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Overview

Serta 50 MG Tablet

Serta 50 MG Tablet

Manufacturer: Unichem Laboratories Ltd
Medicine composition: Sertraline
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Serta 50 MG Tablet is used for treating obsessive compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (feeling of depression and irritability before menstruation). Belonging to the drug group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the medication helps to increase the serotonin amount (a natural substance) in the brain that maintains the mental health. This improves the symptoms of anxiety and depression.

The dosage of Serta 50 MG Tablet will depend on your age, your health condition, the problem you are suffering from, and the way your body reacts to the first dose. It is available both in tablet and liquid form. You can take the medicine as prescribed by your doctor, with or without food. Generally, the capsule form of this medicine is taken along with food after breakfast or the evening meal.

Your doctor must be informed if you have a medical history of bleeding, liver problems, thyroid disease, seizure disorder or a family medical history of glaucoma (eye disorder). Also if you are pregnant, planning for pregnancy or a breastfeeding mother, your doctor must have prior knowledge about the same before prescribing the medication as it may affect the baby.

Serta 50 MG Tablet can have some common side effects like drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, upset stomach, trouble sleeping, loss of appetite and excessive sweating. You can consult your doctor if these conditions persist or even get worse. However, you must inform your doctor immediately if you face any of the following serious side effects:

  • Unusual weight loss
  • Redness, swelling or pain in the eyes, widened pupils or blurred vision
  • Stiff or twitching muscles and muscle tremors
  • Black stools accompanied with blood
  • Lack of coordination, restlessness, hallucinations or seizures

As Serta 50 MG Tablet can make you feel drowsy or dizzy, it is better to avoid activities that require your concentration like driving until you are sure how your body reacts to the initial doses. Try to avoid alcohol as it can increase your sleepiness and affect your ability to think and perform clearly.

Serta 50 MG Tablet is used to treat the symptoms of depression like feeling sad, irritable and devoid of energy.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Serta 50 MG Tablet is used to treat the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder like repetitive thoughts and behaviour.
Panic disorder
Serta 50 MG Tablet is used to treat the symptoms of panic disorder like sweating, breathing problem, weakness and numbness in hands.
Serta 50 MG Tablet is used to treat the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder which develop in a patient after a shocking or scary traumatic condition or an accident.
Serta 50 MG Tablet is used to treat the symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder like severe depression, irritability, and tension before menstruation.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Serta 50 MG Tablet is used to treat the symptoms of social anxiety disorder like extreme fear of being watched, red face or blushing, avoiding social situations and staying quite.
This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to Sertraline.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
Serta 50 MG Tablet is not recommended in the patients for at least 14 days after discontinuation of monoamine oxidase inhibitors.
In addition to its intended effect, Serta 50 MG Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Decreased interest in sexual intercourse Major Common
Abnormal ejaculation Major Common
Aggression or anger Major Less Common
Diarrhea Major Less Common
Drowsiness Major Less Common
Increased sweating Major Less Common
Trouble Sleeping Minor Common
Weight Loss Minor Common
Constipation Minor Less Common
Painful urination Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 2 to 3 days.
What is the onset of action?
The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 4.5 to 8.4 hours.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is known to excreted through the breast milk. It is not recommended for breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Occasional side effects like sleeplessness, restlessness should be monitored.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Serta 50 MG Tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Rpg Life Sciences Ltd
Mankind Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Triko Pharmaceuticals
Missed Dose instructions
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose then the missed dose should be skipped.
Overdose instructions
Contact a doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdose may include a change in pulse rates, severe drowsiness, confusion, vomiting, hallucinations, convulsions, and fainting. Immediate medical intervention may be required if the overdose symptoms are severe.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Depression Major
This medicine may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts in the patients with depression. Patients caretakers should be educated about these symptoms. Any changes in the behavior should be reported to the doctor immediately.
Glaucoma Moderate
This medicine should be used with caution in the patients with the history of glaucoma. Any symptoms of changes in the vision should be reported to the doctor immediately.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol Moderate
Consumption of alcohol is not recommended in the patients receiving Serta 50 MG Tablet. Performing works that require mental alertness like driving vehicle or operating machinery is not recommended.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Ciprofloxacin Moderate
Serta 50 MG Tablet should be used with caution in the patients receiving medications that can cause irregular heart rhythm. Inform the doctor if you have a history of heart disease. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Clozapine Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor as the risk of adverse effects on the heart is very high if these medicines are administered together. You may require a dose adjustment and clinical safety monitoring while taking them together. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe an alternative medicine that does not interact.
Ondansetron Major
Combined use of these medications is not recommended due to the risk of seizures, confusion, fast and irregular heartbeat. You may require a dose adjustment and clinical safety monitoring while taking them together. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe an alternative medicine that does not interact.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Moderate
Serta 50 MG Tablet should be used with caution in the patients receiving medications that affect the coagulation. Monitoring of blood platelet levels should be made. Any symptoms of swelling, weakness and abnormal bleeding should be reported to the doctor.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am taking lithium 400 mg, serta 50, arifine 0.25,betacap tr 20 and lonaa 1 mg. Can I take 2 piece of dry figs daily. Does it cause any problems?

