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Overview

Hypothyroid Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hypothyroid is a medical condition that occurs when your thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is located in lower front portions of your neck. The thyroid hormones are critical to your body. These travel the length and breadth of your body through the blood streams and can affect every organ including heart, brain and skin tissues. The main purpose of the thyroid gland is to control how you use your food. They manage actively in the process called as metabolism. It is the process in which the body cells start to absorb the energy from the food that we eat. The thyroid is the gland that secretes the hormones that help in achieving this. Also, metabolism affects your body temperature and even changes your heart beat. Needless to say, the thyroid glands are essential for the human body. The treatment of thyroid disorder aims to reconstruct the thyroid mechanism so that the hormones are released once again. There are many types of treatment available to control the disorder. The common condition can occur when your thyroid gets inflamed a condition known as hypothyroidism. There are many known causes for such conditions. Among them, viral infections can also be the leading cause of hypothyroidism.

How is the treatment done?

Hypothyroidism is commonly treated by medications and pills to re-inculcate the hormone levels. You also must have regular health checkups with your doctor to know your thyroid levels. Thyroid disorders if untreated can lead to heart problems, joint pain, and obesity. In some cases, it can even lead to infertility. In pregnant women, it can affect the fetus. The symptoms should never be ignored, and you have to consult your physician immediately when you notice them. The treatment would also focus on giving you essential iodine levels to your body. Too little iodine in the diet can also sometimes lead to the Hypothyroidism condition. The basic and foremost treatment for hypothyroidism involves the daily medication of synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levothroid, Synthroid, others). This is an oral medication and is used to restore hormone levels and reverses the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism. The treatment would start to take effect within weeks, and you can notice visible changes within his period. It is an ongoing condition and treatment – meaning that you have to check frequently with your doctor for your thyroid levels. Accordingly you doctor can reduce the dose or increase the dosages of the thyroid medications.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any individual who is affected by the hypothyroidism can qualify for the treatment. The treatment can work best when diagnosed in the initial stages. Hence if you feel you have the symptoms make sure you have a check up with your doctor for the thyroid disorders. Before undertaking the pills ensure that your doctor knows about your physical condition and your allergic levels. If you are under medications for certain other conditions, do let your know doctor know about it.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The treatment can be eligible and undergone by any individual. Before you take the treatment, however, do let your doctor know about the medicines, you are undertaking currently. The thyroid medications can cause some reaction to the pills you are taking.

Are there any side effects?

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The important part of the treatment depends on the post treatment guidelines. You might be asked to intake certain foods especially your salt intake to increase your iodine levels. You might be asked to avoid certain foods, and you must make some lifestyle changes. Also, you much check your thyroid levels periodically with your doctor. In the case of surgery, you have to take rest for a few weeks before you get back to your regular duties.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery depends on how well your body responds to the treatment. Since your thyroid levels can increase gradually it take some time before you are fully recovered. The dosages of the pills and the medications have to be increased or decreased as per your thyroid needs. Do consult with your doctor regularly and have periodic checkups. As for surgery, most of the treatments are done using precision laser and your recovery period can also be very minimal.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

For surgeries the cost can go up to 2, 00,000 INR and depending on the post-treatment medications, it can raise up. The medication cost of thyroid can depend on your needs and the type of drugs you are undertaking. Also, these costs depend on the center and the medical facility where you are undergoing the treatment.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results are not permanent, and you might have a chance that the problems can occur again. The treatment depends on increasing your thyroid levels and based on your lifestyle and medical conditions they can reappear again. Check with your doctor periodically for the ways in which you can avoid such situations. Do follow the diet laid down and never miss the medications that have to be followed.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative treatment is to find ways to improve your thyroid levels. You can make changes to your diet and get it from the foods that you eat. Increase the intake of iodized salt after consulting with your doctor. Also, you can opt for foods that are rich in Omega 3 Fatty acids that are beneficial to such problems. Have a consultation with a dietician and make sure that you follow and adhere to the diet chart.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: RS. 2,00,000 and above

Popular Health Tips

Ways To Decrease Joint Pain From Hypothyroidism!

Diploma In Diabetology, MD - Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Ways To Decrease Joint Pain From Hypothyroidism!

