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Motion Sickness: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Motion sickness is a very common balance disorder especially among young children. It is condition of the inner ear where repeated motion caused by a vehicle or any other movements disturbs the inner ear. It is also referred to as Sea sickness when travelling by a boat or ship. This condition develops when the central nervous system receives conflicting messages from the sensory systems, i.e- inner ear, eyes and skin pressure receptors. For example – when you are sitting inside a car without looking out the window, then the inner ear sense up, down, left and right movement while the eyes have a static view.

Motion sickness can be self diagnosed and the treatment consist mostly of preventive measures, physical exercises and some natural and home remedies. However, in case of extreme condition where the motion sickness cannot be controlled by preventive measures there are also some medications that can be used. Some of the most common and effective medications used to treat motion sickness are Scopolamine, Promethazine, Cyclizine, Dimenhydrinate and Meclizine.

How is the treatment done?

The most important point while treating motion sickness is to understand the root cause for the problem. The best way to treat motion sickness is to focus on preventive measures rather than curing the condition. The most common preventive measure approach is to synchronize the messages being received by your central nervous system and sensory system. That is to look outside the window or horizon in the direction of travel, this helps in re orienting the inner balance. Other common preventive measure include taking a nap or closing your eyes, fresh air, chewing gum or ginger which has been found to relive the symptoms of motion sickness.

Scopolamine is a patch that is placed behind the ear at least 6-8 hours before travelling. Promethazine and Cyclizine are taken 2 hours and 30 thirty minutes before the travel respectively. Dimenhydrinate is taken every 4-8 hours and it is also available as a chewing gum. Meclizine is taken 1 hour before the travel. Apart from these common medications, there are also other medications that are used in some very severe conditions. Some of which are Alprazolam, Diazepam, Ephedrine and some Amphetamines. All the above mentioned drugs can be both taken orally and in the form of injection as well.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are experiencing continuous and persistent symptoms of motion sickness such as nausea, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, uneasiness and vomiting during travel, then you are eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Motion sickness is a very common condition that can develop to anybody and most often than not it gets treated on its own. So if you are having symptoms of motion sickness that doesn’t prolong then you must not treat it by medication.

Are there any side effects?

Since the treatment mainly focuses on preventive measures rather than a medical treatment, there are almost no side effects. However, if you are using medications to treat motion sickness then there are chances that you might experience some side effects only if taken excessively. Some of the most common side effects of motion sickness drugs are drowsiness and dry mouth. Other rare side effects that you might experience are indigestion, blurred vision and constipation.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Motion sickness is a recurring condition and again the post treatment guidelines also focus on preventive measures. One of the best ways of not developing the condition again is to do some head and neck exercises that improve the inner ear balance. You should also drink plenty of water in order to both counter dry mouth and constipation. You should keep yourself healthy and active so as to improve the synchronization between your nervous system and sensory system.

How long does it take to recover?

Motion sickness is a very minor condition that generally gets treated on its own. Even the drugs that are used to treat motion sickness give you instant relief from the condition. As for the side effects, they also don’t last for too long. In some very extreme cases, it might take a couple of days or even a week to cure motion sickness.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of the treatment in India is very low. Some of the most common medication for treating motion sickness starts at INR 10 and can go up to INR 200.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Motion sickness is a condition that can develop at any point of time to anybody. Even if you have treated it earlier with medications, there are high chances that you can develop the condition again. So the results of the treatment are not mostly permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

All the preventive measure and physical treatment are the alternative treatment for motion sickness. Acupuncture and acupressure are also very effective in treating motion sickness. You can also use homeopathy as an alternative treatment. Some of the most common homeopathic medicines are Argentum nitricum, Borax, Nux vomica, Cocculus indicus and Kali Bichromicum.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Very Low Price Range:

INR 10 to INR 100.

Popular Health Tips

Vertigo - Know The Types & Treatment Of Them!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Indore
Vertigo - Know The Types & Treatment Of Them!

Vertigo is that sensation when a person feels that the world is spinning around him. It is a feeling of off balance.

While having a Vertigo, people often complain about feeling dizzy, basic daily activities like walking or moving becomes really intense for them. These episodes can impact everyday life.

