Endocrine glands are responsible for secretion of hormones. These hormones regulate important bodily functions. Disease and infections can affect the normal functioning of these glands. Endocrine surgery treatment procedures are aimed at regulating the functioning of these glands to control the level of hormones in the body. In some instances, the doctors may prescribe synthetic hormones to maintain hormonal balance, if the glands are unable to produce the requisite amounts. The endocrine surgeon recommends endocrine surgery only in extreme cases, when all other alternative treatment methods have failed.
There are several types of these treatments available, depending on the gland. Few examples are parathyroid, adrenal, pituitary, and thyroid treatment.
Surgeries of the endocrine gland are usually performed under general anesthesia. The aim of these surgeries is to remove or destroy the damaged part of the gland with minimal disruption to the healthy tissue. In rare instances of severe infection or cancerous growths, the entire gland may be removed. However, in such cases, the surgeon will usually prescribe synthetic hormones to maintain the levels required for proper bodily functions.
Endocrine surgeries are complex procedures performed with highly specialized instruments, laparoscopy is preferred over conventional surgery as it is minimally invasive and the recovery time is short. The duration of the procedure depends on the gland on which the surgery is performed and the nature of the disease.