Colonoscopy is a procedure or a test which is done by a doctor and allows him/her to examine the inner lining of your large intestine closely. This includes the rectum and colon and the colonoscopy treatment helps in identifying not only different kinds of stomach problems but also tumours, lumps and different forms of cancer. The oncologist or the doctor who's executing the procedure would use a thin, flexible tube called a colonoscope, which is used for getting a broader look at the colon. The colonoscopy would not only help in finding ulcers, colon polyps, tumours, and areas of inflammation or bleeding, but also other inherent problems too.
The colon cancer symptoms are easily identified through colonoscopy and the duration of the same is about 30 minutes. However, the process may take longer as the patient is prepared giving local anaesthesia and others. Also, the duration may increase in case the doctor finds some unusual activities or symptoms in the stomach.
Colonoscopy helps in identifying acute stomach problems and is useful in colon cancer prognosis. It is also useful in figuring out colon cancer stages and thus determines the right channel of treatment. There are some colonoscopy side effects that you may experience for a while and this includes pain and swelling in the colon area. Some individuals may also get fever or feel restless for few hours or even a day.