Eczema is a skin related disease which is very common in children as well as adults. This condition involves redness and itchiness of the skin, and it is also known as atopic dermatitis in the medical language. Some common symptoms of this disease are severe itching, skin patches, fluid filled bumps on the skin and swelling. Temporary relief can be attained in this situation by certain self-care and domestic measures which does not cure the condition but surely provides a great deal of relief from the pain and discomfort caused by this disorder.
HOW IS ECZEMA DIAGNOSED?
The condition is most common in people with a family history of an atopic disorder like asthma or hay fever.
Eczema is the collective name for a group of skin conditions when the skin becomes inflamed and irritated. The different types of eczema are:
• Allergic contact eczema
• Contact eczema
• Dyshidriotic eczema
• Nummular eczema
• Seborrheic eczema
• Stasis dermatitis
While eczema may not have a singular cause behind it, it usually develops due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors:
• Hormonal changes: Eczema may become worse for women during times when their hormone levels are changing, such as during pregnancy or their menstrual cycles
• Stress: This is not a direct cause of eczema, but it does make the symptoms far worse and painful
• Irritants: Certain commercial products like soaps, detergents, shampoos, skin creams or food items like meat and certain vegetables can act as irritants to your skin
• Allergens: Pets, pollen, dust mites and even dandruff can really set off eczema and make it worse
• Fluctuating temperatures: Hot and cold weather, high and low humidity, sweat from exercising can also be a cause for eczema
• Microbes: Virus, fungi, bacteria can also instigate certain kinds of eczema
• Heredity: If your parents have had suffered from eczema or some other atopic disease, it makes it more likely for you, the child, to develop it as well
Eczema manifests and shows itself in different ways for infants, children and adults. One of its first markers is tremendously itchy skin. Rashes most commonly appear on your face, neck, behind the knees, hands and feet. The itching may start before or after the rashes appear. These rashes make the affected area very thick, scaly and dry. These rashes may start oozing and start crusting in the case of young infants. Those who suffer from this condition will often experience periods when the eczema flares up, and periods when it will subside and clear up.
Eczema is difficult to diagnose as its severity keeps fluctuating. The doctor may carry out tests like skin patch testing, skin pricking, and food allergy testing. He would inquire about case history, the medical history of your family in order to understand why and how the conditions developed. It is important for the doctor to figure out and isolate the cause behind your form of eczema. Eczema cannot essentially be cured, but what can be done is to cure the present condition and prevent the symptoms from flaring up again. Keeping yourself and your surroundings clean is a must for those who suffer from eczema.
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