Iodine Deficiency is characterized by the scarcity of iodine containing elements in the body. The deficiency directly manifests into problems affecting the thyroid. Common symptoms of iodine deficiency include enlargement of the thyroid, mental imbalance, autism and in some extreme cases, even mental retardation. Newborns and infants are more susceptible to the effects of iodine deficiency than adults, thus being more likely to become overtly hypothyroid.
HOW IS IODINE DEFICIENCY DIAGNOSED?
About 40% of the world's population is at risk of developing iodine deficiency.