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Gentamicin Test

Gentamicin Test

also known as: Garamycin®, Gentak®

Gentamicin is a drug sold under brand names Garamycin only if it has been prescribed by a medical practitioner. It is an antibiotic used to treat several infections that are serious. Infections that are caused by bacteria are treated with gentamicin. It doesn't work for viral or fungal infections.

Gentamicin was discovered in 1953. It is made using the bacteria micromonospora purpurea. It is rarely used a topical treatment and mostly administered as an IV. Gentamicin comprises of some related gentamicin components and other degrees of antimicrobial potency. Mostly gentamicin C complex is included in most of the gentamicin formulations and is found to be with the highest antibacterial property. The exact composition of a given sample cannot be defined and depends on the manufacturer. Gentamicin cannot be used if the person to allergic to gentamicin or similar antibiotics such as amikacin, kanamycin, neomycin, paromomycin, streptomycin, or tobramycin.

To ensure that gentamicin is safe for you, inform your doctor if you suffer from any of the below:

  • kidney disease
  • hypersensitivity
  • myasthenia gravis
  • a nerve-muscle disorder
  • a nervous system disorder such as Parkinson's disease
  • asthma or sulphite allergy
  • an electrolyte imbalance (low levels of calcium, potassium, or magnesium in your blood)
  • If you are dehydrated
  • Gentamicin is found to be unsafe for pregnant women or while lactating. It can affect the unborn baby, so it is essential to take birth control pill to avoid becoming pregnant during the treatment. It can pass through blood to the baby if lactating.

Gentamicin is prescribed mostly to treat inflammation and infections. Conditions like meningitis, pneumonia, bacteremia, bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis, brucellosis, cystic fibrosis, UTI, burns require gentamicin doses. Depending on the severity and age of the patient, dosages are prescribed by the doctor.

Gentamicin is usually injected into the vein or muscle. A disposable syringe is used to inject this medicine. Following are few things to keep in mind during the treatment: If this medication is prescribed for some days, then the course has to be completed unless and otherwise asked by your doctor. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics.

Drink plenty of liquids while you are taking gentamicin. This will help keep your kidneys working properly. While using gentamicin, you may need frequent blood or urine tests. Your hearing, kidney function, and nerve function may also need to be checked. If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using gentamicin. Store this medicine at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Serum or plasma
1 mL
Red-top tube or green-top (heparin) tube. Do not use a gel-barrier tube. The use of gel-barrier tubes is not recommended due to slow absorption of the drug by the gel. Depending on the specimen volume and storage time, the decrease in drug level due to absorption may be clinically significant..
Type Gender Age-Group Value
All age groups
0.5 - 2 microgram/ml
Average price range of the test is between Rs.150 to Rs.150 depending on the factors of city, quality and availablity.

Table of Content

What is Gentamicin Test?
Preparation for Gentamicin Test
Uses of Gentamicin Test
Procedure for Gentamicin Test
Specimen Requirements
Normal values for Gentamicin Test
Price for Gentamicin Test
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi I'm sahil. I have a question. Why do I get itching all over my body after taking a bath. It's for sometime then it disappears. I don't see anything over my body. So, is it normal or not and should I do something about it. I would definitely like to get some advice n tips to tackle this problem maybe home remedies if possible. Thanx.

BHMS, Masters in Nutritional Therapy
Homeopath, Mumbai
Hi I'm sahil. I have a question. Why do I get itching all over my body after taking a bath. It's for sometime then it...
Itching on a body may be due to the allergy after wedding blood circulation increases so that must be a reason you are getting this allergy you can have the things which is give internal cold to body you can have more of fruits salads less protein that will help you out.

Sir am getting full on itching sensation on my both hands and legs. On hands am having small small fungus type and allergy type area! Kindly suggest me.

Homeopath, Chennai
Sir am getting full on itching sensation on my both hands and legs. On hands am having small small fungus type and al...
In Allopathy, anti-histaminics or immunosuppressant medicines like steroids are used which only give temporary relief, with the problem returning once the medicine is stopped. On the other hand, during Homeopathy treatment of allergy is cured by strengthening the immune system and the symptoms subside on their own. At the same time, it needs to be understood that this is purely natural allergy treatment. No steroids or anti allergic medicines are used. The immunity is strengthened by Homeopathy instead of being suppressed as happens with allopathic treatment. You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects
1 person found this helpful

I am a student. I have severe sneezing, itching. eosinophil-07%, Allergy IGE-84. 2IU/ml. I consult a doctor and I am continuing the medicine Montelukast Sodium and Fexofenadine Tablets around 60 days. But when I stop the tablet one day the symptoms starts. Is there any permanent cure from this.

General Physician, Mumbai
I am a student. I have severe sneezing, itching. eosinophil-07%, Allergy IGE-84. 2IU/ml. I consult a doctor and I am ...
Dear Lybrateuser, - The cause for sneezing & allergy has to be found out - avoid dust, smoke, pets, cold fluids - also investigate if not done, x- ray paranasal sinuses which can rule out sinusitis, rhinitis, a deviated nasal septum or a nasal polyp which can cause chronic sneezing - also have sufficient fluids including 8-10 glasses of water for proper hydration - instill 2-3 drops of normal saline solution in each nostril 2-3 times a day - have a well balanced diet with more of fruits & vegetables including green leafy & seasonal ones, whole grains, & protein foods to boost your immunity - also do regular exercise like walking, jogging, yoga & deep breathing which will help boost your immunity & keep you fit.
2 people found this helpful

Dear sir, I have an itching problem at my foot and hand from past 3 days, can you suggest any ointment and please let me know what is the reason. Thanks.

Master of Physiotherapy, Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Noida
Dear sir,
I have an itching problem at my foot and hand from past 3 days, can you suggest any ointment and please let...
Hello lybrate-user, welcom to Lybrate. It might be due to some fungal infections because our hands and feet are much exposed to the environment. *Keep yourself clean and hygienic. Apply candid powder available in the market. * Try to keep the feets dry and apply moisturizer every hourly. * Wear socks whenever you go out and wear clean socks. Clean them everyday.
3 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

These Sexual Mistakes Compromise Penis Health!

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
These Sexual Mistakes Compromise Penis Health!

When it comes to maintaining proper penis health, most men have a very good idea of what to do. They know all the basics of penis care, from taking care to wash properly to regularly inspecting the manhood to applying a high-quality penis health crème. But in the heat of the moment, when sexual fun is getting hot and heavy, a man might make a silly mistake. Those sexual mistakes can compromise penis health in a serious way.

Not sure what sexual mistakes might be a problem? Here's a list of the biggest issues a man might find himself doing when things are hot - and might regret when things cool off.

1. That lube isn't really lube. A man who is getting it on but suddenly realizes the need for lube might reach for whatever is handy, assuming a bottle of lube is not available - and sometimes that means he will try to use anything from shampoo or conditioner to lotion or cooking oils. Obviously these things are not meant for use as a sexual lubricant, and can lead to dry and cracked skin, irritation and more. Using lube designed specifically for the sexual purpose is always recommended.

2. The condom is too small. Though it is very important to always wrap it up before sexual activity, the wrapping itself might sometimes be the issue. Using a condom that is too small might lead to a little irritation in the heat of the moment, but a man can often ignore that for pursuit of pleasure. The aftermath is when things get rough, as the penis can develop small cuts, tears or even blisters from the use of a condom that is too tight. It pays to test out a variety of condoms to find the best fit.

3. There's been too much drinking. Sometimes a bit of inebriation can be a good thing, as it lowers inhibitions and can help both partners relax before the main event. But too much drinking can lead to serious problems, including trouble with getting it up or issues with stamina. But too much alcohol consumption can lead to even worse things, such as forgetting to use a condom or even suffering memory loss that leaves a man wondering just what happened the night before. Avoiding this is simple: don't drink too much before a bedtime romp.

