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Dr. Parthasarathy G  - Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad

Dr. Parthasarathy G

92 (16 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fe...

Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad

17 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
Dr. Parthasarathy G 92% (16 ratings) MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterol... Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
17 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
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Causes, symptoms, and treatment of Gall Stone Diseases<br/><br/>Hello, friends, i am Dr. Parthasa...

Causes, symptoms, and treatment of Gall Stone Diseases

Hello, friends, i am Dr. Parthasarathy, surgical gastroenterologist HPB and minimal access surgeon practicing in Hyderabad. I specialize in the treatment of complex problems of the liver, pancreas, and cancers of the digestive tract, and also specialize in advanced laparoscopic surgeries of the abdomen. It is experienced in this field for more than a decade, there is one particular problem which is very commonly encountered in my practice, and that is gallstone disease so today I shall be talking to you about this problem.

Before understanding what is this stones of the gallbladder one has to know what gallbladder is. The gallbladder is a small sack, a pear-shaped organ which is located attached to the liver whose main function is to store bile. Bile is a digestive juice which is secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder and when a person eats this stored bile is released into the intestine and it helps the digestion of the fat. So this is exactly the function of the gallbladder the liver secretes bile all through the day. But we eat only thrice a day or four times a day, so all the secreted bile is stored in the gall bladder and then released as in when needed. This bile contains cholesterol, so for various reasons sometimes stones can form in the gallbladder and that is when it becomes a problem. What are the problems these stones in the gallbladder can cause, number one it can cause repeated attacks of pain, gallstone pain typically happen on the right upper side of the abdomen just below your right rib cage, and it can radiate to your shoulder to the back or to the central abdomen. This is, in fact, one of the minor problems which it can cause it can also lead to serious complications when the stone slips and blocks the outlet of the gallbladder the secretes in the gallbladder can get accumulated, can get a lot of pressure and cause an inflammation of the gallbladder and swelling which in medical terms we call acute cholecystitis which is a life-threatening problem.

Sometimes the gallstone if they are very small they can slip into the bile duct which is a tube which carries the bile to the intestine from the gallbladder and block the bile duct and when the flow of bile is blocked bile cannot get drained into the intestine, there is a back pressure on the liver and the patient can develop jaundice. more dangerously sometimes these stones can block the tube of the pancreas, the pancreatic duct and the bile duct have a common opening and when these stones block the outlet of the pancreas they can cause a life-threatening problem called acute pancreatitis. Having said all this, these complications are quite rare meaning majority of the patients with gall bladder stones do not develop these life-threatening complications and a most common problem which they come to me with is a pain. Any stone in the gall bladder which causes or has caused pain in the past needs treatment. So the final word is asymptomatic gall bladder stones meaning silent stones do not need treatment.

Patients who have symptomatic gall bladder stones meaning who are presently experiencing a pain because of the gallstone or who have had pain in the past need treatment so what treatment is effective for gall bladder stones. Number one there is no medical treatment which is effective for treating gall bladder stones, unlike kidney stones medicines do not dissolve gallbladder stones, the only treatment option for a gallstone is surgery. What surgery the surgery of choice for this is a laparoscopic cholecystectomy wherein its a keyhole surgery through which the gallbladder is removed completely.

Removal of the stones alone is not sufficient in treating gallbladder stones the gallbladder has to be removed completely to get rid of the problem even though the gallbladder is an organ with some functions in the body it can be safely removed without causing any major defects or problems in your digestion. So after undergoing surgery for removal of the world murder one can continue to eat all that he was eating before the operation. He does not lose any digestive power; the body automatically adapts to the loss of gall bladder and continues with its normal digestive functions.

Feel free to contact me for further queries and clarifications on any of your gastro related issues. Thank you.

