Some of the surgical options include:

  1. Debridement: This involves using a small arthroscopic instrument to smoothen the damaged cartilage and remove loose edges. This prevents the cartilage from rubbing against adjacent bone and muscle tissue.
  2. Marrow stimulation: By drilling small holes under the damaged cartilage, the surgeon exposes blood vessels that lie inside the bone and trigger the formation of a blood clot. This, in turn, triggers the development of new cartilage.
  3. Mosaicplasty: This procedure involves the transference of healthy cartilage from one part of the body to another. It is used for isolated cases of cartilage injury on patients who are below the age of 50. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.
4634 people found this helpful

Know if You Have Arthritis in the Knee

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Know if You Have Arthritis in the Knee

If you are suffering from arthritis, it is important for you to know about how it affects your knee and other joints. Arthritis is a chronic, systematic inflammatory disease which damages your joints and connective tissues. Your knee is commonly affected by arthritis and there are three primary types of arthritis that occur in the knees. They include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis.

Types of arthritis 
The different types of arthritis affecting the knees occur due to different reasons. Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition, which wears away the joint cartilage over time. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition, which may occur at any age. Post-traumatic arthritis occurs after an injury is inflicted to the knee and may occur several years after a ligament injury or knee fracture.

Major symptoms

  1. Arthritis pain may occur all of a sudden but develops slowly. In the early stages, the pain is observed in the morning after you have been inactive over the night. Pain is likely when you want to move around. Pain may be experienced even when immobile.
  2. Periodic inflammation is a common symptom of arthritis of the knee. This happens because of the formation of bone spurs or excess fluids in your knee. The swelling gets pronounced after being inactive for a long period. The skin on your knee may look red and feel warm while you touch it. This may lead to chronic inflammation, which is very difficult to manage.

Treatment
There are several ways of treating knee arthritis. The mode of treatment depends on the severity and cause of knee arthritis. NSAIDS or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly prescribed for dealing with arthritis pain temporarily. Other medicines used for knee arthritis treatment are as follows:

  1. Analgesics, which help in pain reduction act as good alternatives to NSAIDS.
  2. Corticosteroids are used for reducing inflammation.
  3. Certain DMARDs or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs are used.

Certain injections that are used for helping with knee arthritis. They include:

  1. Hyaluronic acid supplements, which ease the pain and inflammation by lubricating your knee joints.
  2. Corticosteroid injections also soothe inflammation and pain.

You may also require a surgery for dealing with knee arthritis when other modes of treatment fail. The most common surgeries are as follows:

  1. Total joint replacement, where your knee is replaced with a prosthetic made of metal, plastic or ceramic.
  2. Osteotomy, where the knee bones are modified for controlling pressure and damage in the knees.
  3. Arthroscopy, where an incision is made in the knee for removing damaged parts.

It is recommended for you to consult a doctor, if you experience any symptom of knee arthritis. Early treatment will prevent the condition from worsening.

4415 people found this helpful

Cartilage Damage - Causes And Treatment

M.Ch - Orthopaedics - , MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Cartilage Damage - Causes And Treatment

Cartilage is a fine, rubbery elastic tissue that acts as cushion between the bones in the joint spaces. It is a connective tissue and enables the joints to move freely and smoothly. It acts as a shock absorber and reduces the friction between the joints. This cartilage could either be damaged as a result of injury or degeneration as part of normal ageing process. Either of this causes friction during joint movement, causing painful, stiff movements and in some cases, even swelling of the joint spaces.

There is also a covering around the joints known as synovium. When there is a cartilage damage, this synovium is irritated, leading to increased secretion of synovial fluid, which can cause swelling in joints. There is also reduction in the range of motion of the affected joint.

Most commonly affected joints include knees, hips, shoulders, elbows and ankles. Other than degeneration that happens with ageing, cartilage damage is mainly caused by injury or trauma including fall/impact, joint dislocation, infection, ligament tear, meniscus tear, and inflammation (gout, arthritis, etc.)

Read on to know some of the most common causes for cartilage damage and ways to manage it.

Causes:

Age and trauma are the main reasons for cartilage damage.

  1. Direct blow: A heavy blow directly to any joint leads to damage (accident, sports injury, etc.).

  2. Ageing: With constant wear and tear, joints that are under constant stress are prone for damage.

  3. Obesity: This is also a common cause leading to chronic inflammation and breakdown of the joints.

  4. Limited mobility: For whatever reasons (including sedentary lifestyle), lack of movement can cause cartilage damage.

Diagnosis:

The presenting symptoms of a person with any affected joint would be pain, discomfort and stiffness with movement. In addition to history and physical examination, MRI and arthroscopy can be used to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment:

Start with a conservative approach and gradually switch to more advanced treatments. Conservative approach includes a combination of pain killers, steroid injections, and exercise (at a clinic or at home). If these do not work, the following surgical options are available:

  1. Debridement: The affected cartilage is smoothened and the loose edges are removed to prevent rubbing and irritation. It is done using a shaver.

