Acidity occurs when the gastric glands produce a large amount of acid, more than what is needed for the digestion process. Few common symptoms include - difficulty in swallowing,indigestion,restlessness and so on. There are few simple changes that we can make in our daily living in order to avoid such problems.read more
Hernia: Types, symptoms and treatment
Yeah! Hi, I’m Dr. Nitin Jha, I’m a senior consultant laparoscopic surgeon at Fortis hospital, Noida and I also have a clinic in sector 61 Noida which goes by the name of Agarwal Clinic and today we’ll be discussing about Hernia.
By Hernia we mean that there is a small gap in the muscle of the abdomen wall and through this gap there is a protrusion of the contents which are inside of the abdomen like small intestine or the, even large intestine or the omentum fat and which tries to come out of this hole and as long as they go out and then they come back it’s okay. But the day it gets stuck, you know if you have a swelling in which the swelling refuses to go in, that means it is like an emergency then you have to immediately go to the hospital and get it operated upon.
Now, what is the cause, the basic cause of any hernia is, the weakness in the muscle wall and it can be even sometimes without any cause. That is called as Idiopathic. Now, there are basically there are three types of common hernia that we all encounter. The one is the Inguinal Hernia which are present in the lower part of the abdomen on the left as well as on the right side. Then you have our Umbilical hernia which is a hernia in the umbilicus itself, so that in the umbilicus instead of being a pit it becomes a elevated out pouching and then you have something called Incisional hernia in which after any surgery in the abdomen you can have a small bulge occurring from that incision side which is called basically insicional hernia. So be it any type of hernia the treatment is always surgical only. In contents, the usually, the intestine, the small ball, the large ball or the omentum fat can be the content of the hernia.
Now, What is the problem? Why to get it operated? As long as, as I told you, as long as it comes out and then goes back in, it is okay. But the day it refuses to go back in, that means it has become a bit complicated hernia. It starts with irreducibility, matlab, it doesn’t go back inside. Then there is something called as obstruction in which the intestine gets stuck in that pouch and it causes obstruction of the intestine. That is obstruction to the flow of the contents of the intestine. In that case the abdomen becomes bloated, the patient is not able to pass gas or motion from below and he or she can have a continuous vomiting from up. So, and obviously if the time goes on like this because of a decrease in blood supply of the intestine, the intestine can sometimes become strangulated. In that case it is an emergency and we have to immediately go to the surgeon and get it operated upon because if we give it more time the intestines can lose its blood supply and then we have to do a proper, major, big surgery. In which we have to cut the caught part of the intestine and rejoin the normal part. So, obviously we should definitely avoid this kind of circumstances which increases the cost also and plus it increases the morbidity, the trouble to the patient also.
Talking about surgery we initially had only open surgery, in which a small cut almost of this size used to be given whether it was inguinal or umbilical or incisional, but it had its own problems. The issue was, with open surgery, was you had to have a big incision on the belly. Then the bigger the incision the more the pain. The bigger the incision the more the chances of infection. But usually now we don’t do it by open surgery. We do it by something called laparoscopic surgery, in which there are almost two or three small, small holes of the size of around 5 millimeter or 1 centimeter and through, without cutting open the abdomen, through these small, small holes only the whole surgery is done. So the advantage is the patient becomes alright much faster. He needs to stay in the hospital for lesser number of time. He can be back to his work probably in three to four days. But as the thing is you know is any good thing is costly. Similarly the laparoscopic surgery is costly because the mess and the things which are required to fix the mess to the abdominal wall are costly. But if you compare between these two methods, laparoscopic surgery is far, far, far better than open surgery.
