Filtering out the waste from the blood that leads to waste accumulation in the body is called kidney failure. Lethargy, confusion and shortness of breath are symptoms of kidney failure. Blood tests such as creatinine and BUN are used to diagnose kidney failure. Kidney failure can sometimes be treated otherwise lifelong dialysis may be required. Regulation of blood sugar and blood pressure are preventive measures.
HOW IS KIDNEY DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Polycystic kidney disease is the most common type of kidney disease.
The kidneys are a very vital part of your organ system. They are two bean shaped hormones that are responsible for a variety of different functions. The major function of the kidneys is to maintain a balance in the number of electrolytes in the blood in order to maintain the pH balance. The kidneys are also responsible to remove organic matter present in the blood in excess. If you put all the functions of the kidneys in one sentence, then the kidneys are responsible to throw away waste matter generated during metabolism. The kidneys are the most important part of the urinary system. They also help reabsorb water, glucose and amino acids. Hence you are able to figure out how important the kidneys are to your body. So you will be able to understand why you cannot let your kidneys deteriorate.
There are various different kidney diseases which you can suffer from. You will face various, severe symptoms before the kidney are spoilt entirely. Here are a few kidney diseases which you should know about. Firstly, the most common kidney disease which you can suffer from is kidney stones. Kidney stones, also known as nephrolithiasis, are small and hard deposits of acid salts and minerals which are formed in the kidneys. The size of the kidney stones may vary from that of a sugar crystal to that of a ping pong ball. One of the kidney stone symptoms is severe pain in the abdomen, generally at the sides. Another one of the kidney stone symptoms is pain while passing urine because small sugar crystal sized kidney stones tends to pass with urine. Kidney stones are rarely noticed until they start causing discomfort or pain and create a certain blockage. Sometimes the kidney stone might come out of the kidney and push their way into the ureter. This can cause excruciating pain. Another such symptom that will help you identify the possibility that you are suffering from kidney stones is when you pass blood with the urine. You must understand that any kidney disease might have this as their symptoms. Hence whenever you notice this problem make sure you seek medical help as soon as possible. Remember that even feeling nauseous and vomiting might be one of the symptoms of kidney stones. Try and monitor the symptoms of kidney stones so that you can be treated before any complications arrive. Do not take these symptoms lightly.
Kidney stones are just one of the many kidney problems which you might face. Another common yet extremely perilous kidney problem is kidney failure. Kidney failure is a condition where the kidneys are unable to throw the waste out and balance the fluids. If you suffer from a particular kidney disease for a long time then it is a huge possibility that you might also suffer from acute renal failure, commonly known as kidney failure. Once you reach this stage, the kidneys lose the ability to perform their function gradually until the kidney function stops totally. There are various symptoms of kidney failure. The symptoms occur due to the increase in the amount of waste product in the body. Some of the symptoms of kidney failure are common, just like the symptoms of kidney stones. The symptoms for kidney failure include pain in the abdomen, weakness, lethargy, shortness of breath, as well as confusion. As the wasted potassium is not being removed from the body, it may lead to abnormal heart beat and eventually death. Although curable, kidney failure might become so serious that it might claim the patient’s life.
To ensure that your kidneys are healthy and the kidney function is normal, you might get the kidney function test done. It is a simple blood and urine test which will tell you if your kidney function is normal, and if not the problem so that you can treat it.
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