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Personal Statement

I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Parthasarathy G
Dr. Parthasarathy G. is considered as an authority in the field of laparoscopic surgery at Yashoda Hospitals in Somajiguda, Hyderabad. This surgical gasentroenterologist has been treating patients with critical conditions and complex problems of pancreas, and liver for the past 13 years. One of his fortes is treatment of various types of cancers of the gastrointestinal system. Dr. Parthasarathy G. has vast experiences in dealing with various conditions and has been instrumental in critical surgeries such as abdominal surgery, liver transplant, G.I. cancer surgery, hernia repair and colorectal surgery. In the year 2002, he completed his MBBS degree from JIPMER and within 4 years completed his MS in General Surgery. In 2013, he also completed his MCh (Surgical Gastroenterology) from SGPGI in Lucknow. Dr. Parthasarathy G. was a Senior Resident in surgical gastroenterology from 2009 to 2013 at SGPGIMS. The next year he served as a Senior Fellow in the liver transplantation department at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital. From 2014 onwards, Dr. Parthasarathy G. served as a consultant at the Surgical Gastroenterology department in Yashoda Hospital. He is a member of the prestigious Indian Association of Surgical Gastroenterologists. In the year 2006, he presented the best research paper at the national meet for Indian Association of Surgical Gastroenterology. Known as an authority in his own domain, the doctor has authored several chapters on surgery and gastroenterology in various medical books. Among his many achievements, Dr. Parthasarathy is known to be part of the Fellowship program in Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver Transplantation. He has also been an international scholar for FIAGES and has attended several prestigious conferences.

Info

Education
MBBS - JIPMER - Puducherry - 2001
MS - General Surgery - JIPMER - Puducherry - 2006
M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery - SGPGI Lucknow - 2013
...more
Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation - Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, - 2014
International Visiting Scholar - Asan Medical Center, Seoul , S.Korea - 2014
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Tamil
...more
Telugu
Professional Memberships
Indian Association of Surgical Gastroenterologists
Gold medal for the best research paper in the Indian Association of Surgical
Gold medal for the best research paper in the Indian Association of Surgical Gastroenterology National Meet - 2006

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Yashoda Hospitals

Rajbhavan Road, SomajigudaHyderabad Get Directions
  4.6  (16 ratings)
500 at clinic
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Colonic Polyps - Tests That Can Help You Diagnose!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Colonic Polyps - Tests That Can Help You Diagnose!

Colon polyps are growths that are typically found in the large intestine. Although the causes behind the occurrence of colon polyps are not known, this condition is usually seen to affect adults. These colon polyps might turn into colon cancer over a period of time; the development of cancer can happen over a number of years.

Colon polyps are usually symptomless; hence it becomes difficult to diagnose the condition. They are commonly found as additional results of screening tests for colon cancers. Screening tests are conducted when there is a suspicion of a disease but it displays no significant symptoms. The symptoms can only be visible if the polyps are enlarged.

Typical symptoms include:

  1. Rectal bleeding.

  2. Changes in bowel conditions such as diarrhoea and constipation.

  3. Changes in urination patterns.

  4. Change in appearance of stool.

As the presence of most polyps becomes evident only during colon cancer tests, it is recommended that regular tests for colon cancer be conducted for adults over the age of 50.

Some of these tests include:

  1. Colonoscopy: This is highly recommended for detecting colon polyps. A small tube used for viewing is inserted into the colon by the doctor.

  2. Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: It is similar to colonoscopy with the only difference being that the tube is smaller.

  3. Computed Tomographic Colonography (CTC): Also known as virtual colonoscopy, various computer systems and X-rays are used to create a detailed picture of the colon so that the doctor can search for polyps.

The size of the colon polyps helps to identify if the polyp is cancerous or not. Chances of the polyp being cancerous are high if the size of the polyp is higher than 1 cm or 0.4 inches. Hyperplastic polyps (smaller polyps) do not become cancerous and hence, do not need to undergo a colonoscopy. Another form of polyp is the sessile polyp which is usually a flat growth without a stalk and grows on the inner wall of the colon. Similar to other polyps, these polyps can be found and removed using a colonoscopy or a sigmoidoscopy. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

Gastroparesis - The Best Way It Can Be Treated!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Gastroparesis - The Best Way It Can Be Treated!

Gastroparesis is a condition when your stomach feels full and heavy even after it has been more than a couple of hours after meal. Generally, it takes maximum 1 & ½ hours for the stomach to feel empty, but if the time taken for it is more, then this is a condition of gastroparesis. It means there is some change in your normal digestion process.

In this circumstance, the food in your stomach doesn’t digest easily and creates a lump. As a result, you have hard time digesting your food. It also means the nerves connected to the stomach are not functioning well. There are a number of reasons for which you can get gastroparesis.

  1. Diabetes is one of the most common causes of making you feel fuller.
  2. Disorders in the nervous system, mainly Parkinson’s disease or cerebral attack can create this problem.
  3. Some medicines, especially antidepressants or anti-inflammatory in nature and certain painkillers can cause this problem.

Gastroparesis shows a number of symptoms:

  1. Occasional vomiting as you feel unnecessarily fuller. When you vomit, it gives out chunks of undigested food
  2. A feeling of nausea
  3. You feel full after you have eaten very little
  4. Bloating and pain in your abdomen
  5. There is alteration in the blood sugar level
  6. You don’t feel like eating due to loss of appetite
  7. You lose considerable weight as you don’t eat much
  8. A possibility of suffering from malnutrition, again due to lack of appetite

How it can be treated?
When you identify the reason for gastroparesis, then treating it becomes easier. If diabetes or nerve disorder is creating the problem, leave it to your doctor to treat. For other causes like lack of appetite, there are some natural ways of treating it.

  1. Have frequent smaller meals. This way you don’t push yourself to eat much and at the same time, the body doesn’t lack nutrition and energy
  2. Avoid fibrous fruits
  3. Avoid high carbohydrate and high fat foods, which takes time to digest
  4. Intake foods which you can swallow, like soups or stew. They are healthy and are also easy to digest

If the problem still persists, consult your doctor who may prescribe some medicines to stimulate the stomach muscles. They generally have no side-effects. There are some medicines which can control your vomiting and nausea. There are some surgical treatments for gastroparesis, where the doctors place a feeding tube in your small intestine. A gastric venting channel is another option, which helps you to get relief from excessive gas formation in your stomach, thus accelerating the process of digestion.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2971 people found this helpful

I am suffering from anal fissure and want to get operated but the question is by which method. Laser surgery or normal surgery and how much time will it take to heal the wound and return to normal life after both the surgical ways. Please answer relatively or else leave.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
There is no difference in the recovery time of laser vs regular surgery. The wound is a 2 mm cut which heals in 3 to 5 days. You can return to work from Next day of surgery.
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Stomach Ulcer - Avoiding These 10 Things Can Help You Manage It!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Stomach Ulcer - Avoiding These 10 Things Can Help You Manage It!

Many times we forget about the importance of our health in the race to pursue our careers and goals. We take our bodies for granted and keep working them without stopping for a breath. While some may have mastered this art, there are many who may not be able to cope with such a lifestyle and may end up falling ill. The most common problem that most people suffer from is stomach upset, gas, or stomach pain, and all of this may be because of not eating right or having irregular eating habits.

It is due to such problems that people fall ill and then go to the doctor with a problem that may take much longer to treat. However, if the patient starts to check in with the doctor before the stomach pain worsens, it may be easier to treat because very often the pain arises from stomach ulcers. Ulcers are sores that are caused on the lining of the stomach or the oesophagus or even on the intestines. In serious cases, the sores may cause great damage to the stomach and may lead to much worse issues. However, with the right intake of food, the damage may be controlled in combination with medicines and treatment from experts.

