A malocclusion is basically a misalignment of the teeth. It occurs when there is discrepancy with the teeth and the jaw. This makes it really difficult for a person to bite. This leads to crowded, protruding or crooked teeth. It can further lead to periodontal issues, gum/ sleep disorders and acute headaches.
The term malocclusion originates from the word occlusion. Occlusion means the point where your teeth meet between the upper jaw and that of the lower jaw. Malocclusion is a condition that can be present in the patient as early as during birth. It starts to show at the outset as a gap between teeth, a cleft palate, uneven mouth size and uneven jaw structure. Malocclusion stands the chance of arising due to the thrusting of the tongue, sucking of the thump, a dental disorder, early tooth loss and also medical complications such as tonsils that have become enlarged or even adenoids.
Normal fit is when the teeth in the upper jaw is a little ahead of the lower jaw. Malocclusion occurs when this normal fit is absent and the upper teeth and lower teeth meet at the same line together. There are three classes; Class I is when though the two molars are in a normal fit the teeth continue to be crowded or have a lot of space. Over laps or cross bites can take place in very serious conditions. Class II malocclusion occurs when though the lower molars are fitting the upper ones, the lower one is situated slightly towards the throat. Class II malocclusion occurs when the lower molar is positioned far ahead of the upper one. This will lead to the jaw jutting out and jutting out front teeth.
Your malocclusion will be diagnosed by the doctor as a result of routine checkups. The dentist will take recourse to x-rays to determine and confirm your case. If the x-ray results come positive for malocclusion then your treatment will be determined by the severity and resultantly, the type.
If the malocclusion detected is mild it will not require treatment. If the case of malocclusion is detected to be severe then the dentist may advise you to put on braces to rectify the positioning of the molars, you may also be advised to eliminate the teeth in question to solve the pressing issue of overcrowding, you may be advised to undergo an operative procedure to either reshape the jaw or shorten it, you may also be asked to insert wires/ plates to bring into equilibrium the two jaw bones.
If you are going for teeth elimination then once it has been shifted to a new place then the braces will be subsequently taken out and the retainer will be worn to stabilize the position.
Any person exhibiting the striking signs of malocclusion or are diagnosed under Class I, II or III category of malocclusion are eligible to undergo treatment.
All those who have a normal occlusion or are allergic to medications such as anaesthesia that maybe used during the course of the surgery are not eligible to go for a malocclusion treatment.
The post-treatment guidelines for a malocclusion treatment is extremely crucial for your speedy recover to normal life. This includes taking over-the-counter drugs in case your braces start to cause excruciating pain. Refrain from taking more than one medication simultaneously unless you have been specifically advised by your doctor to do so. Ensure to carry out your daily dental care such as flossing and brushing. In case you have been given braces the doctor will give you a special set of flossing tools. Avoid eating or chewing sticky food items such as nougat, nuts, gum, that stand the chance of getting stuck between your teeth. In case you incur a cut in the mouth, wash your mouth well with a solution that has been created by mixing one teaspoon of salt in one cup of lukewarm water.
In case you have been advised to get braces for your misalignment or malocclusion then you may be asked to keep the braces on for at least 2-3 years. During this time, visiting your dentist after every one or two months is a must.
The price of getting dental braces in India can cost you anywhere between Rs.18, 000 to Rs. 60,000. The price of a dental floss ranges between Rs. 100- Rs. 5000 in India. When going to the doctor for the first time, he or she will ask you to take an X-ray which can cost you between Rs.150- Rs. 1000.
Malocclusion can be covered up by undergoing orthodontic treatment or by taking recourse to a surgical procedure.