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Scabies - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Sarcoptes scabiei is a very tiny mite which when gets infested in the skin is known as scabies. These microscopic Sarcoptes scabiei mites can live in the body for approximately 2 months. These mites reproduce on the surface of our skin, then burrows into the skin and lay eggs for regrowth. Scabies causes pimple like, very itchy rashes on the skin. According to World Health Organization, there are approximately 300 million cases of this skin disease every year. Scabies is highly contagious and can pass from one person to another, through contact of the skin, very easily. It can also get transmitted through scabies infested bedding and clothes.

Although this skin malady is extremely irritating, but scabies infestation can be treated effectively. The treatment of this disease generally consists of medications that kills these mites and their eggs. Since this disease is so contagious, doctors generally recommend treatment for an entire group of people who are in close and frequent contact with the scabies infected patient. Apart from the stated reasons, scabies can also spread by holding hands for a prolonged period of time or from intimate contact like sexual intercourse. Doctors generally are able to diagnose scabies by simply performing a physical examination and by inspecting the affected zone in the skin. In many a cases, the doctor can even confirm the diagnosis by extricating the mite from the skin with the aid of a needle. If the mite can’t be found easily, the doctor may scrape off a small section of the patient’s skin in order to obtain a sample tissue. This sample is then examined under a microscope to find the scabies mites or their eggs.

The treatment for this irritating skin disease usually involves getting rid of the mite infestation with the help of prescription creams, ointments and lotions, those that can be applied directly on the site of the infestation. The doctor generally advises the patients to apply the medications during the night, when these mites are most active. In most of the cases you may need to treat all the skin, starting from the neck down. The medicine can then be washed off the next morning.

The symptoms of scabies generally get worse during the first week of the treatment. Nevertheless, after the primary week, the patients generally suffer from less itching and if the doctor’s instructions are followed properly, the patient should get completely cured by the fourth week. If you find that your skin hasn’t healed by 30 days, you can be very sure that the healing has not been complete. As scabies mites can live for 48 to 72 hours after they have left your body, make sure that you take proper measures that they do not re-infest again.

Make sure you wash all your clothing, beddings, towels and pillows in warm water (122°F) to kill the mites that has fallen off from your body.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Itching is one of the main symptoms of scabies. Continuous scratching of the infected area can create sores. Rashes that look more akin to tiny blisters and pimple like bumps.

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How do Dermatologists Diagnose & Treat Scabies?

Dr. Bharat Singhania 88% (47 ratings)
MBBS, DDV , MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Raipur
How do Dermatologists Diagnose & Treat Scabies?
The development of bumps and blisters on your skin surface accompanied by severe itching are the symptoms of a skin condition known as scabies. It is caused by a burrowing mite called sarcoptes scabiei. A patient experiences itching in the affected area and the urge for itching gets increased during the night. Scabies is a contagious disease and spreads rapidly among people via a physical contact. Symptoms Thin and irregular burrow tracks or blisters are common symptoms of scabies. These tracks generally appear in the folds of the skin. Commonly, scabies appears in the following areas: Between the fingers In the armpits Around the waist and along the insides of the wrist On the inner elbow, soles of the feet Around the breasts, buttocks, knees and shoulder blades In case you had scabies previously, the symptoms usually develop within a few days after exposure. For first-time occurrences, six weeks are required for the symptoms to appear. Causes The eight-legged female mite which causes scabies burrows beneath the skin, produces a tunnel and deposits egg in it. After being hatched, the mite travels to the skin surface. Here they become mature and spread to other areas. The body s allergic reaction to the mites, the eggs and their waste material causes the itching. Vigorous scratching of the scabies infected skin can break the skin, allowing a secondary bacterial infection to develop, like impetigo. A severe type of scabies known as crusted scabies can affect some people. Crusted scabies usually affects people suffering from chronic heart diseases due to which the body s immune system gets weakened. People who are very sick, hospitalised and aged people in nursing homes may develop crusted scabies. This type of scabies is scaly and crusty, covers large areas all over the body and is difficult to cure. Treatment of scabies The involves the elimination of the developments using medicines. There are several lotions and creams, which can be used on a doctor s prescription for treatment. These creams should be applied all over the body. After the application, the medication should be left for eight hours. In case of recurrence of rashes and burrows, a second treatment may be required. It is important to consult a doctor for proper treatment of scabies. Usually, treatment is recommended for all family members and close friends of an affected person, even though no symptoms of scabies appear in these people.

Scabies - 4 Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Dr. Sravani Purushothamaiah 86% (162 ratings)
MD (Hom)
Homeopath, Bangalore
Scabies - 4 Homeopathic Remedies For It!
Scabies is an infection of the skin that is caused by an incredibly tiny mite Sarcoptes scabiei . They thrive on the surface of the epidermis and can survive up to two months. The outward symptoms include itchy, blister-like hives on the surface of the skin. It is tremendously infectious and can easily be passed from one individual to another via skin contact. Usage of bedding or clothing that is infested may easily cause the mites to infect one. Characteristic symptoms comprise of rashes and extreme itching. Areas of the body that get infected are: Face Hands Neck Soles of the feet Armpits Elbow Buttocks Waist Homeopathic treatment Arsenic album: This medication is used when the eruptions emerge on the knees. Eruptions are the numerous dry small pustules which are accompanied by a very strong burning and itching sensation. Carbo veg: This is administered when the condition has a parched appearance almost all over the body, particularly bad on the extremities. The itching sensation gets worse at night or after undressing. Hepar Sulph and Sepia: It is used when the rashes develop near the folds of the skin. The flare-ups are usually hard and ooze pus. Another situation that warrants the usage of this medicine is when the patient becomes extremely uncomfortable in cold environments. Sulphur: The use of sulphur comes as an ultimate resort to curing this problem. It is the absolute remedy for persistent, neglected, stubborn, underlying cases of scabies.
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4 Best Homeopathic Medicines To Treat Scabies!

Dr. Chandra Bhusan Mishra 89% (2249 ratings)
Homeopath, Kolkata
4 Best Homeopathic Medicines To Treat Scabies!
Scabies is a disorder of the skin that is caused by tiny mites known as Sarcoptes scabies. The condition takes the form of an itchy pimple-like rash on the surface of skin that is formed when the microscopic mites burrow into the skin where they lay eggs and reproduce over a span of several weeks. It is a highly contagious disease as the mites can easily pass from one person to another through shared clothing or bedding. How to treat scabies with homeopathy? Homeopathy is a wonderful science that treats diseases with natural and safe medicines. In scabies, Homeopathy is the best alternative treatment option as Homeopathic medicines are very competent in treating this kind of infection. They stimulate the disease fighting mechanism of the body to fight scabies. As the healing system of the body is strengthened, the disease is completely eradicated. Its holistic approach attacks the infection at the root and prevents recurrence of the disease. Some of the homeopathic medicines used to treat scabies are as follows: Sulphur: This is the most commonly prescribed medication for outbreaks of scabies. It treats skin that is itchy and irritated, especially if it worsens with the application of water or heat. Sulphur is a great remedy for symptoms that get aggravated during the night due to high sensitivity and if the skin is prone to pimples and eruptions. Sepia: Sepia is a popular and effective remedy for scabies in cases where the skin feels itchy but scratching provides no relief. Often, the symptoms worsen when the patient is exposed to open air, wherein this homeopathic medicine is a useful cure. Arsenic Album: This homeopathic medicine is prescribed when scabies leads to the skin becoming hypersensitive and violently itchy. Soreness, burning sensations and dryness are often accompanying symptoms and the skin may even begin to peel off in large scales. All these symptoms are treated by arsenic album. Causticum: The symptoms of scabies respond well to causticum, especially when the condition occurs in the folds of the skin, between the thighs and the fingers. The intense itching, burning and redness are treated by causticum in a very efficient manner. These are just a few of the commonly used Homeopathic remedies and are mentioned only to create awareness about the effectiveness of Homeopathic medicines for scabies. It is not advisable to resort to self-medication for any disease.
4 people found this helpful

Scabies - Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Pankaj Tiwary 90% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Patna
Scabies - Reasons Behind It!
Scabies is a skin condition that causes the skin to itch. It is caused by a tiny burrowing mite, which is called Sarcoptes scabei. The presence of the mite in the burrowed areas causes intense itching, especially at night. This a contagious condition, which can quickly spread through physical contact in places like nursing homes, schools, prisons etc. Scabies is easily treatable by applying lotions to the skin that may kill the mite. Yet, one may still experience itching for several weeks. The eight legged mite that causes the condition is microscopic. The female mite burrows just beneath the skin and makes a tunnel where it deposits eggs. These eggs hatch, mature and spread to the other areas of the skin or to the skin of other people. The body's allergic reaction to the mites, their eggs and wastes causes the itching. Symptoms Some of the symptoms of the conditions are severe itching, narrow irregular burrow tracks, which look like blisters or bumps on your skin. The burrow tracks generally appear in the folds of the skin. The common sites of the condition are between the fingers, armpits, around the waist, soles of your feet, knees, shoulder blades etc. Complications Some of the complications of the condition are: Vigorous scratching, which can break your skin and can cause a secondary infection such as impetigo. This superficial skin infection is usually caused by the staphylococci bacteria. Severe scratching can also lead to damaged and reddened skin, which in severe cases can start to bleed. Risk factors Crusted scabies, also known as Norwegian scabies is a severe form of the condition, which affects certain high risk groups, such as: People with chronic medical conditions, such as HIV/Aids or chronic leukemia Older people in nursing homes People who are very ill
2384 people found this helpful

Risk Factors And Complications Of Scabies!