4. Cleaning up is not a priority. There are plenty of bodily fluids sliding around during sexual activity, and much of that understandably winds up on a man's penis. From the natural lubrication that occurs during sex to the traces of spermicide in the condom, there can be several substances that linger. A man who doesn't clean off his penis after sex is asking for trouble, as those fluids can dry on the penis skin, leading to itching, irritation and redness, as well as a potential penis rash.

A man who pays attention to good penis care should always remember that caring for the penis extends to those moments when things are hot and heavy. Not only should a man be fully prepared for any sexual encounter, he should also be sure to take care to clean up well afterward. Maintaining good health should also include regular use of a high-quality penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Look for a crème that includes a multitude of vitamins and nutrients, such as vitamin A for odor-fighting properties, vitamin E to keep skin supple, and vitamin C to enhance sexual health. Amino acids such as L-arginine for blood vessel dilation and acetyl-L-carnitine for protection against peripheral nerve damage are also helpful. Combine it all in a Shea butter base and a man has the recipe for great penis health.

21 people found this helpful

Facts You Must Know About Eyes!

FACS, FRCOphth, Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Kolkata
Facts You Must Know About Eyes!

You never tend to pay a lot of attention to your eyes unless they are affected by some serious disorder or unless your vision is disrupted. But did you know that your eyes are capable of doing much more than you can imagine? here are 10 surprising facts about your eyes you didn't know about.

1. How intricate!
Your eyes take more than 2 million working parts to function. No wonder your eyes are the second most complex organ of your body after your brain.

2. A lot depends on them
As much as 80% of your memories are determined by what you see. Also, 80% of what you learn is because of your eyes.

3. Retina and security
The iris of your eyes has approximately 256 unique characteristics, which is more than even your fingerprints. This is the reason why retina scans are used so widely today for security purposes.

4. It's a colourful world
Your eyes can distinguish between approximately 10 million different colours. And women with a particular kind of genetic mutation can see millions of more colours.

5. Upside-down
The retina of your eyes receives the vision of the outside world as upside down. It is your brain, which flips the image for you so that you can see the world as it is.

6. Sunscreen for the eyes?
It is possible for your eyes to get sunburnt. Therefore, it is advisable for you to wear sunglasses in order to protect your eyes from the ultraviolet radiations.

7. Godspeed!
The eye muscle is the muscle that reacts at the fastest rate out of all the other muscles in your body. It can contract in less than even 1/100th of a second.

8. Paint it red?
The retina of your eyes cannot detect the red colour. The retinas do have green, red and blue receptors, but the red receptor can detect only the colour yellow-green and the green one can recognise blue-green. It is your brain that combines these signals to give you the impression of the colour red.

9. Dreams and sight
Even if you become blind later in life, you can see images in your dreams if you were born with sight.

10. We are blink-eyed peas
You blink approximately 17 times every minute. That makes it 5.2 million times in a year. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ophthalmologist.

3795 people found this helpful

Causes and Treatment for Nighttime Itching!

Sexologist, Chittorgarh
Causes and Treatment for Nighttime Itching!

Have you ever been all comfy and settled in bed only to feel a little itch? You give it a rub or scratch, and before you are content, the sensation returns. So you scratch it again and again as the itching grows and becomes a nuisance.

This is nighttime itching. We scratch a small itch maybe a dozen times a day unconsciously, but how serious is it when you develop itching at night? It may be a temporary reaction to a number of mild causes, or it may a signal an underlying health issue. We will uncover nighttime itching remedies and ways to prevent reoccurrences.

What Causes Nighttime Itching?

Pruritus is the itching of the skin. As with many conditions and illnesses, it seems to become worse at night. You may think it is dry skin, especially if it occurs mainly in the cold winter months when the skin becomes more susceptible due to the lack of moisture in the air. Or you may attribute it to your laundry detergent, new body soap, parasites, or even stress. Before you rush to the doctor or pharmacy to grab a bottle of lotion, let’s take a look at what causes itching at night.