Is Vertigo common?

Experiencing Vertigo at least once during a lifetime is quite common. It is often seen in older people, but it can happen to anyone at any age. Women are a little more prone to experience an episode of Vertigo than men.

Types of Vertigo:

There are two major types of Vertigo:

  1. Central Vertigo: Central Vertigo occurs when there is a sudden and temporary malfunction in the brain, precisely in an area called the cerebellum.

  2. Peripheral Vertigo: Peripheral Vertigo occurs due to a problem in areas of vestibular nerve or the inner ear. This area connects the inner ear and the brain. Peripheral Vertigo is the most common type of Vertigo.

According to the American Institute of Balance, Peripheral Vertigo is generally a more serious and dangerous problem compared to Central Vertigo.

Recurrent Spontaneous Vertigo with Head-Shaking Nystagmus:

Recently, researchers discovered a new type of Vertigo called “Recurrent Spontaneous Vertigo with Head-Shaking Nystagmus” or (RSV-HNS).

To diagnose RSV-HNS, the patients need to sit in a room without lights. The examiner changes the position of their heads, first in forward direction, then in side to side direction for about 15 seconds. The camera records the patient’s eye motions. It results in those who have RSV-HSN making an eye movement which lasts longer than the others. This movement is known as “nystagmus”.

Compared to other types of Vertigo, RSV-HSN shows a more severe sensation of motion sickness. People with RSV-HSN experience things like nausea, headaches, vomiting, and an unwillingness to head motions. These symptoms can be experienced anywhere from a couple of times a week to once a year.

The reason behind RSV-HSN is still unknown. Doctors recommend that proper medication helps to improve the condition.

Treatment for Vertigo:

A major part of the treatment of Vertigo depends on the cause of the Vertigo. Often, Vertigo goes away without any treatment. The reason behind Vertigo curing itself is that people adapting to the inner ear changes and finding different mechanisms to maintain balance.

Why a neurologist is the right choice to consult for vertigo?

The patient of vertigo should not visit an ENT doctor and must consult a good neurologist as basically it's either a problem of brain or of abnormal signals from the vestibular nerve from the ear. In no way it is a problem of ear per se. A neurologist has the training and expertise to deal with it, not an ENT doc. Also, it's important to consult urgently as sometimes it can be a sign of brain stroke (specially if associated with imbalance). Importantly, to rule out brain lesions like cyst, tumor, clots and nerve infections, consulting a neurologist is the best option available.

Apart from this, these are a few treatments:

  1. Medicines: Medication tends to give relief to symptoms like motion sickness associated with Vertigo.

  2. Vestibular Rehabilitation: Under this treatment, doctors try to aim at the patient’s vestibular strengths which send the signals to the body movement and head related to  gravity.

  3. Canalith Repositioning Manoeuvres: In this treatment, a physical therapist suggests different head and body movements, which help to release the deposit out of the canal and into an inner ear which can be absorbed by the body. This treatment is quite effective to treat Vertigo.

  4. Surgery: If the reason behind causing Vertigo is some serious internal problem like tumor or a head injury, then, in such circumstances, surgery is highly recommended.


There are many treatments and medicines available for Vertigo. They are totally dependent upon the cause, symptoms, and condition of the patient. This is why it is important to consult a doctor or specialist for the best treatment option.

310 people found this helpful

Stomach Problems - It's Preventions!

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
Stomach Problems - It's Preventions!

If you are one of the many people who suffer from stomach and digestive problems, you are probably looking for relief – whether it’s from a short-term issue like diarrhea or vomiting, or from a chronic illness such as Crohn’s disease. Fortunately, digestive health can be improved with diet and lifestyle changes, and medical treatment is available for more serious issues. Improve your stomach problems with changes you can make yourself and by seeking appropriate care.

Cope with having diarrhea. Stay hydrated by drinking water, juice, and broth throughout the day. Get plenty of rest by staying home from work or school and staying in bed. Try over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medicines like Pepto-Bismol or Immodium A-D to help relieve symptoms. Follow a clear liquid diet of water, broth, juice, and sports drinks until you can handle solid food, then introduce the BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast).