BSc, Diploma In Human Nutrition, Certified Diabetes Educator, MBA, Lifestyle Medicine
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
I am taking lithium 400 mg, serta 50, arifine 0.25,betacap tr 20 and lonaa 1 mg. Can I take 2 piece of dry figs daily...
You can take all kinds of nuts and dry fruits. That has nothing to do with your medication. Take plenty of fruits also.
1 person found this helpful

I am taking serta 100 mg. Can I take beer with serta only for two or three days not regularly?

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
I am taking serta 100 mg. Can I take beer with serta only for two or three days not regularly?
Hello Not at all advisable. May cause side effects which would be difficult to interpret. Strongly recommend AGAINST it.
1 person found this helpful

Hello, I stopped drinking alcohol, I am suffering various mental problem there after and with alcohol also, I found all the problems are related to alcohol withdrawal, I was on librium for 4 weeks, now take Serta 50 at night and Escita 10 in morning with my BP and diabetes pills, my anxiety levels are high, do I need further treatment for withdrawal.

Psychologist, Rajkot
Hello, I stopped drinking alcohol, I am suffering various mental problem there after and with alcohol also, I found a...
Stop taking all these medicines it is creating problems for you. Consult Psychologist for your behavioural treatment. You need to reconditioned your self as you have stopped alcohol. Absolutely treatable. You will be cured.
1 person found this helpful

Hello everyone. I am taking serta 100, trazine h, and risdone 1 mg .I am thinking to take all these tablets may at a time means 90 tablets together. I will die after this.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear unknown, Dying is not in your hand. Many who attempt suicide don't die. Many who want to live, die. These tablets are prescribed at a particular dose that will benefit you. If you take in larger dose not only you lose the benefit, you may also face many side effects. Take these 90 tablets over one month. It will change you thought of dying itself.

I am taking serta 50 mg amigold 100 mg and serta 100 mg. What are there uses .I am not a schizophrenic I think. Is this medicines for ocd or schizophrenia or both.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Aligarh
I am taking serta 50 mg amigold 100 mg and serta 100 mg. What are there uses .I am not a schizophrenic I think. Is th...
Basically you should ask this question from the person who prescribed this. Serta used in Depression, Anxiety disorder, OCD, Post schizophrenic depression. Amigold used in low doses for Depression, Severe OCD. Amigold in higher doses used in Schizophrenia, Bipolar mood disorder.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Premature Ejaculation (PE) - Worry or Not?

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Premature Ejaculation (PE) - Worry or Not?

The condition of premature ejaculation (PE) is a far more common male sexual dysfunction of middle age people. Generally, premature ejaculation is a male orgasmic disorder that causes an orgasm or "climaxing" faster than both partners' desire. The most couple found this condition irritating and undesirable while some considered it pleasing to them. If the problem of (PE) persists, it can have an adverse effect on the sexual satisfaction of the couple and disrupt the peace in their marital life.

It's difficult to define specific time duration for PE because the length of ejaculation varies from one individual to another. Researchers have revealed that individuals who complain of (PE) reach their climax and ejaculate within 1-2 minutes of penile penetration compare to 7-10 minutes of other individuals who don't complain of the same condition. We can conclude that if a man comes in less than 90 seconds of penile penetration, it's likely that he's suffering from premature ejaculation.

Causes of premature ejaculation:

Several factors contribute to the condition of PE ranging from biological, psychological to social and cultural contributions. Although the exact cause of (PE) is not well known the latest researches have shown that factors that cause sexual dysfunction will cause premature ejaculation.

Some physicians argued that serotonin, a neurotransmitter found in the gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system and platelet is very important in monitoring premature ejaculation. Other biological factors such as infection of the prostate, abnormal level of hormone, diabetes, drug abuse, inheritance can contribute to PE.

Psychological factors that can affect PE include anxiety, depression, stress, sexual abuse, nervousness, early sexual experience and poor body image.

Symptom of premature ejaculation:

The major premature ejaculation symptom is the inability to delay ejaculation. When an individual sees that he cannot control or delay his ejaculation, it's likely to be suffering from PE.

Remedies for premature ejaculation:

A number of treatments have been described to counter premature ejaculation. These are psychological therapies, behavioral therapies, and medical therapies.

In psychological therapies, the clinical psychologist tries to use psychological procedures to evaluate the cause of the man's (PE) problem and proffers a reasonable psychological advice or solution based on the identified cause of the PE. To carry out psychological therapy, a man with premature ejaculation is advised to be confident about his sexual performances and to be less anxious about it. This treatment is usually coupled with medical therapies in order to provide a lasting solution to the problem.

Some of the questions which are often asked by the clinical psychologist from a sufferer include:

What can you say about your present interest in sex?

Do you experience pain during sexual intercourse?

Do you usually engage in mutual romance before intercourse?

Have you ever had a problem reaching climax?

In behavioral therapies, the mutual cooperation of the partners is very important. There's a popular method of "squeezing". In this method, the wife stimulates her man by holding his penis until he's in the state of climax or orgasm. Prior to ejaculation, the wife squeezes the penis hard until he partially loses an erection. This purpose of this is to allow the man to be aware of when he's about to come in each sexual intercourse and begins to delay his ejaculation.

In medical therapy, some pills used as depressant and anesthetic creams have been proved to be effective in slowing down ejaculation time in men although those pills are never approved for use by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These drugs include Prozac, Sarafen, Paroxetine, Clomipramine (Anafranil), Sertraline (Zoloft), and some other drugs capable of increasing the level of serotonin production. It's important to note that these drugs might have side effects if used as a treatment for (PE).

Ayurveda treatment for premature ejaculation

The cause of premature ejaculation with respect to ayurvedic perspective is the provocation of Vata (air) and Pitta Dosha at the commencement of the sexual intercourse. Dosha is known to be aggravated by anxiety and nervousness while Vata is known for its quality of swiftness and heightened sensitivity to the sense of touch.

9 people found this helpful

Male Sexual Health

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Male Sexual Health

What is ejaculation?

It is the release of semen from the penis at orgasm. Semen is made up of sperm and fluid from testes (singular testis), seminal vesicles and prostate gland.

When a man is sexually stimulated, the brain sends signals to the genital area through nerves in spinal cord that causes contraction of pelvic muscles. Waves of pelvic muscle contractions transport the semen from the testes to tip of penis through vas deferens. This is called ejaculation or orgasm (colloquially to cum, shoot, blast or bust).

What is premature ejaculation (PE)?

PE means 'cumming too soon', that is, a man ejaculates before he is ready for it and he has no control over it.

Studies have shown that most men ejaculate between 2-5 minutes after penetration. This time frame is again arbitrary since it can differ from men to men, couple to couple, between cultures and other factors. So, for practical reason, if ejaculation occurs within 1 minute of penis entering into a vagina, it is called premature ejaculation. It is the commonest sexual problem in men and affects all ages.

What are the causes?

