Maniac Depressive Disorder
Maniac disorder is a form of mood disorder which is caused by some alternations in the high energy sates of your body. Mania involves sleeplessness, hallucinations, psychotic disorders, deluded mind and paranoia. These maniac disorders often lead to suicidal tendencies, anxiety and depressions. Mood swings are a common symptom for maniac disorders and they gradually improve even leading you to become violent. These maniac patients also develop distorted perceptions about people and it impairs their social functioning and also hampers them from thinking properly. The cause of the mania is believed to be a genetic disorder and disorders associated with the nerves in the brain. These maniac disorders might also arise because of any past trauma or injury that might have taken place with them. These kinds of disorders usually arise from the ages of 15 and 24 and gradually last for a long time as they are not fully curable. These patients are very sensitive and must be kept calm and in a fresh mind. The symptoms might occur time to time depending on how you are adapting yourself around the situations that you do not like. Sometimes the severity of this particular condition may lead to complete insanity as sometimes your brain fails to accept the changes and do not respond to the medications properly.
The course of treatment for mania is a long term course aimed to eliminate the trauma and the anxieties that you are facing through. Therapies are a common way of eliminating the problems. When you are suffering from maniac disorder you fail to communicate and explain your problems to another individual. You feel like what you think is always correct and others are absolutely wrong. And when you fail to establish dominance over other people you usually act out in the most common form, violence. The agitation which you are suffering from is treated with therapies that help you to talk to others and share what you are feeling. Therapies also help you to relax your mind and calm down in situations where you feel that you might get agitated. Medicinal drugs and sleeping pills are also prescribed to patients who are suffering from maniac disorders. The drugs help to relax the damaged nerves and improve the thinking process that you were previously lacking. Insomnia is a common symptom for maniac disorders. Thus sleeping pills initially force you to get some sleep and relax the agitated nerves as you fail to sleep on your own. The drugs prescribed by medical experts help to diagnose the acute mood swings as well.
If you are feeling depressed, suicidal and often act out involuntarily in an aggressive manner then seek help and call your medical expert. It may be possible that the stress levels of your day to day life or any sort of trauma has affected you in a way that you could not handle. You might often have extreme mood swings and also have trouble sleeping at night. You might end up hurting yourself and people near you therefore seek medical help as soon as possible.
There are no specific conditions where you are not eligible for the treatment, however, you should consult with your medical expert to be on the safe side.
The effectiveness of the treatment depends on person to person and the environment around them. Some might benefit from the treatment whereas some might have various side effects like increased depression, fatigue, lethargic, suicidal and inability to express themselves. With the dosages of these psychological drugs, one might also develop cardiac problems as well.
Post treatment guidelines for maniac disorder patients are to continue with their prescribed medicines regularly and have periodical check ups with a psychiatrist as the dosage of the drugs will decrease over time. You must also find a way to keep yourself stress free and obtain meditation and yoga. In case you are having an uneasy feeling talk to someone and seek help as soon as possible.
The time for recovery depends on person to person and maniac disorders are not completely curable. If you have eliminated the symptoms of this condition then someday an event or a trauma might again trigger the sense of agitation caused by the maniac disorders. Some people continue with their treatment and become same within a month and whereas some people do not improve at all and they are often admitted to asylums to seek help.
The medicinal drugs range between Rs. 500 to Rs 4,500 and the therapy sessions range between Rs. 7,000 to Rs. 20,000 depending on the rate of the psychiatrist.
The results of the treatment vary from person to person. Some might continue with their treatment and face no maniac problems for the rest of their lives whereas some people would not respond to the medications and their conditions worsen gradually. Some might show signs of improvement and then suddenly a trauma or any activity could again trigger the symptoms of maniac disorders. Some might not even recover and have to be admitted in asylums to keep them safe.
Rs. 500 to Rs. 30,000
We all have mood swings but not all mood swings have the same intensity. People who have extreme mood swings ranging from depression to manic highs are said to be suffering from bipolar disorder. These extreme moods are known as episodes and usually, last for a few days or even a few weeks. A person suffering from bipolar disorder could have an episode several times a year. This is a very common psychological problem and can affect both children and adults. Though it cannot be cured, this disease can be managed with medication.
There are no known causes for bipolar disorder but genetics may play an important role in triggering Bipolar Disorder. Hence, if a parent or sibling suffers from this condition, you have a risk of developing it as well. An imbalance in the neurotransmitters in the brain may also play a part in the development of this condition. Stress or traumatic events like the loss of a loved one can also increase your risk of suffering from this condition. Given that mood swings affect almost each one of us, bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose. Some of the things to look out for are:
It must be kept in mind that a person must display at least 4 of the above symptoms simultaneously to be diagnosed as bipolar. Also, none of these symptoms should be a result or side effect of any kind of medication, drugs, alcohol or other intoxicants.
There are four main types of bipolar disorder:
Once diagnosed, bipolar disorder can be managed with a combination of medication and psychotherapy. In some cases, electroconvulsive therapy may also be needed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist and ask a free question.
What are mood swings?
Mood swings are defined as sudden and abrupt changes in mood. These mood swings can sometimes help promote problem solving abilities, but a stronger form of these can be associated to a more complex disorder namely, bipolar disorder that is characterised by the cyclical shift from manic to depressive and vice versa.
What causes mood swings?
There are several things that can trigger mood swings starting from your brain chemistry to substance abuse. The most common cause of moods swings can be-
How to deal with mood swings?
Mood swings can make life difficult for yourself and those around you as well. It is advisable to keep your mood swings under control in order to get along with your life normally.
What Is Love
Many people “in love” are addicted to it, just as people are addicted to alcohol, tobacco or other drugs. Love is difficult and requires work and practice. The number of definitions is almost endless. Poets, novelists, and theologians have struggled to define love, as have psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, family scientists, and journalists. Think about how you define love and how you know when you are “in love”.
Definitions on Love
-Erich Fromm, Psychiatrist
-Ursula K. Le Guin, Novelist
-James Leo Herlihy, Novelist
-Madame De Stael, Novelist
-H. L. Mencken, Journalist
-Harry Stack Sullivan, Psychiatrist
Dimensions of Love
The three dimensions of the love triangle (developed by Robert Sternberg) are
Combining these three dimensions of love in various ways, Sternberg identified eight types of love relationships: non-love, liking, infatuation, empty love, romantic love, fatuous love, companionate love, and consummate love.
Most people have experienced several of these types of love and can recognize that each of them feels rather different. Even within one relationship, it is possible to experience two or more types of love over time. A couple, for example, may start out as close friends (liking) and then two years later become sexually involved a year later they may decide to live together.
The Styles of Love
John Lee (1988) described six love styles. Similar to a colour wheel, there are three primary love styles (Eros, Ludus and Storage) and three secondary styles (Pragma, Mania and Agape). Each style has a unique character.
Primary Love Styles
The combination of two primary styles, like a chemical reaction, creates the three secondary styles.
Secondary Love Styles
To validate Lee’s approach, researchers found that
According to Hendrick and Hendrick (1986, 1989), the six love styles can also be related to sexual attitudes and behaviours.
It is unclear whether one’s love style is constant like personality traits, or whether it varies depending on the kind of relationship style a couple develops.
For centuries, mental illness has sparked many negative emotions amongst us ranging from fear, shame, guilt and pity.
Being a mental health professional, I have been closely connected to those with mental health issues and their loved ones. As a professional, I would say that being mentally ill is not the end of the world. However, it is not easy either. Sometimes I wonder, given a choice between a physical illness and a mental illness what will opt for? almost as a reflex, I say that physical illness is many times better that mental illness. But, if I pause and give this a thought, I wonder if my fears about being mentally unwell is justified.
Why are we all afraid of being mentally ill or scared of people with mental illness? there are many factors that sets mental illness apart from physical illness. Let us try to look into these factors closely and see if we can understand why is being mentally ill so different from any other illness.
Fear of loss of control:
The biggest fear that mental illness brings in us, is the fear of a loss of control. If we lose control over our mind, well there is nothing much that we have a control on. We can no longer regulate our thoughts, emotions, behaviour and actions. But, is this actually true? if a person is suffering from mental illness, for instance depression, does he not a have a control over his behaviour and actions? a person with physical illness such as stroke is unable to control his body movements, his speech as well as loses bladder control and thus experiences an equally apprehensive loss of control.
Being mentally unwell is no doubt distressing and disabling, but the extend of disability depends on the severity of illness. Barring few severe mental illness, people with mental illness are still able to regulate themselves and have a control over their minds to varying extent.
Fear of never being well again:
Another fear that haunts people who are mentally unwell is will they ever be well again?
A person who has schizophrenia may have to continue the medications for life but so does someone who has diabetes. Majority of mental illnesses are for a short span of time and they can be effectively treated. The second category is those illnesses that come and go in episodes. For e. G, you may have depressive episodes or someone with bipolar disorder may have episodes where they have manic or depressive phases. However, in between these episodes they might be able to lead a productive life. There is a category mental illness which is severe, lasts for life and needs to be managed forever but so is the case with a lot of physical illnesses that are chronic, disabling and needs life long treatment.
Fear of medications that are used in psychiatric disorder
Every single medication that has ever been used can have some or other side effects, even the placebos. If you look into the side effect profile of even commonly used medications like flu medicine, you will be scared to use it. So, what sets the medications used for mental illness apart from their counterparts?
The general perception is that these medicines are addictive, have a lot of side effects, they will make you drowsy and sleepy and that once started it has to be taken for life. There are a vast range of medications that we use in psychiatry like antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, anti-anxiety and sleeping tablets. As far as addictive potential is concerned, only a small fractions of these medication are actually addictive (for instance sleeping tablets). Most of the medications that are used to treat mental health disorders are not addictive. For using the addictive medicine, there are guidelines and recommendations to prescribe them so as to ensure that the person taking them does not get dependent on it.
Like any other medication, these medicines do come with side effects. However, there are many newer medicines available today with minimal side effects. And if a person develops a side effect with one of the medications, there is always an option of adjusting the dose or substituting the medicine.
Thinking about the durations of treatment, how long the medications needs to be continued depends on a lot of factors like the severity of illness, response to treatment and existing psychosocial support. Like any other long standing illness such as hypertension or diabetes which requires long term treatment, medications for mental health disorders may need to be taken for a long term, but not necessarily for life.
Fear of being locked down
The picture of being mentally ill, especially in a developing country like india is portrayed as someone who is tied and isolated in a mental institution. Only a minority of people who have mental illness need hospitalization at some point in their lives. The reason why a mentally ill person needs to be in hospital can be if there is a grave risk to their life or a risk to others due to their mental illness. Admissions are usually for a short term or for as long as it is needed.
Fear of not being understood by others
How can someone understand what I am going through if they have not experienced it themselves? fear of not being understood is something that refrains a mental ill person from sharing how they are feeling with their friends and family. It is hard, as a lot of people are not comfortable and are scared to talk to people about their mental health problems. This lack of understanding emerges from the lack of awareness about mental illness and the most effective way to increase the awareness is by talking about it.
Last but not the least, there is this whole issue of stigma that is attached to being mentally ill. This stigma can affect various domains of the lives of people with mental illness. It can affect their personal relationships, their jobs as well as their social lives. A lot people are discriminated on the grounds of mental illness and I believe that is what makes being mentally ill so scary. Majority of people are not able to sustain a job or form a lasting relationship not because of the mental illness itself but because of the stigma associated with it.
It is high time that we deal with the emotions that comes with the term mental illness. Once we as a society are able to fight the fear, shame and guilt that is linked with being mentally ill, it will be far more easier to treat mental illness as well as live with mental illness.
In the realm of sexual relations, Incest is one of the longing social taboos. In order to curb this social taboo, many governments have introduced law banning incest. Basically, this is a sexual relationship between those who are blood-related, which is also called as Consanguineous relationship. This is also called as Genetic Sexual Attraction (GSA) which can be between siblings, half siblings, donor children, adoptees, biological mother and father, nephew and so on. This is a social evil, and experts have some remedies so that you can deal with genetic sexual attraction.
According to an article published in Spanish Magazine AFIN in July 2013, separation of siblings for quite a long time is one of the known causes for genetic sexual attraction. At the same time, the magazine points out that there are instances that even those who are not separated have this mania of genetic sexual attraction. Some of the other interesting aspects of GSA can be explained as follows:
It is said that children who grow in close proximity since their childhood develop reverse sexual attitude or imprinting with their siblings, parents and with other consanguineous relationships. This reverse sexual attitude actually suppresses sexual desire with consanguineous relationship. This theory is also called as Westermarck Effect. This can be the pointer to the question How to deal with Genetic Sexual Attraction because consanguineous relationship separated for years may not have the Westermarck Effect.
It is pointed out that when siblings who are separated for long duration of time are sexually mature when they meet each other. In other words, they were not members of the nuclear family, and this long absence can attract each other for a closer relationship. In addition to this, the siblings are biologically and mentally so grown up that they have made their own hard imprint of their character, taste and so on. It is a combination of these factors that makes them an exception to the Westermarck effect.
Symptoms of GSA:
Extreme awareness about the other person, hard desire to stay or talk, distractible behavior, unnecessary talking, holding hands or touching or making use of every opportunity to have some kind of physical contact, daydreaming are some of the known symptoms of GSA.
One of the ideal remedies for those suffering from GSA is to seek help of appropriate medical fraternity in the earliest possible time. This is one of the most ideal approaches to deal with genetic sexual attraction. It is also suggested that you should ensure that the siblings meet at regular intervals. This can help the siblings to have Westermarck Effect. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.