Thyroid is a small, ‘butterfly shaped’ gland, situated just below the larynx (voice box) in the lower part of the neck, just above the collar bones.
What Is The Function Of Thyroid Gland?
The purpose of the thyroid gland is to take iodine from foods that we consume and convert them into thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
T4 and T3 are responsible for the metabolism of every cell, proper growth, development and repair of the body. It is important for the development of the central nervous system, regulation of blood calcium levels, energy production, fat metabolism, oxygen utilization, and weight maintenance.
How Does Thyroid Influence Fertility Potential?
Thyroid problems can interrupt the complex process of the menstrual cycle and can result in an irregular menstrual cycle. This, in turn, results in failure of fertilization of an egg by the sperm and thus, failure in conception.
How can you still be Pregnant?
Increased intake of iodine-rich food: Whole fat yogurt, raw dairy product, strawberries, potatoes with the skin left on, zinc with vitamins E, A, B, C, and selenium are responsible for thyroid hormone manufacture.
Stress results in elevated levels of cortisol. Increased cortisol level will inhibit the conversion of T4 to the active T3 hormone and will stop the active T3 entering cells sufficiently. Stress Management techniques like meditation, Yoga is required.
Exercise is beneficial as it will stimulate thyroid hormone secretion and increase tissue sensitivity to thyroid hormones.