  • Avoid fatty foods, dairy, caffeine, alcohol, and artificial sweeteners.
  • Many cases of diarrhea are caused by viruses and will pass in a couple of days. It may also be the result of foodborne illness, which is far more common than you might think.
  • If your symptoms get worse or don’t resolve after 48 hours, see your doctor — you may need antibiotics or other medications.

Ease nausea and vomiting with a gentle diet. Stay hydrated — like with diarrhea, dehydration is the biggest risk when you’re sick with vomiting. Follow the same guidelines as for when you have diarrhea. If you can eat without vomiting, eat small amounts of bland foods like toast, crackers, and Jell-O. Once you can keep these down, add rice, cereal, and fruit to your diet. Increase what you eat slowly as your illness improves.

  • If you’re too nauseated to drink anything, try sucking on ice chips to get small amounts of fluids.
  • When you do drink liquids, try to have them at room temperature. Avoid cold or hot drinks.
  • Don’t eat spicy or fatty foods, which can further irritate your stomach.
  • Let your stomach calm down after vomiting by waiting for 30 – 60 minutes afterward to eat or drink anything. Don’t try heavy solid foods until at least six hours after you last vomited.
  • If your stomach upset is from motion sickness, try a medication like Dramamine before traveling.

Seek medical care if you become dehydrated. If you have diarrhea or vomiting that lasts over 24 hours, or you cannot keep any liquids down for over 12 hours, see your doctor right away. Seek emergency care if you have any signs or symptoms of dehydration, such as:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Dry mouth or skin
  • Dark urine, or producing little or no urine
  • Weakness, dizzinessfatigue, lightheadedness

See your doctor if you have pain or a high fever. Signs that your stomach problems necessitate medical care include a fever of 102°F (39°C) or higher, or moderate to severe stomach, rectal, or chest pain. If you have blood in your stool or vomit, or your stool is black and tarry, see your doctor right away.

3 people found this helpful

Healthy Tea!

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicines and Surgery(BAMS), Post Graduation Diploma in Emergency Medicines And Services(PGDEMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad

A tea made of 1 teaspoon cumin seeds and a pinch of nutmeg steeped in a cup of hot water can also prove effective. If you drink a cup of  ginger tea before you step out of your house may help you prevent vomiting and nausea, which usually happens because of motion sickness.

7 people found this helpful

Dast Rokne Ke Upay - दस्त रोकने के उपाय

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Dast Rokne Ke Upay - दस्त रोकने के उपाय

दस्त एक आम समस्या है जिससे सभी परेशान रहते हैं. ये समस्या आम तौर पर खाने में अनियमितता या अन्य किसी वजह से कई लोगों को परेशान करती है. इस बीमारी में शौच एकदम पतला होने लगता है. इसमें आपको  बार-बार शौच जाना पड़ सकता है. इसके साथ ही आपको पेट में मारोड़, दर्द या ऐंठन जैसा भी महसूस हो सकता है. दस्त से डिहाईड्रेशन की समस्या उत्पन्न हो जाती है. क्योंकि बार-बार शौच जाने से शरीर के लिए आवश्यक पानी, खनिज तथा लवण आदि तेजी से बाहर निकल जाता है. सामान्य सी लगने वाली इस बीमारी में यदि आप लगातार पानी नहीं पी रहे हैं तो डिहाईड्रेशन के कारण मौत तक हो सकती है. क्योंकि डिहाईड्रेशन की वजह से शरीर में पानी और लवण की कमी हो जाती है. इस लिए दस्त के निम्नलिखित लक्षणों के आधार पर यदि ये दो दिन में ठीक न हो तो चिकित्सक से अवश्य परामर्श लें.
क्या हो सकते हैं दस्त के कारण?
1. दस्त की समस्या उत्पन्न होने का मुख्य कारण है आँतों में जरुरत से ज्यादा द्रव का जमा होना. हलांकि कई बार आंतों द्वारा तरल पदार्थ को ठीक तरह से अवशोषित न कर पाने से या फिर आँतों से मल के तेजी से निकलने के कारण भी ऐसा होता है.
2. कई बार दस्त की समस्या जीवाणुओं द्वारा संक्रमण या टॉक्सिन आदि भी हो सकता है. कभी-कभी किसी प्रकार का तनाव या किसी प्रकार के डर के कारण भी दस्त शुरू हो सकते हैं. ऐसे दस्त को क्रोनिक या जीर्ण दस्त कहते हैं.
3. दस्त या दस्त होने के अन्य कारणों में कुछ एंटीबायोटिक दवाएं, किसी तरह के पेट के रोग, फ़ूड इन्फेक्शन, एलर्जी, शराब पिना, ज्यादा मिठाई खाना आदि है.
क्या है इसका उपचार?
नींबू पानी

ओआरएस का घोल आप घर पर नींबू की सहायता से बना सकते हैं. आपको एक ग्लास पानी में नींबू निचोड़कर उसमें थोड़ा नामक और चीनी मिलाकर पिने से आपका पेट साफ़ होगा. और दस्त से राहत मिलेगी.
कच्चा पपीता
कच्चे पपीते को अच्छे से कद्दूकस करके तीन से चार कप पानी में डालें. लगभग दस मिनट तक इस पानी को उबालने के बाद इस पानी को दिन में तीन से चार बार पिएं. इससे आपको दस्त से तो राहत मिलेगी ही, पेट मरोड़ से भी निजात मिलेगी.
साबुनदाना पेट की पाचन शक्ति को मजबूती प्रदान करता है. साबुनदाना को तीन-चार घंटे तक पानी में भिगोकर इस पानी को दिन में पांच बार पिने से दस्त में राहत मिलती है.
सरसों के बीज
सरसों के बीज को पानी में कुछ घंटे के लिए रखें और इस पानी को पिएं. ये दस्त को बंद करने का कारगर तरीका है.
दूध को कहें ना
दूध भले ही एक सम्पूर्ण पौष्टिक आहार माना जाता है. लेकिन इसे पचाना अपेक्षाकृत मुश्किल है. इसलिए दस्त के समय दूध के सेवन से बचें.
अनार को चबाकर खाने से भी दस्त रुकता है. यदि आपको बीज पसंद नहीं है तो आप अनार का जूस भी पी सकते हैं.
लौकी का रस
दस्त में सबसे बड़ा डर शरीर में पानी की कमी होने को लेकर होता है. यदि आप चाहते हैं कि आप पानी की कमी से बचें तो आपको लौकी का जूस पीना चाहिए. इसे काली मिर्च और नमक डालकर थोड़ा स्वादिष्ट बना सकते हैं.
चूँकि दस्त का एक कारण जीवाणु भी होते हैं. मेथी स्वभाव से जीवाणुरोधी होता है इसलिए इसके एक या दो चम्मच का पाउडर बनाकर एक ग्लास पानी में डालकर पिने से दस्त रुकता है.
स्टार्च से भरपूर भोजन
स्टार्च खाना पचाने में मदद करता है. इसलिए दस्त के समय स्टार्चयुक्त भोजन करने की सलाह दी जाती है. इसके लिए आप चावल, उबला हुआ आलू या गाजर खा सकते हैं.
सौंठ और अदरक का पाउडर हमारे पाचन शक्ति को मजबूती देता है. एक कप छाछ में आधा चम्मच सौंठ मिलाकर पिने से पेट दर्द और दस्त दोनों ही रुकता है.
चाय पत्ती
आपको शायद यकीन न हो लेकिन ये सच है कि दस्त में एक चम्मच चाय पत्ती को पीसकर पीने से तुरंत राहत मिलती है. यदि छोटे बच्चे को देना हो तो एक चम्मच चाय पत्ती को पानी में घोलकर उस पानी को पिलाएं.

4 people found this helpful

Remedy for Nausea due to Motion Sickness

MD - Ayurveda, CIY, Guru Shishya parampara, BAMS
Ayurveda, Gurgaon
Remedy for Nausea due to Motion Sickness

Add a teaspoon of freshly grated root ginger to a cup of boiling water, steep for 10 minutes, and drink. It relaxes the muscles that line the walls of oesophagus and stomach. Its good to have it before going on long drives if you have tendency towards it or can be taken at time of experiencing the symptom.

Popular Questions & Answers

Is there any home medicine for migraine related vertigo. I am having motion sickness when walking and my doctor specified its migraine related vertigo. Is this causes tiredness and bitterness in mouth too?

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology & Venerology & Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Raigarh
Migrae migraine is more of a preventable disease than curative. You have to identify the triggers of your headache and avoid them. Avoid exposure to bright light, loud sound, sunlight. Avoid stress. Avoid chocolate and coffee. Have enough sleep. Drink 3-4 litres of water daily. I can prescribe you prophylactic medicines too if you want.
2 people found this helpful

Hi, I have a problem, while going on trip in car high way Vomiting what should I do for treatment.

General Physician, Mumbai
Dear Lybrateuser, - avoid eating one hour before travelling - take tablet avomine one hour before travel - try to sit in the front seat & look straight.

Please suggest can I take stimulate 5 mg tablet for motion sickness before travel?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
You cannot take stimulate 5 mg tablet for motion sickness before travel Stimulet 2.5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. It lowers the amount of estrogen in the body. It also works as an effective remedy against infertility in women

I feel nauseous while travelling and also after travelling get a headache and vertigo .i have migraine problem my half side of head pains .and also my shoulder and neck also paining .my body feels imbalance also .sometimes my breathing chokes .can someone tell me which disease I am suffering and how to cure it.

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Get BP and eye sight checked, x ray PNS, thyroid hormones T3 T4 Tsh 1.Sleep.Go to bed and get up about the same times every day, 3. Eat regular meals. 4. Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration 5. Relax – listen soothing music. Walk for 5 mts 6.avoid .stress, 7. .avoid strong stimuli like loud noises, and smell of food 8. Keep your routine fixed and regular Medicine can not be advised for open question for For medicine contact on private consultation.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from car jerking from childhood. every time when I travel in car I vomit. How to stop that please tell.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Watch your consumption of foods, drinks, and alcohol before and during travel. ... Avoiding strong food odors may also help prevent nausea. Try to choose a seat where you will experience the least motion. ... Do not sit facing backwards from your direction of travel. Sit in the front seat of a car.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Alcohol Addiction
The World Health Organization defines Alcoholism as, "chronic continual drinking, frequent episodes of intoxication, and preoccupation with alcohol, despite the adverse affects of it. It lays the perspective Alcoholics Anonymous (1939)-that alcoholism, characterized by the individual s loss of control over drinking and thus over his or her life, was a "sickness"-was carried into the scholarly literature in the 1950s in the form of the disease concept of alcoholism."
Play video
Hyperemesis In Pregnancy
While pregnancy is not a pathological condition, it is a happy time that can be marred by various conditions. Debilitating morning or all day sickness, which is usually characterised by nausea, reflux in the Gastroesophageal band, heartburn and acidity. This can also turn into vomiting and lead to complications if it does not stop. Persistent, almost daily vomiting can be termed as excessive vomiting in pregnancy, and this is known as Hyperemesis Gravidarum in medical terms.
Play video
HIV/AIDS: Facts You Need To Know!

My name is Dr Ishwar gilada and I am one of the first positions in the field of HIV AIDS in India. I started my HIV career in 1985 and I started this private clinic called UNICEF Medical Research Centre in 1995 which is India's first private sector HIV clinic. This is fully comprehensive under all facilities are available here are like consultation, counselling, different type of testing PCR, x-ray, sonography everything is done here. I feel privileged to talk about HIV AIDS then section was started in 1981 in India.

The first cases were in 1985-86 and over the years it has become very much news worthy disease initially it was considered as deadly disease. Lot of people were dying because of HIV AIDS and people were thinking there is no treatment so why should we get the test done. In last 10-15 years it has become chronic manageable disorder and when we talk about Chronic manageable it just means hypertension or Diabetes where you don't have to be sick and you don't have to be dying of HIV AIDS moreover.

