Ampicillin is an antibiotic so it is used to fight bacterial infections. It is a semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin and is used to treat urinary tract infections, pneumonia, respiratory track infections, meningitis, or gonorrhea, infections of the stomach or intestines.
Inform your doctor know if you are pregnant or planning to be pregnant during the course of this medicine. It is advised to avoid Ampicillin if –
- you have been allergic towards any penicillin antibiotic.
- you are taking tetracycline antibiotics or mononucleotic medicines.
- you have recently received or will be receiving any immunisation of vaccination.
Ampicillin is less toxic than other antibiotics. Side effects are rare and hardly occur. They include nausea, vomiting, high level of eosinophils, skin rashes, swelling of tongue and diarrhoea. Serious but rare side effects include dark urine, abdominal pain, jaundice, easy bruising or bleeding, persistent sore throat or fever.
The dosage of this medicine as prescribed by your doctor depends on your age, your kidney function, and the type of bacteria causing the infection. It is taken usually 4 times a day in every 6 hours, or as directed by a doctor. Unnecessary use or overuse of this medicine will decrease its effectiveness.
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Internal Medicine Specialist before using this medicine.
Bacterial MeningitisAmpicillin is used in the treatment of meningitis, which is an inflammation of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis.
Respiratory Tract InfectionAmpicillin is used in the treatment of respiratory tract infections like pneumonia and brochitis, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus.
Bacterial SepticemiaAmpicillin is used in the treatment of Septicemia which is an infection of the blood caused by Staphylococci and Streptococcus pyogenes.
How long is the duration of effect?The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 3 to 6 hours.
What is the onset of action?The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 1 to 2 hours after an oral dose.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine is not known to cause any harm to the fetus. But the evidence is inadequate and it should be used only when necessary after consulting a doctor.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendencies have been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?This medicine is safe to use during breastfeeding. Any incidence of rashes on skin or diarrhea in the infant should be reported. It is advised to consult a doctor before taking this medicine.
Missed Dose instructionsThe missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
Overdose instructionsSeek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Ampicillin as ingredient
Ampicillin belongs to Aminopenicillins. it works by inhibiting the bacterial cell wall synthesis thus inhibiting the growth and multiplication of the bacteria.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Impaired kidney functionThe blood concentration of intravenous Ampicillin may increase in patients suffering from impaired kidney functioning. Suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the severity of kidney function. Frequent monitoring of kidney function tests is necessary.
ColitisAmpicillin should be discontinued if severe diarrhea occurs. Patients having a history of Colitis should be monitored closely.
Interaction with Alcohol
AlcoholInteraction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
LabInformation not available.
Interaction with Food
FoodThe absorption of Ampicillin may decrease in the presence of food. For proper absorption of the medicine, it should be taken at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals.
Interaction with Medicine
AtenololThe effect of atenolol will decrease in the presence of Ampicillin. Low doses of Ampicillin can be given based on the condition. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. Any signs of increased blood pressure or kidney function impairment should be reported to the doctor.
ChloroquineThe effect of Ampicillin will decrease in the presence of chloroquine. Inform the doctor if you are receiving these two medications. A time gap of 2 hours should be maintained between these two doses.
DoxycyclineThe effect of Ampicillin will decrease in the presence of doxycycline. Inform the doctor if you are receiving these two medications. An alternate medicine should be prescribed based on the clinical condition.
MethotrexateAmpicillin may increase the blood levels of methotrexate especially when large doses are given. Any symptoms of nausea, vomiting, mouth ulcers and low blood cell counts should be reported to the doctor. If coadministration is necessary, then suitable dose adjustments should be made or other antibiotics should be considered based on the clinical condition.
WarfarinThe effect of warfarin will increase in the presence of Ampicillin especially in the elderly population with kidney or liver injury. Any symptoms of bleeding, blood in vomiting or stools should be reported to the doctor. Frequent monitoring of blood cell count is necessary.
Ques: What is Ampicillin?
Ques: What are the uses of Ampicillin?
Ques: What are the Side Effects of Ampicillin?
Ques: What are the instructions for storage and disposal Ampicillin?
Ques: Should I use Ampicillin empty stomach, before food or after food?
Ques: How long do I need to use Ampicillin before I see improvement of my conditions?
Ques: Is there any food or drink I need to avoid?
Ques: Will Ampicillin be more effective if taken in more than the recommended dose?
Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.
Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.