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Alzheimer'S Disease - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Alzheimer's Diseases ?

Alzheimer's disease is a neurological condition. It is characterized by cognitive decline and memory loss due to the death of brain cells. This disease starts off mild and gets worse as it progressively. Alzheimer's disease is a very common form type of dementia. Alzheimer's disease cannot be cured, but treatment can help reduce the symptoms of alzheimers.

What causes/happens Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer's disease occurs when the brain cells start to die. The size of the brain shrinks to a great extent. The brain tissue has very few connections and nerve cells. A postmortem/autopsy can only show the tiny inclusions inside the nerve tissues. This is called tangles and plaques. Plaques are formed due to the build-up of a substance called beta-amyloid (amyloid plaques). The tangles of the brain neurons are formed due to the disintegration of a protein called tau. According to researchers, alzheimer's disease goes way beyond protein abnormalities. alzheimer's disease makes it difficult to recognize faces and objects. The most prominent sign includes problem-solving, judgment and reasoning. A form of dementia called vascular dementia is caused due to a traumatic incident such as stroke, is the most common type of dementia after alzheimer's disease.

Stages of alzheimer's disease:

  • Preclinical (no symptoms or signs)
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Dementia

Risk factors of developing alzheimer's disease:

  • Age- This disorder usually affects people who are older than 85 years old. Studies also prove that many people in the age group of 65 years suffer from alzheimer's disease more often.
  • Family history- Scientists have proved the fact that alzheimer's disease can be inherited in the genes. If your family member has alzheimer’s, you are more likely to develop it when you become older.
  • A certain gene- A gene called APOE or E gene makes a person more susceptible in developing alzheimer's disease more than a person who doesn’t have this strain of gene.

Avoidable factors that can cause alzheimer's disease:

  • Diseases like high blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes can increase your risk of developing alzheimer's disease.
  • Occupational and low educational attainment.
  • Traumatic head injuries.
  • Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea can also cause alzheimer's disease.
  • Exposure to environmental toxins, brain plaques, gum diseases and people with rosacea are more prone to developing alzheimer's disease.

Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease:

Alzheimer's disease can be diagnosed by performing tests to check neurological functions and by undergoing brain scans such s EEG, MRI and CAT scan.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Memory loss and confusion. Shrinking vocabulary and decreased word fluency.

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Popular Questions & Answers

My grandmother taking lonazep 0.25 gm since 5 days having alzeimer and panic attacks frequently. In first 2 days it was effective but now its not showing any effect on her. Reason?

Lonazep is not the right drug for alzheimer's, consult a psychiatrist ad get proper one for the same, as lonazep is a benzodiazepine and can cause falls and worsening of cognition in alzheimer's.All the best.
1 person found this helpful

My mom is 85 years old. From the last year, she forget present bt recall her past again and again. She repeatedly speaks same lines her foc says this d alzimer disease shat measure we can take to cure her.

Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. We are here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of various methods and therapies. I suggest you to post...
3 people found this helpful

My mother has been suffering from Dementia and alzheimer's disease. She has been prescribed Donamem and Sizodon MD 0.5 mg.twice a day. Now she is not able to speak although her hyper active nature has been under control after giving Sizodon. Please suggest what is the remedy so that she can speak again. Her age is 81 years.

Dear Ashok, It is difficult to live with dementia. For you it is difficult to see her without talking or overtalking. At the age of 81 years most of her systems work less efficiently. You have to learn to use trial and error method to adjust drugs...
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My father has been diagnosed ftd, there's the change in mood, and he is bedridden, what to do?

Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. Ftd is the most common form of dementia for people under age 60. It represents a group of brain disorders caused by degeneration of the frontal and/or temporal lobes o...

Table of Content

What is Alzheimer's Diseases ?

What causes/happens Alzheimer’s disease?

Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease:

Play video
Alzheimer's Disease
Hi, I am Dr. Kunal Jadhav, Neurologist. Today I will talk about alzheimer's disease. 1% of our population above 60 years is suffering from this problem. It is a disorder of dementia. It causes lack of memory. It happens because of abnormal collect...
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