  2. Marrow Stimulation: Using the marrow cells, more cartilage production is stimulated. Using tiny drills, holes are drilled to form a blood clot, which triggers formation of new cartilage.

  3. Mosaicplasty: In areas of localized damage, healthy cartilage from an unaffected area is placed.

  4. Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation: Cartilage that is grown in a lab for one to three months are placed into the knee or affected joint to allow for healthy tissue growth. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

4385 people found this helpful

Shoulder Injury - What To Expect From Arthroscopic Surgery?

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Shoulder Injury - What To Expect From Arthroscopic Surgery?

Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure, wherein a viewing instrument is inserted into an area through a small incision in the skin and further work (repair or removal of foreign body) is carried out. With advancements in medical technology, more and more surgeries are being done arthroscopically. Ligament tears are one such instance, where almost all ligament tears are repaired through arthroscopy.
The most common shoulder ligament injury is the rotator cuff, which helps in moving the arm around the shoulder. The tear could be small, medium or large; it could also be partial or complete.

The rotator cuff tendon is inserted into the shoulder in the upper arm and if it gets torn, due to weakness or injury, the movement can be limited. This is repaired arthroscopically due to the following advantages:

  1. Minimal or no hospitalisation
  2. Minimal recovery time
  3. Minimally invasive
  4. Minimally painful procedure

Indications:
Rotator cuff tears are very common in, especially in athletes (hockey, wrestlers, football, etc.) and labour workers who are used to repetitive overhead activities. However, before going for a surgery, the following should be considered:

  1. Nonsurgical methods including physical and rehab therapy have not provided sufficient relief
  2. The patient’s overall health status should be good to sustain the surgery and recovery
  3. Financial and overall health risks are explained and understood

What to expect during surgery?:

  1. A presurgical evaluation is done to ensure that the tear can be treated arthroscopically
  2. X-rays and MRI may be required to confirm the diagnosis
  3. The procedure is done under local anaesthesia, and the procedure is done in a seated position
  4. General anaesthesia can be used though if the patient and the doctor chose to
  5. Depending on where the injury is, incisions are planned to ensure good access to the rotator cuff
  6. If there are foreign bodies like bone spurs, they are removed or trimmed
  7. The procedure usually takes about 2 to 3 hours, and the repair is carried out
  8. Though the complete recovery may take longer, initial recovery with relief of pain and stiffness happens quite soon after the procedure
  9. The incisions are closed using absorbable sutures
  10. The patient is given a sling for immediate postop use

Recovery:
The patient can go home after a couple of hours when the anaesthetic effect has worn off, driving is not possible though.

  1. Initial overuse of the shoulder must be prevented
  2. Pain, infection, and swelling control immediately postop is important
  3. Can take up to 6 months for complete recovery depending on the size of the tear
  4. Exercise regimen and physical therapy instructions should be strictly followed

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3817 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir two months ago my knee got twisted during playing I had a MRI test on my left knee with doctor consultant. The report is saying that my ach ligament is bulky and heterogeneous with partial discontinuity of the proximal fibres with intact tibial and femoral attachments suggestive of high grade partial thickness tear. I am able to walk but unable to jump because of pain. Doctor is advised me for arthroscopy surgery soon. Please guide me what to do. Is surgery is essential, total time I need to recover fully after surgery. Or any home remedy to recover from this.

DNB Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Kolhapur
How stable is your knee r you able to put full wt and have no sensation of knee giving way or buckling then you can wait for few days try physio. But you vl have to restrict sports n twisting movements at knee eventually you vl need surgery normally takes 5-7 days for swelling to subside post surgery 6 months to run jog any sports.
1 person found this helpful

Hello I am suffering from left knee pain from last one year doctors advice arthroscopy can I undergo that at this age.

MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
• Sports Taping- stretch the tape from both ends and apply on the affected area • Contrast Fomentation (Hot and Cold). • Contrast bath---It is a form of treatment in which knee is applied warm water followed by the immediate application of the knee with ice water. This procedure is repeated several times, alternating hot and cold. Note that the treatment should always end in the ice water, as heat will induce the body's inflammatory response, while cold helps to decrease inflammation.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
PRP Therapy And Prolozone Therapy
Good evening friends.

