In the case of individuals with serious mitral valve stenosis, a mitral valve replacement treatment may be required. This surgery is typically done as a form of open heart surgery or some kind of minimally invasive surgery. In order to undergo this surgery, you should consult an experienced cardiologist who will evaluate your condition and determine whether the tissue valve or mechanical valve would be right for you. While performing the mitral valve replacement treatment, you will be administered general anesthesia. Then a large incision would be made in the chest region and a cardiopulmonary bypass machine would take care of the circulation. Your heart beat may be stopped temporarily in order to prevent any kind of damage occurring during surgery. During the process of mitral valve replacement treatment, the mitral valve which has been damaged would be cut out and taken out of the place whereas a new and functional valve will replace it. You will have to stay in the ICU of a hospital three to four days after the surgery for initial recovery. In order to recover completely and return back to your routine chores you would have to wait for about a few months during which your surgical incision would heal, your physical endurance would build up and you would be able to take part in exercising as well. This treatment can be expensive depending on the procedure, hospital stay and doctor's fees. However, most insurance companies cover this treatment.