Although Thyroid Diseases occur less frequently in children than in adults, the symptoms can be similar. An Endocrinologist generally treats children with Thyroid conditions and a simple blood test can be taken to see if the thyroid gland is functioning normally in the child. Some of the common signs of Thyroid disease in children include decreased growth rate, weight gain, muscle soreness, constipation or harder stool, appearing swollen and many more. Hyperthyroidism, an overactive thyroid gland, is seen only occasionally in children and the most common treatment for Hypothyroidism is the surgical removal of the thyroid, autoimmune disease and radiation treatment. The thyroid gland is located at the front of the neck, just below the Adam's apple and the thyroid gland is, therefore, essential for life, growth and development. In children with Hypothyroidism, an X-ray of the hand and wrist is taken to determine the degree of delayed bone growth. The treatment for thyroid disease in children is safe and the doctor recommends antithyroid drugs that are effective and will only be needed for a short period of time, until the stimulating antibodies pass from the baby's bloodstream. It is important to consult an endocrinologist of a pediatrician if you find any symptoms in the child for thyroid. The treatment is not very expensive and mostly only medication will be prescribed.