Well, I would be going to discuss briefly about chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease or CKD which s stand due to gradual decrease of kidney function. Kidneys are one of the important organs of the body. And the primary function of the kidney is to filter and clear the toxins from the body. What are the overtime conditions like diabetes, hypertension and sticky kidney disease or autoimmune disorders can lead dysfunction in our kidney and can reduce the ability and weakening the ability of our kidneys to filter or remove the toxins from our body. What are the most important causes of chronic kidney disease or CKD? Most important causes of chronic kidney disease of CKD is diabetes or hypertension. These are the most prevalence causes of CKD. Other causes or other people who are at risk are people who have a family history of chronic kidney disease or people who take lot of pain killers or over the counter painkillers, even something as insignificant like a brufen tablet can cause chronic kidney disease if used very (inaudible 1:26) and very long period of time. What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease? Chronic kidney disease or CKD in majority of time is described as a very silent disease. There are no symptoms in the early stages of chronic kidney disease. Once it advances symptoms are very nonspecific. Most of the time it could be present with vague symptoms like nausea, vomiting, reduced appetite, gradually as it worsen it can cause swelling in your feet, swelling at your face, reduced frequency and alteration in urine. Other symptoms can be severe, can be fatigue ability because of anemia or uncontrolled blood pressure. These all can present as symptoms of chronic kidney disease. And in advance cases of chronic kidney disease they can be clinically present as shortness of breath, inability to lie down, and difficulty in sleeping, severe itching in your body. All these are common symptoms. How to detect chronic kidney disease? Majority of the times it present as a, a lot of time, it present by routine findings in the form of lab investigations. Most common investigation is the serum creatinine which is a routine blood test and it can be instantly detect by elevated serum creatinine. The other most important investigation is a very small investigation with very small and very less costly investigation which is urine routine and any loss of protein urine routine can signify chronic kidney disease or CKD. As we are coming in the era of rising prevalence of chronic diseases like diabetes and hypertension so we see more and more of chronic kidney disease as well. So it is important and it is important to pick up these disease at an early stage because once it reaches the advance stage it becomes irreversible and it becomes untreatable. And the different options which remains are either dialysis of kidney transplant or nothing else can be done further. So it is important to pick them early and that is what my message would be.
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