The process of surgical removal of the pituitary gland is called hypophysectomy. This process is used to treat tumors, especially craniopharyngioma tumors.
Many a times, it is also used to treat Cushing's syndrome which is caused due to pituitary adenoma.
This surgery technique is used by neurologists as well and finds significance in neurosciences. The different experiments however are conducted on animals to understand the functioning of hypophysis.
The removal of pituitary gland is a complicated and drastic step. This is because this gland is situated in the centre of the brain and manages control on production of different kinds of hormones.
However, this gland has to be removed in cases such as pituitary tumors, cancers etc.
Hypophysectomy is also known as hypophysis.
Hypophysectomy is also performed to cure Cushing's syndrome, which is a hormonal disorder. This disorder is generally caused by the body's tissues exposure to high levels of the hormone cortisol. The surgery aims at removing the tumor and preserving the gland.
Pituitary tumour surgery has been very helpful for patients suffering from this deadly disease.
Another kind of surgery is pituitary tumor surgery which is the most common way to remove pituitary tumors.
Transsphenoidal portrays the message how the surgery is conducted through the sphenoid sinus. This is a hollow space in the skull which is found behind the nasal passages as well as under the brain. It's the back wall of the sinus which covers the pituitary gland.
According to Pituitary Network Association, one out of every five person in the world suffers from pituitary tumor. Hence this surgery is of immense importance to such patients.