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Overview

Autism - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Austim?

The different kinds of autism have quite a lot of overlap. In children the variance in symptoms is more pronounced and given rise to the autism spectrum disorder concept or ASD. Boys are more prone to having autism than girls. The numbers of autism detections are on the rise, but might just be due to better detection. An earlier diagnosis is better as it can provide earlier treatment and thus help children having autism do better with social skills and language.

What are the Signs of Autism?

Three separate aspects of the life of a child may be affected by autism spectrum disorders:

  • Social interaction
  • Interests and behavior
  • Nonverbal and verbal communication

Behavior in ASD

The patterns of ASD will be different for each child. The mental development of a child may be slowed from birth. Few children start developing normally and then suddenly start losing language or social skills. Others exhibit normal development till the time they start showing abnormal preoccupations and thoughts. Losing language skills may be majorly impairing for some children. While in others, abnormal behavior shows up as a dominating factor. Parents generally are the first, who observe any wrong behavior. The diagnosis of autism is usually delayed. The early autism signs might be downplayed by the physician or parents, indicating that there is a minor developmental delay. Medical professionals should evaluate children who have possible ASD.

What are the types of Autism?

The three primary autism types are:

  • Asperger’s Syndrome
  • PDD NOS (Pervasive development-disorder, not otherwise specified)
  • Autistic Disorder

Two more, rare but still critical ASD like conditions have been included – Childhood-disintegrative disorder and Rett syndrome.

Asperger’s Syndrome

Asperger’s syndrome is the mildest autism type. Boys are affected thrice more than girls are. AS children get obsessed over a single topic or object. They tend to learn everything about their subject of choice and don’t stop discussing it. They however inept at their social skills and they generally are uncoordinated and awkward. Other ASDs are more severe than Asperger’s syndrome. It is also not uncommon for AS children to have higher than normal intelligence. Some doctors, due to this reason term it as ‘High functioning autism’. AS children on growing up, face higher depression and anxiety risks.

Autistic Disorder

Children meeting a more stringent criteria for autism diagnosis have autistic disorder. They have higher language and social impairment and repetitive behavior. Seizures and mental retardation is common as well.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Learning disability or speech delay in a child. Difficulty with communication, difficulty with social interactions. Obsessive interests and repetitive behaviours. Poor muscular coordination or tic.

Popular Health Tips

Autism Spectrum Disorder - How To Diagnose It?

Diploma in Psychological Medicine, Doing Post Diploma MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Autism Spectrum Disorder - How To Diagnose It?

Autism spectrum disorders are a group of severe neurological and developmental disorders which begin in early childhood and can last throughout a person’s life. It affects the ability to interact with others and also hinders communication and well as learning ability. A proper health center can diagnose the presence of autism spectrum disorder early on. Many tests are available for evaluation and diagnosis as it is a range of disorders which can have a variety of symptoms. The environment and genetics also play a role in the development of autism spectrum disorder but the exact cause of autism spectrum disorder is not yet known.

Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder:

  1. Your child may not be able to respond when called by his or her name by 12 months age.
  2. Will avoid eye contact and also have the desire to stay alone.
  3. Have trouble understanding or relating to other people or talk about their own feelings.
  4. Delayed speech and language skills which would affect the ability to speak.
  5. Show unusual reaction to sound, smell, taste or feelings.
  6. Answering questions with unrelated answers that have no meaning or link.
  7. Prefer to play alone and would avoid physical contact.


Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder:

  1. Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation – The behavior of your child and development is first studied by the doctor in detail. The tests include genetic testing, neurological testing, hearing and vision testing among others. Doctors may also suggest other specialized tests in certain cases.
  2. Developmental Screening – The development of your child’s basic learning skills with respect to the age is checked. The doctor checks for some delays in the progress and will also monitor movement, behavior and speaking progress of the child. Some additional checks are also done for low birth weight, premature birth among other things.

Treatment:

  1. Applied behavioral analysis – This is a notable treatment and widely accepted by doctors all over the world. ABA is known to encourage positive behaviors and improves a variety of skills in a child.
  2. Occupational Therapy – Teaches the skills to live independently like eating, dressing and social skills. This can help people afflicted by autism spectrum disorders to lead a normal life within the society and thus relate to as well as interact with other people.
  3. Speech therapy – It improves and focuses primarily on communication skills and also uses picture boards and gestures to improve the abilities and induce learning skills.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2607 people found this helpful

basic tips about Autism

CCT, FRCPCH , MRCPCH, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
basic tips about Autism

Delayed speech: can it be autism?

Autistic spectrum disorder (asd) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behaviour.

Very early indicators are-

  • no babbling or pointing by age 1
  • no single words by 16 months
  • no response to name
  • loss of language or social skills
  • poor eye contact
  • excessive lining up of toys or objects
  • no smiling, greeting or social responsiveness.
     

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Fellowship In Neonatology, MRCPCH(UK), Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Play video

Good evening,

I am Dr. Lata Bhut, I am a pediatrician specially trained to handle a developmental problem in children and running Palak Child Development Centre in Mayur Vihar, Phase- 2, Delhi.

Today I am going to talk about Autistic spectrum disorder, earlier I spoke about how to suspect a child for high-risk Autism based on signs and symptoms, today I am going to talk about the evaluation and management of such children. Autism is a social communication skills disorder where this impairment nonverbal and verbal communication both and there repetitive behavior patterns which impaired child day to day functioning. Speech delay is the commonest presentation although they can be some intellectual disability in some children. So early intervention is very important because in earlier years especially below the age of 3 years brain has compass fantastic capacity to rewire in response to environmental stimulation and 1 to 3 years is the best age to teach speech and language to a child. So American Academy of Pediatrics recommends starting early intervention starting specially below 2 years of age and do not wait till the diagnosis made because diagnosis may take some time, so all children should be scream for Autism between 18 to 24 months of age using a screening tool by a pediatrician and once a pediatrician suspects a child to be high risk for Autism, child should be referred to a development pediatrician or even if the parents suspect the child to be at risk for Autism they can come directly to the child development centre or to developmental pediatrician and the child is handled by multidisciplinary team of developmental paediatrician, paedia technologies, clinical psychologist, occupational therapies, special educators, speech and language therapist and parents are a part of the Core Team. In the diagnosis hearing assessment is very important because there is speech delay and other tests are done based on the clinical features and decide by the doctor, a detailed evaluation is done by the team using Autism diagnosis tools and once a diagnosis made or even before that early intervention is started once we suspect Autism. Early intervention involves intensive behavior modification therapy to teach nonverbal communication, speech, improve cognition, improve the independent self-help skills of the child and to enumerate the problematic behavior of the child. Occupation therapy, especially by the therapist trained in sensory integration, aims to develop self-help skills and fine motor skills and to enumerate the problematic sensory behaviors because if the child problem is sensory issues then the child can have difficult behavior, difficulty in learning and also in feeding. A special educator aims to give remedial education to help in academics and speech therapist in to develop speech of the child. It has to be individualized, goal-oriented, the intensive systematic model where we review it time to time because a development of change time to time, parents are a part of a Core Team. At least 25 hours per week of therapy should be given which means some hours at the center and followed by at least one and a half and two hours at home therapy should be done. And coming to the medications there is no medication to cure or Autism, although we can give medicines to enumerate the problematic behaviors and prognosis the earlier we start the better it is.

For any further queries, you can contact me on Lybrate.

3637 people found this helpful

Autism - How Effective Is Homeopathy in Treating It?

DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Chandigarh
Autism - How Effective Is Homeopathy in Treating It?

Autism is identified by characteristics like difficulty in communication, the use of language, understanding abstract concepts and building bonds with other people. This brain development disorder is also characterized by the performance of repetitive behaviors in the affected individual.

