Electrocauterization is a surgical procedure recommended for prevention of bleeding during and after a surgery. Both monopolar and bipolar electrocautery is used for removal of abnormal tissue growth like warts and tumors. The technique finds use in routine surgeries to cut through soft tissue for gaining access to another site. Endoscopic electrocautery is a specialzed technique to stop upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients.
Electrocauterization treatment employs an electric current to seal off blood vessels to prevent blood loss and eliminate infections. General or local anesthesia may be used during the procedure, depending on the area that requires treatment and the general condition of the patient. A grounding pad placed on the body protects the patient from side effects of the electric current. The skin at the site of the surgery is disinfected and a gel is applied to prevent burns. The electric current does not enter the body, only the tip of the instrument encounters the tissue. The heat seals or removes the tissue and sterilizes the site to prevent infections. In most instances, stitches are not required.
The treatment has minimal risks, including slight bleeding, infection, pain, or mild discomfort. Antibiotics and painkillers may be prescribed after the procedure. The procedure takes 20- 30 minutes and the patient can return home after the effects of anesthesia have worn off. The patient can return to routine activities on the following day.