Foods to avoid
In controlling the spread of stomach ulcers or peptic ulcers, it may be important to know the food that should be avoided so that the medicines and treatments taken for controlling the problem may work better. Here is a list of foods that you should avoid:

  1. Hot beverages such as tea, coffee, cocoa and milk should be avoided because they cause acid imbalance in the stomach.
  2. Anything that may contain caffeine should also be avoided.
  3. Alcohol should be completely avoided by those suffering from peptic ulcers.
  4. Citric or sour drinks such as grape or orange drinks should also be avoided for remaining at ease.
  5. Any spicy powders or seasonings, such as pepper, chilli powder and garlic should be excluded from the diet.
  6. Anything that is made from milk or cream and is extremely fatty in nature should not be consumed.
  7. Flavoured cheese that is strong and spicy should not be eaten.
  8. Meats that include high levels of fat or those that are highly seasoned should be completely avoided.
  9. Chillies or peppers in any form should be kept away from your diet.
  10. Anything that is made from tomato should also be avoided, such gravy, sauces or raw tomatoes.

When you start to keep your diet clean and healthy, it may be much easier for your doctor to cure you of stomach ulcers.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2709 people found this helpful

Dyspepsia - Evaluation And Its Treatment!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Dyspepsia - Evaluation And Its Treatment!

For a healthy body, proper digestion and absorption of food is very important. The digestion is an extremely intricate process and involves many organs. Impairment in any of the organs can hamper the digestive process, leading to a very common condition called dyspepsia. It is caused by malfunction of one of the muscular organs along the digestive tract including esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines and colon.

Causes: While dyspepsia is more a symptom, there are various reasons that lead to it including gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, infections, motility disorders, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), cancers of the digestive tract or any other abnormality in the digestive tract.

Evaluation: When a patient has chronic dyspepsia or indigestion, the first thing to do is a thorough evaluation to find out the underlying cause. As noted above, there are functional and nonfunctional causes leading to dyspepsia. While gastric ulcers or polyps are visible during an endoscopy, conditions like gastritis and malignancy can only be diagnosed under microscopic examinations.

Some of the tests that are used for evaluation of the cause of dyspepsia include:

1. X-ray: Any growth would be visible on an x-ray and further testing can then be done to confirm the exact nature of it.

2. Endoscopy: This will allow the doctor to see the actual digestive tract and identify any structural abnormalities or growth.

3. Colonoscopy: If the problem is suspected to be in the lower gastrointestinal tract, then a colonoscopy may be in indicated.

4. Gastric emptying study: This study can also reveal the abnormalities in the digestive tract

5. Culture: Dyspepsia caused by Helicobacter pylori can be diagnosed through cultures of the stomach contents.

Treatment: The treatment of dyspepsia is quite complicated and cannot be clearly outlined given the various conditions that it is associated with. Even specific foods can induce indigestion in some people. Therefore, a multipronged approach is required to treat dyspepsia.

Education: The affected person should be educated about the non-life-threatening nature of the problem and its chronicity. Some of the drugs used in treatment include:

1. Proton pump inhibitors: These reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach and thereby help in relieving symptoms.

2. Promotility drugs: They improve the movement of the muscles in the intestinal tract and are so used in managing dyspepsia.

3. Antibiotics: If an infection is suspected, antibiotics are effective.

4. Smooth muscle relaxants: Drugs like hyoscyamine and methscopolamine have been shown to provide relief in some patients.

5. Psychotropic drugs: Anxiety and depression are frequently seen in people with dyspepsia, and managing these can help reduce the dyspepsia.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3300 people found this helpful

Pouches In Large Intestine - Know the Reasons Behind it!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Pouches In Large Intestine - Know the Reasons Behind it!

Diverticulosis refers to a serious medical condition when pouches develop on the walls of your colon,which is another name for the large intestine. These pouches are small in size and usually vary from 5 to 10 millimeters, but can get bigger when this condition becomes serious. Diverticulosis is usually discovered while performing tests for other medical conditions on your body. Once these pouches become infected and inflamed, they may cause acute pain in your abdomen. This condition is called diverticulitis and is considered quite serious.

