Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Flap Surgery: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Flap surgery is also known as flap operation.

How is the treatment done?

Flap surgery is a type of gum procedure in which the gums are separated from the teeth and folded backwards temporarily in order to allow the dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone. Flap surgery is basically used for the treatment of periodontitis.

In case of the gingival flap surgery, the dentist is supposed to get rid of all the accumulated plaque and tartar from around the teeth and make sure that your oral hygiene conditions are good.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The periodontist will used a local anesthetic to numb the area in order to minimize the pain you might undergo during the surgery. With the use of a scalpel, gums are separated from the teeth and then folded in the back in the form of a flap. With direct access to the roots and bone that are supporting the teeth, the inflamed tissue is removed. A procedure called scaling and root planning takes place afterwards to get rid of the tartar and deposited plaque. In case of any bone defects, the dentist eliminates them with a procedure called osseous recontouring which helps in smoothening the edges of the bone using files or rotating burs. Once this procedure is completed, the gums are placed back against the teeth and kept in place with the help of stitches. Some periodontists use stitches that are dissolvable on their own while others tend to use stitches that have to be removed a week after the surgery. At times, the periodonist might also cover the surgical site with an intraoral bandage known as periodontal pack or dressing.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The flap surgery is used to treat gum disease known as periodontitis. It is mostly recommended for people with moderate or advanced periodontitis. Mostly, a treatment devoid of surgery is performed first which is also known as root planning and scaling.

Are there any side effects?

People who are active smokers will have difficulties during the surgery since smoking enhances the chances of the disease to reoccur. Moreover, people with mild periodontitis do not need to go for the surgery.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

As such there are no side effects to the surgery; however some risk factors are involved in any operation. After the surgery, patients might encounter some bleeding and swelling. The chances of developing an infection are also high.

The teeth that were treated have a tendency to become more sensitive to hot and cold. The gums in the treated area are more likely to recede with the passage of time. Furthermore, the teeth also have more tendencies to develop cavities in the roots.

How long does it take to recover?

It hardly takes a few days to recover from the process. If you take the prescribed painkillers and other medications regularly then the chances of another visit to the dentist decline significantly. Other pointers to keep in mind after the treatment are: avoid physical exertion activities as it may contribute to an increase in bleeding, do not lie flat after the surgery as this may prolong the bleeding. Patients who undergo flap surgery need to be very careful about regularly and perfectly brushing their teeth and cleaning their tongue.

Since your mouth is the root of the treatment here, soft foods should be taken instead of something hard in order to avoid extra pressure on the teeth and gums. Use lukewarm water to gently rinse the mouth as it helps in reduction of swelling and pain. You should also avoid smoking after the surgery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

It takes hardly 10-12 days to recover from the surgery. The dentist will remove the stitches after a week or 10 days.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Depending upon the case and the procedure involved, the price of flap surgery falls between 10,000 – 20,000 INR.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Since the treatment deals with the gums part of the mouth, its results are not permanent and often another visit to the dentist has to be made. With regular check up and proper cleanliness of the oral systems, the reoccurrence of the disease can be avoided.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir, I have periodontitis in my teeth and the colour of gums are white. Doctor suggest me flap surgery and sir I am working out of india I will come india after 2 months. Should I wait for 2 months or can I take flap surgery? If there is any other alternative of flap surgery?

Dentist, Birbhum
There are alternative treatment options like laser gum therapy, but all depends on the case. Like how much is the pocket depth and all. And regarding the waiting thing, you can wait for 2 months but the sooner you get the treatment the better it i...

I have been gone for head bone flap operation, 2 years back. Weather it heals bone or not. Please guide me. Thank you.

BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced course in maxillofacial sugery
Dentist, Lucknow
U had loss of bone or the cut bone was replaced with your bone or some artificial replacement was given give details you may send copy of surgical notes than can ans you.

I am a diabetic patient I did my flap sugary 20 years back now I a not perfect about. Upper right is very worst.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. First thing is you should control blood glucose effectively, because if that is not done, then oral hygiene is badly affected. Ideally fasting glucose should be < 100 mg, PP 150 to 160 mg & HbA1c% <6.8. Then you should...
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Fight Hair Loss with Cosmetic Procedures

Fue Hair Transplantation, Advanced Aesthetics, RPSLH, SHS, MBBS
Cosmetic Physician, Hyderabad
Fight Hair Loss with Cosmetic Procedures
Hair loss may happen due to a variety of reasons including hereditary issues as well as aging and skin or scalp problems. A poor diet and inappropriate lifestyle choices like excessive drinking and smoking can also lead to hair loss. Many people a...
5431 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MS - General Surgery,MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery,MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery
Play video
Lasik Surgery
I am Dr Sunita Lulla Gur, senior consultant eye specialist in Sarita Vihar. Today, I will speak about the topic LASIK. What do you mean by LASIK? Lasik is a surgery which stands for Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis. Why this surgery is done? ...
Play video
Lasik Surgery - Things You Must Know About It!
Hello, I am Dr. Jatin Ashar. I am practising eye surgeon. I have been practising for the last 10 years. My areas of speciality are cornea, cornea transplant, lasik and laser refractive surgeries and customise cataract surgeries. Today I am speakin...
Play video
Lasik Eye Surgery And Its Benefits
Hello everyone, I am Dr. Bhupesh. I am practising here as a cornea cataract and refractive surgeon at Bharti Eye Hospital. So today I am going to talk about refractive surgery commonly known as Lasik. Lasik surgery is done to remove the glasses fr...
Play video
Preparing For Brain Surgery
Hi, My name is much that you tell and I am a neurosurgeon at Wockhardt hospitals in Mumbai central as well as an assistant professor at the grant Medical College and sir JJ group of hospitals. I am going to talk to you about how can one prepare fo...
Play video
Know About Various Surgeries
Hi! I am Dr. Lalit Chaudhary, senior consultant plastic surgeon at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital and Vice Chairman right now. We have all range of surgeries not just reconstructive plastic surgery but also the cosmetic surgeries with us. Nowadays gradual...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice