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Overview

Lithium

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Lithium is an element that derives its name from the Greek word lithos meaning stone. It is used as a medicine most effectively in the treatment of bipolar disorder and other mental disorders such as poor cognitive skills, aggressive behavior, insomniac tendencies, hyperactivity. It can also be used to treat epilepsy, diabetes, liver and kidney disease, arthritis, asthma, frequent headaches, eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia and for blood disorders such as anemia.

On using Lithium you may experience certain side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, fatigue, muscle weakness, mild tremors, frequent urge to urinate and thirst. These effects will decrease over time, however, if they should continue and worsen, seek medical aid right away. Certain precautionary protocols that you are advised to follow before using Lithium includes notifying your doctor if you:

  • Are pregnant or are planning to become pregnant. Lithium can prove to be fatal for the fetus if used during pregnancy.
  • Are breastfeeding a baby. It can cause certain harmful side effects to the baby.
  • Have a history of heart disease, thyroid or kidney disease.
  • Are taking any prescriptive or over the counter drugs, herbal medications or dietary supplements.
  • Have recently had a surgery or are scheduled for one soon. Lithium usage should be discontinued two weeks before your surgery.

The dosage for Lithium will be determined by your doctor as per the seriousness of your condition, overall health, gender and age. Usually the prescribed dosage for adults diagnosed with manic or bipolar disorder is about 1800 mg per day. It should be taken in three sets of about 600 mg each in the morning, afternoon and night. The dose for children 12 years or older is also the same. Patients are advised to seek the help of your health care provider should you suspect drug overdose, or symptoms of Brugada, encephalopathy, diabetes or insipidus.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Psychiatrist before using this medicine.

Lithium is used in the treatment of mania which is mood disorder characterized by hyperactivity, elevation in mood and extreme enthusiasm.
Lithium is used in the treatment of bipolar disorder characterized by unusual shifts in the mood like hyperactivity and tiredness are some of the symptoms of bipolar disorder.
Not recommended in patients with known allergy to Lithium.
Severe heart disease
Not recommended in patients with known heart diseases.
In addition to its intended effect, Lithium may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Confusion Major Less Common
Increased thirst Major Less Common
Weight gain Major Less Common
Dizziness Major Rare
Headache Major Rare
Changes in vision Major Rare
Skin rash Minor Less Common
Excessive air or gas in stomach Minor Less Common
Confusion Major Less Common
Increased thirst Major Less Common
Weight gain Major Less Common
Dizziness Major Rare
Headache Major Rare
Changes in vision Major Rare
Skin rash Minor Less Common
Excessive air or gas in stomach Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 2 to 3 days.
What is the onset of action?
The effect of this medicine can be observed in 5 to 7 days.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendency has been reported
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended in breastfeeding women.
Missed Dose instructions
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.
Overdose instructions
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
Missed Dose instructions
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.
Overdose instructions
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
India
United States
Japan
India
United States
Japan
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Lithium as ingredient
Consern Pharma P Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Mankind Pharmaceuticals Ltd
LITHOCAP 300MG CAPSULE
null
Triton Health Care Pvt Ltd
Tripada Biotec Pvt Ltd
Oxford Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Zeus Pharma
Mayflower India
Triko Pharmaceuticals
United Biotech (P) Ltd
Crescent Formulations Pvt. Ltd
Mova Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
United Biotech (P) Ltd
Theo Pharma Pvt. Ltd
Theo Pharma Pvt. Ltd
Tripada Biotec Pvt Ltd
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Dementia Major
This medicine is not recommended in patients with dementia-related psychosis as it increases the risk of heart diseases like heart failure and infectious diseases like pneumonia. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Heart Disease Major
This medicine is not recommended in patients with heart disease. Inform the doctor if you have any heart disease before receiving this medicine. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Hypothyroidism Major
This medicine may alter the thyroid levels, therefore, not recommended in patients with hypothyroidism. Check the thyroid levels before starting the treatment. The treatment should be discontinued if thyroid levels are low.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol Moderate
Consumption of alcohol with this medicine is not recommended as it can result in dizziness and difficulty in concentration. Avoid activities that need mental alertness like driving and operating machinery.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Metformin Moderate
Lithium may alter the effect of antidiabetic medications. Inform the doctor if you have diabetes mellitus. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary. Any symptoms of increased urination, thirst, hunger should be informed to the doctor.
Ondansetron Major
These medications may increase the risk of the rare but serious condition called serotonin syndrome. Any symptoms of increased heart rate, sweating, incoordination should be reported to the doctor. Close monitoring of blood pressure and any changes in behavior is necessary. Dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Furosemide Major
Furosemide may increase the level of lithium, therefore not recommended together. Any symptoms of drowsiness, muscle weakness, blurred vision, and vomiting should be reported to the doctor. The dose of lithium should be reduced based on the patient's response. if necessary, an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Moderate
Antihypertensives like captopril, enalapril may increase the level of lithium, therefore not recommended together. Any symptoms of drowsiness, muscle weakness, blurred vision, and vomiting should be reported to the doctor. The dose of either of the medicines should be reduced based on the patient's response. if necessary, an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Lithium is a mood-stabilising agent and although its exact way of working is unknown, it is believed to work by a number of ways including regulation of glutamate receptos, inhibition of the enzyme inositol monophosphatase or deactivation of the enzyme glycogen synthase kinase 3.
What are you using Lithium for?
Bipolar Disorder
Mania
How much was the improvement?
Average
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within 6 hours
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Twice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Weight gain
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

