Sciatica is the pain that occurs in the large sciatic nerve that runs from our lower back down through the back of the legs. It’s a disease that causes severe and debilitating pain. Sciatica pain that originates in the lower back moves down and travels through our buttocks along the path of the sciatic nerve, behind our legs causing numbness, tingling sensation or weakness. Anatomically speaking, this nerve is the largest single nerve in our body and constitutes of individual nerve roots that starts by spreading out from our spine in the lower back and then assimilate to form the ‘sciatic nerve’. The symptoms of this disease arise, when this large nerve gets compressed or irritated at or near its point of origin.
Patients suffering from sciatica pain are rarely aged below 20. This disease is commonplace in middle age people who are between the ages of 40-50. While sciatica pain is often loosely used to describe all kinds of leg pains, but researchers estimate that up to 43 percent of the global population gets affected with this disease, at some times in their lives. Although pain from a pinched nerve can be debilitating, but most of the patients suffering from sciatica, find themselves feeling better with medication, within a few weeks or months.
Sciatica is a condition that seldom occurs because of a particular injury, but rather this painful condition develops over time.
The following 6 lower back medical issues are the most common causes of sciatica:
In addition to the above stated 6 most common causes, a number of other conditions can also cause sciatica, which includes:
Sciatica can be treated both surgically and non-surgically. There are a wide range of options that are available for nonsurgical sciatica treatment, such as, ice and heat compression on the affected site, ingesting over-the-counter pain medications and injecting epidural steroid injection for relieving acute pain. Usually all these treatments are prescribed in conjunction with specific exercises. In addition, these common medical treatments, a wide number of alternative treatments have also proved effective for many patients for alleviating this pain. Some of the most accepted forms of alternate care for treating sciatica includes acupuncture therapy, chiropractic manipulation, massage and cognitive behavior therapy.