Sarcoptes scabiei is a very tiny mite which when gets infested in the skin is known as scabies. These microscopic Sarcoptes scabiei mites can live in the body for approximately 2 months. These mites reproduce on the surface of our skin, then burrows into the skin and lay eggs for regrowth. Scabies causes pimple like, very itchy rashes on the skin. According to World Health Organization, there are approximately 300 million cases of this skin disease every year. Scabies is highly contagious and can pass from one person to another, through contact of the skin, very easily. It can also get transmitted through scabies infested bedding and clothes.
Although this skin malady is extremely irritating, but scabies infestation can be treated effectively. The treatment of this disease generally consists of medications that kills these mites and their eggs. Since this disease is so contagious, doctors generally recommend treatment for an entire group of people who are in close and frequent contact with the scabies infected patient. Apart from the stated reasons, scabies can also spread by holding hands for a prolonged period of time or from intimate contact like sexual intercourse. Doctors generally are able to diagnose scabies by simply performing a physical examination and by inspecting the affected zone in the skin. In many a cases, the doctor can even confirm the diagnosis by extricating the mite from the skin with the aid of a needle. If the mite can’t be found easily, the doctor may scrape off a small section of the patient’s skin in order to obtain a sample tissue. This sample is then examined under a microscope to find the scabies mites or their eggs.
The treatment for this irritating skin disease usually involves getting rid of the mite infestation with the help of prescription creams, ointments and lotions, those that can be applied directly on the site of the infestation. The doctor generally advises the patients to apply the medications during the night, when these mites are most active. In most of the cases you may need to treat all the skin, starting from the neck down. The medicine can then be washed off the next morning.
The symptoms of scabies generally get worse during the first week of the treatment. Nevertheless, after the primary week, the patients generally suffer from less itching and if the doctor’s instructions are followed properly, the patient should get completely cured by the fourth week. If you find that your skin hasn’t healed by 30 days, you can be very sure that the healing has not been complete. As scabies mites can live for 48 to 72 hours after they have left your body, make sure that you take proper measures that they do not re-infest again.
Make sure you wash all your clothing, beddings, towels and pillows in warm water (122°F) to kill the mites that has fallen off from your body.