There are various manifestations of hypothyroidism; joint pain is one of them. Majority of people who are suffering from hypothyroidism have joint pain. This can cause difficulty in day to day life of the person.
So here are the ways to decrease joint pain from hypothyroidism-

  1. Lose weight- Weight is the one factor which gives more stress to the joints. By losing weight, the stress upon the joints reduces. This not only decreases the pain but also increases the mobility, and prevents future damage to your joints.
  2. Strengthen your muscles- Strengthening of muscles is necessary to protect your joints. By building the muscle mass you also use more calories than fat which results in weight loss and reduces the stress upon the joints. Physiotherapy will be helpful in this.
  3. Exercise regularly- Doing exercise is more beneficial than just weight loss. It helps to maintain flexibility in your joints. Low-impact exercises such as water aerobics or swimming are more beneficial than weight-bearing exercises like running and walking.
  4. Healthy Diet- Add fresh fruits, vegetables which are highly antioxidants. Also, fatty fish which is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are known to decrease inflammation. This can help in resolving your joint pain. Avoid the junk food which leads to weight gain.
  5. Good Sleep- Sleep is the ultimate solution for your stress. Also, sleep is the time when your joints and muscles repair. If you are sleeping well you may take less time to recover. At least 7-8 hours of sleep every day is a must.
  6. MeditationSometimes constant pain can be stressful and troublesome. Meditation helps you to deal with stress. It distracts you from your bothering like joint pain and makes you focus on your breathing. It also makes you calm and settled.
  7. YogaYoga not only helps in joint pain but it improves the overall health. It increases the flexibility. It makes you feel fresh and keeps you healthy.
  8. Hot and Cold Therapy- It helps to reduce the stiffness and swelling of the muscles and joints hence reducing the pain. A cold fomentation is best for relieving joint pain, swelling, and inflammation. Apply a gel ice pack to painful joints for quick relief.
  9. Massage- Massage of the painful joint will help to decrease the pain, swelling and stiffness. It also improves the range of motion of the joint.
  10. Medication- Medications such as NSAID’S, steroids are used to reduce the inflammation hence the pain. But these are temporary treatments and they also have adverse effects on the body. This is prescribed along with thyroxine if the pain is severe. Even supplements like calcium and vitamin D are given according to the need.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2725 people found this helpful

How Can You Manage Joint Pain Due To Hypothyroidism?

DM - Endocrinology, MBBS, MD - Medicine
Endocrinologist, Bangalore
How Can You Manage Joint Pain Due To Hypothyroidism?

The body is controlled by chemicals known as hormones. These are produced in minute quantities by minute organs, but have great control on almost all body functions. There are different hormones, each determining different functions like how tall a person will grow, how strong the bones will be, how well a person can react to stress and the reproductive ages. There is also a master gland called the pituitary which is situated somewhere deep in the brain, which controls all these organs. Small variations in the amount of these chemicals in the body produce significant effect on their respective control organ.

Thyroid is one such major gland, which produces a hormone called thyroxine or T4 as it is commonly called. This controls metabolism and emotional health to a large extent. Reduced amounts of T4 is very common in women, and with altered metabolism, there is increased musculoskeletal pain in various joints.

Here are some of the best ways to reduce Joint Pain from Hypothyroidism:

  1. Step Up to Low-Impact Aerobics: Twenty to 60 minutes of near-daily aerobics — really any exercise that gets your heart pumping — can help speed up your metabolism and counter weight gain, a common hypothyroidism symptom and a contributor to joint pain. But if you have joint or knee pain, choose low-impact aerobics. Swimming is the ideal low-impact aerobic exercise — the water buoys your body and cushions joints.
  2. Strengthen Your Muscles: Strength- or weight-training exercises build muscle mass, which uses more calories than fat even at rest. That promotes weight loss and can ease the strain on your joints. Stronger muscles also directly help protect nearby joints. For example, strengthening exercises such as squats, lunges, and leg lifts develop the muscles that support the knees. Start slow with 15 repetitions of each exercise. Then build up to three sets of 15 reps each.
  3. Get Plenty of Sleep: Sleep is the time for muscles and joints to recover. If you're not sleeping well, you are not recovering as fast as you could be. What's more, when you're sleep deprived, you're likely to crave junk and comfort foods that can contribute to weight gain, which adds stress to your joints and increases joint pain. Aim for seven to eight hours of quality sleep each night.
  4. Stick to a Healthy Diet: Replace the junk food that can lead to weight gain with choices that enhance your health. For example, add fatty fish to your diet. It's a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, known to decrease inflammation, which may be contributing to your muscle and joint pain. Coldwater fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna have some the highest amounts of omega-3s. Also be sure to get lots of fresh fruit and vegetables high in antioxidants, which may counter inflammation, too.
  5. Practice Yoga: Yoga poses are a great way to provide relief for joint pain while also increasing flexibility. For shoulder pain, look for poses that open your chest, like this simple pose: Sit with your feet flat on the floor. As you inhale, stretch your arms over your head. Clasp your hands together over your head and then turn your palms up toward the ceiling. Drop your shoulders and straighten up as if pushing through your head. Hold for 30 seconds. Release your hands, bringing them down behind you. Next, clasp your hands behind your back and lift your arms. Hold for another 30 seconds.
  6. Don't Let Fatigue Win: Fatigue is one of the most common hypothyroidism symptoms. Even though you might feel listless, you'll benefit from exercise because it will rev your metabolism and help you maintain flexibility despite muscle and joint pain. If you're too exhausted to complete a full exercise routine, break it up into several short bouts — even 10 minutes done three times a day will be effective. Also, stretching and relaxation exercises within two hours of bedtime may help you sleep better.
  7. Meditate for Stress Relief: Having a chronic condition such as hypothyroidism can be stressful, and that stress can actually contribute to pain and tension. That's why it's important to find ways to reduce stress, such as the practice of mindfulness meditation. This form of meditation teaches you how to distract yourself from what's bothering you by refocusing your attention, often on your own breathing. 

