Neurological disorders are referred to as disorders of the nervous system that occur due to structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or nerves. They are diseases of central and peripheral nervous system.
Types of neurological disorders:
As any disease of the nervous system is a neurological disorder, there are many types of them; as many as more than 600 diseases. Some of the most common are-
- Stroke: It can occur suddenly if the flow of the blood to the brain stops and it leads to further brain damage. The two kinds of strokes are Hemorrhagic and Ischemic. Blood clots or blocking of the blood vessels causes these attacks.
- Migraine: It is a chronic neurological disorder that causes frequent headaches. It can last for two days or more.
- Brain tumors: Rapid growth of abnormal brain cells results in brain tumors. They can be malignant or benign.
- Multiple Sclerosis: This disease damages the myelin sheath or the protective layer surrounding the nerve cells.
- Spinal Cord Disorders: Head injuries, blocked blood supply, fractured bone, tumor in the spinal cord, its compression and infection causes these disorders.
Few more neurological disorders are
Muscular dystrophy and Huntington’s disease, caused by faulty genes.
Spina bifida, caused by problems with the nervous system development.
Degenerative diseases like Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.
Causes of neurological disorders:
The causes of neurological disorders are quite diverse. The nervous system has numerous membranes of which the nerve is a vulnerable and delicate spot that can be injured and damaged easily. These disorders have a number of causes
- Environmental influences
- Physical injuries
Symptoms of neurological disorder:
Symptoms of neurological disorders can be emotional or neurological, as well as indicative of other disorders and conditions. Some physical symptoms are
- Weakness of muscle
- Loss of sensation
- Difficulty with reading and writing
- Poor cognitive abilities
- Unexpected pain
- Decreased alertness
- Blurry vision
- Changes in behavior
- Numbness of arms and legs
- Slurry speech
Symptoms of stroke
- Weakness and sudden numbness of face, arms or legs
- Severe headache
- Trouble with speech
- Loss of balance
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult a specialist
& get answers to your questions!