  • Premature ejaculation can be primary or secondary.
  • Primary or lifelong PE is when a man has not had control of ejaculation from the time of his first sexual experience. It can be caused by a chemical imbalance in brain centres that lowers the threshold for ejaculation.
  • Secondary or acquired PE is usually when there has been a period of normal functioning before premature ejaculation began. Secondary premature PE is often linked to psychological factors like stress, performance anxiety, relationship issues and impotence.

How is it diagnosed?

There are no tests or scans to diagnose PE. If you have premature ejaculation, you need to see your local doctor and a diagnosis is made based on your history.

What treatments are there for premature ejaculation?

Treatment for PE may involve sex therapy, behavioural techniques, medications, local gels and creams, and treatment of other conditions like erectile dysfunction.

Sex therapy is administered by a person called sex therapist. This is particularly important if the cause of premature ejaculation is psychological like relationship issues and anxiety. Sex therapist provides counselling to address these issues.

There are mainly two behavioural techniques that can be used for treating premature ejaculation:

Seman's 'stop start' technique and Masters and Johnson's 'squeeze' technique.

How to perform Seman's 'stop start' technique

  • Arouse yourself sexually by playing with your penis or ask your partner to stimulate it for you
  • Once you are fully aroused and feel you are close to ejaculation, stop playing
  • Wait for some time until the feeling of ejaculation passes away
  • Once the feeling has passed, you can restart stimulating your penis
  • Repeat this cycle 5-6 times until you finally ejaculate
  • Once you feel more confident with this technique, you can actually practice this after entering your partner. Start thrusting your partner until you feel you are close to ejaculation, stop thrusting and divert your attention to something else. Once the ejaculation feeling passes away, resume thrusting and stopping until you finally ejaculate.
  • How to perform Masters and Johnson's 'squeeze' technique

Once you are fully aroused and feel you are close to ejaculation, squeeze the tip of the penis between your thumb and index finger (or your partner can squeeze it for you) for several seconds until the feeling of ejaculation passes away. Repeat this squeeze and release technique for as long as you can until you finally ejaculate.

What medications are used to treat PE?

  • You need to see your local doctor to get medications prescribed for PE.
  • Dapoxetine (Priligy) is the only medication that is specific to the treatment of premature ejaculation. It is taken 'on-demand' only, one to three hours before sexual intercourse.
  • Some antidepressants have the side effect of delayed ejaculation and used for premature ejaculation. They include SSRIs like fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertraline and tricyclic antidepressant called clomipramine.
  • If PE is associated with erectile dysfunction, Viagra, Cialis or Levitra may be prescribed by your doctor.
  • Local anaesthetic creams and gels can reduce penile sensation and help premature ejaculation. They should be applied up to 30 minutes before sexual intercourse.
  • Using two condoms can reduce penile sensation and help a man take longer to ejaculate.

Just remember

Premature ejaculation is a very common sexual problem in men and affects all ages. It can cause embarrassment and anxiety and affects a man's self-esteem. It can affect both partners emotionally and sexually. There are many treatments available including sex therapy, behavioural techniques and medications but you need to seek help early. It is very important for partners to discuss this openly and get help from a doctor or other health care professionals.

7 people found this helpful

Priapism - How Can It Be Treated?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine, Certified course in Herbal(Ayurvedic) medicine
Sexologist, Ludhiana
Priapism - How Can It Be Treated?

Priapism is a condition of the penis where the erection persists long after the sexual stimulation. It is a painful condition and is extremely common among patients suffering from sickle cell anaemia. Medical treatment is necessary at the earliest in order to prevent any damage to the tissue. This condition is mostly observed in people in the age segment of 30-40.

Symptoms of priapism:
The symptoms of priapism vary according to the type of priapism a person is affected with. Two of the most common types of priapism are non-ischemic and ischemic priapism. While the latter is more common to those with a family history of the same disease, the former can occur to any person. Some of the common symptoms of both the condition include the following:

  1. An erection that lasts for more than an hour or more
  2. Pain in the penis during erection
  3. Rigid shaft of the penile with a soft tip

What are the causes of priapism?