Thyroid hormones help all your organs work well. They control how your body uses food for energy.

What Do Thyroids Do

Thyroid hormones affect your metabolism rate, which means how fast or slow your brain, heart, muscles, liver, and other parts of your body work. If your body works too fast or too slowly, you won’t feel well. For example, if you don’t have enough thyroid hormone, you might feel tired and cold. Or, if you have too much thyroid hormone, you might feel nervous, jumpy, and warm.

What hormones does my thyroid gland produce?

The thyroid gland produces thyroxine (T4), which is a relatively inactive prohormone and lower amounts of the active hormone, triiodothyronine (T3). Collectively, T3 and T4 are referred to as the thyroid hormones. Twenty percent of the body’s triiodothyronine is made by the thyroid gland; the other 80% comes from thyroxine converted by organs such as the liver or kidneys.

The thyroid gland also produces calcitonin from cells called C-cells. Calcitonin is understood to play a role in regulating calcium levels in the body, but its exact function in humans remains unclear. Thyroid hormone is one such chemical which has effect on all organs of the body including the joints. Vague pains may be due to thyroid disorders. They are easy to manage with treatment.

2887 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating It?

BHMS, M.D.(Bio)
Homeopath, Pune
Hypothyroidism - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating It?

Hypothyroidism is a condition called deficiency of thyroid hormone. The main duty of thyroid hormone is to rmaintain the metabolism of the body. Hence, the person affected by it will experience slow metabolism. Hypo means underactive, which means the lack of thyroid hormones in the body. 

Types of Hypothyroidism

This happens when the functioning thyroid gland fail to produce T3 and T4. As a result, pituitary gland releases Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). This helps in producing T3 and T4 hormones. This cause is termed as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

  1. Primary Hypothyroidism is the deficiency of thyroid hormones due to inadequate production.
  2. Secondary Hypothyroidism is deficiency of thyroid hormones due to inadequate stimulation of the thyroid gland through pituitary gland.

Causes of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Homeopathy Treatment for Hypothyroidism
Homeopathy medicines are always known for treating the disease permanently and same way the medicine performs here too. The disease could be treated through different medicines in homeopathy. Choosing or prescribing the right medicine depends on the cause of the disease and its effect.

Here is the list of homeopathy medicines that helps in eradicating the effectiveness of the disease completely.

  • Calcarea Carbonica
  • Sepia Officinalis
  • Lycopodium Clavatum
  • Graphites
  • Nux Vomica
  • Iodum treats hypothyroidism. The person is emaciated
  • Thymusinum - treatment of stunted conditions in children
  • Bromum treats goiter
  • Lapis albus treats hyperthyroidism and goiter
  • Natrum muriaticum treats an under active gland

However, these are just the names of the medicines, which should not be taken without prior approval from a homeopathy doctor, as the dosage and frequency of the medicine will be decided by the doctor based on the patient's condition and symptoms. Homoeopathy medicines are selected on individuality of patients means different medicines for same complaints. So consult Homoeopathic physician for Medicines and doses. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4548 people found this helpful

Homeopathic Remedies for Treating Hypothyroidism!

M. sc Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Homeopathic Remedies for Treating Hypothyroidism!

As we age, we may get a lot wiser and experienced; however, the down-side of gaining knowledge and experience is that we also have to face a lot of health issues and troubles. Problems related to hormones and glands become common as we grow older, and one amongst the most common problems is hypothyroidism. This is a problem that affects the thyroid gland, which is located around the throat region, and is commonly found in women. When the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones or is underactive, you may be diagnosed with hypothyroidism.

The lack of activity in the thyroid gland may lead to a number of other issues such as lowering of metabolism and the disturbance of immunity in the body. The problem of slow thyroid may alsoarise because of the lack of iodine in the body, and in any case, it is important to bring the issue under control so that a healthy lifestyle may be achieved.

Homeopathy and hypothyroidism
One of the best ways to be able to deal with lifestyle and hormone diseases is to opt for homeopathic treatment. Homeopathy is the branch of medicine that usesnatural means and products to treat health issues; the biggest and most stubborn of diseases are known to be treated with the help of this stream of medication. The same holds true for hypothyroidism because it is found that the most effective way to treat this problem is through the use of homeopathic medicines.

Since there are a lot of medicines that can be used for treating hypothyroidism through homeopathy, the medicines that are prescribed by medical practitioners are segregated on the basis of the symptoms or the effects of the problem, such as the following:

  1. You may be prescribed homeopathy medicines for hypothyroidism if you are experiencing excessive weight gain, which is one of the main symptoms of this condition. In such cases, you may be given medicines that help in controlling not only weight gain issues but also issues of lowered hormone secretion.
  2. A lot of homeopathy experts also suggest medicines that are exclusively developed for women who experience menstrual issues due to hypothyroidism, which also happens to be a common occurrence.
  3. The tolerance for cold in a lot of people is also affected due to the presence of hypothyroidism, which may require a different type of treatment or medication in the field of homeopathy.
  4. Many also suffer from issues such as constipation and hair fall which are generally connected to the symptoms of hypothyroidism,and the homeopathic medicines prescribed by doctors may help in tackling such symptoms.

While it may be wise to choose homeopathy as your preferred stream of medicine when hypothyroidism is diagnosed, it is also important to make sure that the best and the most experienced doctors in the arena are chosen for getting the most effective treatment.

5 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism: What You Need to Know About an Underactive Thyroid

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FRACP - Pediatrc Endocrinology, SCE, Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Hypothyroidism: What You Need to Know About an Underactive Thyroid

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not producing the thyroid hormones adequately. This is a fairly common condition.

What is thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located just below Adam’s apple. It encircles the windpipe or the trachea. It is about 4 cms in height and weighs about 18 gms. This gland is responsible for the secretion of thyroid hormones. Hormones are chemicals produced by special glands like thyroid, adrenals, ovaries etc. They act as messengers and are carried by the blood to the various target organs.

What are the hormones produced by thyroid gland and what do they do?

The thyroid hormones are of two types – T3 (Tri iodo thyronine) and T4 (Thyroxine). These hormones are mainly responsible for the body’s metabolism - a process in which food is converted into energy in the cells. They influence growth and development and regulate various bodily functions which are mentioned below:

  • Heartbeat
  • Body temperature
  • Breathing
  • Body weight
  • Metabolism of fat
  • Menstrual cycles in females
  • Functioning of Nervous system
  • Digestion
  • Burning calories etc.

What is Hypothyroidism?

Inadequate production of hormones by the thyroid gland is termed as hypothyroidism. This is also called Underactive thyroid state. Hypothyroidism can make the body’s development to slow down and reduces metabolism rates.

What are the causes of Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism can be caused by a number of factors:

  1. Hashimoto's thyroiditis: This is the commonest cause. This is an autoimmune disorder (normally body’s defence system fight against external infections. In autoimmune disorder the defence system attacks the healthy cells of the body by mistake). In Hashimoto’s thyroiditis the immune system/defence system produces antibodies that attack the thyroid gland and destroy it.
  2. Iodine deficiency in diet. For the production of thyroid hormones iodine is very important. The body does not produce iodine normally, so it needs to be supplemented from outside. Iodine is mainly present in the food we eat. It is mainly present in shellfish, salt-water fish, eggs, dairy products. If a person does not eat iodine rich foods, he may end up with iodine deficiency leading to hypothyroidism. Currently, this causative factor is on the decline due to government initiative of table salt with iodine.
  3. Surgery: Surgery to remove thyroid gland (for e.g. thyroid cancer treatment, overactive thyroid etc.)
  4. Radiation to the neck (to treat cancer in the neck area): The thyroid gland cells are damaged due to the radiation.
  5. Treatment with radioactive iodine: This treatment is used for managing hyperthyroidism/overactive thyroid, where the thyroid gland produces excessive thyroid hormones. One of the treatment modalities is by radioactive iodine. Sometimes this radiotherapy destroys normal functioning cells which lead to hypothyroidism.
  6. Certain medicines: Certain medicines used to treat heart conditions, cancer, psychiatric conditions etc. – for e.g. amiodarone, lithium, interleukin-2, interferon-alpha.
  7. Pregnancy: Pregnancy (the reason is unclear but it has been noticed that the thyroid may get inflamed after delivery – this is called Postpartum thyroiditis.
  8. Damage to the pituitary gland: Pituitary gland is a gland which is present in the brain. It produces a hormone called TSH (Thyroxine-Stimulating hormone).The TSH tells the thyroid gland how much thyroid hormone it should make. If the levels of thyroid hormone in the blood are low, then the TSH will stimulate the thyroid gland to produce more Thyroid hormone.
  9. Hypothalamus disorders: This is an organ in the brain. This produces a hormone called TRH (Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone) which acts on the Pituitary gland to secrete TSH. So any disorder of Pituitary gland will indirectly effect the production and secretion of Thyroid hormones. These are very rare disorders.
  10. Congenital thyroid defects: Some babies are born with thyroid problems. This is due to the thyroid not being developed normally during pregnancy. Sometimes the thyroid gland does not function normal. This can be identified by screening for thyroid disorders in the first week after delivery. This is usually by a blood test using a small drop of blood from the baby’s heel.

What are the different types of hypothyroidism?

One classification is based on whether the defect is with the thyroid gland or not:

  1. Primary hypothyroidism: The problem is in the thyroid gland itself and thus there is reduced production /secretion of thyroid hormones.
  2. Secondary hypothyroidism: Here the problem is with the Pituitary gland or the Hypothalamus. This results in abnormal production of TSH or TRH, which indirectly leads to less production and secretion of thyroid hormones.

Another classification is based on the symptoms and levels of the thyroid hormones and TSH:

  1. Overt hypothyroidism: Here the patient is having the symptoms. Further the T3/T4 are low and TSH is high
  2. Subclinical hypothyroidism: Here patient may or may not have symptoms. The T3/T4 levels are normal but TSH is high. In this situation the patient is at an increased risk of developing overt hypothyroidism in the future especially if he has Thyroid peroxidase antibodies on testing.

Who are at risk of developing Hypothyroidism?

  1. Women have a higher risk of suffering from hypothyroidism than men.
  2. Older people are at increased risk.
  3. People suffering from other autoimmune diseases like Coeliac disease, Type-1 Diabetes Mellitus, Vitiligo, Pernicious anemia, Multiple sclerosis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Addison’s disease etc.
  4. People with psychiatric conditions such as bipolar disorder
  5. People with Chromosomal abnormalities like Down syndrome, Turners syndrome also have a high risk of suffering from hypothyroidism.

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Symptoms vary from person to person. They may also mimic other conditions and hence be difficult to diagnose. Symptoms may also develop very slowly over a span of moths-years. Some of the characteristic symptoms of this disease are:

  1. Depression
  2. Constipation
  3. Hair loss
  4. Dry hair
  5. Dryness of the skin
  6. Tiredness
  7. Body pains
  8. Fluid retention in the body
  9. Irregular menstrual cycle
  10. Increased sensitivity to cold
  11. Reduced heart rate
  12. Increase in size of the thyroid gland – called Goitre. This is due to constant stimulation of the thyroid gland by TSH.
  13. Weight gain
  14. Carpal tunnel syndrome
  15. Hoarse voice
  16. Infertility
  17. Loss of libido/sex drive
  18. Confusion or memory problems especially in the elderly

What are the symptoms to look for in a baby if you suspect hypothyroidism?

Infants suffering from congenital hypothyroidism may show no symptoms or exhibit signs of excessive drowsiness, cold hands, cold feet, constipation, hoarse cry, poor growth or absent growth, poor appetite, bloating of abdomen, puffiness of face, swollen tongue, persistent jaundice.

How to diagnose hypothyroidism?

Blood tests:

  1. TSH: This hormone is made in the pituitary gland and it stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxine. If the thyroxine levels are low in the blood, the pituitary gland produces and secretes more TSH into the blood to act on the thyroid gland to produce more thyroxine. A raised TSH level indicates hypothyroidism. Other tests are not usually necessary unless a rare cause of hypothyroidism.
  2. T4: A low level of thyroxine indicates hypothyroidism.
  3. T3: these levels are generally not needed to diagnose hypothyroidism
  4. Anti-Thyroid peroxidase antibodies (anti-TPO antibodies) or Anti- thyroglobulin antibodies are present in 90-95% of patient with autoimmune thyroiditis.
  5. Other blood tests include Creatinine Kinase, Serum Lipids, Complete blood picture etc.
  6. Ultrasound of the neck is done if the patient presents with a thyroid swelling.

What is the treatment of hypothyroidism?

Overt hypothyroidism is treated by synthetic Thyroxin hormone which should be taken every day on an empty stomach at least 30 – 45 minutes before breakfast. The treatment is continued for the rest of the patient’s life. Regular thyroid function tests are done once every 8 weeks-12 weeks to adjust the dose of the thyroxine in the initial period of diagnosis. Once the thyroxine dose is stabilised, the tests can be done even once a year. This treatment is quite effective.

Sub-clinical hypothyroidism is only treated if the patient is a woman and is contemplating pregnancy, in patients with symptoms or if the TSH is quite high.

What are the side-effects of thyroxine medication?

There are few side effects if any. Most people tolerate these medications quite well. An important consideration before starting medication is to check if the patient has chest pain/angina. These people are started on the least available dose. If these patients are started on a higher dose they notice a worsening of their angina pains.

Side effects mainly occur if the thyroxine dose is high which leads to hyperthyroidism. The symptoms of this could be palpitations 9increased heart beat), weight loss, profuse sweating, anxiety, irritability etc.

There are some tablets which increase with thyroxine tablets. These include carbamazepine, iron supplements, calcium supplements, rifampicin, phenytoin, warfarin etc.

What are the complications of hypothyroidism?

If untreated hypothyroidism can lead to:

  • heart problems like heart attack due to increased levels of bad cholesterol like LDL, or heart failure due to fluid retention
  • obesity
  • infertility
  • joint pains
  • depression
  • A pregnant woman with hypothyroidism is at increased risk of giving birth to a baby with congenital hypothyroidism, also known as cretinism. Further, the woman may have pregnancy related complications like pre-eclampsia, premature delivery, low birth weight baby, anemia, post-partum haemorrhage (bleeding after delivery) etc.
  • Myxoedema is another complication where the patient has extremely low levels of thyroid hormone. The body temperature drops drastically making the person lose consciousness or go into a coma. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Endocrinologist.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, My daughter 12 year old swollen gland in the neck advices usg neck scan revealed diffuse thyroid disease and thyroid profile the Tsh is 26.77 and t3 and t4 is normal is this hypothyroidism and what needs To be some.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Since the TSH level is very high (26.77 mU/L), it is necessary to start her on adequate dose of Levothyroxine and then check TSH after 6 weeks. It should be brought down to a level of 3 to 4 mU/L. At that level all the symptoms of hypothyroidism in her will be in check. Please start the treatment without any delay. Thanks.

HI, I am 31 years old, maine apse blood test karaya to us main mere thyroid 3rd generation tsh 5.430 aya please koi medicine bta dijiye.

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
I think you should repeat TSH after one month and of it is still high then take thyroid hormone supplement under supervision of a Physician/Endocrinologist.
1 person found this helpful

I am shwetha 30 year old I have hypothyroidism I am using 50 mcg thyronorm now my tsh and t3 and t4 normal and anti tpo antibodies is 147.9 now we are planing for second baby can I have healthy baby with out any complication or can I stop for planing.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
lybrate-user ji, Thanks for the query. For planning a conception it is essential to maintain TSH < 2.5 mU/L. You have said everything is normal, but actual levels are not mentioned. I would like to know the actual numbers, then only any opinion can be given. Thanks.

Hi, I am taking taking iron tablets (Rubired), thyroid tablets (thyrox 12.5) and anti histamine tablet (Fexoford). Can I have anti worm tablet such as Cidazole 400? Will it cause any problem with the other medicines I am having?

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. I am sure you are following the instructions on taking Thyroxine tablets, that is those should be taken on empty stomach early in the morning and nothing should be taken for 1 to 1 and half hour after that. Iron tablets should taken after a gap of at least 4 hours after thyroxine. You can take Albendazole preferably at night. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Hi Sir, I am 26 years old. Mam mujhe thyroid hai. Thyronorm 50 mcg le rahi hu. Kya mujhe life time yeh Lena padega .kya mai pregnancy plan nahi ker Sakti hu. Mai kya karu please help me.

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Thyronorm synthetic thyroid hormone hai jo ki hypothyroidism main diya jata hai kyon ki thyroid gland utna hormone nahi bana pa rahi jitne ki jaroorat hai. Thyronorm indefinite period ke liye lena padta hai TSH monitoring ko monitor karte hue. Aap pregnancy plan kar sakte hain lekin thyronorm ko required dose TSH monitoring se guide karna padega.
3 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Hypothyroidism
Hello Everyone!

I am Dr. Sanket Gupta. I am a practicing homeopathic consultant at AKG s Oviham s medical centers and we have our clinics at Moti Bagh and Pritam Pura.

Today I would like to talk about a disease caller hyperthyroidism. Again a very common disease. A very common endocrine disorder. One of the most common endocrine disorders. And as the name suggests, hypo means less, so what happens is the thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones in a very less quantity. So the thyroid hormones t3 and t4 are released very less and there are only two major reasons. The first major reason being thyroid gland not functioning properly which happens when there is usually lack of iodine or deficiency of iodine as you must have seen a lot of people develop quite a huge growth around their necks. That is goiters and that is due to deficiency of iodine. The second cause being pituitary gland which releases less of thyroid stimulation hormone which in turn actually activates and stimulates the thyroid gland to release the thyroid hormones so these are the two major causes and clinically what we find in the investigate the findings of the thyroid profile, we find thyroid stimulating hormone is usually in, in people with hyperthyroidism and the t3 and t4 levels are generally low. On the other hand major reason could be autoimmune thyroiditis and this autoimmune thyroiditis means when the cells of your own body are working against your own body cells are working again your own receptors, own glands and preventing it from stimulating the thyroid hormones normally. In this case we need to get anti TPO and thyroid antibody, thyroid binding antibody globulins to test it. Homeopathy fortunately has a very very good result and very good effective treatment in both the cases be it autoimmune disorder or be the classical hyperthyroidism which we see in generally most of the cases. Symptomatically patients start you, you know the disease dose sets in quite early but the symptoms start manifesting very late in the life and symptoms like weight gain symptoms like dry skin, fatigue, weakness. Breathlessness even at times, slow pulse rate, falling of hair, irregular periods, constipation, depression, that all guiding towards hyperthyroidism so one thing is by if there is iodine deficiency It can always be supplemented by taking iodized salt which we use these days and that prevents the formation of goiter. The second thing being a secondary hyperthyroidism where it is generally due to the lack of our homeless, due to the inefficiency of the thyroid gland. What home, here the role of homeopathy is very important. What homeopathy does is it tries to only stimulate the thyroid gland to release the thyroid hormones properly tries to maintain that homeostasis tries to maintain that balance. It is not done we are doing giving something from outside which will you know, release the chemical and work on its own when the thyroid gland would be sitting pretty on its side, No. what we do with homeopathy, homeopathy medicines do they stimulates the thyroid gland to function on its own to fight on its own and this is how thyroid is completely, all the higher disorders are completely and completely curable with homeopathy. There is no need to be on lifelong medication for hypothyroidism or even hyperthyroidism per se. even at times when people are given anti thyroid drugs for hyperthyroidism. They get converted into hypothyroidism due to the medication, over medication. So there are lots of factors which we tend to see over our clinics all of them are taken into account and accordingly treatment is given. But definitely, homeopathy has a huge role to play in public health when it comes to hypothyroidism and is a beautiful medicine of treatment, treatment of medicine without any side effects and absolutely curable for thyroid disorders.

For any queries related to hypothyroidism or any other disorder can consult me here on Lybrate or consult me at my clinics Thank you.
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Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
Symptoms and diet plan for Thyroid
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Treatment For Infertility
Welcome to Urogyn IVF Centre, Rohini, Delhi. I am Dr Surbhi Gupta, IVF and surrogacy specialist. Nowadays, infertility has become a very common problem in the society and it is rising day by day. It is accepted one and all. In addition to other modalities of infertility treatment, surrogacy is the latest and ultimate tool for infertility couple. In surrogacy, another woman carries and delivers a baby for the couple who wants to have a baby. In surrogacy, we take a sperm from the biological father, an egg from biological mother, we fertilise outside the womb in a lab and this developing embryo, and we transfer in the surrogate mother for nine months. She gives the nourishment for nine months. This foetus is not biologically or genetically connected to the surrogate mother. Surrogate mother gets adequate compensation by the end of this process. This complete procedure is lawful. It is a very complex and mature procedure. It is required a teamwork. In this team, main infertility specialist, gynaecologist, IVF specialist, anaesthetist, sonologist, lab technician, embryologist, counsellor, psychologist, and surrogate agencies are required.

At Urogyn, we provide this complete system under one roof in a very mature fashion. If you want to go for surrogacy, visit us at Urogyn and give us the opportunity to serve you through Lybrate.

Thank you.
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Clinical Treatment
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Diabetes Treatment
Hello viewers. My name is Prashant from Dr Monga's health world and today we have doctor Yuvraj Arora director and consultant , at dr monga s ayuvedic medi clinic and today I am going to interact with dr monga about diabetes and other related issues which cause diabetes.So welcome to our show dr yuvraj monga:

Hello, my first question to you would be what is the major concern in Indian society which is associated with diabetes? a

As you all know in this modern world, digital world India is having a big threat of diabetes. India is having the largest diabetic population in the world in 2015 WHO and Indian diabetic Federation found out that 6.91 crore people are there in India who are diabetic. In next 2-3 years there will be 12 crores diabetic, every 9 person is diabetic in India. That s an alarming figure.

Why is that this disease called diabetes is not easily managed?

This can be divided into 2 factors: patient factor and doctor factor.

Doctor factor is that we have very good doctors and physicians in India but good doctors are very busy they are having 20-30-40-60 patients a day so they are not being able to give sufficient time to patients, there is a study in USA that biggest issue amongst doctors patient relationship is that poor communication poor time given by the doctor to the patient that is lacking so doctor could not provide information, pura jankari nahi de pata patient ko usko kya kya chaiye because diabetes bohot badi issue hai. Usme lifestyle changes chaiye, diet ka role chaiye, exercise ka role chaiye aur manage ho nahi paati hai so 80-90 % patients ka blood sugar manage nhi ho pata. Ye bohot bada issue hai toh isko control karna bohot zada zaruri hai , toh patient mein kya hota hai patient ek toh darai mein rehta hai mujhe bimari kese hogayi no 2 ignorence ki keise hogayi kyun hogayi keise thik karu toh knowledge hota nhi hai aur doctor k pass time nehi hai samjhane ka teesra fear k abb kya hoga thik hoga nehi hoga aur isike wajah se complies kharab ho jata hai means wo doctor ka prescription follow hi karta test thik se nhi karta manage hota nhi hai aur wo door to door doctor prescription change karna dawai change karna toh pareshan rehta hai patient aur kabhibi diabetes sugar manage nhi ho paati hai toh patient ko ek regime follow karna chaiye ek strict regime aur doctors k sath bethna chaiye aur discuss karna chaiye ki mein apni diabetes ko keise thik kar sakta hoon.

Ok we have also heard that diabetes never come alone so what are the other complications associated with diabetes? diabetes agar kaafi saal uncontrolled rahe toh cholesterol ki abnormalities ho jati hai , lipids kharab ho jatein hai cholesterol jamm jate hai apke blood vassals mein aur cardiovascular diseases , hyper tension long term mein kidney failure , erecting mein problem pet mein azma nhi rehta kabzi hoti hai aur aankhon ka parda aur aankhon ki roshni jaa sakti hai so ye haar major aang ko kharab kar sakti hai , bohot bada issue hai .

And how do you compare Ayurveda with modern medical practices? My wife is an Ayurvedic consultant and I am practicing modern medicine so we try to combine modern medicine with Ayurvedic. So the evicasy of modern medicine is maintained and patients can tolerate them very well so Ayurveda mein bohot classical drugs aati hai jo prescription mein milti hai jaise triphala hai lasan adibati hai jo sugar level ko niche rakh sakta hai , aur neem aur jamun aur karela ka sevan se bhi kamm rehta hai particular matra mein lena chaiye doctor k prescription k upar lena chaiye toh inse jo modern medicine hai uske side effect bhi kamm rehta hai aur control bhi badiya rehta hai . aur hum ye yahan pe practice karte hai ki modern medicine aur Ayurveda ka mishran patients k liye kaafi suitable rehta hai .

So finally I would like to ask one final question what is going to be your massage to our viewers what is the key o get the long lasting relief from diabetes. dawaiyon se zada exercise aur diet , ek ghanta exercise daily aur diet k baare mein kya bolna kaam khana , anaj roti bread biscuit aur zada protein , protein ka matlab hota hai zada daahi eggs chicken protein ki matra zada honi chaiye aur carbohydrate ki matra kamm honi chaiye din mein 2 katori salad honi chaiye 3-4 faal honi chaiye diet ki taraf jaiye khub sara exersice kijiye tabb dawaiyan bhi assar karegi tabb aapka long term maintain tabhi hosakta hai changes lifelong honi chaiye dhanyabad bohot bohot shukriya dr yuvraj and it was pleasure talking to you dr monga see you next time until then thank you and take cares
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