Treatment of this condition requires an understanding of every vital factor associated with the condition. The hardcore approach is vital for understanding the stimulus/response connection of symptoms. This is because whenever an autistic child undergoes stressful situations, the reaction is a sign that a homeopath cannot ignore. By completely understanding the cycle of stress and reaction, a homeopath can only be able to suggest the right treatment program.

What about the remedies prescribed for treating the condition?

Being a holistic branch of medicine, homeopathy takes into account the complete physical as well as the mental makeup of the individual. Additionally, in this alternative medicine, the homeopath also takes into consideration the details of the disease while recommending remedies. Remedies like Carcinocin, Secretin and Thuja are favored the most for treating the condition. At the same time, the appropriate remedies are recommended after having a thorough understanding as to whether the individual falls within the constitutional makeup of the remedies considered.Another essential aspect of this branch of medicine in the treatment of this brain development disorder is the practice of using LM potencies (homeopathic medicines on the last scale of potencies). These remedies are not only acted faster but are also gentler compared to others.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3201 people found this helpful

High Functioning Autism - Understanding It

B.A in Psychology, NLP Practioner Certificate
Psychologist, Surat
High Functioning Autism - Understanding It

We have heard the label" high functioning autism"- - it basically means that the disorders are present at a higher level. And the symptoms of that disorder and co-morbids are amplified compared to the same disorder / co-morbids at the lower end - since they are spectrum disorders. 
A lot of us dont know much about it, what is it exactly or its symptoms and traits and crucially how to handle it or deal with it in daily life.

There is more to it than meets the eye.

It completely affects the individual life in the following: aspects:

  • Education 
  • Behaviour 
  • Employment
  • Emotions
  • Relationship
  • Mental health
  • Meltdowns

All we have seen and heard is the" behavioural" aspect of it especially challenging behaviour which is only one aspect of it. Without knowing or understanding some of the other aspects that coexist with it. Nor the 
Co-morbidity of other disorders present at the same time.
 
N. B. Granted -some have a better understanding of it than others - 

  • This article gives a simple overview for everyone involved. The individual him / her self, the parent, carer, guardian and educator. To start to understand exactly what" high functioning" is, all about -.
  • The additional article links within the article are also worth a read.
  • Hopefully this series of post will provide us with a better understanding of" high functioning autism. And its effect on the entire life of individuals living it.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My grand daughter is aged 2 years 4 months. She has Mild Autistic Syndrome. Can this ailment be completely cured with therapy or with acupressure ? Rgds

Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), PG Diploma in Hospital Management, Bachelor in Occupational Therapy, CAS - Certified Autism Specialist, Sensory Enrichment Therapy, Early Childhood Special education, Drama Therapy
Occupational Therapist, Bangalore
Occupational therapy can help autistic child to gain normalcy in life. They can be surely mainstreamed after therapy. Please take regular sessions and you will surely find change in her.

G.I Medication for autistic kids. Is it suitable to give G.I Medicine to autistic child of 2 years and 5 months age? Kindly suggest some doctors in Amritsar providing medicine for GI.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Avoid spicy food items and not to eat junk food and we also need to avoid peanuts and potatoes in our daily diet and domstal syp can be given after clinical examination

Is Black Cumin Oil safe for Autistic Children? Can we use Olive Oil for treating the hyperactive patients?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Olive oil is not the treatment for hyperactive patient and it can be used for other purposes of olive oil
1 person found this helpful

My son is diagnosed for autism and he does not speak yet. He is 4 years old. Can you please let me know the treatment options.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
You have to get the diagnosis confirmed by a psychiatrist and then go for behavior modification techniques from a Occupational therapist. There are many who do not do good job, so you really have to find one who does a good behavior therapy. It will help your son overcome the deficits.

Table of Content

What is Austim?

What are the Signs of Autism?

Behavior in ASD

What are the types of Autism?

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice