Telmisartan belongs to a family of drugs that are used to treat high blood pressure. It is also effective in reducing the risk of serious conditions such a stroke, heart attacks, heart conditions and even death. Telmisartan helps maintain optimal blood pressure levels in a person’s body. In patients who suffer from hypertension, it can lower the blood pressure.
Telmisartan works by widening and dilating the blood vessels, which relaxes them. It also helps the kidney flush out excess salt and water, thus reducing the blood pressure. Therefore, Telmisartan is highly effective in treating hypertension.
Telmisartan is a drug that is also known as an Angiotensin receptor blocker or an ARB. This drug is used to treat hypertension or high blood pressure. It is also given to patients, to reduce their risk of developing conditions such as heart disorders, a stroke and heart attacks. The Telmisartan works, by blocking the effect of Angiotensin. It prevents the activation of a receptor, by the Angiotensin II hormone that would usually result in a slight increase of the blood pressure, when it is low. It lowers blood pressure by dilating and relaxing the muscles of the blood vessels. This enables your kidney to eliminate the excess of water and salt.
The regular recommended dosage of Telmisartan is a 40 mg tablet, taken once a day. The doctor might increase the dosage to 80 mg, if you suffer from serious conditions of the heart. It is important to continue taking this medication according to the doctor’s prescription, until you have completed the course. You should not skip out on a dose, and if you do forget, do not take an extra dose to make up for it.
Pregnant women or women who are trying to get pregnant should avoid consuming this drug, since it can cause harm the baby's development. It might not be suitable for everyone, since consuming this drug can lead to complications for patients affected by disorders such as liver disease, kidney failure, heart disease, diabetes and allergies. If you suffer from these conditions, you should inform your doctor, before taking this medicine.
The common side effects of Telmisartan are diarrhea, headache, vomiting, nausea, chest congestion, fatigue, body and muscle aches. These side effects are minor and usually disappear within a week or two. If they continue for a prolonged period, consult your doctor. The major side effects include dizziness, nausea, swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet and sudden weight gain. If you have an allergy to this medicine, you will experience symptoms such as swelling of the tongue, throat or face, rashes, itchiness and difficulty breathing. If you have an allergic reaction to Telmisartan, it is advisable to discontinue the usage of this medicine and contact your doctor immediately. This drug interacts with other medications as well as alcohol, in a negative way. Therefore, make sure you inform your doctor of all the other medicines you are taking, before beginning a course of Telmisartan.
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Cardiologist before using this medicine.
Cardiovascular Risk ReductionTelmisartan is used to reduce the risk of heart complications like coronary artery disease and stroke in the elderly population.
How long is the duration of effect?This medicine is excreted largely in feces and the effect lasts for a duration of 24 hours approximately.
What is the onset of action?The peak effect of this medicine can be observed within 1 to 2 hours of adminstration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?This medicine is not recommended for breastfeeding women.
Are there any missed dose instructions?The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
Are there any overdose instructions?Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Telmisartan as ingredient
Telmisartan displaces angiotensin II with very high affinity from its binding site at the AT1 receptor subtype, which is responsible for the known actions of angiotensin II
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Congestive Heart FailureTelmisartan is used with caution in patients with congestive heart failure (especially in volume or sodium depletion). Transient hypotension is also not a contraindication for this medicine. It is usually reinstated when blood pressure reaches the normal value.
Interaction with Alcohol
AlcoholConsumption of alcohol with this medicine will lower the blood pressure and can cause dizziness, headache and changes in heart rate. Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery if you have these symptoms.
Interaction with Lab Test
LabInformation not available.
Interaction with Food
FoodInformation not available.
Interaction with Medicine
AliskirenUse of these medicines is not recommended especially in the elderly population with diabetes and kidney disease with CrCl less than 60 ml/min. You experience weakness, confusion, and irregular heartbeat if these medicines are taken together. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed. An alternate medicine should be considered under the doctor's supervision.
CaptoprilUse of these medicines is not recommended as it may increase the risk of kidney impairment and low blood pressure. You may experience weakness, confusion, and irregular heartbeat if these medicines are taken together. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed. An alternate medicine should be considered under the doctor's supervision.
DexamethasoneThe desired effect of Telmisartan will not obtain if these medicines are taken together. This interaction is more likely to happen if dexamethasone is taken for more than 1 week. Inform the doctor if you have a sudden weight gain, swelling of hands and feet. If coadministration is needed then appropriate dose adjustments are to be made under the doctor's supervision. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed.
DiclofenacThe desired effect of Telmisartan will not obtain if these medicines are taken together. The risk of kidney impairment will increase if these medicines are taken together especially in elderly population or having pre-existing kidney disease. Inform the doctor if you have an increased or decreased urination and unexplained weight gain or weight loss. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed.
InsulinThe effect of insulin will increase if these medicines are taken together. You may experience dizziness, headache, sweating if these medicines are taken together. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is needed. Suitable dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be made under the doctor's supervision.
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