1. Bed Clothes and Linen

Your personal items could be causing your nighttime itching due to irritants and even parasites. Changes in your body processes can cause you to develop an allergen to laundry soaps, body soaps, and shampoos, even if you have been using the same brand for years with no negative reactions. It could also be associated with a dust mite allergy. A change in your system can also impact the tolerance of certain components of your jewelry. Unfortunately, you could also have an infestation of bedbugs, fleas, or other insects.

2. Decreased Stimulation

As we sleep, our energy and stimulus levels decrease, which may make us more conscious of issues such as itchiness, even the most mild of the condition. If you suffer from a severe skin condition, it can disturb your sleep cycle to the point of waking you up in the night. Without a proper REM cycle, you can experience changes in mood and physical symptoms.

3. Internal Clock

Your internal clock, also known as circadian rhythm, refers to the biological processes your body goes through over a 24-hour period. These physical, mental, and behavioral changes in the system respond to your day (light) and night (dark) environments. Nocturnal itching episodes may be associated with these changes, although no definite factor has been identified.

  • Cytokine and prostaglandin can cause the itching sensation in an unbalanced circadian rhythm as these substances produced by cells affect inflammation outcome.
  • Skin temperature rises at night, which may stimulate the itch facilitator levels in our skin.
  • Corticosteroid body levels tend to decrease at night, which increases symptoms of an inflammatory skin disorder.
  • Water loss through the skin intensifies at night time.
  • Parasympathetic activity is known as the “rest and digest” portion of our autonomic nervous system. In this state of normal control, your body is in a relaxed condition, and at night, it increases and may stimulate itching.
  • Natural pain-relieving catalysts in our system rise in response to the darkness with a damaged circadian rhythm. A lessened pain increases our sense of itchiness.
  • Aside from severe dry skin, several health disorders and diseases also have symptoms of dry, itchy skin that seem to be exacerbated at night. These conditions are atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, urticaria, lichen simplex chronicus, liver and kidney issues, and blood disorders. There are some sleep pattern disorders that can also cause nocturnal itching.

How to Treat Nighttime Itching?

You can try to resolve the nocturnal itching at home with several remedies and prevent a reoccurrence.

1. Soak at Night

Bathe in the evening to remove the day’s dead skin cells, dirt, and sweat. Keep in mind very hot water can irritate and dry out the skin. Use warm water and spend 15 minutes or less in the shower or bath.

2. Use Mild Soaps

Use unscented soaps, especially at night. Antibacterial and perfume-infused soaps can draw the moisture from your skin and cause itchiness.

3. Moisturize the Skin

Use a moisturizer created for dry skin conditions. Moisturizing after a bath or shower can help prevent itchiness as it replenishes the skin’s moisture.

4. Change the Sheets

Change your sheets frequently. If you cannot alternate bed linen daily, hang your bedding in direct sunlight to remove dust mites and any bacteria and dead skin cells.

5. Flip the Mattress

Use a mattress protector or flip mattress weekly as it may be home to millions of microscopic organisms. Replace the mattress when you can.

6. Call Pest Control

Have a pest control agent inspect for infestations. There may be an issue with bedbugs, body lice, fleas, or scabies mites. You can still feel the effects from these parasites without direct contact as they attach to clothing, linens, and mattresses.

7. Ventilate the Room

Sleep in a cool well-ventilated room. This will reduce body temperature and sweating, which can stimulate itchy dryness. Try keeping the bedroom heat down by opening a window, turning on a fan, or keeping the air conditioner on.

8. Use Lightweight Fabrics

Wear light cotton sleepwear and use light blankets. As your body temperature rises, so does the intensity of the itch.

When to Call a Doctor

If you have tried the aforementioned home remedies for nighttime itching with no relief, you may want to consult your doctor. Depending on the cause of your condition, you may be prescribed antihistamines to diminish itching or corticosteroids to reduce inflammation if itchiness is associated with a skin disorder.

You may need calcineurin inhibitors to suppress your immune system or even antidepressants. These will help in lessening the itch symptoms related to mental stress or psychogenic disorders.