  1. Blood-related disorders such as leukaemia, thalassemia, and sickle cell anaemia
  2. It can also arise from side effects of other medications such as fluoxetine, sertraline, papaverine, warfarin, atomoxetine, chlorpromazine, phentolamine etc
  3. Abuse of alcohol, marijuana, drugs etc.
  4. An injury or trauma to the penis, perineum and pelvis restricting the blood flow.
  5. Penis cancer
  6. Metabolic disorders such as amyloidosis and gout
  7. Neurological disorders such as syphilis or an injury to the spinal cord
  8. A toxic infection or a bite from a spider

What are the possible complications?
Priapism can lead to serious consequences, especially the ischemic type. The trapped blood inside the penis that is devoid of oxygen can start damaging the tissue of the penis. If this disease is not treated on time, it can lead to erectile dysfunction.

How is priapism diagnosed?
A doctor starts from a physical exam and goes through the medical history in order to get first-hand knowledge of the condition. This is followed by the prescription of tests such as blood gas measurement, ultrasound, count of red blood cells and platelets and other toxicology tests.

What are the treatment options?
There could be various approaches that are taken by a doctor. Excess blood can be drained out with the help of a syringe and the penis can be flushed with saline in order to get rid of the oxygen-devoid blood out of the penis. Certain medications can be injected into the pen that helps the blood to flow normally without accumulating inside the penis. If all else fails, a surgeon can perform a procedure in order to drain the blood from a different route.

6 Symptoms Of Depression And Its Treatment!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, Senior Resident Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
6 Symptoms Of Depression And Its Treatment!

Feeling tired all the time? Do you feel that you can’t focus on things anymore? Have you lost interest in things and people you once loved spending time with? Does your temper fly off the hook at the drop of a hat? If it is a ‘yes’ to the questions above, then you might be slowly but steadily succumbing to depression. Depression is a psychological disorder that is characterized by symptoms of extreme sadness, worthlessness and hopelessness over a prolonged period of time.

Symptoms

  1. Lack of Interest: This is probably the starkest of all the symptoms. Hobbies or activities that you used to enjoy once no longer catch your fancy. You do not find little or no pleasure in social activities or any other hobby of yours anymore.
  2. A constant Feeling of Hopelessness: You tend to develop a negative outlook towards life in general, as you feel that the current situation will never get better and will only worsen.
  3. Loss of Appetite: Loss of appetite is a common feature of depression; it can also lead to rapid weight loss. If engulfed by depression, one generally tends to ignore food completely, remain hungry, both of which contribute to the vicious cycle that depression is.
  4. Changes in Sleep Patterns: Insomnia is a condition that is marked by a sheer inability to sleep, no matter how physically exhausted one is. Depression tends to exhibit this particular symptom in maximum cases. However, oversleeping, or sleeping more than the sufficient hours is also common.
  5. Reckless Behavior: Depression makes one more prone to reckless behavior; one generally develops an angry and irritated persona; this in turn, may make one to exhibit reckless and rash behavior.
  6. Lack of Energy and Focus: Depression causes one to feel fatigued and sluggish the entire day. Factors such as a total loss of appetite contribute to this particular symptom. Stemming from these symptoms are two other major occurrences; an inability to focus on anything and an inability to decide on anything.

Self-help, Coping tips and Treatment-

  1. Connect with different people: Being isolated from the rest can and usually aggravates symptoms of depression. So, reach out to other people and your loved ones; talk to your loved ones and try to empty your mind when you are having a one-to-one with them. Interacting and talking to others will make you feel better and should go a long way in taking that huge rock off your chest.
  2. Try to ditch that sedentary lifestyle; go out in the open: An early morning jog can feel daunting at first but the benefits are immense. Exercising regularly has been proven to be as effective as anti-depressants in combatting depression. Even a 20 minutes jog early in the morning releases ‘endorphins’ in the body, also known as the ‘feel good hormones’. These hormones induce a feeling of happiness and relaxation, thus taking your mind off any particular event or circumstance that has been ruining your sanctity of late.
  3. Avoid Alcohol and Drugs: Avoid alcohol and drugs to come out of your sadness; they have never helped and will never help. Taking these substances provides a temporary solution to depression, as it will again show up once the effects of the intoxicants wear off. It will also interfere with other medications that you may be taking to combat depression, thus reducing their potency.
  4. It’s high time you bought the meditating mat: Sleep has a beneficial effect on your mental health as it has been proven to improve memory and other cognitive and brain functions. Another way to improve brain function and be more relaxed is to meditate regularly. Meditation induces a state of relaxation, and if done on a regular basis, can be an effective treatment for depression. Meditation also helps with an improved focus and reduced anxiety.
  5. Medications can always help: Medications such as anti-depressants are administered to treat depression. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), including citalopram, fluoxetine and sertraline are the most commonly administered medications to cure this condition. However, it is advised to try the abovementioned methods first so that you do not have to depend on medications alone; the reason being that these medications do have their fair share of side effects.
5 people found this helpful

