Kidney stone formation or nephrolithiasis occurs in men and women alike at an advanced age when the accumulated renal residue causes excretory and kidney problems. Excessive insoluble minerals, nutrients and calcium supplements crystallize over time in the kidneys, unable to pass out as urine, and develop into stones. This leads to problems in passing out urine, and pain in the lower abdomen. Kidney stone formation can be prevented primarily by constant hydration of the body. Surgeries are recommended when multiple stones need to be extracted from the body.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS DIAGNOSED?
The probability of occurrence of kidney stones is 10% among men and 5% among women.