Dry, itchy skin can be triggered by stimuli at night, which can interfere with your resting and sleeping times. There are various mild skin conditions that cause night itchiness as well as several health issues that should be addressed. Home remedies to counteract or prevent itchiness can be undertaken before calling a doctor. The answer may lie in your bedding, personal hygiene items, or even in the air you breathe. If all attempts fail, contact your doctor for guidance as it could be a hidden medical condition or a symptom of a related issue.

3 people found this helpful

Common Skin Disorders & Their Homeopathic Remedies!

DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)
Homeopathy Doctor, Phagwara
Common Skin Disorders & Their Homeopathic Remedies!

Skin problems, owing to its frequency and its recurrence have emerged as a common cause of concern. Different schools of medicines have come up with their own form of treatments in order to deal with this problem and homeopathy with its assurance of little to no side effects has been most preferred. In fact homeopathy provides various medicines to treat a host of skin disorders.

Some of them are:

1. Scabies and eczema: Scabies and eczema are common skin ailments which are accompanied by fierce itching. They mostly appear either behind the ears and the space between the fingers often developing puss. The skins in these cases become dry and scaly necessitating the intake of Calcarea carbonica.

2. Psoriasis and recurrent eczema: Psoriasis and eczema are characterized by constant itching and painful swelling. In such a situation, the homeopathic medicine Arsenicum has proved to be extremely beneficial.

3. Soreness and coarseness of the skin: Sometimes the skin becomes visibly coarse and sore leading to inflammation even causing inflammations sometimes. Suphur should be the medicine you must choose in such a case as it significantly improves the condition of the skin and softens the skin.

4. Spots on the skin: Homeopathy also has a potent remedy for the spots that erupt on the skin, most often as a consequence of some disease. Sepia works wonders for the perceptible brown spots which appear on the skin as a result of herpes.

5. Acne: Kali muriaticum has emerged as the most reliable medicine for acne and eczema. The fame of the medicine resides in its ability to treat that eczema that is obstinate and refuses to be treated in normal circumstances. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopath.

3267 people found this helpful

When To Consult A Doctor About Floaters in Your Eye?

MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
When To Consult A Doctor About Floaters in Your Eye?

Ever noticed spots or strands that ‘float’ into your line of vision. These are known as floaters. In most cases, they do not affect your vision, but can cause a lot of discomfort. Thus, in most cases they do not require treatment unless they affect your vision significantly. Floaters are more likely to stand out when looking at bright objects or something like a clear blue sky. Moving your eyes can shift the fluid in your eyes and move these floaters out of your line of sight.

Dust particles entering and irritating the eye should not be confused with floaters. Floaters can be described as flecks of a protein called collagen. These flecks can be seen when they are loosened from the back of the eye known as the vitreous. This can happen at any age but is more likely to affect people between the ages of 50 and 75. Being near sighted or suffering from cataract also increases your risk of seeing floaters. In rare cases, it can also be triggered by a disease in the eye, an injury to the eye, tumors or crystal deposits in the back of the eye.

Noticing the odd floater is not something to worry about. However, if you notice a sudden increase in the number and frequency of floaters in your eye, see flashes of light, have pain in the eyes or experience a loss of side vision, consult a doctor immediately. This could also be a sign of a more serious condition like a detached retina that requires immediate medical attention. Excessive floaters can be removed through a surgery known as a vitrectomy or laser vitreolysis. A vitrectomy involves the removal of vitreous gel from the middle of the eye and replacing it with silicone oil or a gas bubble. The surgery last 2 or 3 hours, but you may require an overnight stay in the hospital.

Laser vitreolysis is a more recent form of treatment for this condition. This pain free procedure involves the projection of a laser beam into the eye that focuses on large floaters to break them apart or vaporize them. This procedure can be performed as an outpatient and is considered safer than a vitrectomy. The form of treatment suited to a person will depend on a number of factors including their age, what the floaters look like, where they are located and the frequency of their appearance. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ophthalmologist.

2518 people found this helpful