Nephronophthisis is the most predominant cause for kidney failure in children. It is a medullary cystic kidney disorder which is passed down genetically and shuts down kidney functions at an early age. Often requiring dialysis, nephronophthisis starts with symptoms like production of excessive urine or intake of excessive water and fatigue. It is usually traced back to inflammation or formation of cysts in the kidney leading to terminal kidney failure.
HOW IS NEPHRONOPHTHISIS DIAGNOSED?
The condition is estimated to occur in 9 out of 8 million individuals.