Cephalexin 500 MG Capsule is used for the treatment of various infections that are caused by bacteria. It includes infections in the respiratory tract, bone infections, middle ear infection, urinary tract infection, skin infections and sore throat. It can also be used for preventing endocarditis (heart valve inflammation) that is caused by an infection.
Cephalexin 500 MG Capsule belongs to the drug group known as cephalosporin (antibiotic). It interferes in the formation of the cell walls of the bacteria. This results in the rupturing of the walls and hence kills the bacteria. The medication is available in tablet and liquid form for oral consumption.
The dosage of Cephalexin 500 MG Capsule depends on your age, general health, the condition for which the treatment is being done and its severity, as well as your body’s reaction to the first dose. Take the dosages as directed by the doctor. If you miss a dose, you can have it as soon as you remember about it, but skip it if the time for your next scheduled dose is near. Do not take two doses together to make up for a missed one as overdosing can lead to nausea, vomiting, stomach aches, diarrhea and blood in urine.
The common side effects of Cephalexin 500 MG Capsule include indigestion, stomach pain and inflammation or irritation in the lining of the stomach. Being mild in nature, they tend to go away in a few days. There are some serious side effects though that may occur, which would require immediate medical help:
Cephalexin 500 MG Capsule can pass on to a new born baby by the mother through breastfeeding and affect the baby. Therefore it is important to inform your doctor regarding the same before taking the medicine. Pregnant women or those planning to get pregnant must also inform their doctor about their condition beforehand.
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Internal Medicine Specialist before using this medicine.
Actinomycosis is a chronic disease that causes bruises or scars in the body's soft tissues. Actinomycosis is typically found in the:
Actinomycosis once in a while shows up in other parts of the body. However, it can spread from the underlying affected area to different parts of the body if any sickness or a disease harms your tissue. Actinomycosis is not infectious. It is essentially found in the tropical regions of the world.
Some of the most common side-effects of actinomycosis are:
Anti-toxins are the essential treatment for actinomycosis. High amounts of penicillin are normally necessary to cure the infection. In case you are hypersensitive to penicillin, your specialist can give you different antimicrobials, for example,
It can take up to a year for the anti-toxins to totally cure the infection. Any skin eruptions, or bumps, from the contamination, should be taken care of or removed. In case that you have actinomycosis because of the utilization of an IUD(intra-uterine device), the gadget needs to be expelled to contain the advancement of the disease. Inform your specialist quickly in case you have side effects of actinomycosis. Early, forceful treatment diminishes your probability of growing long-term implications and requirement of surgery. The treatments are as follows:
High-dosage penicillin regulated over a drawn-out period (six months to one year) is the basis of treatment for actinomycosis. These symptoms were produced when patients with actinomycosis were commonly late over the span of sickness with extensive injuries. They frequently accepted discontinuous anti-infection treatment.
What is more is the advanced imaging devices were not accessible to screen treatment. Accomplishment with shorter courses of treatment (less than six months) has been accounted for, particularly in cervicofacial actinomycosis.
Anti-infection agents that have no action against Actinomyces species include metronidazole, aminoglycosides, aztreonam, co-trimoxazole (TMP-SMX), penicillinase-safe penicillins (eg, methicillin, nafcillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin), and cephalexin.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
What is Folliculitis?
Folliculitis is an infection in the hair follicles. Folliculitis is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become infected with bacteria and can appear on any part of the body where hair is present.
Symptoms of Folliculitis-
Causes of Folliculitis-
Complications of Folliculitis-
Diagnosis of Folliculitis-
Your doctor will diagnose your skin by looking at the skin and ask about your health and activities. Your doctor may send a sample taken from one of your pustules to a laboratory and may remove a small tissue sample (biopsy) from an active lesion for testing.
Precautions & Prevention of Folliculitis-
Treatment of Folliculitis-
Homeopathic Treatment of Folliculitis-
Homeopathy relieves inflammation, itching and pain. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, family history, presenting symptoms, underlying pathology, possible causative factors etc. Some of the homeopathic medicines for folliculitis are:
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Folliculitis-
Allopathic treatment of folliculitis includes antibiotics such as mupirocin or clindamycin which are applied 2 to 3 times per day. Large areas of folliculitis may require antibiotics, such as dicloxacillin or cephalexin taken by mouth. Severe or recurrent infections may require a seven- to 10-day course of treatment with penicillin or other oral antibiotics.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Folliculitis
Other Treatment of Folliculitis - A wet compress made with white vinegar may help ease your folliculitis symptoms.
The world gets accustomed to various things over years, and this is very much true in case of the diseases. Diverticulitis is often heard these days, but if someone had uttered this a few decades back, it would have been considered a rare form of the disease. This disease is an inflammation of the diverticula. These are nothing but small pouches that are found around the intestinal walls. These pouches develop due to various reasons. They are not malicious when these pouches begin to develop. This stage of the pouch formation is called diverticulosis. Diverticulitis is the serious condition, where there can be multiple pouches, or there can be an abscess in them or there is an infection in the bowel.
The left side of the abdomen is where these pouches are often found. This is where the digestive tract ends by descending and the sigmoid colons are found. However, Diverticulitis can be found anywhere in the digestive tract. If they form in the first section of the small intestine they cause no problem or hardly any. When the diverticula bursts, and leads to infection, this condition called diverticulitis is formed. Abdominal pain and tenderness are the most common symptoms. This can also cause the white blood cells to grow in huge number.
The first attack of diverticulitis is considered the worst. Yes, the condition can recur, and if the first attack is mild, the patient can be relieved that no serious complications are on the card.
Diverticulitis and diverticulosis:
Diverticula, the small pouches are harmless, and when they do not get swollen or when they are not infected, the condition is called diverticulosis. There are no symptoms of diverticulosis, and there is no treatment required for the same. Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) is the only symptom caused by diverticulosis. Abdominal pain, bloating and irritable bowel symptoms to are at times experienced. The condition takes 7 years to grow into diverticulitis.
Diverticulitis can never be found by the people who are affected by it because the condition does not produce many symptoms. Or the same can be associated with many other diseases. In most cases, a few other testings are only how this condition is diagnosed. Here are the most common symptoms of the condition listed
- Pain in the abdominal area, in the, left lower part. This is where most often diverticulitis occurs.
- In the left lower abdominal area, tenderness can be experienced.
- White blood cells count surge in the blood
- Urge to urinate more often
- Burning sensation while urination
- Bleeding in stool
Calling the doctor immediately should be done if there are chills, or swelling in the abdomen accompanied by vomiting. When rectal bleeding is found, again this is an emergency condition. For a few people, the abdomen is tightened and rigid, and unbearable pain is experienced. This can be because of peritonitis, the infection in the membranes of the abdominal cavity.
There is no particular reason for diverticulitis to develop. But the common reason that everybody agrees to is that the faecal matter blocks the opening of the diverticula and can cause inflammation and infection. There are various reasons for this blockage.
- Lack of fibre in diet: The low fibre diet is the often-suspected risk factor. Though a few studies prove it otherwise, the adequate fibre is recommended by the doctors.
- Genes: It has been proved by the studies that family link can be one strong reason for the occurrence of diverticulitis. When in a family, the condition affects one member, the chances of getting affected for a sibling or child raises to 50%.
- No exercise: Studies among the group of people who exercise and who hardly exercise has proved that lack of exercising increased the risk. Though it is not yet found how sedentary lifestyle can lead to this condition, the potential risk of diverticulitis is higher in people who do not exercise for even 30 minutes a day.
- Obesity: Again there is no conclusion how the disease and being overweight are related. Still, the chances of internal bleeding are heightened in people who are of excess weight. The research is going to find the connection.
- Smoking: Smoking is often connected to an ocean of health complications. Symptomatic and complicated diverticular disease is caused in a higher percentage of people who smoke compared with people who do not.
- Vitamin D insufficiency: Study showed that people who were admitted due to diverticulitis had lower levels of Vitamin D. Another study also found that in places where sunlight is low, resulted in people getting hospitalized for diverticulitis. Though the role of Vitamin D in preventing diverticulitis is not known, the studies prove that enough Vitamin D can keep the disease away. Also, it has been seen that the sunlight is essential to produce Vitamin D by the body, and the link ensures again Vitamin D has a crucial role to play here.
- Sex: Men are affected more in the age group of 50 and less. And in the age group of above 50, the women are more affected than men.
How Diverticulitis is diagnosed?
The condition has symptoms that are akin to various other diseases. So, the doctor must recommend multiple tests to diagnose the presence of diverticulitis. The symptoms, medical history and genetic complications are evaluated by the doctor when the tests are done.
- Blood test: The blood tests tell if the kidney related diseases are involved. Liver problems too can be identified
- CT scan and ultrasound: These imaging tests give the clear picture of the GI tract, and help in determining where the pouches are formed
- Urine and stool test: Various types of infections are identified from these tests.
- Pelvic exam: In women, this helps in identifying gynaecological problems.
- Pregnancy test: To check if the pregnancy is causing the symptoms
- Barium X rays: These help in visualizing the colon. Under these X rays, the diverticulitis is seen as pouches that are filled with barium.
- The direct visualization can be done by inserting flexible tubes through the rectum, and they are passed to the colon. The colonoscopes or the sigmoidoscopes can be used for the same. This test helps in ruling out the possibility of other diseases.
The treatment is decided by the severity of the condition. The medication is prescribed to suit the same. It has to be understood that diverticulitis is not complicated 75% of the time. Treatment is different for the complicated condition. Based on the severity, one might have to be hospitalized too.
Antispasmodic drugs are part of the treatment because one experiences severe abdominal pain.
- chlordiazepoxide (Librax),
- dicyclomine (Bentyl),
- atropine, scopolamine, phenobarbital (Donnatal), and
- hyoscyamine (Levsin).
As there are infections involved, one might also need antibiotics.
- ciprofloxacin (Cipro),
- metronidazole (Flagyl),
- cephalexin (Keflex), and
- doxycycline (Vibramycin).
Over the counter pain medication like Tylenol is prescribed to ease the pain.
Apart from medications, there are some dietary changes the doctors advise:
Short term clear liquid diet:
The digestive system obviously needs enough rest. But with the regular food intake, this is not going to happen. So, a short-term clear liquid diet is recommended. This continues until recovery.
The foods that are in this diet are:
- ice chips
- ice pops with frozen fruit puree or pieces of finely chopped fruit
- soup broth or stock
- gelatin (such as Jell-O)
- clear electrolyte drinks
- Low fibre diet:
For the mild symptoms, a low fibre diet is recommended. This is again to give time to the digestive tract to resume its function after getting enough strength.
Surgical treatment for Diverticulitis:
The surgery is the last option. When medications do not help, surgical intervention is required. The collection of pus is removed, the sigmoid colon, which usually contains the diverticula is resected. If the diverticulum bleeds persistently, surgical removal is essential. The surgeon before this considers a lot of tests to ensure where the bleeding is coming from. In a few cases, the urinary bladder close to the diverticula is eroded and ruptured. The patient passes gas during urination as a result. In such cases, surgery is inevitable. When the diseases recur, again surgery is seen the solution. The colon is removed during the surgery, and in fact, almost all parts are removed. The patient has to stay in the hospital for a few days and must take enough rest. This is to ensure that the condition never comes back.
Acute episodes are when the complications are often faced by the patients. The condition becomes severe when the complications are more. Fever, rectal bleeding and blood are stool is considered to be serious. The complications caused by the diseases are life-threatening.
Perforation and peritonitis:
Tiny punctures are caused by this disease in the diverticula. These can become huge, the abdominal cavity is filled with the contents of the colon. The abdominal cavity becomes swollen and gets infected. This condition is called peritonitis. The damaged part of the colon should be immediately removed, and also the damaged intestine is also removed through surgery. This procedure is called large bowel resection. The colon that is infected is removed, and the remaining healthy parts are joined together.
The infected pocket filled with pus is called abscess. The colon walls are developed with abscesses and phlegmons. This can lead to pain in the abdomen, bleeding, vomiting and nausea. Antibiotics are prescribed to treat the condition. The pus is drained from the abscesses using a tube. This is called percutaneous drainage.
The irregular connection between 2 organs is called fistula. The colon, bladder and vagina are connected by fistula that is caused by diverticulitis. Pain while passing urination, abnormal white discharge, and other symptoms are experienced based on the type of fistula.
Blocks in the intestine:
Blockages in the colon can appear when a stricture is formed. This is a severe narrowing formed in the colon because of the inflammation. This can block the stool passage. Bloating, and abdominal pain is the symptoms when the passage of stool is blocked.
Diet and diverticulitis:
The health of the digestive system is majorly decided by the diet one consumes. The management and prevention of the disease can be determined by the diet one takes. Foods that are rich in fibre, and keeping off processed foods can help in managing this disease, and in fact is necessary to maintain the health of the digestive system. Nuts and seeds aggravate the symptoms of diverticulitis and should be avoided. Compared with the high fibre diet, the Western Diet increase the risk of diabetes.
People who are vegetarians and affected by diverticulitis have a lesser reason for getting hospitalized for the condition, compared with people who are affected by the disease and take less fibre due to non-vegetarian foods.
Low FODMAP foods are recommended for people with irritable bowel syndrome. Dairy foods, onions, fermented foods and garlic are examples of these foods. The list of foods to be avoided by the people affected by diverticulitis includes:
- canned foods
- processed cooks
- cooked fruits
- seedless fruits
- eggs, fish and poultry
- low fibre cereals
- cheese, yoghurt and milk
- pasta and noodles
- apples, pear
while high fibre foods are recommended to prevent the disease, one should stay off from them, if affected by diverticulitis. This is because the digestive tract needs rest, and high fibre foods burden the intestines and make them feel heavy.
- Dry and low fibre cereals
- Processed fruits
- Olive oil, and preferably all oils should be taken
- Zucchini, pumpkins, and yellow squash
- Potatoes that are peeled
- Fruit and vegetable juices
Regardless of the foods to take or not to take for diverticulitis, it is vital to take 8 cups of water per day. The health of the GI tract is maintained this way. When the symptoms fade off slowly, taking in high fibre foods is recommended. Also, checking with the doctor before trying any diet plan is mandatory.
Govt bans 344 drugs, including phensedyl, corex
Sr. No. Product name (irrational fdc)
1 aceclofenac + paracetamol + rabeprazole
2 nimesulide + diclofenac
3 nimesulide + cetirizine + caffeine
4 nimesulide + tizanidine
5 paracetamol + cetirizine + caffeine
6 diclofenac + tramadol + chlorzoxazone
7 dicyclomine + paracetamol + domperidone
8 nimesulide + paracetamol
9 paracetamol + phenylephrine + caffeine
10 diclofenac+ tramadol + paracetamol
11 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorzoxazone + famotidine
12 naproxen + paracetamol
13 nimesulide + serratiopeptidase
14 paracetamol + diclofenac + famotidine
15 nimesulide + pifofenone + fenpiverinium + benzyl alcohol
16 omeprazole + paracetamol + diclofenac
17 nimesulide + paracetamol injection
18 tamsulosin + diclofenac
19 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
20 diclofenac + zinc carnosine
21 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine maleate + magnesium trisillicate
22 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + cetrizine
23 phenylbutazone + sodium salicylate
24 lornoxicam + paracetamol + trypsin
25 paracetamol + mefenamic acid + ranitidine + dicylomine
26 nimesulide + dicyclomine
27 heparin + diclofenac
28 glucosamine + methyl sulfonyl methane + vitamini d3 + maganese + boron + copper + zinc
29 paracetamol + tapentadol
30 tranexamic acid + proanthocyanidin
31 benzoxonium chloride + lidocaine
32 lornoxicam + paracetamol + tramadol
33 lornoxicam + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
34 diclofenac + paracetamol + magnesium trisilicate
35 paracetamol + domperidone + caffeine
36 ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
37 paracetamol + prochlorperazine maleate
38 serratiopeptidase (enteric coated 20000 units) + diclofenac potassium & 2 tablets of doxycycline
39 nimesulide + paracetamol suspension
40 aceclofenac + paracetamol + famotidine
41 aceclofenac + zinc carnosine
42 paracetamol + disodium hydrogen citrate + caffeine
43 paracetamol + dl methionine
44 disodium hydrogen citrate + paracetamol
45 paracetamol + caffeine + codeine
46 aceclofenac (sr) + paracetamol
47 diclofenac + paracetamol injection
48 azithromycin + cefixime
49 amoxicillin + dicloxacillin
50 amoxicillin 250 mg + potassium clavulanate diluted 62.5 mg
51 azithromycin + levofloxacin
52 cefixime + linezolid
53 amoxicillin + cefixime + potassium clavulanic acid
54 ofloxacin + nitazoxanide
55 cefpodoxime proxetil + levofloxacin
56 azithromycin, secnidazole and fluconazole kit
57 levofloxacin + ornidazole + alpha tocopherol acetate
58 nimorazole + ofloxacin
59 azithromycin + ofloxacin
60 amoxycillin + tinidazole
61 doxycycline + serratiopeptidase
62 cefixime + levofloxacin
63 ofloxacin + metronidazole + zinc acetate
64 diphenoxylate + atropine + furazolidonee
65 fluconazole tablet, azithromycin tablet and ornidazole tablets
66 ciprofloxacin + phenazopyridine
67 amoxycillin + dicloxacillin + serratiopeptidase
68 azithromycin + cefpodoxime
69 lignocaine + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + beclomethasone
70 cefuroxime + linezolid
71 ofloxacin + ornidazole + zinc bisglycinate
72 metronidazole + norfloxacin
73 amoxicillin + bromhexine
74 ciprofloxacin + fluticasone + clotrimazole + neomycin is
75 metronidazole + tetracycline
76 cephalexin + neomycin + prednisolone
77 azithromycin + ambroxol
78 cilnidipine + metoprolol succinate + metoprolol tartrate
79 l-arginine + sildenafil
80 atorvastatin + vitamin d3 + folic acid + vitamin b12 + pyridoxine
81 metformin + atorvastatin
82 clindamycin + telmisartan
83 olmesartan + hydrochlorothiazide + chlorthalidone
84 l-5-methyltetrahydrofolate calcium + escitalopram
85 pholcodine + promethazine
86 paracetamol + promethazine
87 betahistine + ginkgo biloba extract + vinpocetine + piracetam
88 cetirizine + diethyl carbamazine
89 doxylamine + pyridoxine + mefenamic acid + paracetamol
90 drotaverine + clidinium + chlordiazepoxide
91 imipramine + diazepam
92 flupentixol + escitalopram
93 paracetamol + prochloperazine
94 gabapentin + mecobalamin + pyridoxine + thiamine
95 imipramine + chlordiazepoxide + trifluoperazine + trihexyphenidyl
96 chlorpromazine + trihexyphenidyl
97 ursodeoxycholic acid + silymarin
98 metformin 1000/1000/500/500mg + pioglitazone 7.5/7.5/7.5/7.5mg + glimepiride
99 gliclazide 80 mg + metformin 325 mg
100 voglibose+ metformin + chromium picolinate
101 pioglitazone 7.5/7.5mg + metformin 500/1000mg
102 glimepiride 1mg/2mg/3mg + pioglitazone 15mg/15mg/15mg + metformin 1000mg/1000mg/1000mg
103 glimepiride 1mg/2mg+ pioglitazone 15mg/15mg + metformin 850mg/850mg
104 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 2mg
105 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 1mg
106 metformin 500mg/500mg+gliclazide sr 30mg/60mg + pioglitazone 7.5mg/7.5mg
107 voglibose + pioglitazone + metformin
108 metformin + bromocriptine
109 metformin + glimepiride + methylcobalamin
110 pioglitazone 30 mg + metformin 500 mg
111 glimepiride + pioglitazone + metformin
112 glipizide 2.5mg + metformin 400 mg
113 pioglitazone 15mg + metformin 850 mg
114 metformin er + gliclazide Mr. + voglibose
115 chromium polynicotinate + metformin
116 metformin + gliclazide + piogllitazone + chromium polynicotinate
117 metformin + gliclazide + chromium polynicotinate
118 glibenclamide + metformin (sr)+ pioglitazone
119 metformin (sustainded release) 500mg + pioglitazone 15 mg + glimepiride 3mg
120 metformin (sr) 500mg + pioglitazone 5mg
121 chloramphenicol + beclomethasone + clomitrimazole + lignocaine
122 of clotrimazole + ofloxaxin + lignocaine + glycerine and propylene glycol
123 chloramphennicol + lignocaine + betamethasone + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + antipyrine
124 ofloxacin + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
125 gentamicin sulphate + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
126 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + ofloxacin + lignocaine
127 becloemthasone + clotrimazole + chloramphenicol + gentamycin + lignocaine ear
128 flunarizine + paracetamole + domperidone
129 rabeprazole + zinc carnosine
130 magaldrate + famotidine + simethicone
131 cyproheptadine + thiamine
132 magaldrate + ranitidine + pancreatin + domperidone
133 ranitidine + magaldrate + simethicone
134 magaldrate + papain + fungul diastase + simethicone
135 rabeprazole + zinc + domperidone
136 famotidine + oxytacaine + magaldrate
137 ranitidine + domperidone + simethicone
138 alginic acid + sodium bicarbonate + dried aluminium hydroxide + magnesium hydroxide
139 clidinium + paracetamol + dicyclomine + activated dimethicone
140 furazolidone + metronidazole + loperamide
141 rabeprazole + diclofenac + paracetamol
142 ranitidine + magaldrate
143 norfloxacin+ metronidazole + zinc acetate
144 zinc carnosine + oxetacaine
145 oxetacaine + magaldrate + famotidine
146 pantoprazole (as enteric coated tablet) + zinc carnosine (as film coated tablets)
147 zinc carnosine + magnesium hydroxide + dried aluminium hydroxide + simethicone
148 zinc carnosine + sucralfate
149 mebeverine & inner hpmc capsule (streptococcus faecalis + clostridium butyricum + bacillus
Mesentricus + lactic acid bacillus)
150 clindamycin + clotrimazole + lactic acid bacillus
Avoid this combinations and be safe.