My specialty is doing the same surgery which is usually done by all other laparoscopic surgeons by three or four small, small cuts, I do it by only one single cut. So, especially with a uncomplicated simple hernia of the anteroapical wall, be it incisional or be it umbilical or super umbilical hernias which is commonly referred as ventral hernia. They are done by single incision only. That means I just put a small cut almost of this size around 1 to 1.5 centimeters size in the left part of the abdomen and through this same incision we conduct the whole surgery. So, the patient has not three small cuts but only one small cut. That’s the advantage of single incision laparoscopic surgery. So, you can consult me at my clinic in
So, you can consult me at my clinic in sector 61 Noida, Agarwal Clinic C122 and, otherwise you can also meet me in Fortis hospital Noida. Plus you can take an appointment via Lybrate and we’ll be glad to discuss your problems, thank you.read more
Hi, I’m Dr Nitin Shah. I’m a senior consultant at Fortis hospital, Noida. I’m a laparoscopic surgeon. I do all sorts of abdomen surgeries. Today we are going to be talking about the gallbladder disease, in which there are stones formed in the gallbladder. We need to understand that patients can initially be absolutely asymptomatic. The patient can have no pain or any discomfort. Many times it is detected by routine health examinations when the patient undergoes an ultra sound of the abdomen.
The initial stages after asymptomatic, the patient starts having little bloating in the abdomen which is commonly referred as gas and acidity. So people have a tendency of neglecting it and keep on taking some antacid or pantocid or Digene and this kind of stuff to suppress the symptoms. So after dyspepsia, the patient starts having pain in the abdomen. This pain can initially very simple pain. It can even progress into severe pain. It starts usually in the pre-gastric region, upper abdomen and goes to the back. This is very typical of a bilicuric and increases after any fatty meal like any extra oily friend. This kind of stuff when we eat, the patient has more pain and then depending on the severity of the inflammation, even patients are known to have pus in the gallbladder, thereby, increasing the mobility of the disease.
Some stones can slip from the gallbladder into the bile duct thereby obstructing the bile duct and producing something that is called obstructive jaundice. In which the patient has severe pain and has visible jaundice also. These stones not only block the bile duct but also can block the pancreas duct thereby causing something called as gall stone pancreatic. So, this is another very severe problem. As we all know, gall bladder cancer is quite common these days. In 4% of the cases, the gall stones are the causes of gallbladder cancer. So, for a simple disease like a gall bladder stone, if not treated at the immediate time this can land up into very very severe problems. now once the diagnosis is confirmed it is a simple surgery called as lap coly cystectomy in which we remove the gallbladder in very small three to four cuts that is called the laparoscopic surgery. The same surgery was previously done with a big cut that’s called the laparotomy, cutting open the whole abdomen and then removing the gall bladder. Now it is done by three or four small cuts. In fact, my specialization is getting the same surgery done by a single incision in the ablycus. In which there is one cut in the navel and no cut anywhere else in the abdomen and hence the surgical cut is hardly seen. Probably, even after two months, the surgeon will also not be able to make out whether any surgery is done on the patient or not. The scar is hardly seen and it is very cleverly hidden in the ablycus.
So, for any further information or any question that you want to ask I am available at lybrate.
You can log onto lybrate or even text me or video chat with me on lybrate and I will be more than happy to clear all your doubts regarding any surgical disease and help you in the best way I can.
Doctors in Fortis Hospital - Noida
Patient Review Highlights
He is very talented and seasoned doctor. Fortis Hospital Noida has all the latest technology in place to handle severe cases. I am so much benefitted with his treatment, that i am perfectly fine now. All of sudden I developed this gallstones and didn't know what to do. I searched this Nitin Jha online and saw his reviews. In order to diagnose my problem completely he asked me a number of questions. The staff was very attentive to my needs.
Dr. Arvind Jain is a great doctor. Talking to him makes you feel extremely comfortable and your problem seems smaller. He is super confident of what he does even though the patient may be scared of small issues pre or post surgery. We consulted him for my husband's finger crush injury and it has been a smooth journey so far. The support staff at Eternity hospital is also good and caring. We give them as a team 10 out of 10.
Due to my hernia i was feeling very depressed and had no hope. I was suffering from hernia, but the symptoms were not very visible. From quite some time i was suffering from pain, but never gave much importance to it. I stareted feeling pain then I chose to consult Dr Nitin Jha. On the very first day he identified my problem and started the treatment which benefitted me alot.
