Asperger syndrome previously used to be a separate autism subtype that got included in a single diagnosis of ASD or autism spectrum disorder. Asperger syndrome used to generally be considered a higher functioning form of autism spectrum disorder. Adults and children affected with it have troubled social interactions and show limited interests or repetitive patterns in behaviour.
Motor development might be delayed, and may result in mismatched motor movements and clumsiness. In comparison to other ASD forms, those having Asperger’s syndrome don’t have difficulties or delays in cognitive or language development. Some might even exhibit advanced vocabulary, generally in fields of their interest.
Often, Asperger’s syndrome goes undiagnosed till the adult or child starts having serious problems in school, their workplace or in their lives. Often adults having Asperger’s syndrome receive a diagnosis while seeking solace from related problems like depression or anxiety. Diagnosis centres primarily on problems attached to social interactions.
Children having Asperger syndrome generally show normal and sometimes higher than average language development skills. Few however can’t appropriately express themselves or might be awkward in social situations or conversations like interacting with friends. Often, Asperger syndrome symptoms may get confused with similar behavioural issues like attention deficit disorder and ADHD.
Often many people affected with Asperger’s are initially ADHD diagnosed till it becomes evident that the problems are stemming from some other problem. A person having Asperger syndrome may start conversing with others through exclusively talking about facts regarding to a specific interest or topic.
They might resist talking about any other thing and have problems in allowing other people to speak. Often they might not notice that other people aren’t listening or they aren’t comfortable in discussing few things. They might not be able to understand other people’s perspective. Another symptom common to Asperger’s is the absence of ability in understanding other people’s words, behaviours and actions.
Thus Asperger’s adults or children might not get jokes or a lot of social instances. In a similar way they might not be able to react to nonverbal universal cues like frowns or smiling. For the following reasons, interactions might be overwhelming or confusing for those affected by Asperger’s syndrome.
Problems in viewing things through other people’s perspective might make predicting or understanding other people’s actions. They may not be able to understand the appropriateness of things in particular instances.