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Hemochromatosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hemochromatosis? What causes Hemochromatosis? Types of Hemochromatosis: What are the risk factors for Hemochromatosis:

What is Hemochromatosis?

Hemochromatosis makes your body absorb a lot of iron from the food you consume. Iron is stored inside your organs such as your pancreas, heart and liver. Too much iron content in your body can cause a lot of fatal liver disease, diabetes and heart problems. Hemochromatosis is usually inherited, the signs are usually more predominant during midlife. Hemochromatosis is treated by removing blood from your body, a lot of the body’s iron content is present in the red blood cells. This treatment reduces the iron levels.

What causes Hemochromatosis?

Hemochromatosis is caused due to a mutation in the gene which controls the iron content in your body. Hereditary Hemochromatosis is usually passed from parents to children. Ways in which you can inherit hereditary Hemochromatosis are:

  • When you inherit 2 abnormal genes- The Hemochromatosis gene can pass from the parent to the children. But not every child who inherits 2 abnormal genes can develop iron overload.
  • When you inherit 1 abnormal gene- This is extremely common and it develops when only one defective gene is inherited from a parent.

Types of Hemochromatosis:

  • Juvenile Hemochromatosis- This form of Hemochromatosis causes the exact problem in young adults that hereditary Hemochromatosis causes in grown ups. Iron accumulation begins earlier and the signs usually occur between 15 to 30 years of age. This mutation is caused by a gene called hepcidin gene.
  • Neonatal Hemochromatosis- This is a fatal disorder where iron starts building up rapidly in the liver of the fetus. It is a form of an autoimmune disease where the body attacks itself.
  • Secondary Hemochromatosis- This type of Hemochromatosis is not inherited and is caused by iron overload. People with severe liver disease and anemia might need blood transfusions which can result to iron accumulation.

What are the risk factors for Hemochromatosis:

  • Having 2 or more mutated HFE gene can make a person more susceptible to Hemochromatosis.
  • If you have a sibling or a parent who has Hemochromatosis, you are more likely to develop this disorder.
  • If you are a male, you are at a higher risk of developing Hemochromatosis. This usually occurs because, women lose iron when they menstruate or during pregnancy. The risk of Hemochromatosis can increase in women if they undergo a hysterectomy or a menopause.

If Hemochromatosis is not treated on time, it can give rise to liver cirrhosis, pancreas problems, heart problems, reproductive problems and changes in skin color.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am using ezimat medicine prescribed by a qualified skin doctor. But jitna din use karti hun thik hojatahei. Chhod dene ke baad agn rashes and itching start ho jaa hei. Episoft ac as a sunscreen lag rahi hun. Dmelan medicine for pigmentation is also prescribed. please guide.

Homeopathy Doctor, Bhiwadi
Okay madam this medicine is steroid jab tak ap use karo tab tak ap theek raho ge jase chod uske bad wahi condition ho jati hai ap bat rahe hai but ap ko fully cure karna hai to ap homoeopathic treatment lo jase ap permanent solution ho jaye ga but...

My cousin is a 6 year old girl. She has got less haemoglobin count and she is anemic. She had livogen tablets for iron deficiency. She has got small non-itchy rashes on her forehead and cheeks after the consumption of livogen tablets. How could she cure those rash-like hard scars?

Dermatologist, Chennai
Don't worry. She's suffering from seborrheic dermatitis causing this non itchy forehead rashes. Specific medicine available for good control. Treatment depends on the severity. Do direct online consultation for detailed prescription by sending pho...

Im facing itching problem all over the body, especially legs, and nothing visible like redness or nothing, I am taking allegra m for throat infection, and now im confused allegra m can cause itching to body, I noticed itching after taking allegra m.

Dermatologist, Chennai
Don't worry. You are suffering from allergic dermatitis causing this itching sensation. Specific medicine available for good control. Treatment depends on the severity. Do direct online consultation for detailed prescription by sending photos.

I have acne on my scalp it hurts sometimes and feels itchy. Sometimes if I pop the pimples it releases some puss or blood. Please help me. I also have dandruff and I was using selsun shampoo. It felt good. But not that much. Please help.

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
You have two problems 1. Bacterial infection due to scratching 2. Dandruff first you get treated for bacterial infection and itching later for dandruff.

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