MD, ExSR Dermatologist AIIMS New Delhi
Dermatologist, Delhi
Risk Factors And Complications Of Scabies!
Scabies is a skin condition that causes the skin to itch. It is caused by a tiny burrowing mite, which is called Sarcoptes scabei. The presence of the mite in the burrowed areas causes intense itching, especially at night. This a contagious condition, which can quickly spread through physical contact in places like nursing homes, schools, prisons etc. An estimate shows that scabies infect over 300 million humans worldwide per year. This eight-legged microscopic mite creates a tunnel in the human skin and lays eggs in it. These larvae move under the surface of the skin and spread across the whole body, once hatched. Dogs, cats and mice can also be affected by the disease. It usually takes 2 - 6 weeks for the symptoms to develop. Signs and symptoms of scabies involve itching, rashes, sores and thick crusts on the surface of the skin. Some of the risk factors of scabies are: An infected person can easily pass scabies to his/her household or sexual partners. Scabies in adults is usually sexually acquired. The likelihood of scabies increases easily under crowded conditions which involves close body and skin contact. Nursing homes, prisons, and several types of care facilities are sites of scabies outbreaks. Scabies spreads through direct, prolonged skin-to-skin contact with a person who has mites. Complications of scabies include: Persistent and vigorous scratching can break the surface of your skin which can lead to secondary bacterial infections. Impetigo, a superficial infection is quite a common occurrence in case of such. Crusted scabies is the most severe form of scabies which is common among certain groups. People suffering from diseases such as HIV or leukemia and severely ill people who have weakened immune systems are at a higher risk of contracting this condition. This condition, also known as Norwegian scabies is very contagious and also hard to cure. Depending on the symptoms and severity of the condition, appropriate medications and creams are prescribed by medical professionals. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir / mam actually I am suffering from scabies right now so give me some advice how to repair this.

Dr. Nazima 85% (1288 ratings)
General Physician, Delhi
For scabies you need to buy 5% permisol lotion .apply it from neck to toe leave it for 24 hours and wash it off .again next week repeat the same. You can take tab levocetrizine 5 mg at night to reduce itching. Boil your clothes, bedsheets and all clothings which you contacted. All family members need to use this lotion as it spreads from one to another.

My father have scabies from 2 months and itching also on the red spots so tell me what to do you sir his age is 53 and weight is 88.

Dr. Nikhil Narvekar 90% (320 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Supportive treatment is very important in scabies. Dip all clothes and blankets in hot water for 20 minutes and wash later. Treatment of all family members with permethrin cream is required at the same time. The method of application of permethrin cream is to be noted. Permethrin cream should be applied to whole body from neck to toe at night only once a week for 2 to 3 weeks

How to get rid of scabies I used dettol over there and it gave me relief but next day it again occurred.

Dr. Gautam Sharma 87% (75 ratings)
MD DNB (Internal Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Scabies is quite dangerous as it is can spread rapidly from one person to other. So you will have to take specific against rabies in order to get rid of it. As well hygeine is quite important. Get in touch with your doctor.
1 person found this helpful

Scabies has been bothering me for 3 years. I have applied the Permethrin about sixty times, till now. How do I get rid of this?

Dr. A.K. Khan 91% (547 ratings)
B.Sc (Bio), DMS (Cal), CMS , FWT, PET, DMLT (Cal), SBHM, Vacc,
Homeopath, Kolkata
Please follow my prescription. 1) Anthrakokali- 30. In no 30 globules. To be taken four globules thrice daily before food for 15 days and wait for 15 days and report the result for next medicine.
1 person found this helpful

My baby 5 month old is having too much itching and bumps. Dr. Said it is scabies and apply permethrin all over his body. But the bumps are back after a week. What should I do now.

Dr. Manisha Roy 93% (1257 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Your baby is reinfected. All contacts in house need to use permethrin from chin to toe including the baby. Single application is sufficient. All linnen and clothes need to be washed in hot water dried in sun and ironed before use. Hope it works this time.
2 people found this helpful

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