This is Dr. Nilay Shah. I run a medical tourism company, called as positive medical services. It s a medical tourism company, which provides one stop solution for many medical problems. The unique part of us, we are different as compared to modern medicine. We are into tolerant therapies. Various alternative therapies which I practised like chelation, ozone, PRP, prolozone, Vitamin C, etc. today we are going to talk about PRP therapy and prolozone therapy. Both of these therapies are very useful in ligament test and tender problems. PRP. That is the first thing about which we are going to talk about. The word itself, PRP stands for Platelet Rich Plasma, Platelet Rich Plasma means its plasma which is rich in platelet. That means that is very useful in producing growth factors, which are produced naturally in the body. The way we do is we draw a certain amount of blood from the patient s vein, now this drug is taken into centrifugation machine. And we Centrifuge it. The moment we centrifuge it, there is a layer which is separated out, which is full of platelets. This layer, we take it in a syringe. And we inject at the place where there is a ligament tear or a tendon problem. Now how does it work? It works by producing growth factors, as I said earlier. These growth factors help in natural rebuilding or tissue repair. Most of the patients which we get for PRP are patients who are asked to go for arthroscopy or surgery. This is a natural way. Where our own tissue is helping it to rebuild again without any surgery or any other invasive procedures. And the best part is since you are using your own blood so there is no question of any side effects. Now, the next thing we are gonna talk about is Prolozone. Prolozone is very much similar to PRP, but the only difference is we are using a polorofent. Polorofrent is something like an irritant which produces a second inflammation to already a tissue which is already injured or damaged. Polorofrent and ozone, when we combine these together it is called as prolozone. Again the mechanism is very such similar to PRP. Whereby we are helping the tissue to get it repaired. The only difference is, in PRP what we were doing is we were using our own tissue for the repair, but here we are using prolofent, giving a second inflammation which is already injured and thereby giving it a second healing. Now, both this PRP and prolozone are very useful. In major cases where patients comes in a lot of pain, they don t want to go for a surgery, they are diabetic and there are certain complications for a surgery. This is the easiest and the safest way for getting the tissue repaired as compared to the convention medicine where you go for an arthroscopy or a tissue repair through a surgery. And since these therapies don t have any side effects as compared to convention medicine, people have been opting for it. And there is one of the major reason, throughout the world these therapies are getting popular. I hope I have been quite informative in explaining you guys PRP and proozone therapy. For more information. If you all at wich to contact me, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you very much.
Play video
Shoulder Pain In Elderly
Hello friends,

I am Dr Akhilesh Rathi I am practicing Orthopaedic and Orthoscopic surgeon in Dwarka.

Today I will be discussing about shoulder pain in the elderly, shoulder pain has been a very common problem and you must have heard that term frozen shoulder, heard similar kind of terms in your relatives or elderly people. So, these days very effective treatment for these kind of pain are available and because these diseases can be very debilitating. People are there who are unable to lift their arms to the routine course, so in these patients there are lot of treatment options are available if timely manage they can be done even in the non surgical way. So to start with the first and foremost treatment for most shoulder problems like the rotator cuff tendinosis and rotator cuff tear most patients can we manage with simple stretching exercises, range of motion exercises, shoulder strengthening exercises and some physiotherapy. So these patients recover well and they are able to manage their pain and regulate their routine with these exercises. Apart from these around 10 to 20% of the patients who do not improve with these exercises and are suffering from bigger tears or bigger problems, in these patients there highly advanced treatments are available nowadays. What we call as shoulder arthroscopy, arthroscopy means like you have must heard about laparoscopy where surgery is done in the abdomen through small portals. Nowadays, we can do surgery in the shoulder through small tiny incisions, 3 to 4 incisions and repair all the damage muscle in there. So even in those patients who are unable to lift their arm or move there arm or shoulder is stiff despite the physio, despite the exercises in those patients we can make it better. We can even think about having almost 100% normal kind of lifestyle. So I would like to restress is whenever you are having any shoulder pain, any stiff shoulder and it is not improving after 4 to 6 weeks then please do get it checked by an orthopaedician near you and most likely it will manage with physiotherapy and exercise and if it doesn't improve with physio, exercises I think you might need injection the shoulder or maybe orthoscopic surgery which can make it normal and which can repair the damaged muscle. Because if you delay too much, there are chances the damage muscle may retract and it may not be fixable even with the orthoscopy anymore. So the timing of your visit to your doctor is important, don't delay, don't ignore your shoulder pain, don't ignore your stiff shoulder. So because if you ignore it then you won't be able to operate and fix it arthroscopically, in those cases in which we done lake, the muscle has already retracted or is unrepairable then we need to replace the joint. So the best option is get yourself timing check, if your shoulder pain is not going in 4 or 6 weeks think about visiting your doctor and get it fixed and thank you all for listening to me patiently.

