Risperidone belongs to the drug group known as atypical antipsychotic, used in the treatment of psychotic disorders. This medication can treat schizophrenia and manic depression, both symptoms of bipolar disorder. It is also used for treating irritability symptoms in children suffering from autism. Risperidone helps in restoring the balance of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers) in the brain, which can eventually reduce the symptoms associated with psychotic disorders. You can take this medicine in the form of tablets, disintegrating tablets or a solution. It can be a part of combination therapy, meaning you will have to take it with other medications for your treatment.
Risperidone, an atypical antipsychotic medicine, is used for treating various symptoms associated with psychotic disorders. The disorders can be schizophrenia, manic depression in people with bipolar disorder or irritability in autistic children. It is believed that there is an imbalance of some neurotransmitters in the brain of people suffering from these psychotic disorders. Risperidone helps in the restoration of this imbalance, thus treating the symptoms related to these conditions. The medicine is available in tablet, disintegrating tablet as well as in solution form.
The dosage of Risperidone will be decided by your doctor and ensure that you follow his/her instructions. You can take this medicine with food or without. If you are taking the orally dissolving tablet, allow it to dissolve properly in your mouth and instead of chewing it. You can take it with water that will help you swallow the dissolved tablet. In case you are having it in the liquid form, make sure that you measure the correct amount.
In case of a missed dose, skip it if you are near your next dose. Do not take two doses simultaneously, as overdose of Risperidone can cause rapid heart rate, severe drowsiness and restless movements of the muscles of the face.
The side effects of Risperidone include headache, drooling, drowsiness, nausea, and light-headedness, a feeling of restlessness or weight gain. These mild symptoms normally go away in a few days, but in case it is persistent, a consultation with your doctor may be required. However, there may be certain side effects that will require immediate medical attention:
- Uncontrolled movements of the muscles in the face like frowning, tongue movement and lip smacking
- Swelling or tenderness of the breast in both women and men, missed or irregular menstruation and nipple discharge
- High fever, sweating, tremors, uneven heartbeats and a faint-like feeling
- Unusual bleeding from the mouth, nose, rectum or vagina and red or purple spots under the skin - which is an indication of low platelet levels in the blood
- Increase in appetite, feeling thirsty more often, increase in the amount of urination and nausea - all indicating high blood sugar
- Priapism (prolonged and painful erection of penis)
While you are on medication, avoid alcohol as it can worsen your side effects. You also need to be careful while doing activities that require alertness in your part like driving. Try to get up slowly if you are sitting or lying down to avoid an accidental fall, as you may be feeling dizzy. Apart from that, always keep yourself hydrated by drinking lot of fluids.
How long is the duration of effect?The effect of this medicine can last for an average duration of 24 hours.
What is the onset of action?The peak effect of this medicine can be observed within an hour of oral administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine is not known to cause any harmful effect on the fetus of pregnant women. There is a lack of conclusive evidence from clinical studies and hence benefits and risks should be considered before using it. Consult your doctor before taking this medication.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?This medicine is not recommended for use in women who are breastfeeding as the medicine can cause side effects on the baby. Consult your doctor before taking this medication.
Are there any missed dose instructions?Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, then the missed dose can be skipped.
Are there any overdose instructions?Contact your doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdose may include dizziness, restlessness, and confusion. Supportive measures like gastric lavage might be initiated based on the severity of symptoms.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Risperidone as ingredient
This medicine works by binding to the serotonin (5HT2) and dopamine D2 receptors and inhibits the release of chemical substances thus helps in reducing the symptoms.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Kidney DiseaseRisperidone should be administered with caution if you are suffering from a kidney abnormality. Consult your doctor before taking this medication as dose adjustments might be required based on the severity of impairment.
Interaction with Alcohol
EthanolConsumption of alcohol while taking Risperidone is not recommended. Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided in such cases.
Interaction with Lab Test
LabInformation not available.
Interaction with Food
FoodInformation not available.
Interaction with Medicine
AlprazolamAny activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided after taking these medicines. Do not stop the usage of any medication without consulting your doctor. Any medicine having sedation as a side effect must be taken with caution while taking Risperidone.
CodeineAny activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided after taking these medicines. Do not stop the usage of any medication without consulting your doctor.
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Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.