A family member is under treatment for schizoaffective disorder since 10 yrs. Lithium carbazepine risperidone clonazepam apripazole n ativan lorazepam for wen trouble sleeping. She has developed slowness of movement almost walks like penguin n feels rigidness tightness in hips n thigh thus trouble sitting n walking. Her psychiatrist told to do tests serum lithium n carbamazepine were under normal levels Vit b12 normal Only calcium slight lower than normal n vit d3 low Ortho consultation raised query abt extrapyramidal side effects of antipsychotic medication but psychiatrist refuted it. Ortho den gave gabapentin n mecobalamin n ca+vit d improved her walking n stiffness to an extent. I wanted to ask what is the reason for her walking problem n why did she get relief from gabapentin. We were asked to follow up after 15 days. If still stiffness n walking prob to refer neuro physician coz ortho cause was ruled out. I would like to know whats going on with her cause our docs didnt clearly explain d situation? N I cant afford to change docs.

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Hi lybrate-user, I would like to say that the symptoms of slowness of movement what you have mentioned in a patient who is on Rispeidone and aripiprazole is most probably EPS (extra pyramidal Side effects) unless proved otherwise. There may be underlying or Co morbid Parkinsons disease. But in this position its difficult to diagnose as the Pt is on antipsychotic. Gabapentin has no role in decreasing antipsychotic induced slowness in movements. But its often used as a treatment of Akathesia which is also a kind of EPS. So indirectly gabapentin may decrease Slowness of gaits by working through GABA neurotransmitter system. I would suggest to change the antipsychotics if possible after discussing with your doctor. Preferably Quitiapine may be a good choice. Or anticholinergic medicine can be added to alleviate the side effects. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

My mom is 38, she is taking three type of medicines for her Mental problems, she is taking them for 3 years, the medicines are oleanz 10 mg, lithic-300, thp 2 mg. She's gaining her weight fast, the so called medicines above making her weak, she is sleeping almost 14 -16 hours, she is not going out every day, especially her weight making me worry about her, she is saying she is happy with medicines, But she get addicted to it, she didn't consult doctor for the last six months, I'm worried So help my mother out of this situation, I was worried, at last she never went through mental illness after taking this medicines, is there any problem for her weight and sleep. Please let me know I want her to be happy.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Hyderabad
My mom is 38, she is taking three type of medicines for her Mental problems, she is taking them for 3 years, the medi...
You did not mention what was the diagnsis, I guess it could be Bipolar disorder, Weight gain is commonly seen in patients while on Olanzepine and to some extent Lithium also (Lithic). When she is showing good response it is advisable not to change medication. To counter weight gain ask her to reduce or avoid fatty foods, and do exercise to the extent. Get her evaluated for possible reduction or change certain medication.
1 person found this helpful

Sir, please suggest sleeping remedy for my bipolar disorder, I am taking lithium with alprax 0.5mgwith best regards.

CCH, BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Sir, please suggest sleeping remedy for my bipolar disorder, I am taking lithium with alprax 0.5mgwith best regards.
You may start taking Homeopathic medicine such as Passiflora Q, 20 drops in half cup of water at night.& also you may plan to think of Homeopathic treatment for your bipolar disorder. Thanks.

I am taking lithium &alprax 0.5,inspite of that I face insomnia, please advise me the substitute for insomnia please suggest something for that.