You can take my appointment online through Lybrate or any other online portal. I am available in sector 7 Dwarka, I have a clinic by the name of Rathi Orthopaedic and Spine Clinic.

Thank you so much.
Play video
Joint Replacement Surgery
Mai Dr Suhas Shah Orthopaedic Surgeon hoon, mera hospital hai Ashwini accident Hospital Mumbai mein. Mere hospital mein sabhi accident patient ko treatment milti hai, aur mai russian surgery specialist bhi hoon. Mai Global Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, aur Raheja Hospital mein attach hoon, meri hospital ki speciality hai ki yeh hospital mein total orthopaedic care under one roof is available. Mai spine surgery karta hoon, joint replacement surgery karta hoon, total knee joint replacement surgery yahan hoti hai and even hip joint replacement surgery is done, arthroscopy is done and all trauma care is available under one roof in one hospital. I am attached to jaslok, Raheja and global hospital also, I am attached to Corporation Bandra Bawa Hospital also and I am head of department there. I am a post graduate teacher and DNB teacher, students are trained under me, I am a examiner for DNB post graduation also, aur mere hospital mein sabhi suvidha deluxe room, semi special room and general ward is available, you can avail all these facilities with a very reasonable rate, you are welcome to our visit to our centre. Aapko agar mujhe contact karna hai toh aap lybrate.com se contact kar sakte hain, ya meri appointment lybrate.com se book kar sakte ho.
Play video
Knee Arthritis
Dear friends,

I m Dr. Shekhar Srivastav. I m senior consultant of orthopedic at Sant Permanand hospital and I have clinic at Jagriti Enclave name Prime Specialty Clinic.

Today I ll be speaking on knee arthritis and its management, the causes of knee arthritis and how do we manage it. Now if we see the knee is compose of these two bones, this is a thigh bone and this is a leg bone and this forms a knee joint. Now the knee joint s end of the bone is covered with cartilage. Now cartilage are cushion like structures which helps in shock absorptions and helps in smooth motion of the knee joint. Now when this cartilage get destroyed you get arthritis. So there are many causes of arthritis like infection it can be any inflammatory cause, trauma. But the most common cause is aging process. As we age due to wear and tear the cartilage gets destroyed and start getting this arthritis. So the patient will first complain of pain and stiffness while walking. Then he will have difficulty in climbing up the stairs or having difficulty walking long distances as the problem increases you will have problem in getting up from sitting position, complain of pain, stiffness and swelling in the knee joint and in the severe stages there will be the deformity of the knee. You must have seen your neighbors or your parents having bow legs which is because of advance form of arthritis of the knee joint the osteoarthritis of the knee joint. Now there are many factors which contribute to arthritis of the knee joint. The most common being is aging process i.e. because of wear and tear but we also see arthritis more in females or there is also some sort of family tendency it means that if your parents were having arthritis then there is slightly higher chance that you may develop arthritis. How can we prevent it? So there are various things which you can do to prevent the symptoms of arthritis.as you know that it is an aging process so it can t be stopped but the pain or disability arising from it can be prevented. First of all you have to maintain your weight so, obesity is one of the major causes of the arthritis so you should prevent obesity, you should keep your muscles strong by doing exercises, you should keep your joints flexible by exercising by stretching exercises and then there are also some medications. Physiotherapy, medications they all helps in preventing arthritis. But if you don t get better with that means arthritis is severe then in that case sometimes you need injections. Now injections are given inside the knee joints and if given judiciously they will give very good relief.in very severe cases when the joint is totally destroyed, the joint is deformed, the limb is not align properly then in that case surgery is needed. There are different type of surgeries for arthritis which will be decided by your orthopedic surgeon. Now we have arthroscopy which is just a key ball incision surgery or we can have alignment surgery. One of the most common procedure we perform is knee replacement. Now people have misconception that in knee replacement whole of the knee is removed, it s not done in that way. We just gave shape at the end of the bone and we put cap over it just like this so you just gave shape at the end of the bone and you applied a cap over it similarly for the leg bone also. You put the cap over it and in between there is a plastic type thing which allows smooth motion of the knee joint. So these are the various causes and treatments of arthritis. The treatment varies according to the grade of arthritis and that is decided by your orthopedic surgeon.

If you want to know more about the problem or if you have any problem or if you want to contact us, you can contact me at lybrate or you can contact me at Sant Permanand hospital or in my clinic Prime Specialty Clinic at Jagriti Enclave. Thank you!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice