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Overview

Oral Thrush - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Oral Thrush?

When C.albicans fungus begins to grow beyond control inside the mouth, people get affected with oral thrush. In general out immune system is fortified with good microorganisms that are capable of keeping C.albicans and similar bad microorganisms at a bay. However, when this precarious balance gets disrupted, harmful fungus and bacterium starts multiplying in our body, causing illness and infections, which often need medical treatments.Oral thrush, occurs when our immune system gets weakened by certain medications that diminishes the count of good microorganism that were capable of resisting infections naturally. Treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy and others are some of the medical procedures that kills healthy microorganisms in our body, which makes us susceptible to infections like oral thrush.

Diabetes is another disease that hampers the immunity factors in the body. So if you have high level of sugar in your saliva, it can lead to oral thrush, as C. albicans fungus use this excess of sugar element inside the mouth to grown and manifest this disease.

Apart from this, oral thrush can be also contacted at birth. Pregnant women with vaginal yeast infection can pass the infection to their newborn babies during normal birth.People those who use dentures, smoke too many cigarettes or had a recent organ transplant surgery are also vulnerable of getting them affected with this disease.

Diagonsis :

Since this is an uncomplicated disease, doctors are able to diagnose this illness simply by examining the patient’s oral cavity and tongue, for identifying the oral thrush related typical white bumps.In other instances, doctors can take a biopsy, by scrapping off a very small portion of the white bumps and send it to laboratory for finding the presence of C.albicans fungus in the biopsied tissue.If you get infected with oral thrush in your esophagus, doctors can advise for a throat swab culture and an endoscopy for accurate diagnosis of the disease.Treatment of this disease depends on the patient’s age and overall health, whereby the ultimate purpose of the treatment is to prevent the growth of the C.albicans fungus in the mouth.

Oral antifungal medications are mostly prescribed to the patients for curing this disease.

Treatment :

Oral antifungal medications are mostly prescribed to the patients for curing this disease.

Some of the kitchen remedies for treatment of this disease consists of using saltwater mixture to rise the mouth and eating unsweetened yogurt that enhances the count of good bacterium in the oral cavity.Patients suffering from oral thrush, are advised not to use mouthwash and spray while being affected with this disease. Also using a soft brush, and changing the brush everyday (till the disease is cured) is another home remedy for curing this disease.

Some of the kitchen remedies for treatment of this disease consists of using saltwater mixture to rise the mouth and eating unsweetened yogurt that enhances the count of good bacterium in the oral cavity.Patients suffering from oral thrush, are advised not to use mouthwash and spray while being affected with this disease. Also using a soft brush, and changing the brush everyday (till the disease is cured) is another home remedy for curing this disease.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Symptoms
White lesions on the tongue or inner cheeks

Popular Health Tips

Dry Mouth and Eyes - Complications Associated With It!

Diploma In HIV Medicine, MBBS
HIV Specialist, Surat
Dry Mouth and Eyes - Complications Associated With It!

An immune system disorder distinguished by dry mouth and dry eyes is known as Sjogren’s Syndrome. It can also cause dryness in places that require moisture, such as throat, nose and skin. Sjogren’s syndrome is often linked to other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus (disease in which the immune system destroys its own tissues and causes inflammations). Sjogren’s syndrome normally affects people over the age of 40, and it mostly affects women.

Symptoms 
Sjogren’s syndrome has mainly two symptoms, and they include:

  1. Dry eyes: You feel like there is sand in your eyes as it burns and itches
  2. Dry mouth: You have difficulty speaking or swallowing

Sometimes, you might experience other symptoms as well, such as:

  1. Joint pain, stiffness and swelling
  2. Inflamed salivary glands
  3. Dry skin or skin rashes
  4. Vaginal dryness
  5. Continuous dry coughs
  6. Sustained fatigue

Causes
The exact cause of Sjogren’s syndrome is not known, but research strongly suggests that the autoimmune disease could be caused by genetic factors; especially if the illness has been found in more than one member of the family. Also, families with members suffering from type I diabetes, lupus and autoimmune thyroid disease can cause one or more members of the family to develop Sjogren’s syndrome.


Complications
The complications of Sjogren’s syndrome include:

  1. Dental cavities: Saliva protects the teeth from harmful bacteria that cause cavities. Since your mouth is dry, you become more susceptible to develop cavities.
  2. Yeast infections: Oral thrush, an oral yeast infection, is likely to develop if you have Sjogren’s syndrome.
  3. Vision problems: Dry eyes can cause corneal ulcers, sensitivity and blurred vision.
  4. Problems in the lungs, liver or kidneys: Inflammations can lead to bronchitis or pneumonia in your lungs; may cause cirrhosis or hepatitis C in your liver; and may lead to kidney malfunctions.
  5. Lymphoma: Some people with Sjogren’s syndrome might develop lymphoma, or lymph node cancer.

Peripheral neuropathy: Another complication of this illness is peripheral neuropathy, which is a tingling, burning and numbness sensation felt in your feet and hands.

Treatment
Sjogren’s syndrome is either treated with drugs, or with surgery. Doctors may prescribe drugs to increase the production of saliva and to treat inflammations. Alternatively, surgery is done to either seal the tear ducts or insert silicon or collagen plugs to close the ducts temporarily. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

2631 people found this helpful

Tongue Problems - How To Handle It?

MDS - Orthodontics, BDS
Dentist, Meerut
Tongue Problems - How To Handle It?

Tongue is an important organ of your body. Without the tongue you would not have been able to enjoy one of the most pleasurable experiences of life: tasting food! Imagine how life would be without the sudden euphoria you experience when you taste something delicious. Not only do your taste buds help you to taste food, but it also rejects harmful substances like toxins and sends your brain a signal to avoid consuming it. The tongue also helps in digestion of food. It makes the food pass easily from your mouth and throat to your stomach. Apart from tasting and sending signals to your brain, the tongue helps you to talk. It facilitates speech. It alters the air in your mouth which is produced by the vocal cords. That is how you make a wide range of sounds.

Tongue Problems:

  1. Burning sensation on the tongue: This normally occurs in women who have recently attained menopause. Mood swings are also a characteristic feature of menopause. Burning sensation is rare but a symptom of post menopause. Burning sensations can also occur due to cigarette smoking.

  2. Change in the tongue color: Many times having a pink tongue means deficiency in iron, folic acid and vitamin B-12. This can also be because of an allergy to gluten. A white tongue can occur due to smoking or drinking alcohol.

  3. Tongue pain: It can occur due to biting, injury or infection. Canker pains are also common. It can be caused by aging, diabetes, tumors and infection.

  4. Tongue swelling: It is caused by down-syndrome, tongue cancer, leukemia, strep throat and anemia.

  5. Oral thrush: It is a yeast infection. It makes the surface of the tongue and the mouth look like cottage cheese. People suffering from asthma or diabetes can also get oral thrush.

Remedies for tongue problem:

  1. Don't consume spicy and hot food.

  2. If you have a canker sore, try to drink only cold beverages and eat soft foods.

  3. Rinse your mouth regularly with a mixture of warm water and salt or you can also make a mixture of warm water and baking soda.

  4. Apply ice to soothe your tongue.

If the tongue pain persists then it is better to book an appointment with an ENT specialist or with an otolaryngologist.

4774 people found this helpful

What is thrush in children?

MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad

Thrush (Oral Candida Infection) in Children

What is thrush in children?

Thrush is a mouth infection that is common in babies and children. Symptoms include white or yellow velvety patches in the mouth. Thrush is caused by a type of fungus called Candida. Candida is found naturally on the skin and in the mouth. But if Candida grows out of control, it can cause thrush. Thrush is not a serious problem for a healthy child. It can be treated with antifungal medicine.