Symptoms And Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder!

MBBS, MD Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Kottayam
Symptoms And Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder!

A particularly stressful situation or event that has created terror or been overly dramatic or dangerous can lead to stress and anxiety long after the individual has physically come out of the situation. This kind of a traumatic condition is usually what characterises Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

In simple words, PTSD is a neurological disorder which affects individuals after experiencing severe traumatic situations.

Symptoms of PTSD:

  1. Mood symptoms: Mood swings are the most common outcome of these symptoms. The patient may experience a complete lack of enthusiasm and drive to indulge in activities like hobbies and socialising. Also, the patient may end up harbouring feelings of negativity towards family, friends and strangers, besides going through phases of guilt and self blame for the occurrence of the traumatic event.
  2. Re-experiencing symptoms: These symptoms include flashbacks and life like re-imagination in the form of dreams and nightmares. In many cases, the patient may remember and re-experience the entire scene or series of events that have led to the trauma in the first place. This can be triggered by a memory or association with words, events and other such things that have to do with the memory of the traumatic episode.
  3. Arousal symptoms: Arousal or reactivity symptoms may trigger the same reactions that the person showed during the traumatic experience. These may include being on edge constantly in anticipation of a reoccurrence, or even getting startled by the slightest thing since the mind is already occupied with thoughts of the event, constantly. Anger and emotional outbursts may also be caused due to these symptoms.
  4. Avoidance or rumination: Those suffering from PTSD avoid being reminded of the trauma, such as people, situations or circumstances associated with the event. They try to suppress memories associated with the event.- Many others ruminate excessively and prevent themselves from coming to terms with it.

Treatment for PTSD:

Mindfulness meditation (not a treatment option) helps in recognizing cognitive dissonances and affected thought patterns and aids in recognizing and overcoming their influence. Other therapies, including Cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are also done depending on the patient's condition.

How do medications help regulate these responses?

The medications prescribed for treating PTSD symptoms act upon neurotransmitters related to the fear and anxiety circuitry of the brain including serotonin, norepinephrine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), excitatory amino acids. There is great interest in developing agents with novel and more specific mechanisms of action than are currently available to target the PTSD symptoms described earlier while also minimizing potential side effects.

Studies show that a number of medications are helpful in minimizing PTSD symptoms. Most of the time, medications do not entirely eliminate symptoms but provide symptom reduction and could be more effective when used in conjunction with an ongoing program of trauma specific psychotherapy for patients.

Medications

Several types of medications can help improve symptoms of PTSD:

  1. Antidepressants. These medications can help symptoms of depression and anxiety. They can also help improve sleep problems and concentration. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications sertraline (Zoloft) and paroxetine (Paxil) are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for PTSD treatment.
  2. Anti-anxiety medications. These drugs can relieve severe anxiety and related problems. Some anti-anxiety medications have the potential for abuse, so they are generally used only for a short time.
  3. Prazosin. If symptoms include insomnia with recurrent nightmares, a drug called prazosin (Minipress) may help. Although not specifically FDA approved for PTSD treatment, prazosin may reduce or suppress nightmares in many people with PTSD.

You and your doctor can work together to figure out the best medication, with the fewest side effects, for your symptoms and situation. You may see an improvement in your mood and other symptoms within a few weeks. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.

2489 people found this helpful