Dysphagia is the difficulty in swallowing food or liquid. Most people suffering from dysphagia are unaware of their medical condition and only realize it in later stages. When not diagnosed and treated in time, it may lead to aspiration pneumonia (lung infection occurring due to food particles or saliva entering the lung), weight loss, dehydration, and malnutrition.
Various dysphagia treatment options are available but depend on the kind of dysphagia problem faced by a person. To treat swallowing problems different therapies, changes in diet, use of Botulinum Toxin is available.
To treat Dysphagia symptoms, different exercises such as Hyoid Lift Maneuver, Shaker Exercise, Effortful Swallow, and Supraglottic Swallow can be used to treat it.
Esophageal Dysphagia: This is also known as low dysphagia and is the condition in which one can sense food getting stuck in the throat or chest area. The problem lies in the esophagus. Generally, the surgical procedure is required to solve this Swallowing problem. Some of the causes of low dysphagia include-
Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: This is also known as high dysphagia and is the condition where the throat muscles become weak making it difficult to swallow food. Some of the causes for high dysphagia include- stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Zenker’s Diverticulum (a condition in which food particles get accumulated inside a small pouch in your throat), and cancer.
Depending on the type of dysphagia, you will be advised to choose any one of the treatment options for Dysphagia available. It can range from swallowing therapy, dietary changes, feeding tubes, and medications to even surgery.
Try to choose the right approach for Dysphagia Treatment, since this treatment is carried out by a multidisciplinary team. A multidisciplinary team includes- a speech-language pathologist, primary physician, gastroenterologist, dietitian, therapist, radiologist, and pharmacist. The treatments for dysphagia include:
These were some of the treatment options for dysphagia that prove it is treatable and can be cured easily. Generally, dysphagia occurs in older people and babies. Whatever may be the cause, the main purpose of the treatment of dysphagia is to make the patient go back to oral feeding.
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