MD- Hospital Administration
General Physician, Secunderabad
I am taking lithium &alprax 0.5,inspite of that I face insomnia, please advise me the substitute for insomnia please ...
Avoid day time sleep. Have Morning and evening walk at least for half an hour each time. Avoid alcohol and smoking if having means. Avoid spicy food during nights. Have one cup of milk one hour before bed. Don't watch TV before bed. Try to reduce stress. It is not advisable to have medication for insomnia. Consult personally if needed with an appointment.

I am taking lithium and trika 0.5 mg,inspite of that I am not getting sleep, pls advise medicine for insomnia.

BHMS, M.D.
Homeopath, Pune
I am taking lithium and trika 0.5 mg,inspite of that I am not getting sleep, pls advise medicine for insomnia.
brisk walk, meditation may help to induce sleep. if nothing helps then, take homeopathic treatment for sleeplessness (insomnia).It’s a safe, natural and highly effective treatment for insomnia. It is a holistic way of treatment, homeopathic medicine is selected individually on the basis of thorough details of patient, like medical history, causes, routine, temperament etc..; such well selected medicine gives complete cure without any side effects. Message back for online homeopathic consultation.  
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Bipolar Affective Disorder - Know Its Phases!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Bipolar Affective Disorder - Know Its Phases!

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. A person’s mood and emotions can be altered drastically due to bipolar disorder, but they do not have more than one personality. Split personalities problem is more commonly seen in those with personality/dissociative disorders. 

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

  1. Bipolar I Disorder— defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
  2. Bipolar II Disorder— defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
  3. Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia)— defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
  4. Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders— defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.

The disorder has two strong phases: 1) Bipolar Mania and 2) Depression.

Mania

Mania is a state of heightened energy and euphoria - an elevation of mood. It is in direct contrast to depression. Mania can vary in severity from hypomania, where, in addition to mood and energy elevation, the person shows mild impairment of judgement and insight, to severe mania with delusions and a level of manic excitement that can be so exhausting that hospitalisation is required to control the episode.

The mood, energy and other related symptoms define both mania and hypomania, with psychotic features being an 'add on' component experienced by a sub-set of individuals. 

You have an intense sense of well-being, energy and optimism. It can be so strong that it affects your thinking and judgement. You may believe strange things about yourself, make bad decisions, and behave in embarrassing, harmful and - occasionally - dangerous ways.
 
Like depression, it can make it difficult or impossible to deal with day-to-day life. Mania can badly affect both your relationships and your work. When it isn't so extreme, it is called 'hypomania'.
 
If you become manic, you may notice that you are:

Emotional:

  • Very happy and excited
  • Irritated with other people who don't share your optimistic outlook
  • Feeling more important than usual. 

Thinking:

  • Full of new and exciting ideas
  • Moving quickly from one idea to another
  • Hearing voices that other people can't hear.

Physical:

  • Full of energy
  • Unable or unwilling to sleep
  • More interested in sex.  

Behaviour:

  • Making plans that are grandiose and unrealistic
  • Very active, moving around very quickly
  • Behaving unusually
  • Talking very quickly - other people may find it hard to understand what you are talking about
  • Making odd decisions on the spur of the moment, sometimes with disastrous consequences
  • Recklessly spending your money
  • Over-familiar or recklessly critical with other people
  • Less inhibited in general.

If you are in the middle of a manic episode for the first time, you may not realise that there is anything wrong – although your friends, family or colleagues will. You may even feel annoyed if someone tries to point this out to you. You increasingly lose touch with day-to-day issues – and with other people's feelings. 

Depression

The feeling of depression is something we all experience from time to time. It can even help us to recognise and deal with problems in our lives. In clinical depression or bipolar disorder, the feeling of depression is much worse. It goes on for longer and makes it difficult or impossible to deal with the normal things of life. If you become depressed, you will notice some of these changes:

Emotional:

  • Feelings of unhappiness that don't go away
  • Feeling that you want to burst into tears for no reason
  • Losing interest in things
  • Being unable to enjoy things
  • Feeling restless and agitated
  • Losing self-confidence
  • Feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless
  • Feeling more irritable than usual
  • Thinking of suicide.  

Thinking:

  • Can’t think positively or hopefully
  • Finding it hard to make even simple decisions
  • Difficulty in concentrating. 

Physical:

  • Losing appetite and weight
  • Difficulty in getting to sleep
  • Waking earlier than usual
  • Feeling utterly tired
  • Constipation
  • Going off sex. 

Behaviour:

  • Difficulty in starting or completing things – even everyday chores
  • Crying a lot – or feeling like you want to cry, but not being able to
  • Avoiding contact with other people.