Causes of Diverticulosis:
Doctors have suggested that the pouches in diverticulosis are formed when pressure increases inside the colon and presses against the weaker spots in the walls of the large instesine. The differences in pressure may create tears or pouches within the colon resulting in the disorder. Some of the causes are mentioned here:

  1. Low fiber dietLow fiber diet causes small hard stool which makes it tough for the colon to put much more pressure. Low fiber diet can also increase the amount of time stool stays in the bowel which adds to high pressure and thus may contribute to this condition.
  2. Age: The chances of diverticulosis increases when you are above the age of 60 which has something related to the weakening of bowels over time. A bad diet over many years can make this worse.
  3. Lifestyle: Certain lifestyle habits which generally contribute to bad colon health may also result in diverticulosis by increasing pressure on the blood vessels of the bowel wall. This then pushes against other vessels resulting in the formation of pouches.

Diagnosis
Many people with diverticulosis may not even know they have this issue until it is detected while looking for other issues within the body. There are many cases when diverticulosis has been diagnosed when various tests like X-ray which use barium enema or colonoscopy is performed on your body for other medical reasons. If your white blood cells are higher in count than normal then it can indicate infection which may turn into diverticulitis. You may also be asked to undergo CT scan to check if the pouches are infected.

Symptoms of Diverticulosis:
Diverticulosis is hard to diagnose as it may not show any symptoms at all. In most cases symptoms start showing when it progresses towards diverticulitis. However certain generic symptoms which may prompt the doctor to require a detailed examination are as follows:
1. Diarrhea
2. Vomiting
3. Bloating or gas
4. Loss in appetite
5. Constipation

Treatment can be done at home or you may be asked to stay in hospital depending upon the severity of the case. Proper bed rest and liquid diet may be prescribed to enable the diverticula to heal properly. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gastroenterologist.

2994 people found this helpful

Achalasia - Symptoms + Treatment

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Achalasia - Symptoms + Treatment

Achalasia is a serious disorder of the esophagus in which your nerves and muscles fail to work properly. This disorder causes problems in your body such as chest pain, difficulty to swallow food and excessive coughing.

You will also face problems in breathing in case the food enters in to the lungs. There is a valve in your lower esophageal splinter, which closes the esophagus from your stomach. If you have problems like achalasia then perhaps your lower esophageal splinter fails to open while swallowing food it can lead to accumulation of food in esophagus. In this condition the nerves in your body gets damaged and hence cause health complications.

You are at risk of achalasia when you are middle aged, but it can also occur during childhood. Auto immune disorder often places you at risk for achalasia.

Symptoms of achalasia:
The major symptom of achalasia is dysphagia in which you face problems while swallowing food. You may feel that the food is struck in your esophagus which causes choking and problems when you breathe. There may be other symptoms of achalasia which includes:
1. Loss of weight
2. Heart burn
3. Discomfort or pain while you eat food
4. Chest pain
5. Risk of esophagus cancer

Treatment for achalasia:
Esophageal manometry is a technique your doctor may use, if he suspects achalasia when the symptoms include difficulty while you eat and swallow foods. A tube measures the muscular activity in your stomach and reports about the functioning of your esophagus. Another way to diagnose is through X- ray of the esophagus or endoscopy.

The treatment for achalasia generally starts with oral medications. Sphincter nitrates and calcium blockers often help to relax the muscles. Botox can also help to relax your sphincter and help you swallow food.
Esophagomyotomy also helps to treat achalasia in which your doctor can use an incision to access the sphincter and also alter it to enable better flow into the stomach. It’s a generally successful procedure, but sometimes can cause Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) which causes heart burn and would require intensive care. Sometimes surgery can also help to give relief but it can also cause acid reflux, respiratory problems, tearing of esophagus along with other serious complications.

Laparoscopic surgery is a simple and effective way of treating this problem .The tight lower esophageal sphincter is released to make way for easy passage of food.The patient recovers in one day and is discharged home following this operation. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gastroenterologist.

2977 people found this helpful

Pancreatic Cysts: Diagnosis and Management

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Pancreatic Cysts: Diagnosis and Management

The diagnosis as well as management of pancreatic cystic lesions is a general problem. Nearly 1% of the patients in the chief medical centers have been observed to have pancreatic cystic lesions on cross sectional imaging. It has also been observed that a quarter of all pancreas scanned in an autopsy series contain pancreatic cysts. Earlier, these cystic lesions were regarded benign but with increasing evidence made available from the cystic lesions, they are regarded as origin of pancreatic malignancies.

Information on Asymptomatic Neoplastic Pancreatic Cysts: The most vital medical tools that are used in the diagnosis and management of pancreatic cystic lesions include the endoscopic ultrasound and cross sectional imaging. These are used to distinguish non-mucinous cysts from mucinous cysts. The identification of pancreatic cysts creates a lot of anxiety for the clinicians as well as the patients related to the probable presence of a fatal tumor. The findings of a macro cystic lesion that enclose viscous fluid loaded in CEA are helpful in the analysis of a mucinous lesion. 

The most common pancreatic cysts are the non-neoplastic inflammatory pseudo cysts, and they can be detected easily by imaging. The identification of pancreatic irregularity with probable association with malignant cells is a vital source of referral for the specialist. The set of guidelines that have been proposed for the management and diagnosis of patients with asymptomatic neoplastic pancreatic cysts are based specifically on the analysis of the quality of the data. It is also designed to address the most important and frequent clinical scenarios. The diagnostic suggestions are provided based on the clinical problem as well as the risk of malignancy.

Imperative Guidelines to Follow: To achieve accurate diagnosis of asymptomatic neoplastic pancreatic cysts is indeed a great challenge. It is all the more important to find the reproducible methods that can be used to stratify threat of cancer for the patients. The main guidelines include a two year screening interval of cysts that can be of any size as well as stopping observation after 5 years, in case there is no change.  The new guidelines, for the most part, recommend surgery if more than one concerning feature is confirmed on the MRI by use of endoscopic ultrasound. The new guidelines even suggest discontinuation of inspection after the surgery if no dysplasia or invasive cancer is identified. The guidelines have mainly been developed by use of Grading of Recomendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gastroenterologist.

3098 people found this helpful

Causes and Symptoms of Colonic Polyps

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Causes and Symptoms of Colonic Polyps

Colon polyps are growths that are typically found in the large intestine. Although the causes behind the occurrence of colon polyps are not known, this condition is usually seen to affect adults.

These colon polyps might turn into colon cancer over a period of time; the development of cancer can happen over a number of years.

Colon polyps are usually symptomless; hence it becomes difficult to diagnose the condition. They are commonly found as additional results of screening tests for colon cancers. Screening tests are conducted when there is a suspicion of a disease but it displays no significant symptoms. The symptoms can only be visible if the polyps are enlarged.

Typical symptoms include:

  1. Rectal bleeding.

  2. Changes in bowel conditions such as diarrhoea and constipation.

  3. Changes in urination patterns.

  4. Change in appearance of stool.

As the presence of most polyps becomes evident only during colon cancer tests, it is recommended that regular tests for colon cancer be conducted for adults over the age of 50.

Some of these tests include:

  1. Colonoscopy: This is highly recommended for detecting colon polyps. A small tube used for viewing is inserted into the colon by the doctor.

  2. Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: It is similar to colonoscopy with the only difference being that the tube is smaller.

  3. Computed Tomographic Colonography (CTC): Also known as virtual colonoscopy, various computer systems and X-rays are used to create a detailed picture of the colon so that the doctor can search for polyps.

The size of the colon polyps helps to identify if the polyp is cancerous or not. Chances of the polyp being cancerous are high if the size of the polyp is higher than 1 cm or 0.4 inches. Hyperplastic polyps (smaller polyps) do not become cancerous and hence, do not need to undergo a colonoscopy. Another form of polyp is the sessile polyp which is usually a flat growth without a stalk and grows on the inner wall of the colon. Similar to other polyps, these polyps can be found and removed using a colonoscopy or a sigmoidoscopy. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gastroenterologist.

2939 people found this helpful

Know More About Gall Stone Diseases

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
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Causes, symptoms, and treatment of Gall Stone Diseases

Hello, friends, i am Dr. Parthasarathy, surgical gastroenterologist HPB and minimal access surgeon practicing in Hyderabad. I specialize in the treatment of complex problems of the liver, pancreas, and cancers of the digestive tract, and also specialize in advanced laparoscopic surgeries of the abdomen. It is experienced in this field for more than a decade, there is one particular problem which is very commonly encountered in my practice, and that is gallstone disease so today I shall be talking to you about this problem.

Before understanding what is this stones of the gallbladder one has to know what gallbladder is. The gallbladder is a small sack, a pear-shaped organ which is located attached to the liver whose main function is to store bile. Bile is a digestive juice which is secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder and when a person eats this stored bile is released into the intestine and it helps the digestion of the fat. So this is exactly the function of the gallbladder the liver secretes bile all through the day. But we eat only thrice a day or four times a day, so all the secreted bile is stored in the gall bladder and then released as in when needed. This bile contains cholesterol, so for various reasons sometimes stones can form in the gallbladder and that is when it becomes a problem. What are the problems these stones in the gallbladder can cause, number one it can cause repeated attacks of pain, gallstone pain typically happen on the right upper side of the abdomen just below your right rib cage, and it can radiate to your shoulder to the back or to the central abdomen. This is, in fact, one of the minor problems which it can cause it can also lead to serious complications when the stone slips and blocks the outlet of the gallbladder the secretes in the gallbladder can get accumulated, can get a lot of pressure and cause an inflammation of the gallbladder and swelling which in medical terms we call acute cholecystitis which is a life-threatening problem.

Sometimes the gallstone if they are very small they can slip into the bile duct which is a tube which carries the bile to the intestine from the gallbladder and block the bile duct and when the flow of bile is blocked bile cannot get drained into the intestine, there is a back pressure on the liver and the patient can develop jaundice. more dangerously sometimes these stones can block the tube of the pancreas, the pancreatic duct and the bile duct have a common opening and when these stones block the outlet of the pancreas they can cause a life-threatening problem called acute pancreatitis. Having said all this, these complications are quite rare meaning majority of the patients with gall bladder stones do not develop these life-threatening complications and a most common problem which they come to me with is a pain. Any stone in the gall bladder which causes or has caused pain in the past needs treatment. So the final word is asymptomatic gall bladder stones meaning silent stones do not need treatment.

Patients who have symptomatic gall bladder stones meaning who are presently experiencing a pain because of the gallstone or who have had pain in the past need treatment so what treatment is effective for gall bladder stones. Number one there is no medical treatment which is effective for treating gall bladder stones, unlike kidney stones medicines do not dissolve gallbladder stones, the only treatment option for a gallstone is surgery. What surgery the surgery of choice for this is a laparoscopic cholecystectomy wherein its a keyhole surgery through which the gallbladder is removed completely.

Removal of the stones alone is not sufficient in treating gallbladder stones the gallbladder has to be removed completely to get rid of the problem even though the gallbladder is an organ with some functions in the body it can be safely removed without causing any major defects or problems in your digestion. So after undergoing surgery for removal of the world murder one can continue to eat all that he was eating before the operation. He does not lose any digestive power; the body automatically adapts to the loss of gall bladder and continues with its normal digestive functions.

Feel free to contact me for further queries and clarifications on any of your gastro related issues. Thank you.

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