The treatment of HIV AIDS has become very cheap. It is affordable so even if somebody cannot afford they can to government Centre where they can get ART or antiretroviral therapy free of charge but even in private setup the treatment which are costing close to 1 lakh to 1.5 Lakh in Abroad. It is costing 2000 to 3000 per month in India. HIV is mainly transmitted through sexual routes also it can be transmitted from mother to child and through blood transfusion however more than 95% of the transmission is from sexual transmission people think that they are not doing anything wrong they are better than others and usually they do not want to take up any test because they think like just I am holier than others and better than others.

However it is just like a ticketless traveller or like a pickpocket where every pickpocketing incident or every ticketless incident is risk by itself you can be caught anytime but every time you are doing that it is at risk. There are people who have done this hundreds of times but cannot get HIV AIDS but there are people who have done it once and they are HIV positive but if you get the test done and if you manage and proper guidance under proper expert then you don't have to die of HIV.

You don't have to be hospitalized for HIV and over the years we have seen you don't lose any years of your life if you are managed very well moreover if you are married and you are infected you can prevent your partner from getting infected if women is positive you can have HIV negative child. Many people do not know this in this clinic we have managed so many hundreds and thousands of patients and in last several years 160 childrens are born with HIV positive mothers and babies are not infected with HIV. So that much has happened now if you compare HIV AIDS with other diseases then there are people who are surviving with HIV AIDS leading full normal life and proper productive life and they are not even getting sick sometimes relative of the patient who are not HIV positive they are getting sick and their dying and they are not getting examine or getting any test done. so in simplistic Hindi I would like to tell, "ab nahi AIDS Ek Khatarnak Bimari par jaanch karne mein hai samajhdari."

India has played a great role in making all the molecules of HIV AIDS which are required for the treatment available and affordable for common people not only so almost 92% world's antiretroviral therapy are HIV treatment is supply from India and we take Pride that India is a different country by itself. What is required is you take precautions if you are HIV positive, if you forgot to take precautions are even after taking precautions you got HIV you get the examination done and if it is HIV positive you start the treatment currently the principal is test and treat you get the test done and if you are positive then start the treatment agreeing to that you are preventing yourself from becoming sick or becoming hospitalized or having any kind of problems where your life span can be shorter and by doing also that.

If you are under any proper care and taking proper medicine then you become undetectable the current principal is if you are undetectable to the virus you are untranslatable of the virus that means if you are undetectable and the virus is not seen in our system where we are doing viral. You can't transfer virus to your spouse or mother to child or to somebody else through your sexual activity so basically if that is done, you are living a perfect normal life so why being shy about it.

Nowadays stigma about HIV AIDS is also going down instead people are feeling to get test done. Lot of people come for pre manage test before both boy and girl want to find out whether they are HIV positive or not if there are any STD or Diabetes it is called pre marriage health check up similarly lot of people taking a major step in life. They want to be sure whether the life is secure if they are infected with anything and that's the way the life is going on the common symptoms majorly is are very much common and their also seen in the diseases like tuberculosis or other such disorders and most of them are like fever cough loose motion weight loss some time they get HIV specific symptoms some of them are like special meningitis.

They can have herpes zosters on a single which are called Dhani orcerin in Hindi and Gujarati so these are the some of the symptoms but however symptom to not come on its own there has to be some history associated with that somebody has taken a risk and then they have symptoms. They must get the examination done and must get the test done once the test is done they can decide the duration of the infection the person could have been infected for some years then we can decide what are the natural course of life? And how much life can be change by adding medicines to the patient? And once the test is done we start the treatment therefore they do not get sick because of the HIV or other related sickness sometimes the illness is cardiothoracic and neuromuscular diseases renal problems.

But diseases are not connected to HIV, because in HIV diseases. Those diseases possibilities manifestation are very less so people with HIV AIDS they need a very much perfect normal life once they are on treatment therefore we should not shy away from the treatment as I told the stigma and discretion of HIV AIDS is going down there has been an HIV AIDS Act 2017 by if someone is not provided with proper care if somebody is discriminated, somebody is stigmatize from HIV the other person can be penalised for even jail for those people who are troubling HIV positive people so my request to those people who are taking risk of sexual activity with partners or unprotected sex they must get their testing done for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases and once if they are positive of HIV get treatment.