Causes:

  1. Biological Causes: Experts say that patients with bipolar disorder often show physical changes in their brains. Nobody is sure why the changes lead to the disorder.
  2. Genetic Traits: Researchers are involved in finding out whether or not the causes of bipolar disorder arise out of genes and other hereditary factors. If you have a first-degree relative or a sibling who is/was affected by this condition, you would probably have it too.
  3. Neurotransmitters: Mood swing disorder is caused by an imbalance in brain chemicals known as ‘neurotransmitters’.

Treatment Methods:

  1. Initial Treatment: The initial treatment method is to take medications to balance and control the mood swings. After the symptoms are in control, one has to start working with his/her trusted doctor for chalking out an effective and practical long-term treatment procedure.

  2. Recovery from substance abuse: Problems related to excessive alcohol and drug abuse are solved by this therapy. Failing this step, this disorder can be unmanageable.

  3. Day care treatment: Day care treatment programs can be recommended by your doctor. This treatment method includes counseling and support which keep the bipolar traits under control.

  4. Hospitalization: Hospitalization or immediate medical support is recommended in case of suicidal thoughts or when a person starts exhibiting erratic behavior (being psychotic).

  5. Medications: Medications include the administration of antipsychotics (such as ziprasidone, olanzapine), antidepressants (usually in combination with a mood stabilizer or an anti-psychotic), mood stabilizers (such as valproic acid, lithium, divalproex sodium) and anti-anxiety medications.

2676 people found this helpful

Homeopathic Remedies For Acne and Pimples- The Best Line Of Treatment!

B.H.M.S ( Mumbai) (Silver Medalist), Certificate In Gyn and Obstetric
Homeopath, Noida
Homeopathic Remedies For Acne and Pimples- The Best Line Of Treatment!

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne usually appears on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. These areas of skin have the most oil (sebaceous) glands. When your body produces an excess amount of sebum and dead skin cells, the two can build up in the hair follicles. They form a soft plug, creating an environment where bacteria Propionibacterium acnes can thrive. If the clogged pore becomes infected with bacteria, inflammation results. Acne signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of your condition: 

  1. Whiteheads (closed plugged pores) 
  2. Blackheads (open plugged pores — the oil turns brown when it is exposed to air) 
  3. Small red, tender bumps (papules) 
  4. Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
  5. Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules) 
  6. Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions) 

Factors that may worsen acne: 

  1. Hormones. Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives also can affect sebum production. 
  2. Certain medications. Drugs containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium can worsen acne. 
  3. Diet. Dairy products and carbohydrate-rich foods such as bread, chips ,chocolates may trigger acne. 
  4. Stress. It can make acne worse. 

Skin Care

  1. Wash problem areas with a gentle cleanser If you tend to develop acne around your hairline, shampoo your hair every day. 
  2. Avoid irritants. You may want to avoid oily or greasy cosmetics, sunscreens, hairstyling products or acne concealers. Use products labeled water-based or noncomedogenic. 
  3. Avoid foods which trigger acne like dairy,chocolates.
  4. Do not pick your acne as they lead to scars.
  5. Do not sleep at night with cosmetics on. 
  6. Apply aloe vera gel and drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated. 

Role of Homoeopathy for acne: 
Homeopathy offers very safe and natural treatment for acne. Homeopathic medicines for acne work internally, in a very gentle and effective way, without any harsh external applications. Rather than suppress acne, Homeopathic medicines treat the condition at the root. These medicines, which are safe from any adverse side effects. 

Important Homoeopathic medicines for acne are-Berberis .aquifolium,Pulsatilla,Hepar.Sulph, Sulphur, Silicea. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4732 people found this helpful

How Psoriasis Can be Treated with Homeopathic Remedies?

BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
How Psoriasis Can be Treated with Homeopathic Remedies?

What is Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a common skin disease characterized by thickened patches of inflamed, red skin covered with thick, silvery scales. The elbows and knees are the most common areas affected by psoriasis. It will often appear in the same place on both sides of the body. The patches can range in size from smaller than a dime to larger than a hand. 

Description of Psoriasis-

Normally, skin cells mature and shed after about a month. In psoriasis, the cell maturation speeds up, taking only three to four days. Because the lower layer of skin cells divide more rapidly than normal, dead cells accumulate in thicker patches on the skin's outermost layer called the 'Epidermis'. 

Forms & Classifications-

Psoriasis occurs in a variety of forms that differ in their intensity, duration, location, shape and pattern of scales. The most common forms are: 

  1. Plaque Psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis. It is characterized by raised, inflamed, red lesions covered with a silvery-white buildup of dead skin cells (scales). This is found primarily on the Body, elbows, knees, scalp and finger or toe nails. 
  2. Guttate Psoriasis: Guttate psoriasis occurs most frequently in children and is characterized by numerous small, red, drop-like scaly macules that develop rapidly over a wide area of skin. This may appear following an infection, most frequently strep throat
  3. Inverse Psoriasis: Inverse psoriasis occurs in the armpit, under the breast, in skin folds, around the groin, in the cleft between the buttocks and around the genitals. It is usually pink and irritated but lacks the thick scale seen in other forms of psoriasis. 
  4. Pustular Psoriasis: Pustular psoriasis is a rare form characterized by small pustules (whitehead-like lesions) found all over the body or confined all over the body or confined to the palms, soles and other isolated areas of the body. 

Some dermatologists classify psoriasis as mild, moderate, or severe- Mild psoriasis is considered to be scaling over less than 5-10 percent of the body, moderate psoriasis is considered to be scaling over 10 to 20 percent of the body and severe psoriasis is considered to be scaling more than 20 percent of the body. 

In 5 percent of all psoriasis sufferers, arthritis will develop. This condition is called psoriatic arthritis. Arthritis is inflammation of a joint, usually accompanied by pain, swelling and changes in joint structure. 

Causes: 
The underlying psoriasis cause is unknown; however, it can be genetically inherited or passed from generation to generation. Most researchers agree that the Auto Immunity is somehow mistakenly triggered, which speeds up the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis can be triggered by a number of factors, such as stress, climate changes, streptococcal or HIV infection, superficial wounds, physical illness, or taking certain drugs such as lithium, beta-blockers such as propranolol, quinidine (Heart medication) or antimalarial medications. 

Treatment-
Homeopathy is preferred over other methods due to the reason that it does not entail any side effects. Instead of suppressing inflammation like other methods of treatment, it aims to cure the root cause of the disease. Yes, psoriasis can be cured permanently through constitutional Homeopathy treatment but the question is how can a patient know whether eruptions are disappearing for permanently or temporarily? 

Permanent Cure takes place as follows: 

Cure is taken place from Upward to downwards and Center to periphery. First, the cracks come down with arresting of blood coming out from it. After that, the eruption on scalp comes down, if the scaling is thick it becomes gradually thin and then becomes powdery and with time, the scaling disappears totally. After that, eruptions on face and body come down, and at same time eruptions in hands & legs may increase with itching. Eruptions on elbows reduce, after sometime eruptions near to hands, also reduce. While eruptions on legs itches more. However, eruptions on legs also get disappeared. During the total process of cure, you will feel sleepy, and the bowel movement will be regular, sometimes there may be loose stools as well. The various homeopathic remedies that are used to treat psoriasis: Lycopodium, Sulphur, Pulasatilla, Staphysagria, Graphitis, sepia, Arsenic alb, Natrum mur etc.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3647 people found this helpful

Role Of Inflammation In Suicide - From Mechanism To Treatment!

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Role Of Inflammation In Suicide - From Mechanism To Treatment!

Ending one’s life is terrible. But often, instead of analysing the patient’s mental condition at that time, we tend to judge them. The most common cause for suicides is undoubtedly depression. Adverse social or financial conditions often contribute to the mental condition of patients. However, a recent paper published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology might change the way we think about suicides. Lena Brundin and her co-workers have come to the conclusion in the paper titled “Role of inflammation in suicide: from mechanism to treatment,” that our immune system can trigger off suicidal thoughts and tendencies. Let us find out how:

  1. There is proof that certain medicines that are used to treat cancer patients can affect the immune responses. This in turn can trigger off suicidal tendencies.
  2. Certain injuries can lead to brain disorders which are related to inflammatory responses that might be responsible for some changes in behaviour often leading to suicidal thoughts.
  3. Just like certain medications trigger of suicidal thoughts, there are some that might diminish them like Lithium. It is used to treat bi-polar disorder. What it does is decrease immune related chemicals. Another drug has proved to be very effective in reducing suicidal thoughts and tendencies – Ketamine. Ketamine, like Lithium, has been found to block certain chemicals that are related to immune response.
  4. Though the whole topic is still under extensive research, it can perhaps be concluded that certain drugs have the ability to lessen suicidal thoughts and depression because they block some chemicals that are related to immunity.

The suicidal mentality is very complex. It requires not just medicines, but counselling, empathy, love and understanding. Often, many patients cannot come out of their depression, resulting in therapy sessions that are fruitless. In those cases, medicines that might reduce the negative thoughts and moods will come handy. It will help the patient initially to deal with the situation and start with a lot of positivity. Every year, almost one million deaths occur due to suicide. Not only does it leave behind survivors who attempt to kill themselves but also broken families that struggle to get over the death. If this research is successful, several people will benefit from it, all over the world.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5212 people found this helpful

Homeopathy to cure Acne

BHMS
Homeopath, Bahadurgarh
Homeopathy to cure Acne

HERE ARE SOME FACTS ABOUT ACNE. 

A) Acne is a skin disease involving the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
B) It affects 3 in every 4 people ages 11 to 30 years.
C) It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.
D) Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.
E) Risk factors include genetics, menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, using oil- based makeup, and squeezing pimples.

WHAT IS ACNE?

  Acne is a common skin problem.
 Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease that results in whiteheads, blackheads, pimplles, cysts, and nodules. It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.

  • Human skin has pores that connect to oil glands under the skin. Follicles connect the glands to the pores. Follicles are small sacs that produce and secrete liquid.
  • The glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. Sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin.
  • Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.
  • They tend to appear on the face, back, chest, shoulders, and neck.
  • Skin cells, sebum, and hair can clump together into a plug. This plug gets infected with bacteria, and swelling results. A pimple starts to develop when the plug begins to break down.
  • Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the name of the bacteria that live on the skin and contributes to the infection of pimples.
  • Research suggests that the severity and frequency of acne depend on the strain of bacteria. Not all acne bacteria trigger pimples. One strain helps to keep the skin pimple-free.

CAUSES 

Acne stress

  • Stress can be a key trigger of acne in some cases.
  • A range of factors triggers acne, but the main cause is thought to be a rise in androgen levels.
  • Androgen is a type of hormone, the levels of which rise when adolescence begins. In women, it gets converted into estrogen.
  • Rising androgen levels cause the oil glands under the skin to grow. The enlarged gland produces more sebum. Excessive sebum can break down cellular walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.
  • Some studies suggest that genetic factors may increase the risk.

Other causes include:

  • some medications that contain androgen and lithium
  • greasy cosmetics
  • hormonal changes
  • emotional stress
  • menstruation

TYPES

Acne pimples vary in size, color, and level of pain.

The following types are possible:

  • Whiteheads: These remain under the skin and are small
  • Blackheads: Clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin
  • Papules: Small, usually pink bumps, these are visible on the surface of the skin
  • Pustules: Clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top
  • Nodules: Clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid, painful pimples that are embedded deep in the skin
  • Cysts: Clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful and filled with pus. Cysts can cause scars.
     

TIPS FOR MANAGING ACNE 

Here are some tips for looking after skin that has acne or is prone to it.

1.Wash your face no more than twice each day with warm water and mild soap made especially for acne.
2.Do not scrub the skin or burst the pimples, as this may push the infection further down, causing more blocking, swelling, and redness.
3.Avoid popping pimples, as this makes scarring likelier.
4.A specialist can treat a pimple that requires rapid removal for cosmetic reasons.
5.Refrain from touching the face.
6.Hold the telephone away from the face when talking, as it is likely to contain sebum and skin residue.
7.Wash hands frequently, especially before applying lotions, creams, or makeup.
8.Clean spectacles regularly as they collect sebum and skin residue.
9.If acne is on the back, shoulders, or chest, try wearing loose clothing to let the skin breathe. Avoid tight garments, such as headbands, caps, and scarves, or wash them regularly if used.
10.Choose makeup for sensitive skin and avoid oil-based products. Remove makeup before sleeping.
11.Keep hair clean, as it collects sebum and skin residue. Avoid greasy hair products, such as those containing cocoa butter.
12.Avoid excessive sun exposure, as it can cause the skin to produce more sebum. Several acne medications increase the risk of sunburn.
13.Use an electric shaver or sharp safety razors when shaving. Soften the skin and beard with warm soapy water before applying shaving cream.
14.Avoid anxiety and stress, as it can increase production of cortisol and adrenaline, which exacerbate acne.
15.Try to keep cool and dry in hot and humid climates, to prevent sweating.
Acne is a common problem. It can cause severe embarrassment, but treatment is available, and it is effective in many cases.

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