Orthopedic surgery helps in correcting the problems that arise in the skeleton and its attachments such as the ligaments and the tendons. It also deals with some problems of the nervous system such as those that arise from the injury of the spine. These problems can occur at birth and also as result of aging. They may be acute in the form of injury or chronic in many age-related problems. The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery focuses on patient care in each of these orthopaedic subspecialties:
Adult reconstruction and joint replacement
Surgery of the hand and wrist
Surgery of the shoulder and elbow
Surgery of the foot and ankle
Musculoskeletal tumour surgery
An orthopedic surgeon is a physician who corrects congenital or functional abnormalities of the bones with the process of surgery, casting, and bracing. He/she also treats the injuries that are caused to the bones. Orthopaedic knee surgery is a surgical technique that can diagnose and also treat problems in the knee joint of the person. During the procedure, the orthopaedic surgeon makes a very small incision and inserts an arthroscope, a tiny camera, into your knee. This allows them to view the inside of the joint on a screen. The surgeon can then investigate a problem and if necessary, correct the issue using small instruments within the arthroscope. Many orthopedic surgeons maintain a general practice, while some specialize in one particular aspect of orthopaedics such as hand surgery, joint replacements or disorders of the spine.