What causes thrush in a child?

Candida yeast is common in the everyday environment. It only causes a problem when it grows out of control. This can happen if a child:

  • Has taken antibiotics
  • Uses inhaled corticosteroids, such as for asthma
  • Uses a pacifier often
  • Has a weakened immune system

Which children are at risk for thrush?

A child is more at risk for thrush if he or she:

  • Had a very low birth weight
  • Passed through the birth canal of a mother with a yeast infection
  • Has taken antibiotics
  • Uses inhaled corticosteroids, such as for asthma
  • Uses a pacifier often
  • Has a weakened immune system
  • What are the symptoms of thrush in a child?

Thrush causes milky white or yellow patches to form on the tongue or inner cheeks. These patches can be painful and may bleed. Some babies have no pain from thrush. Others may have pain and be fussy and refuse to feed. It may hurt when your child swallows. Thrush can also cause cracked skin in the corners of the mouth. Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. The symptoms of thrush can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is thrush diagnosed in a child?

The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. This will include looking in your child’s mouth.

2 people found this helpful

3 Best Ayurvedic Tips For Oral Health!

B.A. Sanskrit, BAMS, M.A. Sanskrit, MS -Gynaecology Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Thane
3 Best Ayurvedic Tips For Oral Health!

Dental health might come across as a rather innocuous problem, but there is no reason for us to take it lightly. Dental health often functions as the index to an overall good health and it is extremely crucial for one and all to maintain the utmost hygiene level. Your teeth are arguably one of the most susceptible parts of your body wherein the slightest neglect can result in substantial damage. Dental ailment pans across a variety of diseases which unless immediately arrested, can potentially inflict a lot of harm.  

We all know about that dreaded toothache and it is not an experience that one would like reliving. Although dentists with their whole host of extractions, fillings and excisions often help in soothing those toothaches, for a more natural mode of healing and remedying dental disorders, one may turn to Ayurveda.  Ayurveda regards healthy lifestyle practices like balanced and wise dietary choices and diligent brushing as the most fundamental requisite for maintaining your oral health.  

Some of the advisable methods for upholding oral hygiene can be enlisted as follows:

  1. Dant Dhavani or Brushing: As an alternative to the new age bristle brushes, Ayurveda recommends the herbal chewing sticks for the purpose of brushing.  As per Ayurveda, the effect is better in those sticks which have a bitter or an astringent taste. For this purpose, Neem, Licorice, Cutch, Arjuna, Milkweed or Fever Nut are best suited. 
  2. Gargling with rock salt and mustard oil: For the upkeep of oral hygiene, it is a healthy practice to massage the gums with mustard oil and rock salt. One can gargle it off with warm water after leaving it for a span of five minutes. Persistent following of this method can bring considerable improvement to your oral hygiene. It is also a good way to mitigate the impacts of asthma and migraine.
  3. Jivha Lekhana or Tongue Scraping: Pure metal is endowed with a lot of health boosting properties. Thus, instead of stainless steel tongue cleaners, Ayurveda advocates the use of scrapers made of gold, silver or copper. This helps in battling bad odor and enhances your sense of taste. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.
6580 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis - Can It Impact Your Oral Health?

BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced course in maxillofacial sugery
Dentist, Lucknow
Osteoporosis - Can It Impact Your Oral Health?

Osteoporosis is an age related condition characterized by low bone density and fragile bones. Lack of calcium and vitamin D are the most common triggers of this condition. These are vital elements for healthy teeth as well. Osteoporosis has a direct relationship with oral health and can trigger a number of issues such as loss of teeth, gum and can cause periodontal disease. The effects of osteoporosis on oral health and affect more women than men. This risk increases when talking of menopausal women.

  • The jawbone is one of the areas that bears the brunt of osteoporosis. The loss of bone density in this area can cause tooth loss and make teeth loose. It can also affect the gum ridges that hold dentures in their place. This can result in ill fitting dentures that need to be frequently changed.
  • Medication for osteoporosis is also linked to dental health. In rare cases, antiresorptive medicines that are prescribed to strengthen the bones can lead to a condition known as osteonecrosis. This refers to the death of a bone due to poor blood supply. Antiresorptive medication can be administered orally or intravenously with the latter having a higher risk of triggering osteonecrosis. Though it affects the hips and shoulder bones in most cases, it can also affect the jaw bone. It is marked by pain, swelling, infection and exposed bone. Loose teeth, gum infections and numbness or heaviness of the jaw are also symptoms of osteonecrosis of the jaw bone.
  • The risk of suffering from osteonecrosis cannot be determined beforehand. Hence it is a good idea to see your dentist before or just after starting antiresorptive treatment for osteoporosis and to schedule regular checkups for the duration of your treatment. Dental problems if any should be treated before starting medication for osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw bone is most commonly seen after undergoing a dental procedure that affects the jawbone and associated tissues such as a tooth extraction. Ideally, invasive dental procedures should be avoided if you are taking antiresoptive medicines. However, it can also occur spontaneously.
  • Biophosphonates are also commonly prescribed to treat osteoporosis. This type of medication slows down the breakdown of bone tissue. However, this can lead to the development of new bones. This is not a troublesome issue when it comes to bones like the hip, leg or arm bones but can be very disruptive if it affects the jawbone. This is because the jaw bone is constantly reforming and reshaping itself. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dentist.
3556 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My father is suffering from carcinoma base on tongue- recurrence. I what to know best possible treatment for this. Currently chemotherapy is going on 9 session in 3 month. I want to know weather operation is possible or not in case tongue or neck cancer.

MD - Radiotherapy
Oncologist, Vadodara
Its sad to know your father has Recurrent Base of Tongue Carcinoma. Possibility of Surgery has to be evaluated after careful examination and discussion in a Tumor Board of a reputed institution. Treating with Radiotherapy is also a option if the last Radiotherapy was 1 year back.
6 people found this helpful

I have a mild thrush in my tongue even after cleansing the tongue after brushing a mild white patch remain in my tongue and I have this problem since from my childhood days. I have not consulted a physician or dentist regarding this. Due to this I sometimes feel not fresh in my mouth. Hence I would like to get a apt medication for my problem.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Most of medical challanges need doctor to listen to detailed medical history in form of questions and answers, examination of patient and sometimes reports so meet concerned doctor.-ENT surgeon.
1 person found this helpful

I have a clot at my tongue about 20 years now I feel uncomfortable while speaking ,i Discussed p.g.i but no satisfactory response I get ,it swells and enlarge in size now ,so what I have to do? Please suggest me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Most of medical challanges need doctor to listen to detailed medical history in form of questions and answers, examination of patient and sometimes reports so meet concerned doctor.- ENT surgeon.
1 person found this helpful

I am 24 year old male and I found white things in the back wall of the mouth. I am feeling cold and coughs, headaches at front and back, what I am suffering from? I am very scared. Because I am a former smoker like 1 cigarette a day from 3 years but now I quit smoking?

MD (Physician), MD (Pulmonology)
Pulmonologist, Bareilly
Dear Lybrateuser, please don't panic. Kindly consult an ENT Specialist for your complete ENT Examination. Hopefully you will have a proper diagnosis and treatment. Wishing you good health.

How bumps on back of tongue be treated? They are not paining, no problem in swallowing food. But I want to get rid from that because of that I am in lot of stress! One of the doc. Suggested meti have vitcofol injection every alternate 5 days! Is there any deficiency of vitamins in my body to bad life style.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. We are here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of various methods and therapies. I suggest you to post your query with every detail here. We will help you in overcoming your problems certainly. Take care.

Table of Content

What is Oral Thrush?

Diagonsis :

Treatment :

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice