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Overview

Risperdal 4 MG Tablet

Manufacturer: Janssen
Medicine composition: Risperidone
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Risperdal 4 MG Tablet belongs to the drug group known as atypical antipsychotic, used in the treatment of psychotic disorders. This medication can treat schizophrenia and manic depression, both symptoms of bipolar disorder. It is also used for treating irritability symptoms in children suffering from autism. Risperdal 4 MG Tablet helps in restoring the balance of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers) in the brain, which can eventually reduce the symptoms associated with psychotic disorders. You can take this medicine in the form of tablets, disintegrating tablets or a solution. It can be a part of combination therapy, meaning you will have to take it with other medications for your treatment.

Risperdal 4 MG Tablet, an atypical antipsychotic medicine, is used for treating various symptoms associated with psychotic disorders. The disorders can be schizophrenia, manic depression in people with bipolar disorder or irritability in autistic children. It is believed that there is an imbalance of some neurotransmitters in the brain of people suffering from these psychotic disorders. Risperdal 4 MG Tablet helps in the restoration of this imbalance, thus treating the symptoms related to these conditions. The medicine is available in tablet, disintegrating tablet as well as in solution form.

The dosage of Risperdal 4 MG Tablet will be decided by your doctor and ensure that you follow his/her instructions. You can take this medicine with food or without. If you are taking the orally dissolving tablet, allow it to dissolve properly in your mouth and instead of chewing it. You can take it with water that will help you swallow the dissolved tablet. In case you are having it in the liquid form, make sure that you measure the correct amount.

In case of a missed dose, skip it if you are near your next dose. Do not take two doses simultaneously, as overdose of Risperdal 4 MG Tablet can cause rapid heart rate, severe drowsiness and restless movements of the muscles of the face.

The side effects of Risperdal 4 MG Tablet include headache, drooling, drowsiness, nausea, and light-headedness, a feeling of restlessness or weight gain. These mild symptoms normally go away in a few days, but in case it is persistent, a consultation with your doctor may be required. However, there may be certain side effects that will require immediate medical attention:

  • Uncontrolled movements of the muscles in the face like frowning, tongue movement and lip smacking
  • Swelling or tenderness of the breast in both women and men, missed or irregular menstruation and nipple discharge
  • High fever, sweating, tremors, uneven heartbeats and a faint-like feeling
  • Unusual bleeding from the mouth, nose, rectum or vagina and red or purple spots under the skin - which is an indication of low platelet levels in the blood
  • Increase in appetite, feeling thirsty more often, increase in the amount of urination and nausea - all indicating high blood sugar
  • Priapism (prolonged and painful erection of penis)

While you are on medication, avoid alcohol as it can worsen your side effects. You also need to be careful while doing activities that require alertness in your part like driving. Try to get up slowly if you are sitting or lying down to avoid an accidental fall, as you may be feeling dizzy. Apart from that, always keep yourself hydrated by drinking lot of fluids.

Risperdal 4 MG Tablet can effectively treat the symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis namely runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing etc.
Utricaria
Risperdal 4 MG Tablet can effectively treat the symptoms of Utricaria which could be red and itchy rashes and raised bumps on the skin.
Risperdal 4 MG Tablet is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to it.
In addition to its intended effect, Risperdal 4 MG Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Headache Moderate Common
Sleepiness Moderate Common
Unusual tiredness and weakness Moderate Less Common
Dry mouth Minor Less Common
Nausea or Vomiting Minor Rare
How long is the duration of effect?
The effect of this medicine can last for an average duration of 24 hours.
What is the onset of action?
The peak effect of this medicine can be observed within an hour of oral administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not known to cause any harmful effect on the fetus of pregnant women. There is a lack of conclusive evidence from clinical studies and hence benefits and risks should be considered before using it. Consult your doctor before taking this medication.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for use in women who are breastfeeding as the medicine can cause side effects on the baby. Consult your doctor before taking this medication.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Risperdal 4 MG Tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Rpg Life Sciences Ltd
Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Unichem Laboratories Ltd
Are there any missed dose instructions?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, then the missed dose can be skipped.
Are there any overdose instructions?
Contact your doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdose may include dizziness, restlessness, and confusion. Supportive measures like gastric lavage might be initiated based on the severity of symptoms.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Liver Disease Moderate
Risperdal 4 MG Tablet should be administered with caution if you are suffering from a liver abnormality. Consult your doctor before taking this medication as dose adjustments might be required based on the severity of impairment.
Kidney Disease Moderate
Risperdal 4 MG Tablet should be administered with caution if you are suffering from a kidney abnormality. Consult your doctor before taking this medication as dose adjustments might be required based on the severity of impairment.
Interaction with Alcohol
Ethanol Moderate
Consumption of alcohol while taking Risperdal 4 MG Tablet is not recommended. Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided in such cases.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Alprazolam Moderate
Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided after taking these medicines. Do not stop the usage of any medication without consulting your doctor. Any medicine having sedation as a side effect must be taken with caution while taking Risperdal 4 MG Tablet.
Codeine Moderate
Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided after taking these medicines. Do not stop the usage of any medication without consulting your doctor.
What are you using Risperdal 4 MG Tablet for?
Other
How much was the improvement?
Excellent
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within a day
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

My cousin is diagnosed with Psychosis. She is 18 year old. Doctor advised her risperdal 1mg. Symptoms gone just after 1week. Now she is absolutely normal. Doctor has reduced medicine from 1mg to 0.5mg. Now she is fine no problem at all. Please advise us How long she should take this medicine. Can we stop after some time? Is this a life long treatment?

M.S. Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychologist, Bangalore
My cousin is diagnosed with Psychosis. She is 18 year old. Doctor advised her risperdal 1mg. Symptoms gone just after...
Mostly, people with psychosis need to be on the medication for lifelong. Since you have consulted a doctor, please follow his advice. You are seeing the difference with the medicines prescribed by him. Your cousin is feeling better because of the medication only. Please do not stop the medication without the doctor's advice. The doctor must have taken the complete medical and family history of your cousin and only after that must have prescribed the medicines. Have faith in him. If you doubt his knowledge or diagnosis, you can have second opinion. But it appears to me that, following the present doctors medication will be helpful, as it is showing positive results.
1 person found this helpful

What to do in case of risperdal disease so as to improve efficiency of an individual.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
What to do in case of risperdal disease so as to improve efficiency of an individual.
It is not clear what you mean. Risperdal is not a disease and is a medicine given for mental illness. Please ask clearly.

20 yrs male schizophrenia patient stable with medicines risperdal 3mg, clonil 25, olanex 5+20 mg,sizopin 50, share nowadays see some round orange substance in the chin of every person. Reply what is this & what to do ?

MD-PhD, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
It is a perceptual disorder either drug induced or uncontrolled symptoms. Review medication and treat with Haloperidol 10to 20mg BD./ and Pacitane 2mg BD.
1 person found this helpful

Sir I am 33 male am taking risperidone and serta for 4 years which increased my prolactin level and decrease testosterone level I don't feel any sexual desire and suffering from erectile dysfunction. Please suggest me with right opinion.

M.D.(Ayu.) Basic Principles, B.A.M.S., I.P.G.T.& R.A., GAU
Ayurveda, Ajmer
Sir I am 33 male am taking risperidone and serta for 4 years which increased my prolactin level and decrease testoste...
Hi Lybrate User Use Tablet shilapravang special two tablets two times a day with milk empty stomach. Use Tablet X Bal Gold two tablets two times a day. Use Tablet Vajitone two tablets two times a day with milk. Avoid oily spicy fried salty food. Take light easily digestable nutrional foods. These medicines are highly efficient to boost up your stamina and energy and libido. Tc Thank Regards.
23 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

Schizophrenia affects over 1% of the world’s population and affects the way a person thinks, feels and behaves. In most cases, it is diagnosed when a person is between the ages of 16 to 25. This condition can be hereditary and is said to affect men more often than women. Schizophrenia is characterized by an inability to distinguish between real and imaginary which can lead to delusions, social withdrawal, hallucinations and other forms of social and occupational dysfunction.

Schizophrenia affects different people in different ways. On the basis of the type of symptoms exhibited, this disease has been categorized into 5 sub types. These are:

  1. PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA: This type of schizophrenia is characterized by delusions and hallucinations that may make the person exhibit paranoid behaviour. These people often feel like they are being watched or followed and may have delusions of grandeur. They may also get angry quickly on minor issues and show signs of anxiety and hostility.
  2. DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA: In such cases, the person may behave in ways that are difficult to understand or speak in broken sentences and have difficulty structuring a sentence. They may also display inappropriate behaviour and react in ways not suitable to the occasion. People suffering from disorganized schizophrenia may also neglect their personal hygiene.
  3. CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from catatonic schizophrenia may swing between immobility and periods of rapid movement. They may stay quiet for hours or talk rapidly repeating everything they hear. These people have a high risk of harming themselves as they are usually unable to look after themselves and complete daily activities.
  4. UNDIFFERENTIATED SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from this type of schizophrenia exhibit behaviour that fits into more than one type of schizophrenia. From time to time they may have hallucinations, suffer from delusions or display catatonic behaviour and disorganized behaviour or speech.
  5. RESIDUAL SCHIZOPHRENIA: Even though a person may not be currently showcasing any signs of schizophrenia, they are said to have residual schizophrenia. Such people need to have had at least one schizophrenic episode. These people may exhibit symptoms later or be in complete remission.

With schizophrenia, an early diagnosis can make treatment easier and hence if you notice anyone exhibiting signs of schizophrenia, you must advise them to seek medical help immediately.

Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Agents

Commonly prescribed typical antipsychotics include:

Commonly prescribed atypical antipsychotics include:

Most psychotropic medications produce the best results when paired with some type of psychotherapy. Medication can be of great service in helping a person treat and overcome debilitating symptoms, but pills by themselves cannot address behaviors, emotions, and root causes of mental health issues. If you are prescribed an antipsychotic medication, please consider finding a therapist you trust to help you learn more about what you are experiencing and to help you develop coping strategies to improve the quality of your life.

Schizophrenia cannot be cured but it can be managed with a combination of typical or atypical medication and cognitive therapy. The latter can be in the form of self-help groups, housing and employment programs, counselling and therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4164 people found this helpful

Stereotypic Movement Disorder - How To Deal With It?

DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Stereotypic Movement Disorder - How To Deal With It?

We all tend to engage in some repetitive activities at various points in our lives. However, when a person continues to engage in the same activities which are rhythmic but purposeless, resulting in self-injury or injury to others, it is known as stereotypic movement disorder (SMD). In order to qualify as an SMD, the routine movements should continue for at least four weeks and should interfere with the daily functioning.

This disorder is more common in adolescent boys than in girls, and is associated with other mental conditions like Autism, intellectual disability (ID), and neurological disorders. The repeated actions tend to aggravate with frustration, boredom, stress, and anger. Some of the common movements include head banging, self-biting, nail biting, rocking, handshaking, waving into the air, putting objects in the mouth, and picking one’s own skin.
There is no known cause for this disease, though head injury and cocaine are said to cause SMD.

Treatment: Suspected children are diagnosed with SMD after a thorough clinical examination and interview with the parents is done. The treatment then includes a two-pronged approach—improving function and preventing injury.

  1. The environment is usually made safer so that even if the repetitive actions are being carried out, the damage done to the child is minimised. For instance, for a child who might be banging his/her head repeatedly, a helmet may be used.
  2. Antidepressants, in mild doses, may prove to be useful for some children to control their sadness, which is a trigger for the repetitive behaviour. Atypical antipsychotics such as risperidone or aripiprazole are also used for patients who might have associated autism symptoms.
  3. Another trigger is stress, which should be reduced for the child. This prevents the onset of repetitive action, which in turn prevents injury. The child is also trained on how to control his/her own emotions. For instance, children with this condition are taught to put their hands in their pocket if they get a strong urge to pick their own skin. This, when done over a period of time, can help control the habit.
  4. The child is also taught relaxation techniques, which can help in controlling the urge.
  5. Behavioural therapy approach known as differential reinforcement of other behaviours (DRO) is used where socially appropriate behaviours of the child are suitably rewarded. Over a period of time, this becomes a habit, and good behaviours are reinforced.
  6. Another behavioural approach called functional communication training (FTC) is used where the child uses alternative actions or verbal responses in place of the repetitive, harmful actions. This again is reinforced to form a habit with time.

All affected people can have significant reduction in symptoms with a combination of medications and counselling and supportive therapy. Early detection and intervention can help in curtailing the progression of the symptoms. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!

2847 people found this helpful

Treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Sexologist, Surat
Treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a mental health condition, which is usually triggered by an unfortunate event experienced or witnessed by the affected patient in the past. The symptoms of this condition are flashbacks, nightmares and extreme anxiety. The patient also thinks about the event in an uncontrolled manner.

PTSD is a serious mental health condition that can damage the affected person's personality to a great extent. Therefore, the person should be given proper treatment at the earliest. There are various treatment methods for PTSD that can help you in changing how you think about a traumatic event. The treatment options that can be used have been mentioned below:

Counselling:
There are different forms of counselling for treating PTSD which include:

  1. Cognitive therapy: It is a therapy where you learn how to change your thought patterns regarding the trauma and allow you to eliminate unnecessary fears.
  2. Exposure therapy: It involves talking about the trauma over and over again until the fear departs.
  3. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: It is a process where you are made to focus on several forms of distractions like sounds and hand movements while you think about the trauma. A good therapist is very important to bring positive changes in your life by means of counseling therapy. You require a therapist who will listen to whatever you have to say and guide you through everything to make you feel better.

SSRI medicine:
SSRI or Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor is a form of antidepressant medicine, which helps you with your sadness and tension. There are certain medicines that are really effective and can be prescribed by your doctor depending on the condition.

Other forms of treatment:
There are several other types of medicines and procedures that can be used for treating PTSD. They include the following:

  1. There are other counselling forms, which include group therapy, brief psychodynamic psychotherapy and family therapy.
  2. There are other medicines as well for the treatment of PTSD. They include tricyclic antidepressants and atypical antidepressants.
  3. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors like isocarboxazid can also be used for curing PTSD.
  4. Certain mood stabilizers can be taken along with the medicines such as carbamazepine and lithium.
  5. Several antipsychotics, which include risperidone can be used to tackle symptoms such as flashbacks and sleeplessness.
  6. Another medicine known as prazosin is also used for dealing with nightmares and sleep disorders caused by PTSD. All kinds of medicines for the treatment of PTSD should be taken only after being prescribed by a doctor.

Post-traumatic stress disorder is a serious mental health condition in which a patient suffers from continuous negative thoughts regarding a traumatic event which has happened in the past. This condition may give rise to other health problems, and immediate treatment is recommended. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.

6136 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Risperdal 4 MG Tablet
When is Risperdal 4 MG Tablet prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Risperdal 4 MG Tablet?
What are the side effects of Risperdal 4 MG Tablet?
Key highlights of Risperdal 4 MG Tablet
What are the substitutes for Risperdal 4 MG Tablet?
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Risperdal 4 MG Tablet approved?
What are the interactions for Risperdal 4 MG Tablet?