If you are negative and continue your life by taking precautions or preventive measures so that you can not get HIV are stds thank you those who feel that they at risk of HIV or STD or do you feel that there are some relatives are at risk of HIV they can go to the website
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Here are symptoms, cause and treatment of Diarrhea

Namaskar! I am Dr. Charu and I have The Head of Department and senior consultant, Department of Pediatrics in Teerath Ram Shah Hospital Dr. J.P Singh and Dr. Sunil Gupta, senior consultant In the Department of Pediatrics in Teerath Ram shah Hospital. Today we ll be talking about Diarrhea.

So Sir my first question is, tell us something about Diarrhea.

In kids, diarrhea is quite a common problem. There are multiple reasons due to which loose motions occur. Some are infections while others are non-infections. Now if we first talk about infections then the most common infection is Rautavaara Diarrhea or Rotavirus infection. Other than this some bacteria can also lead to an infection along with parasites like Amoebiasis and Giardiasis. Under the noninfectious causes, the major reason is what we call Cow s milk Protein allergy which is when the child is unable to digest cow s milk or any other sourced milk.
What are the symptoms of Diarrhea? In case of a child there are loose motions, vomiting is quite common and stomach ache, low or high fever and sometimes there is blood along with loose motions. Other than this if there is an acute case of dehydration then sunken eyes may happen, skin turns less pliable and the child passes less amount of urine. If the loose motion persists then there can be a chance of acute renal or kidney failure as well which could lead to death.

My next question is to Dr. Sunil. Sir What is Rotavirus virus? Tell us something about that.

Rotavirus is that type of virus where it is found most commonly in children of 5 years or less of an age which causes diarrhea and in 40% of the cases, this virus is the cause. Overall in India 2.5 crores of children get affected by Rotavirus which causes the disease and out of that, 20 lakh children end up needing OPD consultancy and out of that almost 8.5-9 lakh children end up with admission in hospitals with 2.5 children suffering death. It has been noticed that Rautavaara diarrhea is a very severe diarrhea and often causes dehydration. As Dr. Sunit told us, this is a very common disease. Another way of looking at it is that every day 335 children die due to this particular disease which makes a total of 14 kids each hour and 1 kid in each minute. Hence, you can understand that this is a very serious problem in India.

As you said that this is a very serious problem, so Dr. Sunil I would like to know that what are the steps which could be taken to prevent this complication from occurring?

See Rotavirus Diarrhea is where there is an acute loss of water and this is mainly found in children so obviously the first treatment would be to provide the child with ORS and large quantity of fluids. However amount of liquid the child is passing through loose motion, there should be an increased amount of water intake in forms of ORs, Coconut water, rice water or even just water; as compared. And if the problem of dehydration can be curbed then further complications can also be controlled. In Rotavirus s case Antibiotics are not required and the mother can continue with her feed but when dehydration occurs then the child should be admitted into the hospital because it will need IV fluids. Through these steps, in most of the cases, diarrhea can be controlled in hospitals as well as houses.

Sir you told us about managing the disease but are there any methods to prevent it?

Now we have a oral vaccine available for Rotavirus which is a pain free method without any injections. This is in the form of a liquid which we can provide a baby for a time period of 6-13 weeks. This dose is given thrice every month to the newborn which provides the child a protection from the Rotavirus. The Government of India has also approved the vaccine to be included in the National Immunization Programme but till now it has not been sent out to every state. Other than this, the main things is to follow through with the Priminister s Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan , if we excrete inside bathrooms and not outside, maintain basic hygiene by washing our hands before and after using the toilet, cleaning our hands before feeding the child, and drink clean water then to an extent we can prevent rotavirus as well as various types of diarrheas.

Teerath ram shah Hospital and Triveni together have started a programme to help children from Rotavirus. Here in his hospital, we provide the vaccine at free of cost which newborns will be provided with for a time period of 6-13 weeks.
I d like to thank both of you for providing us with this information and if you want to know more about this then you can contact us through the hospital or through Lybrate.
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