I am really grateful as Dr Nitin's hemorrhoids treatment has give me a ray of hope. I never get sick, but then last year i started developing these symptoms. I was shocked to experience the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Many people gave very positive feedback for thisdoctor. He is quite knowledgeable doctor. With the help of his treatment , I am feeling so great.
My father developed an overnight chest pain, we doubting it for a heart attack took him to the nearest hospital ie Fortis Hospital in Noida sec 62. There he was treated by Dr Nitin jha and it turned out to be a case of acidity.Doctor nitin is experienced, responsible, knowledgeable and concerned doctor. thanks to him for being calm and composed.
I used to suffer from night cramps which became a bad dream for me. I could not sleep properly. I consulted Dr Nitin Jha who is a well known doctor in Noida. He treated my cramping issue. Though it took time for getting completely cured but I am absolutely fine now. I am gkad that I visited him for the treatment.
I was diagnosed with the problem of Anal Fissure. I went to dr Nitin Jha at Fortis Hospital in Noida for my treatment. In the very first sitting, he clearly told us the problem and the what the treatment procedure will be in future.I am so much benefitted with his treatment, that i am perfectly fine now.
He is very kind very supportive he elaborates your problem and tell you exact problem.He never misguided me .He is very polite very gentle and one of the bestest doctor out there
Dr.Arvind Jain Ji good morning. Ur as like as God for me. You save my life so many times. SO I love you and respect you for ever until my last breath Nit Phukan Assam
Dr. Ajay is lack of knowledge.. not recommending to anyone.. He unable to answers of patient ..
Though he is very experienced surgeon, but for fistula treatment I won't recommend him.
She is humble and listen carefully.
Well very much satisfied
Nice & friendly doctors
Amazing nice doc he is
C P Malik
S R Bist
For people recovering from a back surgery, constipation is quite common and causes discomfort or pain. There are several aspects of a back surgery which may lead to constipation. They include anaesthesia, changes in diet, stress and the use of some pain relieving medicines.
- The symptoms of constipation are:
- Pain and bloating in the abdomen.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Hard stools and the inability of bowel movement.
Ways to prevent constipation:
Here are several simple ways by which you can prevent or minimize pain or discomfort due to constipation after a back surgery.
- You should increase your daily activities as early as possible after a back surgery. You should walk regularly.
- You must reduce the use of narcotic medicines and use only what is needed for controlling pain. Narcotic medicines slow bowel movement and cause constipation. Use non-narcotic pain relieving medicines to prevent constipation.
- You can use fiber laxatives, stool softeners or combination products after a back surgery to prevent constipation.
- Drinking a lot of water and non caffeinated fluids is very important. You should also have apple cider juice and prune juice, which are effective natural laxatives.
- You should eat natural fiber-rich food for intestinal stimulation. These include whole grains, cereals, fresh fruits and vegetables. It is best to avoid cheese, meat and processed food. Instead of large meals, you must have frequent, small meals throughout the day.
Medicines for constipation:
Non prescription medicines can be taken for preventing or treating constipation after a back surgery.
Here is a list of some effective medicines that relieve constipation:
- Bulk fiber laxatives, which add bulk to stool and encourage water to stay in the colon. These medicines need up to three days to show effect.
- Stool softeners or emollient laxatives help in softening stool by making fluids mix with them.
- Stimulant laxatives take action by stimulation of bowel contractions for moving stool out. They are effective and start working very quickly.
- Combination laxatives perform the functions of laxatives and stool softeners together.
- Suppositories also perform the dual function of stool softening and acting as laxatives. The colon gets contracted, and stool is pushed out and as the stool gets softer, it can pass easily.
- Enemas perform the function of bowel movement stimulation. Liquids are injected into the rectum, up into the colon. This stimulates the colon, and stool is passed.
Constipation occurs commonly in patients after undergoing a back surgery. This may cause utter discomfort and pain. You should take proper precautions and remedies in case of constipation after a back surgery.
A stinging pain in the neck that makes you feel broken from the neck joint could be a reason to worry. It is often accompanied by an aching head or a throbbing shoulder joint. Neck pain, such as this occurs due to an injury in the area resulting from sudden back and forth movement of the neck. It is referred to as whiplash as the nature of the pain and subsequent discomfort resembles the snapping of a whip. The pain is more like a sprain, but not exactly so. This can affect athletes or even any person in general who has faced an accident in recent past. Whiplash is characterized by a tearing of ligaments and tendons that connect one bone to another.
1. Sports that involve contact- Any extracurricular activity involving collisions or other forms of physical contact can cause neck injuries. Football and rugby players frequently suffer from Whiplash.
2. Road accidents- Public transport has a host of disadvantages. Reckless driving can make the tendons of your neck tear. Auto accidents cause immense strain on your neck; it can also lead to Whiplash.
3. Any kind of physical abuse- If you have gotten into a violent fight with someone your neck could suffer from a Whiplash. Instances of physical abuse where the neck is jerked or punched at can also result in neck strains. Domestic violence often leads to instances of neck strains.
Symptoms related to this condition:
1. You may or may not suffer from tinnitus. Tinnitus is a physical disorder where you hear ringing sounds. It is quite distracting.
2. Your vision might get blurry.
3. You can experience irregular sleep patterns.
4. You can find it hard to concentrate on any one thing for more than a while.
5. You can grow irritable at the drop of a hat.
6. Your memory may fail you. You might find it next to impossible to trace back a day's activity.
Some of the other direct symptoms are:
1. Your neck might turn stiff preventing you from moving it left, right, up or down.
2. Pangs of pain can be felt in and around your shoulders.
3. Your upper arms can grow numb and tender.
4. Your head can spin repeatedly or you could feel dizzy.
5. Whiplash can also result in serious fatigue.
The knee is the largest joint of the body and is made up of upper and lower bones that are separated by two discs known as menisci. While minor knee pain may be experienced by many people, it should be handled with medical intervention when it becomes a serious and debilitating problem. Sudden injury or injury due to overuse as well as myriad conditions that affect the joints and muscles can bring about knee pain. Underlying conditions like osteoporosis or arthritis, which affect the bones and joints, can also cause knee pain. The symptoms include painful swelling and stiffness as well as severe discomfort. Let us learn more about the causes of knee pain and the ways in which it can be managed-
Injury: Exercise and sports injuries are one of the most common causes that can be the start of acute knee pain, as well as chronic condition. These kinds of injuries can affect the ligaments and cartilage which leads to severe pain. The pain can even affect the way one functions in one's daily life. Knee ligament injuries can also cause this kind of pain. These ligaments are bands of tissues that connect the thigh bone with the lower leg bones. Sprains and tears in the ACL or PCL are common in sports injuries, and may even require surgery in many cases. Knee Cartilage Tears can also take place in the hard yet flexible cartilage of the knee which can affect the meniscus around the knee. This condition may also require surgery.
Arthritis: This condition can affect the knees specifically and is one of the most common types of arthritis. This is a chronic condition which gets progressively worse over time and may even require surgery. Stiffness and inflammation are common symptoms. Rheumatoid arthritis is also a degenerative auto-immune disease that can affect the knees and cause knee pain. Furthermore, post traumatic arthritis can also be experienced after an injury. Osteoarthritis is another common condition that leads to knee pain. It basically occurs due to wear and tear of the knees over a prolonged period and is usually experienced by patients over the age of 50.
Managing Knee Pain: While pain medication and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed for most cases, along with the surgery in long run, it is also possible to manage knee pain with the help of better lifestyle choices like regular knee and muscle strengthening exercises as well as REST - rest, ice, compression and elevation. These methods can help in relieving inflammation and pain. But very severe cases will require medical intervention, so it is imperative to get in touch with your doctor if the condition does not improve.
Metabolic Bone Disease is a term used for various conditions of the bones that can be caused by a number of different disorders. Most of these disorders are developed due to nutritional deficiencies, defects in the bone metabolism procedure or due to hereditary defects in the skeletal structure. Conditions that fall under the category are osteoporosis, osteomalacia, rickets, Paget's disease, parathyroid conditions, chemotherapy induced bone loss and menopause induced bone loss.
Causes of Metabolic Bone Diseases:
- Imbalance in the level of calcium : Too much calcium or too little calcium can cause bone diseases. While the overabundance of calcium (hypercalcemia) in the body will lead to calculi formation, which can be harmful for the body, the lack of calcium (hypocalcemia) causes weakness, bone pain and restricted growth.
- Deficiency of phosphorus: Low phosphorus in blood (hypophosphatemia) leads to softening of the bone tissue and bone loss. Osteomalacia is commonly caused by phosphorus deficiencies.
- Deficiency of Vitamin D: Vitamin D is essential for the body to absorb calcium. Cells called osteoblasts need vitamin D in order to absorb calcium and secrete the bone tissue proteins. A deficiency of vitamin D can lead to a number of metabolic bone diseases like rickets and osteoporosis.
- Over or under secretion of the parathyroid hormone:The parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates the secretion of an enzyme, which converts the inactive circulatory form of vitamin D into its active usable form. The hormone can also increase the circulation of free or ionized calcium (Ca2+), which is not attached to proteins. Both underproduction and overproduction of the hormone causes skeletal problems.
Symptoms of Metabolic Bone Diseases:
The symptoms of most of the Metabolic Bone Diseases are similar, such as
- A dull, throbbing pain in the bones is the most common symptom. The pain is frequent and lasts for a long amount of time, but unlike muscular pain, the exact region of bone pain cannot be specified.
- Severe joint pains accompanied by stiffness and swelling of the joints. The patient experience pain during regular physical activities, especially during cold weather conditions.
- Frequent fractures are caused by most bone diseases because the bone mineral density decreases drastically. Severe bone injury may be caused by mild trauma.
- Defects in the bones can cause bowed out legs and a bent backbone.
- A general feeling of exhaustion is often caused by bone diseases.
- Kidney stones are an associated complication of metabolic bone diseases.
A healthy diet is not only important for that slick waist line, but it also keeps your bones healthy. Two of the most important nutrients needed for healthy bones are Calcium and Vitamin D. Calcium helps in strengthening your bones while Vitamin D facilitates calcium absorption in the body. If the bones are not healthy, it can lead to bone disorders such as osteoporosis and rickets.
- Consume yoghurt: A very good breakfast option, Yoghurt contains 30% of calcium and 20% of Vitamin D as per RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance), both being vital for healthy bones. It also contains little in terms of calories so that you don’t have to lose sleep over your waistline.
- Milk: If you think milk is just for kids, think again. Milk is one of the best sources of protein and calcium; in fact it contains 30% of calcium as per RDA. So yes! Drop all inhibitions and drink that glass of warm milk to keep your bones healthy.
- Cheese: Another milk based product, cheese is also rich in protein and calcium. You need to make sure that the cheese you consume is the fat free version in order to restrict calorie intake.
- Sardines: If you are planning on getting a fish sandwich for lunch, then you are on the right track. Sardines are not only rich in Omega 3 Fatty acids, but they also contain calcium and Vitamin D is high amounts.
- Eggs: Don’t fear the egg yolk and dispose it off. Not so fast now! Egg yolk contains Vitamin D, an essential nutrient that facilitates calcium absorption in the body. Eggs are also one of the best super foods as they are a powerhouse of various nutrients.
- Spinach: Remember Popeye, the cartoon sailor whose muscular frame was attributed to spinach. Now let’s get down to the facts. Spinach contains calcium, fiber and iron – all very essential for your body. Consuming spinach regularly is one ‘go green’ way to keep your bones healthy.
Cancer that originates in the bones of a human body is referred to as bone cancer. Any bone could come under the threat of this disease, but generally the longer bones of your body, so to say the bones of your limbs, are at a greater risk.
A few factors that might push you an inch closer to bone cancer are:
- Genes could jinx your health: A few typical genetic syndromes could increase a person's chances of contracting bone cancer. These syndromes could have been active in any person belonging to your lineage. One such syndrome is Li-Fraumeni.
- Treatment for one kind of cancer can make you prone to some other kind: Radiation affects your bones adversely. A patient of breast cancer might be undergoing radiation therapy that further increases his or her risk of contracting bone cancer in future.
- Paget's disease can have unfavorable implications: Paget's disease is a disease that affects elderly people. This condition, if left untreated, can turn into bone cancer at a later stage.
Several symptoms of bone cancer can be found below:
- Sudden loss of weight: If you lose a considerable amount of weight in a few weeks time without having made any effort at all, you should probably be worried about the health of your bones. Bone cancer can result in sudden and unintentional weight loss.
- Unexpected bone fracture or breakage: Cancer of the bones is known to gnaw at the strength of your bones. Weakened and diseased bones can break or get fractured very easily. An unexpected fracture should not be overlooked so as to prevent chances of anything more harmful.
- Long spans of unyielding exhaustion: Constant fatigue and sleepiness might be hinting at a more serious underlying problem. The bones in your body hold you together; cancerous bone cells can make you feel exhausted without much exertion as your bones lose their inherent potency.
- Persistent pain in the bones: Excruciating cramps or pangs of stinging pain in a person's bones either continuously or at odd hours, could be indicative of bone cancer. Such instances require the advice and guidance of an experienced oncologist.
- Bone swelling: The area affected by bone cancer can grow big and tender or the bone itself can swell up.
The ankle, despite being one of the smaller joints, plays a crucial role as it bears the brunt of a person’s weight. Due to improper gait or injuries, the ankle often gets sprained. This can be a recurring problem in older people. Therefore, over a period of time, the ankle gets unstable and can cause chronic symptoms including pain, imbalance resulting in recurrent falls. Read on to know more about some causes, symptoms, and management techniques for ankle instability.
Causes: The ankle has ligaments which stretch to allow for ankle movement. When this ligament stretches beyond the limit, then it can tear or stretch. Therefore, sportspersons like basketball and football players, gymnasts who tend to use their ankle a lot are at a much higher risk of developing ankle instability over a period of time.
Symptoms: The most common symptom of ankle instability is when a person is unable to stand firm. This pain is worse in people wearing heels or walking on uneven ground. Patients may experience swelling, stiffness, and excruciating pain.
Management: Ankle instability is an acute problem but the recovery time is limited too, so the symptoms disappear over a period of time. However, in some people, especially sportspersons, it may lead to a chronic condition which needs immediate attention. Few remedies for getting relief from ankle pain are mentioned below:
- Ice: For pain relief, icing the ankle is an excellent option. Applying a cold pack for about 10 to 15 minutes about 2 to 4 times per day is an effective way to relieve the pain, stiffness, and swelling.
- Rest: Ligament injuries often heal on their own, and sportspersons may be advised to stay off of the game for about a week or two, to give it time for self-repair.
- Compresses: Using an elastic wrap or compression ice wrap for a few hours can help in relieving ankle instability.
- Pain killers: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help in reducing both the inflammation and pain from the ankle injury.
- Exercise: Increasing the strength and flexibility of the ankle via exercise is a great way to reduce chances of further sprain. Rotating the ankles, standing on one leg, etc., are some effective ways to do this.
- Surgery: If none of the above-mentioned remedies work, a surgery may be required which is only in severe and/or chronic cases.
Ankle instability is quite common but is equally easy to manage.
Muscle contusion is a condition that is characterized by bruising in the muscles. It generally tends to occur in athletes who play a lot of contact sports. Repetitive blows in any part of the body may cause damage to the underlying muscle tissues. These blows may lead to internal bleeding, resulting in blood clot formation. The most common site where it occurs are the quadriceps.
The various causes of this condition are:
- Direct repetitive blows to a part of the muscle in contact sports such as football
- If you fall on a hard surface
- It may also occur if the muscle comes in contact real hard with sports equipment like soccer balls
The symptoms of a muscle contusion are:
- You may experience swelling of the muscle
- Excessive pain
- Decrease in range of motion in the concerned body part
- It may lead to leaking of blood vessels
- You may also experience hematoma where a lump is formed over the affected spot
- Symptoms of broken bones, dislocations and fractures may also occur
Complications: This disorder may also lead to various complications such as compartment syndrome, which leads to compression of blood vessels resulting in pain.
Treatment: The basic treatment for this condition is the RICE protocol which is rest, ice, compression and elevation. You should rest the muscle, then apply ice to the affected area to reduce the pain. You can also take NSAIDs (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) to reduce the pain. In severe cases, the doctor may drain the lump surgically.
It is advisable to not return to your normal sports routine in order to allow the muscle to recover. If you carry on with your regular routine, it may result in further complications like the formation of scar tissue. You may undergo various stretching exercises to relieve the pain and make a gradual return to your normal sporting activities.
Your shoulder is one of the most overused joints in the body and thus is at a higher risk of contracting an injury. Shoulder pain may lead to mobility issues where moving your arms may become extremely difficult. The shoulder consists of three parts, viz. the shoulder blade, collarbone and the upper arm bone. Shoulder pain may result from an injury to any of these areas.
- Impingement: Impingement of the shoulder muscle occurs when the top of the shoulder impinges on the rotator cuff muscles. This condition can lead to severe pain in the shoulder.
- Bursitis: Bursa is a fluid filled sac that cushions the bones and help in preventing friction. Bursitis is a disorder that results in inflammation of the bursa, thus resulting in shoulder pain.
- Tendinitis: Tendinitis is a condition that is characterized by gradual wear and tear of the tendon. Usually the rotator cuff tendons in the shoulder are affected by this condition.
- Instability of the shoulder: Shoulder instability is a disorder of the shoulder wherein the upper arm bone dislocates from its socket. This can cause excessive pain in the shoulder.
- Fractures: A fracture in the bones of the shoulder results in excruciating shoulder pain.
- Arthritis: Arthritis is a disorder that leads to inflammation in the joints, thus resulting in pain and impaired movement of the joint.
The treatment for shoulder pain consists of medications and physiotherapy. You may also be asked to discontinue any strenuous activity that requires shoulder movement. Medications such as NSAIDs are prescribed to help in controlling the pain. Various stretches of the shoulder are also recommended to improve shoulder flexibility and mobility.
Do exercises such as the overhead press with light weights to improve your shoulder strength. Also make sure to include certain external rotation exercises to strengthen the rotator cuff muscles.
If you are thinking that runner’s knee pain can ony happen to runners or sportsmen, then you are wrong. It can happen to anyone who spends time in doing things that involve bending the knees. It can happen due to activities like walking, biking and jumping. It refers to an aching pain around the kneecap. In medical terms, it is also called patellofemoral pain syndrome.
It doesn’t refer to a particular injury. It is an umbrella term to refer to any pain that happens during knee problems. Here are some of the reasons responsible for runner’s kneecap:
- High stress exercises, such as lunges or plyometrics
- Direct hit in the knee.
- If any of the bones are out of their correct position.
- Hypermobile feet and fallen arches or overpronation can cause joint pain as they change the way you walk.
- Weak or unbalanced thigh muscles.
What Are the Symptoms of runner's knee?
- You can feel the pain in front, behind, or around the kneecap
- Pain is felt when you walk, squat, kneel, run, or get up from a chair
- Pain is felt when you walk downstairs
- Swelling around your knee or a grinding feeling inside the joint
- In most cases, runner’s knee gets better with time. However, the cause of the pain must be identified and then the treatment is done. Here’s what can be done:
- Give rest to your knees. It is best to avoid activities that cause the pain.
- Apply ice pack on the knees to ease the swelling. Repeat this after every 3 to 4 hours in a day and apply the pack for at least 20 minutes.
- Use an elastic bandage or straps to wrap the knees. It gives extra support to the knees and prevents the pain.
- Elevate the leg on a pillow at the time of lying down.
- Take pain killers like ibuprofen or naproxen.
- Indulge yourself in stretching exercises.