The deficiency of nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and calories in the diet of a person is called undernutrition or malnutrition. The symptoms of malnutrition are related to the eyes, face, skin, mouth, teeth, hair, nail, musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, nail and nervous system of the body; and are slack and wrinkled skin, simian faces, shiny and edematous skin etc. The usual causes of malnutrition are poverty, lack of nutrients in the diet, increasing food prices and low quality of the food crops. Conditions like chronic illnesses, HIV, gastroenteritis and diarrhea are also signs of malnutrition. Inadequate breastfeeding can also cause deficiency of vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and calories in the diet.
HOW IS MALNUTRITION DIAGNOSED?
To eliminate malnutrition, sustainable quality and quantity of food is essential in an adequate healthy environment and with good health care.